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3. Eastern Front And The Treaty Of Versailles
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3. Eastern Front And The Treaty Of Versailles

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  • 1. Eastern Front and the Treaty of Versailles
  • 2. The Eastern Front
    • Along the German and Russian Border
      • Russians attack Austria and Germany in 1914
    • Russians do well at first but problems begin to arise
      • What are going to be some issues that Russia faces while trying to win the war?
  • 3.  
  • 4. Eastern Front
    • Russian Troubles
      • Not industrialized
        • Short on supply
      • German Blockaded Baltic Sea
      • Ottoman Empire control of straits from Mediterranean to Black Sea
  • 5. Eastern Front
    • Battle of Tennenberg
      • German offensive against Russia
      • Beat Russians into an all out retreat
      • 30,000 Russians killed
      • Munitions and horses captured
  • 6. Eastern Front
    • Austrians with help from the Germans push back the Russians at a battle near Limanowa
    • In the next two weeks Austrians manage to push Russia entirely out of Austro-Hungarian territory
  • 7. Conflict Spreads
    • War spreads after initial conflict as more countries align themselves with a side
      • Japan- Allies
      • Ottoman Turks and Bulgaria- Central Powers
    • Battles spread outside of Europe
  • 8. Conflict Spreads
    • Allies set sights on the Dardanelles
      • Controlled by Ottoman Turks
      • Supply line to Constantinople
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. Conflict Spreads
    • Allies set sights on the Dardanelles
      • Controlled by Ottoman Turks
      • Supply line to Constantinople
      • If Allies take it they can ship much needed supplies into Russia
      • Very costly campaign (250,000 lives) and retreat
  • 13. Conflict Spreads
    • German Colonies also under attack
      • Japan takes German holdings in China and Pacific Islands
      • England and France attack Germany’s four African Colonies and seize three
    • Colonists recruited for warfare
  • 14. In 1917 the Germans decided to take what risk in the hopes of ending the war?
    • Germans chose to place the blockade (knowing it would provoke Americans) to try and starve Britain before the US could mobilize and send troops into battle
  • 15. What were some of the ties the United States had with the Allies?
    • Language
    • History
    • Economics
  • 16. Total War
    • Governments place every resource into the war effort
      • Think back to the movie
      • What were some ways the United States did this?
    • Rationing
      • Supplies are limited
      • Each person only allotted a certain amount to purchase
  • 17. Russian Surprise
    • Eastern Front still not going well
      • Allies not able to open supply lines
    • Russian people near revolution
      • Czar steps down
      • Interim government pledges to continue the war
      • Russian Army refuses
    • Russian withdraw from the war meant Germany only had to contend with the Western Front
  • 18. Allied Victory
    • Germany focuses their wrath on the Western Front and reaches within 40 miles of Paris
      • Army and supplies are exhausted
    • Allies launch a successful counterattack
      • 140,000 Fresh American troops
      • 2 million more American troops added
  • 19. Allied Victory
    • With the reinforcements from America, the allies force the German into retreating
    • Central Powers begin to deteriorate as Ottoman-Turks and Bulgarians begin to surrender
    • Revolution in Austria-Hungary ends their war efforts
    • Kaiser Wilhelm II forced to resign on Nov 9, 1918
    • Official armistice declared on Nov 11, 1918
  • 20. Think Think Think
    • Take a moment to reflect on the situation of Allied forces in Europe.
      • Land destroyed from constant battle
      • Crop failures
      • Bombings
      • Submarine blockades
      • Starvation
      • Loss of soldiers