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Colorado Master Gardener Training Pruning Cuts
<ul><li>The  Art   of Pruning </li></ul><ul><li>Size and  shape control </li></ul><ul><li>The  Science  of Pruning </li></...
The Art of Pruning Pruning to Control Shape
The Art of Pruning Pruning to Control Shape <ul><li>Branch grows in  direction of bud. </li></ul>
The Science of Pruning:  Prune with purpose in mind. <ul><li>How plants respond to wounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Ta...
Tree physiology
A tree is a series of boxes or “compartments” framed by  annual growth rings  and  rays.
Each “compartment” is filled with tubes (xylem tissue) that transmit water and nutrients up into the tree.
Trees don’t heal, they seal.
Trees don’t heal, they seal. <ul><li>CODIT </li></ul><ul><li>Compartmentalization of Decay In Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Reac...
Trees don’t heal, they seal. <ul><li>CODIT </li></ul><ul><li>Compartmentalization of Decay In Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Reac...
CODIT  on old Cottonwood trunk
Reaction Zone (Reaction Wood)
CODIT Compartmentalization Of Decay In Trees Reaction Zone Microorganism Area Decayed wood
Branch Collar Branch Bark Ridge
Branch Defense Zone A ring of cells responsible for Woundwood growth and active in the reaction wood process. Woundwood  c...
For the   Branch Defense Zone   to be active, the side branch must be   less than 1/2   the diameter of the trunk/parent b...
Natural Target Pruning Protects the  Branch Defense Zone . branch bark ridge branch collar branch collar final cut
Terms <ul><li>CODIT </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction Zone </li></ul><ul><li>Branch Collar </li></ul><ul><li>Branch Defense Zone ...
<ul><li>Type of pruning cut impacts  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to defend against decay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regr...
<ul><li>1. Preserves the  branch defense zone </li></ul><ul><li>2. Thins branching pattern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases...
Natural Target Pruning Protects the  Branch Defense Zone . branch bark ridge branch collar branch collar final cut
Natural target pruning cuts :   Use caution to not nick or injure the branch bark ridge. <ul><li>With proper cut,  Woundwo...
Ash Aspen
 
Natural Target Pruning  on Conifers branch bark ridge branch collar final cut branch collar
 
Quality of pruning cut?
 
 
 
 
Reduction cuts   remove a larger branch back to a smaller side branch . <ul><li>NO  branch defense zone </li></ul><ul><li>...
Reduction cuts :  Angle of final cut splits difference between angle of branch bark ridge and angle perpendicular to branc...
 
Reduction cuts :   To prevent suckering, the smaller branch should be  at least 1/3  the diameter of larger branch removed...
Heading cuts   make the branch bushier. <ul><li>Removes the hormone auxin in shoot’s growing  tip.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Natural Target Pruning (thinning) Cut </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction Cut </li></ul><ul><li>Heading Cut </li></ul>
 
 
3 cut method   for any limb larger than 1” <ul><li>1. Undercut limb, 12-15” out from crotch. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Moving o...
3 cut method   for any limb larger than 1”
 
Dead limb removal
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4a Basic Pruning Cuts & Codit

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Transcript of "4a Basic Pruning Cuts & Codit"

  1. 1. Colorado Master Gardener Training Pruning Cuts
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Art of Pruning </li></ul><ul><li>Size and shape control </li></ul><ul><li>The Science of Pruning </li></ul><ul><li>Why: Structure & Plant health </li></ul><ul><li>How: Natural target pruning </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Art of Pruning Pruning to Control Shape
  4. 4. The Art of Pruning Pruning to Control Shape <ul><li>Branch grows in direction of bud. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Science of Pruning: Prune with purpose in mind. <ul><li>How plants respond to wounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Target Pruning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of pruning cuts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pruning standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deciduous trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New planting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training young trees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mature trees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Special need </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evergreens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrubs </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Tree physiology
  7. 7. A tree is a series of boxes or “compartments” framed by annual growth rings and rays.
  8. 8. Each “compartment” is filled with tubes (xylem tissue) that transmit water and nutrients up into the tree.
  9. 9. Trees don’t heal, they seal.
  10. 10. Trees don’t heal, they seal. <ul><li>CODIT </li></ul><ul><li>Compartmentalization of Decay In Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction Zone </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical change in cells seal-off or “compartmentalize” the area </li></ul>
  11. 11. Trees don’t heal, they seal. <ul><li>CODIT </li></ul><ul><li>Compartmentalization of Decay In Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction Zone </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical change in cells seal-off or “compartmentalize” the area </li></ul>
  12. 12. CODIT on old Cottonwood trunk
  13. 13. Reaction Zone (Reaction Wood)
  14. 14. CODIT Compartmentalization Of Decay In Trees Reaction Zone Microorganism Area Decayed wood
  15. 15. Branch Collar Branch Bark Ridge
  16. 16. Branch Defense Zone A ring of cells responsible for Woundwood growth and active in the reaction wood process. Woundwood closing over pruning cut Branch collar Branch defense zone cells
  17. 17. For the Branch Defense Zone to be active, the side branch must be less than 1/2 the diameter of the trunk/parent branch. Less than 1/3 is preferred.
  18. 18. Natural Target Pruning Protects the Branch Defense Zone . branch bark ridge branch collar branch collar final cut
  19. 19. Terms <ul><li>CODIT </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction Zone </li></ul><ul><li>Branch Collar </li></ul><ul><li>Branch Defense Zone </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Type of pruning cut impacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to defend against decay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regrowth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural target pruning cuts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove side branch back to larger parent branch/trunk. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduction cuts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove larger branch back to smaller side branch . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heading cuts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove branch tip </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>1. Preserves the branch defense zone </li></ul><ul><li>2. Thins branching pattern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases sunlight penetration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>into plant’s interior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases air circulation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Only minor influence on height </li></ul>Natural target pruning cuts remove a smaller side branch back to trunk/parent branch.
  22. 22. Natural Target Pruning Protects the Branch Defense Zone . branch bark ridge branch collar branch collar final cut
  23. 23. Natural target pruning cuts : Use caution to not nick or injure the branch bark ridge. <ul><li>With proper cut, Woundwood grows over pruning wound </li></ul><ul><li>Pruning cut nicked branch bark ridge on bottom. Note how woundwood fails to grow in this area. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Ash Aspen
  25. 26. Natural Target Pruning on Conifers branch bark ridge branch collar final cut branch collar
  26. 28. Quality of pruning cut?
  27. 33. Reduction cuts remove a larger branch back to a smaller side branch . <ul><li>NO branch defense zone </li></ul><ul><li>Thins branching pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Lowers height </li></ul>Final Cut
  28. 34. Reduction cuts : Angle of final cut splits difference between angle of branch bark ridge and angle perpendicular to branch being removed. Angle perpendicular to branch being removed Angle of FINAL CUT Angle of branch bark ridge Branch bark ridge
  29. 36. Reduction cuts : To prevent suckering, the smaller branch should be at least 1/3 the diameter of larger branch removed. (At least 1/2 the diameter is preferred.) Final Cut
  30. 37. Heading cuts make the branch bushier. <ul><li>Removes the hormone auxin in shoot’s growing tip. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Releases lateral sidebuds to grow. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Branching at point of pruning gives a bushier plant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreases sunlight into plant’s interior. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 38. <ul><li>Natural Target Pruning (thinning) Cut </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction Cut </li></ul><ul><li>Heading Cut </li></ul>
  32. 41. 3 cut method for any limb larger than 1” <ul><li>1. Undercut limb, 12-15” out from crotch. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Moving out a couple of inches from 1st, make second cut from top removing limb. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Make final cut with Natural Target Pruning techniques. </li></ul>
  33. 42. 3 cut method for any limb larger than 1”
  34. 44. Dead limb removal
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