Slides from Google Tech Talk by Joseph Jay Williams. The video presentation is on Youtube: http://youtu.be/VKW5lZqBWgI Title: How can Cognitive Science improve Online Learning at Google and Google in Education? Abstract: Knowledge and technology that maximizes human learning has financial value for Google in customer education and internal training, as well as social value for the public initiatives of Google in Education. Recent research in Cognitive Science provides complementary insights to those gained from practical experience and the research in Computer Science, Education and other Learning Sciences. This talk considers how learning can be improved by: (1) Asking questions and requesting explanations; (2) Presenting specific examples to illustrate abstract principles; (3) Using tests as pedagogical rather than assessment tools. Moreover, online education provides the unique opportunity of hybrid research that is simultaneously applied and academic. Online environments satisfy the scientific requirements of randomized experiments and precise control, as well as the practical need for ecological validity, fidelity, and scalable dissemination. The Cognitive Science focus on identifying both similarities and differences across learning contexts positions it well for doing research that simultaneously advances public education and a corporate mission. In addition to presenting ongoing research at Khan Academy and MOOCs like EdX, I discuss how analogous principles can be explored in teaching end-users Google Power Search, internal training, and customer education. Bio: Joseph Jay Williams (For resources on Cognitive Science, Online Education, Ed-Tech see: www.josephjaywilliams.com/education, sites.cognitivescience.co/learn, or www.learningresearch.net) does Cognitive Science research on how generating explanations promotes learning, and Online Education work on improving learning from mathematics exercises (Khan Academy), increasing motivation to learn by changing people's beliefs about intelligence (Project for Education Research that Scales: www.perts.net), teaching metacognitive & learning strategies in Massive Open Online Courses (EdX), and using technology to change educational and health habits. He is finishing his PhD in Psychology at UC Berkeley, and also has interests in consulting for corporate e-learning and training, web development for online education, using journalism to disseminate research to practitioners, and education in online search and problem-solving for students and entrepreneurs.