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  • 2. CONTENTS FOR OURPRESENTAIONI. News 1 - PiagetII. News 2 - VygotskyIII. News 3 - BanduraIV. Talk with the expert Gyogong Kim - Best Instructional Strategy 2
  • 3. NEWS 1: HOW TO CHOOSE TOYSNEWS 1 is based on the theory of PiagetParents should consider the developmentalstage of their children when choosing toys. 3
  • 4. NEWS 1: HOW TO CHOOSE TOYS Four stages of Purpose of toys development Sensorimotor stage to facilitate children’s senses Preoperational stage to express in words and imagesConcrete operational stage to think logically by real objects to conceptualize more abstract Formal operational stage and complex factors 4
  • 5. NEWS 1: HOW TO CHOOSE TOYS Concrete FormalSensorimotor Preoperational operational operationalMobiles and Fairy Tales Jigsaw puzzles Board games Pacifier 5
  • 6. NEWS 2: LEARNING IN CHEONGHAK-DONGNEWS 2 is based on the theory of VygotskySome students go to a camp where they learncourtesy and manners during winter break 6
  • 7. NEWS 2: LEARNING IN CHEONGHAK-DONG In Cheonghak-dong Vygotsky’s theoryStudents at seodang helpnew student in many ways. Peer instructionHunjangnim providessome assistance to children, Scaffoldingnever gives them a full help.Hunjangnim says that Zone of proximalthe role of him is helping out children to get thehighest level they can approach. developmentChilderen learn not only courtesy and mannersbut also chinese traditional ideology, CultureConfucianism. 7
  • 8. NEWS 3: STORY OF APPRENTICE DOCTORSNEWS 3 is based on the theory of BanduraLet’s see how the interns learn from universityhospital 8
  • 9. NEWS 3: STORY OF APPRENTICE DOCTORS Life of interns Bandura’s theory Senior doctors Role models Inspecting the process of medical operation by senior Observing doctors When the other interns get Vicarious reinforcement compliment or scolding by answering senior doctor’s & question Vicarious punishment 9
  • 10. TALK WITH THE EXPERT: THE BEST INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGYEach instructional theory should be combined. • Hunjangnim in article 2 uses vicarious reinforcement & punishment. • In article 3, the senior doctor give interns scaffolding like questioning.Each theory can covers up its disadvantages. • Strategy for young adults are developed through Vygotsky and Bandura. 10
  • 11. TALK WITH THE EXPERT: THE BEST INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY Advantages Disadvantages Well-organized developmental NOT detailed explanations on stages for young children children above 11 years old Recognition of learning through Does NOT explain in depth social interactions Emphasis on self-efficacy Difficult to create in classrooms 11
  • 12. Concrete Sensorimotor Preoperational Formal Operational Operational (0-2 years) (2-7 years) (above 11 years) (7-11 years)• Object • “Think out • Conservation • Logical reasoning Permanence loud” of quantity without concrete objects• “insert-in-the- • Centration • Transitivity • Develop mental operations mouth” • Reversibility on abstractions• Reaction to • Classification external factor • Seriation Reaction Internal Speech Social Interaction With Higher Level of Social to external factors Peers and Teachers Interaction • Finding their career (observational learning) - visiting and observing role models • Learning in depth - through vicarious reinforcement • Understanding of globalization - education on foreign languages 12
  • 13. Cognitive Conflict Bandura’s Theory  Making decisions on their career  Finding their egos  Secondhand experience through observation Vygotsky’s Theory  An effective study of difficult knowledge through scaffolding  Improving global communication skills  Changing attitude to become a globalized, open-minded person  Learning foreign languages by understanding new culture Equilibration
  • 14. Q&A 14