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The Great War 1914 -1918
The War to End all Wars <ul><li>From 1914 – 1918  a titanic war spread across Europe and throughout the colonies. </li></u...
<ul><li>More than 8.5 million soldiers died in the struggle. </li></ul><ul><li>21 million soldiers were wounded. </li></ul...
Machines of Death <ul><li>Because of the industrial revolution modern weapons were used on the battlefields of Europe. </l...
Not Just a job, an adventure!
Victims of the madness!
Trench warfare <ul><li>Soldiers used shovels to dig 25,000 miles of defensive trenches to stay below the line of fire.  </...
Outdated tactics <ul><li>These tactics led to the slaughter of millions of soldiers as they were mowed down by machine gun...
Causes of War 1914 <ul><li>There were several underlying problems that existed in Europe prior to 1914 that contributed to...
Militarism  <ul><li>In 1914 Europe was described as a powder keg ready to explode. </li></ul><ul><li>The counties of Europ...
Conscription = Draft
Nationalism <ul><li>Countries such as Germany, France, Austria Hungary, and Britain carried out policies designed to stren...
Nationalism = Extreme patriotism
Imperialism <ul><li>In 1914 France and Britain controlled most of the Worlds Colonies and did not permit the Germans to tr...
Colonial empires 1914
Alliances <ul><li>In order to discourage attack, Britain, France, and Russia formed a defensive alliance know as the tripl...
 
The powder Keg explodes <ul><li>In June of 1914 Archduke Fanz Ferdinand was in a parade in Bosnia the southern province of...
Bad idea!
Chain Reaction <ul><li>The terrorist group that killed the leader was called the black hand. They trained in Serbia.  </li...
War Expands <ul><li>The Russian king honored his alliance with Serbia and sent troops to the border to prepare to invade A...
Here come the Hun. <ul><li>The Germans next sent troops to attack Russia to defend their ally. </li></ul><ul><li>The Germa...
The British in France
Italy? <ul><li>The Italian government decided to join France, Britain, and Russia when they were promised land and colonie...
 
The Germans stopped <ul><li>In the first battle of the Marne River the German army was stopped only miles outside of Paris...
Where was the U.S.? <ul><li>President Woodrow Wilson attempted to keep the U.S. out of the war. The U.S. followed an Isola...
Tension grows <ul><li>In 1915 the Germans  build a fleet of U- boats to stop neutral countries from trading with the allie...
Violation of International law <ul><li>The Germans sunk the ship because it carried hundreds of cases of ammunition that w...
Americans are pissed! <ul><li>President Wilson protest and demands that the Germans stop the attacks. </li></ul>
1916 Closer to War <ul><li>In 1916 the Germans sink a French passenger ship named the Sussex. They mistake it for a Britis...
The Big Push <ul><li>In the February of 1917 the Germans planned a big attack towards Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>They decide...
<ul><li>In the spring of 1917 four U.S. merchant ships were sunk by German U- Boat attacks. </li></ul>
Catch me riding dirty. <ul><li>At the same time the British intercept a telegram sent from Germany to Mexico. </li></ul><u...
Not ready? <ul><li>The U.S. has only 100,000 soldiers ready to fight and 100,000 additional national guard troops.  </li><...
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Causes Of Ww I Powerpoint

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Causes Of Ww I Powerpoint

  1. 1. The Great War 1914 -1918
  2. 2. The War to End all Wars <ul><li>From 1914 – 1918 a titanic war spread across Europe and throughout the colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>65 million soldiers were sent into combat. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>More than 8.5 million soldiers died in the struggle. </li></ul><ul><li>21 million soldiers were wounded. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 8 million were MIA or taken prisoner. </li></ul><ul><li>10 – 15 million civilians perished under the harsh wartime conditions. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Machines of Death <ul><li>Because of the industrial revolution modern weapons were used on the battlefields of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Machine guns, poison gas, grenades, tanks, trench mortars, rifles, and planes caused a mass slaughter. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Not Just a job, an adventure!
  6. 6. Victims of the madness!
  7. 7. Trench warfare <ul><li>Soldiers used shovels to dig 25,000 miles of defensive trenches to stay below the line of fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Suicidal charges across no man’s land were used to attack the enemies lines. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Outdated tactics <ul><li>These tactics led to the slaughter of millions of soldiers as they were mowed down by machine gun and artillery fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Mustard and phosgene gases also took their toll. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Causes of War 1914 <ul><li>There were several underlying problems that existed in Europe prior to 1914 that contributed to this destructive war. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Militarism <ul><li>In 1914 Europe was described as a powder keg ready to explode. </li></ul><ul><li>The counties of Europe had conscripted large numbers of soldiers into the military. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany 11 million soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain 9 million soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>France 8 million soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Russia 12 million soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>United States 200,000. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conscription = Draft
  12. 12. Nationalism <ul><li>Countries such as Germany, France, Austria Hungary, and Britain carried out policies designed to strengthen their power at the expense of their neighbors. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic groups like Serbians, Poles, and Czechoslovakians, started violent uprisings in order to fight for self rule against Germany and Austria Hungary. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Nationalism = Extreme patriotism
  14. 14. Imperialism <ul><li>In 1914 France and Britain controlled most of the Worlds Colonies and did not permit the Germans to trade in their ports. </li></ul><ul><li>The German government dreamed of taking control of these vauable colonies and resourceds. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Colonial empires 1914
  16. 16. Alliances <ul><li>In order to discourage attack, Britain, France, and Russia formed a defensive alliance know as the triple entente. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany, Austria Hungary, and Italy formed the Triple Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Russia secretly pledged to defend Serbia. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain secretly pledged to defend Belgium. </li></ul>
  17. 18. The powder Keg explodes <ul><li>In June of 1914 Archduke Fanz Ferdinand was in a parade in Bosnia the southern province of Austria Hungary. </li></ul><ul><li>Gavriola Princip a Serbian terrorist shot him and his wife dead. They did this in an attempt to get Serbians to revolt against the crown and rejoin the nation of Serbia. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Bad idea!
  19. 20. Chain Reaction <ul><li>The terrorist group that killed the leader was called the black hand. They trained in Serbia. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result to the death of their next king, Austria Hungary declares war on Serbia. </li></ul>
  20. 21. War Expands <ul><li>The Russian king honored his alliance with Serbia and sent troops to the border to prepare to invade Austria Hungary. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Here come the Hun. <ul><li>The Germans next sent troops to attack Russia to defend their ally. </li></ul><ul><li>The Germans decided to attack France from the north by crossing through Belgium. This was done to defeat Paris early and avoid a two front war. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain came to the aid of Belgium and France. </li></ul>
  22. 23. The British in France
  23. 24. Italy? <ul><li>The Italian government decided to join France, Britain, and Russia when they were promised land and colonies for switching sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey and Bulgaria fearing Russia joined the Central powers </li></ul><ul><li>Romania, Montenegro, and Greece joined the allies. </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting extended into the colonies. </li></ul>
  24. 26. The Germans stopped <ul><li>In the first battle of the Marne River the German army was stopped only miles outside of Paris. The Germans outran their supply lines </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides began digging defensive trenches. </li></ul><ul><li>For the next three years a stalemate existed as both side slaughter each other in suicidal frontal attacks. Millions died. </li></ul>
  25. 27. Where was the U.S.? <ul><li>President Woodrow Wilson attempted to keep the U.S. out of the war. The U.S. followed an Isolationist foreign policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite this policy American banks lent money to the allies to fight. U.S. businesses sent food, steel, and war supplies to the allies. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplies sent to Germany were taken by the British Navy when the set up a blockade. </li></ul>
  26. 28. Tension grows <ul><li>In 1915 the Germans build a fleet of U- boats to stop neutral countries from trading with the allies. </li></ul><ul><li>On may 7 th the British passenger liner the Lusitania is sunk off the coast of Irleland. </li></ul>
  27. 29. Violation of International law <ul><li>The Germans sunk the ship because it carried hundreds of cases of ammunition that were being smuggled from NY city. </li></ul><ul><li>1,198 people died as the ship sunk in 15 minutes. The Americans lost 128 innocent civilians. </li></ul><ul><li>The Germans did not give the passengers time to get into life boats. </li></ul>
  28. 30. Americans are pissed! <ul><li>President Wilson protest and demands that the Germans stop the attacks. </li></ul>
  29. 31. 1916 Closer to War <ul><li>In 1916 the Germans sink a French passenger ship named the Sussex. They mistake it for a British troop ship. </li></ul><ul><li>80 Americans are wounded and several are killed. </li></ul><ul><li>The Germans issue the Sussex pledge promising to stop attacks on passenger ships and U.S. ships in the war zone. </li></ul>
  30. 32. The Big Push <ul><li>In the February of 1917 the Germans planned a big attack towards Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>They decided to risk bringing the Americans into the war by violating the Sussex pledge and starting unrestricted u-boat warfare. The Germans needed to cut off supplies from neutral countries to break the stalemate. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson protests and continues to send ships to France and England. </li></ul>
  31. 33. <ul><li>In the spring of 1917 four U.S. merchant ships were sunk by German U- Boat attacks. </li></ul>
  32. 34. Catch me riding dirty. <ul><li>At the same time the British intercept a telegram sent from Germany to Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>The Zimmerman telegram is an attempt by Germany to form an alliance with Mexico to attack the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>On April 6 th Wilson asks Congress to declare war. </li></ul>
  33. 35. Not ready? <ul><li>The U.S. has only 100,000 soldiers ready to fight and 100,000 additional national guard troops. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result millions volunteer to serve and millions of men are drafted under the selective service act. </li></ul><ul><li>War bonds and a federal income tax are used to fund the build up. </li></ul>

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