Diction Project


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Diction Project

  1. 1. Diction Project Whitney Kristen Lexi Brendan Sean
  2. 2. Vulgarity <ul><li>Language that is deficient in taste. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “I am preparing a bomb, which will blow the old goat higher than hell” (Catbird Seat; Thurber, 5). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Consonance <ul><li>A near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds followed by different vowel sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: home, same; worth, breath. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pedestrian vs. Pedantic <ul><li>Everyday language vs. borish inflated language </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “Each of these files plays an indispensable part in the system of F&S.” vs. “Well don’t tear up the pea patch!” (The Catbird Seat; Thurber, 2). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Informal/Standard <ul><li>Represents the plain language of everyday use, and often includes slang, contractions, and many simple, common words. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “What’s up dude.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Formal (Literate) <ul><li>Consists of an impersonal and elevated use of language and is often characterized by complex words. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “How are you.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Friend.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Euphonious vs. Cacophonous <ul><li>Pleasant sounding vs. harsh sounding </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Her singing voice was euphonious, she did not hit a wrong note </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. The cacophonous music coming from the band room was painful to those who passed by. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Literal vs. Figurative <ul><li>Accurate without embellishments vs. comparison creating a pictorial effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. She is as pretty as a rose. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Cliché <ul><li>Figurative language that has lost its freshness and clarity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. “Doesn’t even lift a finger” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For Esme ~ J.D. Salinger </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Denotative vs. Connotative <ul><li>Exact meaning vs. suggested, emotional meaning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ What is a name. That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romeo and Juliet </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Hyperbole (overstated) vs. Understated <ul><li>Deliberate exaggeration of facts vs. deliberate misrepresentation of less </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. “I’d become addicted to reading bulletin boards.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For Esme ~ J.D. Salinger </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Colloquial <ul><li>Regional or provincial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Rubbers </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Slang <ul><li>Vernacular speech sometimes humorous, exaggerated, or shortened for effect </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Cool, awesome, fun, dope </li></ul>
  14. 14. Jargon <ul><li>Specific to a field or profession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Football jargon: tackle, fumble, blitz, field goal, touch down </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Alliteration <ul><li>Repetition of initial consonate sound in closely associated words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. No nonsense near noon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Opposites only open oppositely </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Objective/Subjective Diction • Objective diction is impersonal diction that is without emotion. • Subjective Diction is diction that shows emotion and is personal. Ex: “Lissa was full-out crying now, her face buried in my shoulder.” -This Lullaby , Sarah Dessen
  17. 17. Mono/Poly Syllabic Diction <ul><li>Mono syllabic diction is diction using one syllable. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: “big blonder hair.”- This Lullaby , Sarah Dessen </li></ul><ul><li>• Poly syllabic diction is diction using more than one syllable. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Active/ Passive Diction <ul><li>Active diction is diction that states action. </li></ul><ul><li> Ex: “She laughed louder than ever.”- The Catbird Seat , </li></ul><ul><li>James Thurber </li></ul><ul><li>• Passive diction is diction that states being. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Concrete/Abstract Diction <ul><li>Concrete diction is giving a description of something specific and tangible. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. “Sitting in his apartment, drinking a glass of milk.” </li></ul><ul><li>- The Catbird Seat , James Thurber </li></ul><ul><li>• Abstract Diction is showing something that is conceptional and philisophical. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Assonance <ul><li>An assonance is the repetition of a similar vowel sound in closely associated words. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. “Hear the mellow wedding bells.” -Edgar Allen Poe “The Bells” </li></ul>
  21. 21. Work Cited Page <ul><li>Romeo and Juliet ~ Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>The Catbird Seat ~ James Thurber </li></ul><ul><li>For Esme ~ J.D. Salinger </li></ul><ul><li>This Lullaby ~ Sarah Dessen </li></ul>