Ani Haryati Kusuma
Eko Agus Hari Anto
Ers Indri Triasmami
STKIP PGRI PACITAN
Poetry is combined to express feelings,
thoughts, and ideas.
The poet chooses words carefully.
Poetry is usually written in lines.
There are many forms of poetry including the:
A couplet is a poem, or
stanza in a poem,
written in two lines.
Who wants my jellyfish?
I’m not sellyfish!
By Ogden Nash
A tercet is a poem, or
stanza, written in three
Lines 1 and 2 can rhyme;
lines 1 and 3 can rhyme;
sometimes all 3 lines
How thin and sharp is the moon tonight!
How thin and sharp and ghostly white
Is the slim curved crook of the moon tonight!
By Langston Hughes
A quatrain is a poem, or
stanza, written in four
The quatrain is the most
common form of stanza
used in poetry.
Can be written in variety of
(See slide 9 entitled
The lizard is a timid thing
That cannot dance or fly or sing;
He hunts for bugs beneath the floor
And longs to be a dinosaur.
By John Gardner
In an acrostic poem the
first letter of each line,
read down the page,
spells the subject of the
Type of free verse
Does not usually
Loose brown parachute
Floating on puffs of air.
by Paul Paolilli
A haiku is a Japanese poem
with 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5
syllables. (Total of 17
Does not rhyme.
Is about an aspect of
nature or the seasons.
Captures a moment in
Little frog among
rain-shaken leaves, are you, too,
splashed with fresh, green paint?
A senryu follows same
pattern as haiku.
Written in 3 unrhymed
lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables,
with total of 17 syllables.
Is about human nature,
rather than natural world.
First day, new school year,
backpack harbors a fossil…
last June’s cheese sandwich.
By Cristine O’Connell George
A concrete poem (also
called shape poem) is
written in the shape of its
The way the words are
arranged is as important
what they mean.
Does not have to rhyme.
A free verse poem does
not use rhyme or
Can vary freely in length
of lines, stanzas, and
When I find out
the last cooky
out of the jar
me a bunch of
stale old messy
going to take
me a handful
up someone's bed.
By Myra Cohn Livingston
A limerick is a funny
poem of 5 lines.
Lines 1, 2 & 5 rhyme.
Lines 3 & 4 are shorter
Line 5 refers to line 1.
Limericks are a kind of
I really don’t know about Jim.
When he comes to our farm for a swim,
The fish as a rule,
jump out of the pool.
Is there something the matter with him?
By John Ciardi
There Seems to Be a Problem
Poetry uses language in many different
ways. By noticing the techniques poets use
with language, it becomes easier to
understand and talk about a poem. Using
some of these language techniques to
emphasize certain ideas, themes or images.
Plain and simple, imagery is the word used to describe the types of
images a poet uses throughout the poem. Images are references to a
single mental creation; they are the verbal representation of a sense
impression. However, there are many different types of imagery that
can be used.
Appeals to the five senses: smell, sight, hearing, taste and touch.
Visual Images (sight)
Example: “The look-out man will see some lakes of milk-color light on
the sea’s night-purple”
Tactile Images (touch)
Example: “The only things moving are swirls of snow.
As I lift the mailbox door, I feel its cold iron.”
“Driving toTown Late to Mail a Letter”
Auditory Images (sounds)
Example: “she quietly rolled
cracking in the hot lard
would wake me”
“My Grandmother Would Rock Quietly and Hum”
Gustatory Images (tastes)
Example: “Take out a three-pound leg of lamb,
rub it with salt, pepper and cumin,
then push in two cloves
of garlic splinters”
“How to Eat Alone”
Olfactory Images (smells)
Example: “The morning comes to
Of faint stale smells of beer
From the sawdust-trampled street
With all its muddy feet that press
To early coffee-stands”
T. S. Eliot
Diction is the type of words poets choose to use in their
poems. A poem that uses slang expressions can be just as powerful
as a poem that uses a lot of big words. And feel free to mix up your
diction in a poem.There is no reason why you have to use just one.
Words that appear a bit more elegant or extravagant. Often
formal diction will contain words that are polysyllabic (many
Words that appear ordinary and that you hear everyday.
Contractions are often used in poetry that has neutral diction,
as well as a simpler vocabulary.
Words and phrases that are slang expressions, or the
colloquial – the language of relaxed activities and friendly
A poem does not have to rhyme. However, rhyme can be an
important part of poetry, and there are many different types of rhyme.
• Exact (perfect) rhymes:
Words that rhyme because both the concluding consonant and
vowel sounds rhyme.
Example: “Then be not coy, but use your time;
And while ye may, go marry:
For having lost but one your prime,
You may for ever tarry”
“To theVirgins, to Make Much ofTime”
Inexact (near) rhymes:
Words that rhyme because they have similar, not identical, sounds,
like bleak/break and loud/bird.
Example: “Between my finger and my thumb
The squat pen rests; sung as a gun.”
Words at the ends of lines that rhyme, either exactly or
Example: “The massive weight of Uncle’s wedding band
Sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer’s hand”
Words in the beginning or middle of a line that rhyme with
each other, either exactly or inexactly.
Example: “And I who gave Kate a blackened eye
Did to its vivid changing colours
Make up an incredible musical scale”
“Whatever Else Poetry is Freedom”
There are many other tools that poets use
to achieve a certain sound or rhythm.
The repetition of a consonant sound
in the beginning of words that are
found close together in a line.
Example: “O wildWestWind, thou
breath of Autumn’s being”
“Ode to theWestWind”
Percy Bysshe Shelley
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in words that are close to each other
in a line.
Example: “...and let the coffee-pot boil over on the stove”
“Living in Sin”
The repetition of identical consonant sounds but different vowel sounds
found close together in a line
Example: “And broils root out of the work of masonry”
“Not Marble Nor the Guilded Monuments”
When the sounds of words in a line create an effect that is pleasing to the ear
Example: “There is no silence upon the earth or under the earth like the
silence under the sea”
The opposite of euphony, when the sounds of words in a line
create a discordant or jarring effect when heard
Example: “For growl and cough and snarl are the tokens of
Who know not the ultimate economy of rage”
Words that imitate a sound; a verbal echo of the action being
described, such as buzz, hum, slap
Example: “I hear
quiet clicks, cups of black
coffee, click, click like facts”
An expression where certain words are arranged in a particular
way to achieve a particular effect.The following are all different
figures of speech commonly used in poetry:
A comparison device where two things are compared directly.
Something will be described as though it is actually something
Example: “The apparition of these faces in the crowd;
Petals on a wet, black bough.”
“In a Station of the Metro”
A comparison device where “like” or “as” is used as the clause.
Example: “Eyes like the morning star,
Cheeks like a rose”
Words that are addressed to an absent or
imaginary person, an object, or an abstract
Example: “Love, O love, O careless love”
The precise definition of a word, the
All the meanings, definitions or associations
that a word suggests
Theme is simply the over all message that the author is trying to
convey. Sometimes there can be multiple themes, and sometimes there is
just one.Theme can be tricky to pick out in poems, but you're definitely
familiar with theme already if you've read fables or stories that teach a
lesson. For example, the theme of the story of the good samaritan is that
we should help people who need us, regardless of our biases. So yes, one
theme of this poem is about the beauties and wonders that we find in
nature. But it is also about the cycle of life.Wordsworth does an interesting
thing here. In his amazement at this beauty, he also shows the cycle of
human life. He discusses how the rainbow is a constant beauty when he is
young, when he is writing the poem, and when he will be old. "The child is
the father of the Man"What does this mean exactly? It can be interepreted
several ways. He could be saying that children are wiser than men, because
they tend to appreciate things like rainbows more than adults. But he is
more likely saying that every child will grow up to be a man, and men then
can produce more children.The cycle is as constant as the beauty of the
Tone is how something is written - it is like
the "tone of voice" that someone talks to you
in. It is usually described as an emotion.When
your parents are upset with you for coming
home too late, they are definitely not going
to be speaking in a happy tone. But does
Wordsworth sound angry in this poem?
Absolutely not! His tone would be
celebratory, happy, and filled with wonder