China And The Western World

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China And The Western World

  1. 2. China and the Western World <ul><li>Productive Agricultural society </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources available for development </li></ul><ul><li>1793 Qing Emperor allows diplomatic communication with western world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showered with gifts but not impressed </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. Tea and Opium <ul><li>Little interest in trade with West </li></ul><ul><li>Imbalanced trade with Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tea exported for goods of lesser value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Silver used to cover the difference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introduce opium for non-medicinal purposes and China gets hooked </li></ul>
  3. 4. Opium War <ul><li>Opium banned in Britain but sold to Chinese </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not respond to the reasoning of the Chinese Emperors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mostly a sea battle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese ships were no match for Britains new boats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Nanjing </li></ul>
  4. 5. Treaty of Nanjing <ul><li>Hong Kong to Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Christian Missionaries receive access </li></ul><ul><li>Extraterritorial rights (US too) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>did not have to follow Chinese law at 4 more ports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opium continues </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Internal Problems <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>430 million in 1850 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Us just hit 300 million October 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food shortage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flooding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taiping Rebellion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasant army revolt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Took control of Southeast China including Taiping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finally crush 14 year rebellion and cause starvation </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Sphere of Influence <ul><li>Region in which the foreign nation controlled trade and investment </li></ul><ul><li>United States feared being shut out of China and its trade if the European countries colonized it in the same way they took Africa </li></ul>
  7. 8. Open Door Policy <ul><li>Directions: </li></ul><ul><li>Read the letter independentl y and complete a primary source sheet </li></ul><ul><li>INSTEAD of the regular summary section follow the directions on the top of the sheet. </li></ul><ul><li>You have 30 minutes </li></ul>
  8. 9. Open Door Policy <ul><li>Now that you have your own summary, get into groups of 3 or 4 and share your summary with your group members. You need to discuss similairties and differences in the summaries and compile a master summary for your group that will be shared! </li></ul><ul><li>You have 15 minutes </li></ul>

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