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Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
Parallel structure
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Parallel structure

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  • 1. Parallel Structure Parallel Structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. This can happen at three levels: <ul><li>Word </li></ul><ul><li>Phrase </li></ul><ul><li>Clause </li></ul>
  • 2. Words and Phrases Incorrect: Mary likes hik ing , swimm ing , and to ride a bicycle. Correct: Mary likes hik ing , swimm ing , and rid ing a bicycle.
  • 3. More Examples: Words & Phrases Incorrect: The production manager was asked to write his report quick ly , accurate ly , and in a detailed manner . Correct: The production manager was asked to write his report quick ly , accurate ly , and thorough ly .
  • 4. Examples continued: Incorrect: Angry ants, munched the marshmallows, crumbl ing coffeecake, and sipp ing syrup, headed off across the countertop. Correct: Angry ants, munch ing marshmallows, crumbl ing coffeecake, and sipp ing syrup, headed off across the countertop.
  • 5. Clauses Parallel structure that begins with clauses must continue on with clauses. Incorrect: The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, and to do some warm-up exercises before the game. Correct: The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, and that they should do some warm-up exercises before the game
  • 6. Lists after a colon Incorrect: The dictionary can be used for these purposes: to find word meanings , pronunciations , correct spellings , and looking up irregular verbs . Correct: The dictionary can be used for these purposes: to find word meanings , pronunciations , correct spellings , and irregular verbs.
  • 7. Other things to watch for: Use parallel structure with pairs of words or ideas. Examples: Granny’s method was tried and true Man proposes. God disposes.
  • 8. Use parallel structure on both sides of coordinating conjunctions (and, but, yet, or, nor, for, so) Examples: She possessed all the wizard’s charm yet none of the wizard’s insight. Consult a doctor if your coughing persists or if your coughing worsens over the weekend.
  • 9. Correct the sentences with improper parallel structure. Sabrina has wit, charm, and she has an extremely pleasant personality. Sabrina has wit, charm, and a pleasing personality.
  • 10. Continued - In English class, Tashonda learned to read poems critically and she appreciated good prose. <ul><li>In English class, Tashonda learned to read poems critically and appreciate good prose. </li></ul>
  • 11. Continued- Coach Espinoza was a brilliant strategist, a caring mentor, and friend. <ul><li>Coach Espinoza was a brilliant strategist, a caring mentor, and a wise friend. </li></ul>
  • 12. Continued - We found the film repulsive, offensive, and we thought it was embarrassing. <ul><li>We found the film repulsive, offensive, and embarrassing. </li></ul>Mr. Tran kept his store clean, neat, and he had it conveniently arranged. <ul><li>Mr. Tran kept his store clean, neat, and conveniently arranged. </li></ul>
  • 13. The End

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