CHILDREN AND HOW
2 to 8 years
Domains of Development and characteristics of
• Energetic, curious and eager to learn
• Creative and imaginative
• Attention span is 7 to 15 minutes.
• Thinking is perception bond and egocentric.
Vocabulary limited and
comprehension not adequate
• Fine muscle
• co ordination needs
• These skills are not sufficiently developed.
• Need one to one adult attention.
• Unique and have different styles of
Bones and muscles are in the
process of development.
Bones in children are more porous than adults.
A child's bones are more elastic.
Bones in children permit a greater degree of deformation
before they break.
• In a brain, there are millions of neurons, which form the electrical
connections that let us think.
• These cells send their signals through axons .
• Thicker the myelin sheath, quicker are the connections.
Even before your child is born, all the
nerve cells she will ever possess have
These nerve cells are like a mass of
unconnected electrical wires. From the
time your child is born, her brain will
constantly strive to connect the wires
Healthy curiosity and
good language skills in
the early years will lay
the foundation for
The more a child
explores and is exposed
to new situations, the
more that will matter to
her, and the more she
will want to learn.
A POSITIVE CIRCLE
But what makes the wires connect and what does
the connection mean to a growing child?
Every time a child -
Is talked to
Is read to
Every time a child -
sings and dances
or plays with a toy
Every time a child –
has good nutrition
has care and unconditional love
The brain develops
OPTIMUM BRAIN DEVELOPMENT COMPARED TO A
WELL DESIGNED KOLAM
But what prevents the wire connection and what does
this mean to a growing child?
• Every time you -
• Scold a child
• Hit or slap a child
• List weak points of the child
• Put undue pressure on the child
• Make the child do things that her body is
not ready to do.
The brains stops growing
OVER STIMULATED –FORCED AND MADE TO DO
THE DESIRES AND WANTS OF BOTH PARENTS AND
Cat, mat, bat
Some parents and educators believe that a child is like a huge
container. To insure the child's success, they think it their job to
fill it up with as much information as possible, as quickly as
possible. This misconception is damaging the brilliance of
millions of our youth."
- JW Wilson, Advanced Learning Institute
the intelligence of the writers,
poets, journalists, authors, and
storytellers etc WORD SMART
the intelligence of scientists
the intelligence of the
practitioners . NATURE
the intelligence of artists and
architects painter, chess
player, sailor. PICTURE
The intelligence of
the intelligence of dancers
and gymnasts Athletes,
martial arts practitioners.
the intelligence of statesmen &
social activists, counselors,
politicians, faith healers,
effective Parents and
teachers. PEOPLE SMART
the intelligence of
parents and teachers. SELF
How do children learn
(HANDS ON) 3-D
(the word you give)
2 - D
E – L – P - S
Where is there learning?
NEEDS OF CHILDREN
FREEDOM FROM UNDUE
ADAPTING TO BE A MEMBER
OF A COLLECTIVE BY: -
HAPPINESS OF ACHIEVEMENT FOR
THE INDIVIDUAL THROUGH: -
Security and safety
• Focus on the child and not on the teacher the text
books or the management
• Activity based – play based
• Focus on the all round development
• Age appropriate, developmentally appropriate
• Thematic approach
• Free exploration to develop imagination and creativity
• Rhymes, songs, stories, drama, music and dance
• Readiness for school - learning to listen, speak, read
and write and do math
pleasures of positive teaching
• PASSION - Love unconditional love
• PATIENCE – Endless amount is needed
• PRACTICE – Let children repeat activities
• PING –PONG – Parent , Teacher / child
‘I do something, you do something.’
• SETTING THE STAGE – Provide a safe,
interesting and learning environment.
Children say - DO
• Take care of me.
• Talk to me and listen to me.
• Sing songs and tell me stories.
• Play games with me.
• Be my friend especially when you
want to give advice.
• Encourage me when ever possible
• Help me to become independent.
• Give me some of your time.
• Be consistent in what you say and do.
CHILDREN SAY DON’T
• Scold me, because I am not sure of what I
• Never hit me or slap me.
• Belittle me in front of strangers or friends or
• List my weak points in front of them
• Put pressure on me. I cannot always be
what you want me to be.
• Make me do things that my body is not
ready to do.