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THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE<br />Glenda R. Perey<br />MAT - English<br />
FORM<br />For sentences with singular subject<br /> (He / She/It) :<br />has + verb (past participle)<br />For sentences w...
Present Perfect Timeline<br />
Uses of Present Perfect Tense<br />It occurs with a time expression of duration, e.g., for six years, since 1000, over the...
Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing a situation that started in the past and continues to the present<br /...
They havelived in Florida since 1990.<br />
I have loved her since the first day I saw her.<br />
	She has worked in that company for 15 years.<br />
Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing a recently completed action<br />The adverbs “just”  and “already” may...
The Japanese climbers have reached the peak of Mount Everest.<br />
Her plane has arrived.<br />
	Allan has recentlywritten an article on that very subject.<br />
	The teacher hasjustdrawn a circle on the board.<br />
	She hasalreadyleft the restaurant.<br />
Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing an action that occurred at an unspecified time and has current relevan...
Use the present perfect to describe your experience<br />The adverbs “ever” and “never” can be used to talk about our expe...
	He hasnevertraveled by train.<br />
Have you everbeen to the Eiffel Tower?<br />
Use the present perfect to describe accomplishments<br />We often use the present perfect to list the accomplishments of i...
	Man has walked on the moon.<br />
	My son has learned how to read.<br />
Use the present perfect to talk about and uncompleted action you are expecting<br />We often use the present perfect to sa...
Use the present perfect to talk about and uncompleted action you are expecting<br />We can use the adverbs “yet” and “stil...
	Bill hasstill not arrived.<br />
	James has not finished his homework yet.<br />
Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Describing an action that occurred over a period of time that is complete at the ...
Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />The sense of change is enhanced by the time expressions of duration.<br />The per...
	You havegrownsince the last time I saw you.<br />
	My English has really improved since I moved to Australia.<br />
The value of this house has doubled over the past two years.<br />
His condition has improved considerably in the last three days.<br />
How much have you learned?<br />Complete the sentence with the present perfect tense of the verbs in parentheses.<br />
1. The children _____ (make) the house very messy.<br />2. I _____ (see) that actor in several movies.<br />3. The boys __...
Here are the answers.<br />have made<br />have seen<br />have drank<br />has hurt<br />has fallen<br />have gone<br />has ...
Here’s your score!<br />10		Perfect!<br />9	Awesome<br />7 – 8 	Good work<br />5 – 6	 Nice try<br />3 – 4	Study harder<br ...
References:<br />Cowan, Ron. (2008).A teacher’s grammar of English. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.<br />Sargea...
THANK YOU<br />THANK YOU<br />
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"The Present Perfect Tense" Project in Seminar in The Teaching of Grammar

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Transcript of ""The Present Perfect Tense" Project in Seminar in The Teaching of Grammar"

  1. 1. THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE<br />Glenda R. Perey<br />MAT - English<br />
  2. 2. FORM<br />For sentences with singular subject<br /> (He / She/It) :<br />has + verb (past participle)<br />For sentences with plural subject<br />(I / You / We / They) :<br />have + verb (past participle)<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Present Perfect Timeline<br />
  5. 5. Uses of Present Perfect Tense<br />It occurs with a time expression of duration, e.g., for six years, since 1000, over the last six months, and so on.<br />
  6. 6. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing a situation that started in the past and continues to the present<br />The duration of the situation is marked by phrases with either for or since.<br />
  7. 7. They havelived in Florida since 1990.<br />
  8. 8. I have loved her since the first day I saw her.<br />
  9. 9. She has worked in that company for 15 years.<br />
  10. 10. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing a recently completed action<br />The adverbs “just” and “already” may be used to express the completed action.<br />
  11. 11. The Japanese climbers have reached the peak of Mount Everest.<br />
  12. 12. Her plane has arrived.<br />
  13. 13. Allan has recentlywritten an article on that very subject.<br />
  14. 14. The teacher hasjustdrawn a circle on the board.<br />
  15. 15. She hasalreadyleft the restaurant.<br />
  16. 16. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing an action that occurred at an unspecified time and has current relevance<br />It is best to associate present perfect with the following topics: experience, achievements or accomplishments, an uncompleted action you are expecting.<br />
  17. 17. Use the present perfect to describe your experience<br />The adverbs “ever” and “never” can be used to talk about our experience.<br />“Never” is used for negative sentences while “ever” is used for questions.<br />
  18. 18. He hasnevertraveled by train.<br />
  19. 19. Have you everbeen to the Eiffel Tower?<br />
  20. 20. Use the present perfect to describe accomplishments<br />We often use the present perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. <br />You cannot mention a specific time.<br />
  21. 21. Man has walked on the moon.<br />
  22. 22. My son has learned how to read.<br />
  23. 23. Use the present perfect to talk about and uncompleted action you are expecting<br />We often use the present perfect to say that an action which we expected has not happened.<br />Using the present perfect suggests that we are still waiting for the action to happen.<br />We can use the adverbs “yet” and “still” to express that the action is uncompleted.<br />
  24. 24. Use the present perfect to talk about and uncompleted action you are expecting<br />We can use the adverbs “yet” and “still” to express that the action is uncompleted.<br />“Yet” is used for questions and negative sentences while “still” can be used for both positive and negative sentences.<br />
  25. 25. Bill hasstill not arrived.<br />
  26. 26. James has not finished his homework yet.<br />
  27. 27. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Describing an action that occurred over a period of time that is complete at the moment of speaking.<br />These sentences contain verbs that express actions involving inherent change over time.<br />
  28. 28. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />The sense of change is enhanced by the time expressions of duration.<br />The perfect aspect imparts the meaning of completion, hence the interpretation that the evolving change is now complete. <br />
  29. 29. You havegrownsince the last time I saw you.<br />
  30. 30. My English has really improved since I moved to Australia.<br />
  31. 31. The value of this house has doubled over the past two years.<br />
  32. 32. His condition has improved considerably in the last three days.<br />
  33. 33. How much have you learned?<br />Complete the sentence with the present perfect tense of the verbs in parentheses.<br />
  34. 34. 1. The children _____ (make) the house very messy.<br />2. I _____ (see) that actor in several movies.<br />3. The boys _____ (drink) all the soda in the refrigerator.<br />4. Our dog _____ (hurt) its leg.<br />5. One of the workmen _____ (fall) off his ladder.<br />6. She’s sad because her friends _____ (go) to the park without her.<br />7. Dad _____ (have) a shower already.<br />8. I’ve been shouting so much that I _____ (lose) my voice.<br />9. My sister’s boyfriend _____ (buy) her a diamond ring.<br />10. Alan _____ (do) this jigsaw puzzle so many times that he could do it with his eyes shut.<br />
  35. 35. Here are the answers.<br />have made<br />have seen<br />have drank<br />has hurt<br />has fallen<br />have gone<br />has had<br />have lost<br />has bought<br />has done<br />
  36. 36. Here’s your score!<br />10 Perfect!<br />9 Awesome<br />7 – 8 Good work<br />5 – 6 Nice try<br />3 – 4 Study harder<br />0 – 2 What were you doing while the teacher was discussing?!<br />
  37. 37. References:<br />Cowan, Ron. (2008).A teacher’s grammar of English. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.<br />Sargeant, Howard. (2007). Basic English grammar Book 2. CA, USA: Saddleback Educational Publishing.<br />http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensepresperfsim.htm retrieved on January 5, 2011.<br />http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfect.html retrieved on January 5, 2011.<br />
  38. 38. THANK YOU<br />THANK YOU<br />
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