By:   MichaelKrutzkamp
   Meaning       “Lithos” which is Greek for “stone”       Given this name because it was discovered in a stone        ...
   Solid at Room Temperature   Lightest Solid Metal   Soft and has a Silvery-White color   Melting Point: 180.5 oC   ...
   Many of its chemical and physical properties    are more similar to the properties of the    alkaline earth metals rat...
   Burns with a red flame but when burning    extremely well the flame turns a bright white   It is the only common elem...
   Found in the Earth’s crust       Abundance of 20 parts per million by weight or 60        parts per million by moles...
   Used in rechargeable Lithium ion Batteries   Also has various nuclear applications       Used as a coolant in nuclea...
   Lithium Carbonate       Used as a mood-stabilizing drug   Lithium Chloride and Bromide       Used as Desiccants   ...
   www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/li.htm   www.answers.com/Q/What_does_lithium    _mean   www.webelements.com/lithi...
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Lithium (Michael Krutzkamp)

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Lithium (Michael Krutzkamp)

  1. 1. By: MichaelKrutzkamp
  2. 2.  Meaning  “Lithos” which is Greek for “stone”  Given this name because it was discovered in a stone unlike other common Group 1 elements which were found in plant sources Discovered  By Johan Arfvedson in 1817  In Stockholm, Sweden, during an analysis of petalite
  3. 3.  Solid at Room Temperature Lightest Solid Metal Soft and has a Silvery-White color Melting Point: 180.5 oC Boiling Point: 1342 oC Density: .53 g.cm-3 at 20 oC
  4. 4.  Many of its chemical and physical properties are more similar to the properties of the alkaline earth metals rather than the properties of its own group. Major Isotopes  Has 7 isotopes with mass numbers 5 to 11 but only 2 are stable: Li6 and Li7 Has a high specific heat capacity  3.58 J/gK
  5. 5.  Burns with a red flame but when burning extremely well the flame turns a bright white It is the only common element that reacts with nitrogen at room temperature
  6. 6.  Found in the Earth’s crust  Abundance of 20 parts per million by weight or 60 parts per million by moles Highly reactive and does not occur freely in nature Cost:  $27 per 100 grams for Pure Lithium  $9.50 per 100 grams for Bulk Lithium
  7. 7.  Used in rechargeable Lithium ion Batteries Also has various nuclear applications  Used as a coolant in nuclear breeder reactors  Is a source of Tritium  Formed by bombarding Lithium with Neutrons
  8. 8.  Lithium Carbonate  Used as a mood-stabilizing drug Lithium Chloride and Bromide  Used as Desiccants Lithium Stearate  Used as an all-purpose and high-temperature Lubricant
  9. 9.  www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/li.htm www.answers.com/Q/What_does_lithium _mean www.webelements.com/lithium/history.html www.chemicool.com/elements/lithium.html

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