Visual Literacy: Part 2


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This presentation discusses strategies for helping students become proficient in creating infographics. Special emphasis is given to elementary school science.

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  • Visual Literacy: Part 2

    1. 1. Visual Literacy and Nonlinguistic Representations: Part 2 April 14, 2011 Jessica Fries-Gaither Terry Shiverdecker Beyond Penguins is funded by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0733024.
    2. 2. <ul><li>A – Classroom Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>B – Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>C – Administrator </li></ul><ul><li>D – Higher Education </li></ul><ul><li>E - Other </li></ul>What best describes your professional position? Answer using the poll buttons underneath the participant window!
    3. 3. What grade(s) do you teach? <ul><li>A – Grades K-2 </li></ul><ul><li>B – Grades 3-5 </li></ul><ul><li>C – Grades 6-8 </li></ul><ul><li>D – Grades 9-12 </li></ul><ul><li>E - Other </li></ul>Answer using the poll buttons underneath the participant window!
    4. 4. From where are you joining us today? Answer using the stamping tool to the left of the whiteboard!
    5. 5. Visual Literacy and Nonlinguistic Representations Download these slides at:
    6. 6. Today ’s presenters Jessica Fries-Gaither Education Resource Specialist The Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology School of Teaching and Learning [email_address] Terry Shiverdecker Science Content Specialist Ohio Resource Center Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology School of Teaching and Learning [email_address]
    7. 7. About Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears <ul><li>Online magazine </li></ul><ul><li>Professional and instructional resources </li></ul><ul><li>Science and literacy integration </li></ul><ul><li>Aligned to national standards </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul>
    8. 8. Today’s Agenda Review terminology Challenges in current instruction Strategies for creating infographics Infographics everyday Assessing infographics
    9. 9. Terminology Visual Literacy The ability to create, interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from information presented in the form of an image. Nonlinguistic Representations Include mental pictures, graphic representations of information, and even physical sensations. - Marzano et al., 2001 Infographics Visual representations of information, data, or knowledge. Integrated Text A text which combines paragraphs, headings, visual elements and design features that support and give context to one another. - Moline, 1995. Information Graphics Visual Text
    10. 10. <ul><li>A. reading the newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>B. browsing a website </li></ul><ul><li>C. reading a journal article </li></ul><ul><li>D. using an app on my smart phone </li></ul><ul><li>E. Other </li></ul>When have you most recently interacted with infographics? Answer using the poll buttons underneath the participant window!
    11. 11. <ul><li>A. Students don’t see the importance. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Students can’t create them independently. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Students don’t relate the graphics to the content. </li></ul><ul><li>D. All of the above. </li></ul><ul><li>E. Other </li></ul>What’s most challenging about teaching students to create infographics? Answer using the poll buttons underneath the participant window!
    12. 12. Challenges in Current Instruction “ When you’re finished writing, you can draw a picture.” Woodleywonderworks , Flickr
    13. 13. Challenges in Current Instruction “ Count the number of each shape in the box.&quot; “ Then fill in the graph by coloring one box for each shape.” Adapted from:
    14. 14. Challenges in Current Instruction Data provided, results known in advance. Creation of infographics is divorced from context.
    15. 15. University of Arizona Houghton Mifflin Math Background TN History for Kids How can we help students become proficient at creating infographics?
    16. 16. Explicitly discuss purpose of each type. Help students match infographics to purpose. Infographic Purpose Flow chart Illustrate processes, instructions, cause and effect Diagram Simplify, symbolize, or generalize a concept Timeline Summarize events over time Maps Express spatial relationships Table Organize and display data Graph Show relationships between data Webs Show relationships between primary concept and supporting ideas
    17. 17. Explicitly discuss purpose of each type of graph, match graph to purpose. Power to Learn The Mathmagic Wiki Canadian Space Agency Purpose Infographic Example Comparison of discontinuous data Bar graph number of pets Relationship between variables, change over time Line graph plant growth Compare parts to the whole Pie graph atmosphere
    18. 18. Focus on one type at a time Focus on one type at a time, particularly when introducing a type of infographic.
    19. 19. Pair creating with interpreting Have students collect examples from newspapers, books, and online media. What features do they have in common? Evaluate and critique – which convey their information the best and why? Create a library of exemplars for student reference.
    20. 20. Consider process and product Product - table - graph - flow chart Process - sorting/classifying - counting - data collection
    21. 21. Provide authentic contexts <ul><li>Collect data </li></ul><ul><li>Real-world </li></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant </li></ul>
    22. 22. Allow students to create the graphics independently <ul><li>Writer’s workshop can encourage experimentation, allow students to refine skills </li></ul>Google Image Search The Cypress Times
    23. 23. Practice in a variety of contexts <ul><li>Across curriculum ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Timelines combining science and social studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content area word clouds in art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Procedural flow charts that highlight content area processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Webs showing relationships between content areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recomposing </li></ul>
    24. 24. Let ’s pause for questions from the audience….
    25. 25. Infographics Everyday <ul><li>Flow charts for morning routine, center rotation, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Timeline of school events or for managing work on long-term assignments or projects </li></ul><ul><li>Bar graph showing where students are in the writing process </li></ul>WoodleyWonderworks , Flickr
    26. 26. Let ’s pause for questions from the audience….
    27. 27. How would you assess this student work? Google Image Search TN History for Kids Answer by typing in the chat window!
    28. 28. Assessing Student-Created Infographics What story does the infographic tell? Consider assessing in a similar manner as a writing assignment.
    29. 29. Assessing Student-Created Infographics <ul><li>Have students create their own rubric </li></ul><ul><li>Use while building library of exemplars </li></ul><ul><li>Rubric might evolve over time </li></ul><ul><li>Peer and self-assessment </li></ul>Woodleywonderworks , Flickr
    30. 30. For More Information <ul><li>I See What You Mean: Children at Work with Visual Information . Steve Moline. Stenhouse Publishers, 1995. </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement . Robert Marzano, Debra Pickering, and Jane Pollock. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Literacy K-8 </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching with Infographics: Places to Start </li></ul>
    31. 31. Thank you! <ul><li>Jessica Fries-Gaither: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Terry Shiverdecker: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Today ’s slides available at: </li></ul><ul><li>Archived recording at: </li></ul>
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