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Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia
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Monitoring water supplies and sanitation in Ethiopia

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  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Ministery of water and Energy
  • Transcript

    • 1. Monitoring Water Supplies andNational WaSH Program Sanitation in Ethiopia Prepared by:- Tamene Hailu Debela National WASH Inventory Office (NWI) MoWE April, 2013
    • 2. Out line I. National WASH inventory II. Some key figures and additional benefitsNational WaSH III. Selected KPI Definitions and Computation Methods Program IV. Draft Selected KPI Result based on ME-MIS V. Problems/ issues VI. Next Steps Ministry of water and Energy
    • 3. I. National WASH Inventory • First of its kind in Ethiopia • Grew from need to strengthen monitoring and evaluation in the WaSH sectorNational WaSH • Aims of the initiative Program • to provide baseline data for planning and various monitoring purposes • to establish the backbone of a reliable, sector-wide M&E system • to put an end to the dissimilarity over access figures Ministry of water and Energy
    • 4. Scope and process What gets measured?  Rural community water supply schemes  Rural household hygiene and sanitationNational WaSH  Rural household drinking water use  WASH in schools and health facilities (institutional Program WASH), and  Urban water supply, sanitation and hygiene And how?  Steering committees established at federal level, regional, Zonal, Woreda and kebele level  National WASH Inventory project office established at all levels  Sensitization mission for administrators at all levels Ministry of water and Energy
    • 5. Continued….  Awareness given to the community through mass media like national and local Radio, TV, and newspapers  Training given for supervisors, nominators and data encoders: about 70,000 people have participated in NWINational WaSH  Data collected with approval of Kebele and Woreda administration Program  Data entry is done at regional level using Access database  Soft copy to national WASH inventory project office for the analysis of KPI  Regions clean their data and undertake analysis with the support of WASH M&E MIS Ministry of water and Energy
    • 6. Current progress • All regions (except Somali region) have completed data collection and data entry • Regions are cleaning their dataNational WaSH • The MoWE has finished preliminary analysis of data using the Management Information Software (MIS) Program • Up date the data started in regions • Role out done for 58 woredas and will continue to others • Procurement of server and computer is on progress Ministry of water and Energy
    • 7. III. Some key figures  92,588 rural water supply schemes  1,605 town water supply schemes  30,000 schools  20,000 health institutionsNational WaSH  12 million households asked about drinking water supply Program and sanitation  More than 100 million birr spent (excluding format and manual printing, Access database/MIS, NGO and Regional input) Ministry of water and Energy
    • 8. Rural Water Supply Schemes Benshang Dire Type of Rural Schemes Tigray Afar Amhara Oromiya ul/gumuz SNNP Gambela Hareri Dawa Total Deep Well with Distribution 159 83 338 1,625 6 477 17 7 23 2735 Hand Dug Well with 5,349 273 19,291 5,749 1,457 1,708 166 219 17 34,229National WaSH Normal Pump Hand Dug Well with Rope Pump 171 398 3,699 1,036 38 179 36 81 1 5639 Program Other 110 527 5,709 6346 Protected on-spot Spring 690 66 9,643 10,975 38 2,999 94 47 44 24596 Shallow Well 2,906 126 1,667 2,030 213 871 245 31 17 8,106 Spring with Distribution Small 468 362 2,958 2,637 31 4,259 11 45 166 10937 Total 9853 1308 37,596 24,579 1783 16,202 569 430 268 92588 Ministry of water and Energy
    • 9. Additional benefits • Integrating many WASH actors  the NWI has been a force for integration i.e. both between different levels of government and within each administrative level.National WaSH  enhanced cooperation with CSOs Program  allowed lower levels of government to engage with communities • Data retained at woreda level  assists woreda officials with planning and maintenance work  Feedback from woreda staff also indicates that the NWI generated vast amounts of informal knowledge at woreda level Ministry of water and Energy
    • 10. National WaSH IV. Selected KPI Definitions and Program Computation Methods Ministry of water and Energy
    • 11. RURAL • Access  Definition :- % of rural population that is provided access to 15 l/c/d water within 1.5 km of the water supply pointNational WaSH  Computation (Number of beneficiaries that have accessed and could access 15 l/c/d water within 1.5 km of the water supply Program point , including repairable non-functional water supply schemes/ Total population from CSA) x 100 (%) • Usage  Definition :- % of rural population that is actually using water from the water point irrespective of quantities used and distance from the water point  Computation :- (Number of beneficiaries actually using water from water supply point: as per the data from the annual inventory of water supply schemes / Total population from CSA) x 100 (%) Ministry of water and Energy
    • 12. URBAN • Access  Definition % of urban population that is provided access to 20 l/c/d improved water from the domestic/household waterNational WaSH consumptions inventory Data NeededA = Domestic Water Consumptions Program B = Total population from CSA  Computation ((A*1000)/(365*20) )/B) x 100 (%) • Usage  Definition % of population served by the water supply utilities Data NeededA = Served Population B = Total population from CSA  Computation (Served Population/ Total number of people) x 100 (%) Ministry of water and Energy
    • 13. Functionality of rural schemes • Definition  % of Functional rural water supply schemesNational WaSH • Computation Program Number of functional schemes/ Total number of water schemes x 100 (%) Ministry of water and Energy
    • 14. Health Institutions- WaSH • Access to Latrine Facilities  Definition :- % of Health Institutions having access to Latrine Facilities  Computation :- (Total No. of Health InstitutionsNational WaSH having access for Latrine Facilities/ Total No. of Health Program Institutions in required area) x 100 (%) • Access to Water Supply  Definition :- % of Health Institutions having access to water supply  Computation :- (Total No. of Health Institutions having access to water supply/Total No. of Health Institutions in required area) x 100 (%) Ministry of water and Energy
    • 15. School – WaSH • Access to Latrine Facilities  Definition :- % of Schools having access to Latrine Facilities  Computation :- (Total No. of Schools having access for LatrineNational WaSH Facilities/ Total No. of Schools in required area) x 100 (%) • Access to Improved Latrine Facilities Program  Definition :- % of Schools having access to Improved Latrine Facilities  Computation :- (Total No. of Schools having access for Improved Latrine Facilities/ Total No. of Schools in required area) x 100 (%) • Access to Water Supply  Definition :- % of schools with Drinking Water Supply  Computation :- (Total No. of schools with Water Supply /Total number of schools in the required area) x 100 (%) Draft KPI Results Ministry of water and Energy
    • 16. National WaSH Program V. Selected KPI Result based on ME-MIS Ministry of water and Energy
    • 17. NATIONAL LEVEL WATER SUPPLY Access INational WaSH Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 18. National WaSH NATIONAL LEVEL WATER SUPPLY Usage (Based on SI) Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 19. NATIONAL LEVEL Health Institution WASH (Based on SI)National WaSH Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 20. National WaSH NATIONAL LEVEL School WASH (Based on SI) Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 21. National WaSH Access to latrine facilities (based on household inventory ) Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 22. National WaSH Access to Drinking water (based on household inventory ) Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 23. National WaSH Comparison of findings Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 24. REGIONAL LEVEL WATER SUPPLY –Rural Access No Region (With in 1.5 Km) Usage 1 Tigray 52.74 69.21National WaSH 2 Afar 34.79 71.59 Program 3 Amhara 51.58 62.83 4 Oromiya 49.76 61.61 5 Benishangul 59.68 64.87 6 SNNP 42.02 55.50 7 Gambela 64.73 76.55 8 Harar 65.11 68.63 10 Diredawa 75.63 94.43 Ministry of water and Energy
    • 25. Functionality status of Rural Water Supply SchemesNational WaSH Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 26. REGIONAL LEVEL WATER SUPPLY – Urban Access Usage No Region (Dom. Consum. 20l/c/d) (Served Pop.) 1 Tigray 68.44 73.78National WaSH 2 Afar 82.14 85.38 3 Amhara Program 65.43 93.28 4 Oromiya 75.38 71.84 5 Benishangul 46.24 78.45 6 SNNP 65.11 84.08 7 Gambela 80.23 83.15 8 Harar 99.99 100.00 9 Addis Ababa 82.22 94.10 10 Diredawa 87.57 90.00 Ministry of water and Energy
    • 27. Drinking Water access in the house hold No Region Rural Urban Total 1 Tigray 53.93 71.71 57.84 2 Afar - - - 3 AmharaNational WaSH 46.04 74.25 47.53 4 Oromiya 41.64 71.6 45.11 Program 5 Benishangul 37.3 16.29 36.78 6 SNNP 52.26 89.31 54.1 7 Gambela 44.66 79.69 46.44 8 Harar - - - 9 Addis Ababa - 96.16 96.16 10 Diredawa - - - National ( only for available data) 44.69 82.48 49.62 Ministry of water and Energy
    • 28. Access to Latrine facility of house hold No Region Rural Urban Total 1 Tigray 54.17 80.77 59.94 2 Afar 51.17 - 51.17 3 AmharaNational WaSH 63.11 78.11 63.71 4 Oromiya 48.47 70.10 50.19 Program 5 Benishangul 57.13 98.1 58.31 6 SNNP 74.25 94.50 75.04 7 Gambela 29.21 73.09 35.87 8 Harar 56.21 53.50 54.17 9 Addis Ababa - 92.27 92.27 10 Diredawa 53.68 100 84.67 Ministry of water and Energy
    • 29. National WaSH HEALTH INSTITUTIONS WASH Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 30. National WaSH SCHOOL WASH Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 31. National WaSH Different reports, different figures Program Ministry of water and Energy
    • 32. VI. Problems/ issues • Data Collection:  The number of forms produced.; Regions had a shortfall of forms, especially forms 4 & 5  The nature of the forms. it would be better if forms 4 and 5 wereNational WaSH consolidated into a single form to avoid repetition of Household names etc at both the data collection and data entry phases. Program  Missing GPS data: There were problems with recording the GPS coordinates of schemes. there was some confusion in using the UTM reading styles and additional GPS training was given. Roughly 33% of schemes do not have GPS coordinates and about 15% of schools and health centres are also missing this data. The reasons for this were • A lack of training and experience in using the GPS equipment and Ministry of water and Energy
    • 33. Con… • Other missing data.: yield, functionality status, the number of households within 1.5km of the water source, health type, latrine type, and water supply type, some schools don’t have information on the number of students in the school.National WaSH • Timing of the NWI. The fact the NWI was carried out in the rainy season and this caused challenges for the enumerators. This meant that often in Program the day the farmer was on their farm land and the enumerator had to find the farmers on their land. • Other logistical challenges. there were initial worries about a lack of vehicles for data collection but NGOs contributed to providing vehicles. Also there were delays in the sending of budget to some regions. Ministry of water and Energy
    • 34. Con… • Data Entry:  Delays in starting data entry: Although data entry started in September there have been delays due to the lengthy procurement process of computers and network installation.National WaSH  Duplication of kebeles unique identifiers: In Oromia there were problems initially with the data entry software allowing Kebeles with Program similar names to be entered under the same unique identifier. This was solved by putting all 7276 kebeles into a single main table and giving each the unique identifier that CSA has for them.  The time consuming business of forms 4 & 5: The biggest obstacle to successful data entry is the sheer number of forms to be entered. In Oromia alone there are 5.2 million Households to be entered Ministry of water and Energy
    • 35. VII. Next Steps • Reviewing completeness:, if the NWI is to be truly national the Somali region inventory must be undertaken. • Data Cleaning by Regions: Data should be sent to the Central Statistical Authority (CSA) for verification.National WaSH • Verification: NWI data needs to be assessed in terms of quality and Program completeness. means that the NWI data will be verified by the Central Statistical Agency.  The CSA has a Data Quality Directorate, which is mandated with certifying the quality of any data that is to be published as a National Statistic.  Data quality can only be measured by doing field based sample verification Ministry of water and Energy
    • 36. Con… • Household Data: The time consuming business of forms 4 & 5’, entering forms 4 & 5 which represent household level data is taking a long time unless a substantial amount more money is invested in the data entry process.National WaSH  So that we recommend entering only kebele-level summaries. Program  CSA is expecting household level data and although Kebele summaries will not be as accurate as household level data the accuracy of the kebeles summaries can be checked with sampling. Ministry of water and Energy
    • 37. Con… • Data Analysis: Now the data has been entered and preliminary analysis done by the MoWE usingNational WaSH MIS software. Program  Although final analysis must use verified data from CSA, the NWIPO will use the preliminary data at the moment. At a later stage, analysis training will be rolled out to regions to allow them to produce Woreda Report Cards. Ministry of water and Energy
    • 38. Con… • Reporting/Statistical abstracts  After analysis reports and statistical abstracts will be produced for the national and regional level.  These statistical abstracts will have disaggregated data which willNational WaSH be used by regions and at the national level. Program  Reporting will be according to the 15 key performance indicators for the WASH sector.  After analysis reports and statistical abstracts have been produced there has to be: • A concept note must be developed for final NWI publication • Data access by different levels and third parties must be immediately clarified Ministry of water and Energy
    • 39. Con… • Sustainability  The NWI establishes base line data for the WASH sector, but this must be regularly updated. The things that need to be done to ensure this happens:National WaSH • All sector stakeholders should come together to Program discuss both their data needs as well as available resources for updating. • A second aspect is putting the collected data into active use. This will require training (on evidence based planning etc) to be rolled out to the woreda level at least. Ministry of water and Energy
    • 40. National WaSH Program THANK YOU

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