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Nickel (Emma Jones)

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    Nickel (Emma Jones) Nickel (Emma Jones) Presentation Transcript

    • By:
      Emma Jones
      Ni
      Nickel
      Ni
    • The History
      In 1751, nickel was discovered by a Swedish scientist named Axel Fredrik Cronstedt.
      Obviously it was discovered in Sweden.
      It’s name comes from the German words Nickel meaning “Old Nick”, a name for the devil, and kupfernickel, meaning “Old Nick’s Copper.”
    • Nickel is solid at room temperature.
      Its color is shiny and silvery.
      The melting point is between 1453° C and 1726.15° C.
      The boiling point is between 2732° C and 3005.15° C.
      Its density is 8.912 g/cmˆ3.
      There are 5 stable isotopes which make up nickel as well as 9 other unstable isotopes.
      Important properties it has are:
      malleable, ductile, hard, ferromagnetic,
      and somewhat conducts electricity.
      Properties
    • Uses
      Used primarily for its alloys
      Nickel makes
      stainless steal and other corrosion-resistant alloys
      Tubing used for desalination plants
      Armor plating
      United States and Canadian coinage
      Burglar-proof vaults
      Glass a green color
      A catalyst for hydrogenating vegetable oils
      Magnets and batteries
      Fun Fact:
      The first nickel made of pure nickel metal was made in 1881.
    • Nickel is obtained from a mineral called pentlandite.
      To get this they have nickel ores, the most prominent of which is in Sudbury Region of Ontario, Canada.
      Believe it or not! Nickel is present in most meteorites.
      Nickel ores are also found
      inAustralia, Cuba, and
      Indonesia.
      Availiability
      Fun Fact:
      It is believe that the large deposit of nickel in the Sudbury region is a result of an ancient meteor impact.
    • After the pentlandite is removed from the ore it is purified down to nickel.
      A pure sample of nickel costs $7.7 per 100 grams.
      Breaking the Bank?
    • NiO is used for ceramic glazes, porcelain
      paints, batteries, and other items.
      NiCl_2_ is used for electroplating, incecticides, and glass colorant.
      (CH3CO2)2Ni·4H2O is used for anodize coatings and textile dyeing mordant.
      Ni(OH)_2_ is used in specific batteries.
      Nickel Compounds
    • Fun Fact:
      Where is the largest nickel in the world?
    • http://chemistry.about.com/od/elementfacts/a/nickel.htm
      http://periodic.lanl.gov/elements/28.html
      http://www.facts-about.org.uk/science-element-nickel.htm
      http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele028.html
      http://www.chemicool.com/elements/nickel.html
      http://chemicalland21.com
      Resources
    • Fin
      Fin
      The End
      Cut and Print!
      And They Lived
      Happily Ever After!
      Fin
      Fin