Openness, Analytics, and  Continuous Quality Improvement David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technol...
Download These Slides http://slideshare.net/opencontent/
 
 
 
http://www.flickr.com/photos/gls-conference/4687537285/
If the  Book  Didn’t Change Schools Can the computer? Can the internet?
 
Openness… In Education? Let ’s begin by defining terms
Open,  adj . Describes educational artifacts
Open Textbooks Open Educational Resources Open Courseware (Open Source Software)
Open,  adj . Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the  “4R” activities
The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
Communicate 4Rs Permissions <ul><li>Since this overrides default copyright, you must use a copyright license </li></ul>
Offers easy to use 4R ’s licenses
 
 
 
 
While Nouns Differ… The operationalizing actions are the same
Open,  adj . Generous, sharing, giving
Open,  adj . Providing (1) access and (2) local control
Your Inner Two-year Old Overcoming the impulse to scream “ Mine!”
Law and Policy  “Enable” Us To shout  “Mine!” ever more loudly, convulse ever more uncontrollably, and hit each other with...
Society ’s Siren Song “ Be selfish. Keep it to yourself.  It’s legal. It’s ok.”
Education Is Not Immune This kind of thinking is accepted
Role of Openness in Education? A terrible, insidious question
Openness is the only means  of doing education.
If There Is No Sharing There is no education
Successful Educators Share most thoroughly  with the most students
Expertise Is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
“ He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine r...
Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
Expressions Are  Different Digital expressions are nonrivalrous n ’t ^
E.g., Online Book We can all read simultaneously
An Indescribable Advance The first time in human history
Expertise and Its Expressions Give without giving away
Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
Unprecedented Capacity We can  educate  as never before
Stewardship For which we are accountable
Open Educational Resources Open Course Ware Open Courses Open Textbooks
Repository Examples
 
 
 
OpenCourseWare Examples
 
 
 
 
Open Courses Examples
 
 
 
Open Textbook Examples
 
 
Expanded Funding
Department of Labor <ul><li>$2 Billion for high-demand two year programs </li></ul>
 
Not Just Foundation Funding
Accreditation <ul><li>Get credit for what you  know </li></ul>
 
University of the People
OER University
Mozilla Badge Lab
Practical Analytics <ul><li>Making use of data </li></ul>
 
 
 
 
Each  and  Every  Interaction <ul><li>Recorded and stored for analysis </li></ul>
If Only We Could Get Data! <ul><li>We could do analyses (aka research) too </li></ul>
 
 
 
Canvas
Even the Grocer! <ul><li>Almost every industry (1) gathers and  (2) uses data more effectively than we do </li></ul>
What Kind of Data? <ul><li>Assessment data </li></ul><ul><li>Construct-relevant behavioral data </li></ul>
Assessment Data <ul><li>Difficulty estimates Discrimination estimates Per standard expertise estimates (Not just “grades”)...
Behavioral Data <ul><li>When  they logged in, read, and worked </li></ul><ul><li>How long  they logged in, read, and worke...
What If You Could  Know <ul><li>Which students need the most help? </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically what those students need...
 
 
Teaching as Science <ul><li>With sufficient amounts of data, and appropriate commitment, it’s possible </li></ul>
Learning Analytics <ul><li>Can tell us who and what needs help </li></ul>
Openness <ul><li>Gives us permission to make  changes / adaptations / improvements </li></ul>
Pointless <ul><li>Knowing what needs fixed,  when you don’t have permission to fix it </li></ul>
Pointless <ul><li>Having permission to fix things, when you don’t know where to start </li></ul>
Openness + Analytics <ul><li>Enable Continuous Quality Improvement </li></ul>
 
The Loop Curriculum Use Curriculum Redesign Student Performance Data Data Describing Curriculum Performance Data Supportin...
“ Strategic Tutoring?” <ul><li>What if we could do one-on-one tutoring just-in-time and just-on-topic? </li></ul>
You Would Have to  Know <ul><li>Who needs help right now? </li></ul><ul><li>What do they need help on? </li></ul>
Strategic Tutoring <ul><li>1. Online curriculum teaches as much as possible 2. Teachers do proactive, data-based,  one-on-...
Teacher Becomes Tutor <ul><li>Has the computer replaced the teacher? </li></ul><ul><li>As broadcast machinery, yes. </li><...
The Loop and Conjoint CQI <ul><li>Student learning AND curriculum effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>grow simultaneously </li...
But Tutoring Data are Out-of-Band! <ul><li>Where does the data go? </li></ul>
 
If the  Book  Didn’ t Change Schools Can openness? Can analytics? Can openness + analytics?
 
Reconsider Your Stewardship CQI is possible  today Do you have an  ethical or moral responsibility to engage?
Thank You [email_address] @opencontent http://davidwiley.org/
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Openness, Learning Analytics, and Continuous Quality Improvement

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  • As paper became more affordable, dictations became the common form in early universities, and students hand wrote their own copies of texts.
  • CC By-NC-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/nelsray/3760100376/in/photostream/
  • With the “lecture text” we get wide margins, so that faculty can now dictate their annotations to students. Though universities temporarily ban dictations, students demand them and they continue.
  • And this is still our primary mode of instruction, 3000 years later.
  • Allan Collins talked about customization, learner control, production – technology enables these, but the law does not allow them.
  • http://wiki.creativecommons.org/File:Metrics_Updated.png
  • http://google.com/
  • http://google.com/
  • CC By-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/majorvols/2772682741/
  • What ’s your university’s IP policy with regard to sharing curriculum materials or research products?
  • Public domain photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • http://oercommons.org/
  • http://cnx.org/
  • http://romerocanyon.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/Smokey-Bear-Only-You-Posters.jpg
  • Openness, Learning Analytics, and Continuous Quality Improvement

    1. 1. Openness, Analytics, and Continuous Quality Improvement David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
    2. 2. Download These Slides http://slideshare.net/opencontent/
    3. 6. http://www.flickr.com/photos/gls-conference/4687537285/
    4. 7. If the Book Didn’t Change Schools Can the computer? Can the internet?
    5. 9. Openness… In Education? Let ’s begin by defining terms
    6. 10. Open, adj . Describes educational artifacts
    7. 11. Open Textbooks Open Educational Resources Open Courseware (Open Source Software)
    8. 12. Open, adj . Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities
    9. 13. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
    10. 14. Communicate 4Rs Permissions <ul><li>Since this overrides default copyright, you must use a copyright license </li></ul>
    11. 15. Offers easy to use 4R ’s licenses
    12. 20. While Nouns Differ… The operationalizing actions are the same
    13. 21. Open, adj . Generous, sharing, giving
    14. 22. Open, adj . Providing (1) access and (2) local control
    15. 23. Your Inner Two-year Old Overcoming the impulse to scream “ Mine!”
    16. 24. Law and Policy “Enable” Us To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly, convulse ever more uncontrollably, and hit each other with ever larger toys
    17. 25. Society ’s Siren Song “ Be selfish. Keep it to yourself. It’s legal. It’s ok.”
    18. 26. Education Is Not Immune This kind of thinking is accepted
    19. 27. Role of Openness in Education? A terrible, insidious question
    20. 28. Openness is the only means of doing education.
    21. 29. If There Is No Sharing There is no education
    22. 30. Successful Educators Share most thoroughly with the most students
    23. 31. Expertise Is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
    24. 32. “ He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
    25. 33. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    26. 34. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    27. 35. Expressions Are Different Digital expressions are nonrivalrous n ’t ^
    28. 36. E.g., Online Book We can all read simultaneously
    29. 37. An Indescribable Advance The first time in human history
    30. 38. Expertise and Its Expressions Give without giving away
    31. 39. Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
    32. 40. Unprecedented Capacity We can educate as never before
    33. 41. Stewardship For which we are accountable
    34. 42. Open Educational Resources Open Course Ware Open Courses Open Textbooks
    35. 43. Repository Examples
    36. 47. OpenCourseWare Examples
    37. 52. Open Courses Examples
    38. 56. Open Textbook Examples
    39. 59. Expanded Funding
    40. 60. Department of Labor <ul><li>$2 Billion for high-demand two year programs </li></ul>
    41. 62. Not Just Foundation Funding
    42. 63. Accreditation <ul><li>Get credit for what you know </li></ul>
    43. 65. University of the People
    44. 66. OER University
    45. 67. Mozilla Badge Lab
    46. 68. Practical Analytics <ul><li>Making use of data </li></ul>
    47. 73. Each and Every Interaction <ul><li>Recorded and stored for analysis </li></ul>
    48. 74. If Only We Could Get Data! <ul><li>We could do analyses (aka research) too </li></ul>
    49. 78. Canvas
    50. 79. Even the Grocer! <ul><li>Almost every industry (1) gathers and (2) uses data more effectively than we do </li></ul>
    51. 80. What Kind of Data? <ul><li>Assessment data </li></ul><ul><li>Construct-relevant behavioral data </li></ul>
    52. 81. Assessment Data <ul><li>Difficulty estimates Discrimination estimates Per standard expertise estimates (Not just “grades”) </li></ul>
    53. 82. Behavioral Data <ul><li>When they logged in, read, and worked </li></ul><ul><li>How long they logged in, read, and worked </li></ul><ul><li>Pathway information Social network analysis &c. </li></ul>
    54. 83. What If You Could Know <ul><li>Which students need the most help? </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically what those students need help on (academic or behavioral)? </li></ul><ul><li>The least effective parts of you curriculum? </li></ul><ul><li>Which parts of your tests are malfunctioning? </li></ul>
    55. 86. Teaching as Science <ul><li>With sufficient amounts of data, and appropriate commitment, it’s possible </li></ul>
    56. 87. Learning Analytics <ul><li>Can tell us who and what needs help </li></ul>
    57. 88. Openness <ul><li>Gives us permission to make changes / adaptations / improvements </li></ul>
    58. 89. Pointless <ul><li>Knowing what needs fixed, when you don’t have permission to fix it </li></ul>
    59. 90. Pointless <ul><li>Having permission to fix things, when you don’t know where to start </li></ul>
    60. 91. Openness + Analytics <ul><li>Enable Continuous Quality Improvement </li></ul>
    61. 93. The Loop Curriculum Use Curriculum Redesign Student Performance Data Data Describing Curriculum Performance Data Supporting Strategic Tutoring
    62. 94. “ Strategic Tutoring?” <ul><li>What if we could do one-on-one tutoring just-in-time and just-on-topic? </li></ul>
    63. 95. You Would Have to Know <ul><li>Who needs help right now? </li></ul><ul><li>What do they need help on? </li></ul>
    64. 96. Strategic Tutoring <ul><li>1. Online curriculum teaches as much as possible 2. Teachers do proactive, data-based, one-on-one outreach </li></ul>
    65. 97. Teacher Becomes Tutor <ul><li>Has the computer replaced the teacher? </li></ul><ul><li>As broadcast machinery, yes. </li></ul>
    66. 98. The Loop and Conjoint CQI <ul><li>Student learning AND curriculum effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>grow simultaneously </li></ul>
    67. 99. But Tutoring Data are Out-of-Band! <ul><li>Where does the data go? </li></ul>
    68. 101. If the Book Didn’ t Change Schools Can openness? Can analytics? Can openness + analytics?
    69. 103. Reconsider Your Stewardship CQI is possible today Do you have an ethical or moral responsibility to engage?
    70. 104. Thank You [email_address] @opencontent http://davidwiley.org/
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