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Tenses

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Tenses

  1. 1. Tenses are the form taken by a verb to show thetime of an action or the state of an event. There are three tenses :The Present TenseThe Past TenseThe Future Tense.
  2. 2.  Each of the three tenses has four forms or sub-divisions to show continuity or completeness ofthe action and time. These are :1. Indefinite2. Continuous or Imperfect3. Perfect4. Perfect Continuous
  3. 3. Tense Indefinite ContinuousPerfect PerfectContinuousPresent Play (s) Is / Am / ArePlayingHas /HavePlayedHas / Havebeen PlayingPast Played Was / WerePlayingHadPlayedHad beenPlayingFuture Will / ShallPlayWill / Shallbe PlayingWill /ShallHavePlayedWill / Shallhave beenPlayingTable Of EnglishTenses
  4. 4. o The Indefinite Tense does not indicate whether theaction is complete or not.o The Continuous (Imperfect) Tense that the action isstill going on.o The Perfect Tense indicates that the action iscomplete , finished or perfect.o The Perfect Continuous Tense indicates that theaction began in the past and is still continuing.
  5. 5. Subject + Verb1 + ObjectExpresses a general truth or an action that isoccurring nowEg : The sun rises from the east.Expresses an action that occurs regularly orhabituallyEg : She goes to the school regularly.
  6. 6.  Affirmative Sentences : They play. Negative Sentences : They do not play. Interrogative Sentences : Do they play ? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Do they notplay ?
  7. 7. Subject + Is/Am/Are + V1 + ing +Object.The present continuous tense isused to express an action which ishappening at a particular time inthe present or extending over aperiod of present time.
  8. 8.  Affirmative Sentences : You are playing. Negative Sentences : You are not playing. Interrogative Sentences : Are you playing ? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Are you notplaying ?
  9. 9.  Subject + has/have + V3 + Object. Has -> Singular , Have -> Plural. The present perfect tense denotes an actionthat was started in the past and has just beencompleted.
  10. 10.  Affirmative Sentences : I have played. Negative Sentences : I have not played. Interrogative Sentences : Have I played ? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Have I notplayed ?
  11. 11.  Subject + has/have + been + V1 + ing + Object The present perfect tense is used when anaction that started in the past is stillcontinuing.
  12. 12.  Affirmative Sentences : We have been playing. Negative Sentences : We have not been playing. Interrogative Sentences : Have we been playing? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Have we notbeen playing ?
  13. 13.  Subject + V2 + Object. The simple past tense is used for an actionwhich happened at a particular time in the past.
  14. 14.  Affirmative Sentences : I played. Negative Sentences : I did not play. Interrogative Sentences : Did I play ? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Did I notplayed ?
  15. 15.  Subject + was/were + V1 + ing + Object. The past continuous tense is used for an actionwhich was happening at a particular time in thepast.
  16. 16.  Affirmative Sentences : Boys were playing. Negative Sentences : Boys were not playing. Interrogative Sentences : Were boys playing ? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Were boysnot playing ?
  17. 17.  Subject + had + V3 + Object. The past perfect tense is used to express anaction that was completed before anotheraction started in the past. It is used with theearlier of the two actions. The simple past tenseis used with the other action.
  18. 18.  Affirmative Sentences : Sheila had played. Negative Sentences : Sheila had not played. Interrogative Sentences : Had Sheila played? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Had Sheilanot played ?
  19. 19.  Subject + had + been + V1 + Object. The past perfect continuous tense is used for anaction that began before a certain point in thepast and continued up to that point.
  20. 20.  Affirmative Sentences : Ria had been playing. Negative Sentences : Ria had not been playing. Interrogative Sentences : Had Ria been playing? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Had Ria not beenplaying ?
  21. 21.  Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object. The simple future tense is used for an actionthat will take place at particular time in thefuture.
  22. 22.  Affirmative Sentences : Ravi will play. Negative Sentences : Ravi will not play. Interrogative Sentences : Will Ravi play ? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Will Ravi notplay ?
  23. 23.  Subject + will/shall + be +V1 + ing + Object The future continuous tense is used to expressan action which will be in progress at aparticular time in the future.
  24. 24.  Affirmative sentences : I will be playing. Negative sentences : I will not be playing. Interrogative sentences : Shall I be playing? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Shall I notbe playing?
  25. 25.  Subject + shall/will + have + V3 + Object. Future perfect tense is used to indicate thecompletion of an action by a certain period oftime in the future.
  26. 26.  Affirmative Sentences : She will have played. Negative Sentences : She will not have played. Interrogative Sentences : Will she have played? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Will she nothave played?
  27. 27.  Subject + shall/will +have been + V1 + ing +Object. The future perfect tense is used when an actionis to continue up to a certain point of time inthe future.
  28. 28.  Affirmative Sentences : Raj will have beenplaying. Negative Sentences : Raj will not have beenplaying. Interrogative Sentences : Will Raj have beenplaying ? Negative Interrogative Sentences : Will Raj nothave been playing ?

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