Example : “The lawn started at the beach and ran toward the front door for a quarter of a mile” ( The Great Gatsby, page 6).
Subjective : Personal and emotional language
Example : There was a slow, pleasant movement in the air, scarcely a wind, promising a cool, lovely day. ( The Great Gatsby, page 152)
Active vs. Passive States Action vs. States Being
Example of Active Diction from Hard Times , by Charles Dickens: “ Mr. Gradgrind walked homeward from the school in a state of considerable satisfaction”(Pg 8).
Example of Passive Diction from To Kill a Mocking Bird by Harper Lee: “John Hale Finch was ten years younger than my father” (Pg 5).
Concrete vs. Abstract Tangible, Specific vs. Conceptual Philosophical
Example of Concrete Diction from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte: “Lady Lynn was a large and stout personage of forty: very erect, very haughty-looking, richly dressed in a satin robe of changeful sheen” (Pg 185).
Example of Abstract Diction from Picture Perfect , by Jodi Piccoult: “It was the undisguised emotion in his eyes that made Cassie put her fear aside” (Pg 341).
Hyperbole vs. Understated Deliberate exaggeration of facts vs. Deliberate misinterpretation of less
Example of a Hyperbole from The Odyssey by Homer: “We’re men of Atrides Agamemnon, whose fame is the proudest thing on Earth”(Pg 245).
Example of Understated Diction from Hard Times , by Charles Dickens: “He sunk into a chair and moved once all that night”(Pg 67).
Pedestrian vs. Pedantic Layman’s terms vs. Borish inflated language intending to display importance
Example of Pedestrian Language from To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee: “Ain’t everybody’s daddy the deadest shot in Maycomb County” (Pg 112).
Example of Pedantic Diction from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte: “Madam allow me an instant. You are aware that my plan in bringing up these girls, is not to accustom them to habits of luxury and imdulgence, but to render them hardy, patient, self-denying” (Pg 64).
This type of diction is the language that is appropriate in more formal occasions. Example : “You are all kindness, Madame; but I believe we must abide by our original plan” ( Pride and Prejudice, page 143).