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Have you ever eaten insects? Present Perfect/already/yet Present Perfect vs Past tense By Profr. Jose M. Jaramillo S. February, 2008 Have you ever seen a ghost? Have you ever had an accident?
The present perfect is often used for an action which started at some time in the past, and is still continuing now. Example: When do we use the  PRESENT PERFECT ? I lived in USA in 2001 Now, I live in Mexico (2008) PAST TENSE PRESENT TENSE I  have lived  in USA PRESENT PERFECT TENSE You refer to an specific action in the past and is important in the present
To form the  PRESENT PERFECT  you need to remember that in English we have two kinds of verbs in this tense,  Regular Verbs  and  Irregular Verbs . Regular Verbs Add –ed to the regular vebs Consonant after a short, stressed vowel at the end of  a word, doble the consonant Stop-stop ped  Shop-shop ped One –e at the end of the verb:  Leave the –e and add –d  Love- lov ed Save-sav ed Verbs ending in –y preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) add -ed Play- play ed  Change the –y if there is a consonant before and add –ed  Suty-Stud ied
REGULAR VERBS
Want/Wanted/wanted  Talk/Talked/talked Open /opened/opened Close/closed/closed
Walk/walked/walked Play /played/played Listen/listened/listened Jump/jumped/jumped
Watch/watched/watched Dance/danced/danced  Cry/cried/cried  Clean/cleaned/cleaned
Wait/waited/waited Climb/climbed/climbed Work/worked/worked Play/played/played
Cook/cooked/cooked Call/called/called Study/studied/studied Share/shared/shared
Push/pushed/pushed Pull/pulled/pulled  Fix/fixed/fixed
Colour/coloured/coloured  Wash/washed/washed Ask/asked/asked
Irregular Verbs With the Irregular Verbs some of them change completly. Example: Present   Past   Participle GO WENT     GONE
IRREGULAR VERBS
Win/won/won  Give/gave/given Find/found/found  Break/broke/broken
Take/took/taken Think/thought/thought Cut/cut/cut  Buy/bought/bought
Read/read/read  Write/wrote/writen  Sleep/slept/slept  Run/ran/run
Fly/flew/flown  Take/took/taken a bath Eat/ate/eaten Drink/drank/drunk
Swim/swam/swum  Make/made/made Fight/fought/fought Speak/spoke/spoken
Ride/rode/ridden  Sing/sang/sung Go/went/gone  Come/came/come
Drive/drove/driven Do/did/done homework Wake up/woke up/woken up
Look for the Past Participle form of the following verbs in your list. PAST PAST PARTICIPLE PARTICIPLE 1. Drive 10.-forget 2. Take 11.- make 3.- run 12.- write 4.- do 13.- buy 5.- leave 14.- ring 6. Go 15.- sing 7. get 16.- bring 8. Eat  17.- read 9.- see 18.- hear
We form the Present Perfect with the auxiliar  have  or  has  and the  past participle  of the verb Form of the Present Perfect Pronouno or Subject Auxiliar Verb in Participle Complement I have visited San Francisco twice. You have gone To Tampico once. Juan has studied English in the University. Martha has cleaned her room twice in this week. My dog has eaten a lot today. Luis and Mike have done All the exercises in the class. The group have worked too hard this day. We  have been practicing English today. I  have seen a ghost in my house.
To form the Negative Form we just need to add NOT to the auxiliar. have not = haven’t has not = hasn’t NEGATIVE FORM I  haven’t  played  soccer in this team. Carlos  hasn’t  gone   to Houston. Sandra  hasn’t  met  a famous actor. We  haven’t worked   here since 2001. AFIRMATIVE FORM I  have played  soccer in this team. Carlos  has gone  to Houston. Sandra  has met  a famous actor. We  have worked   here since 2001 .
COMPLETE THE CHART WRITING THE VERBS IN PAST TENSE AND PARTICIPLE. COMPLETE THE STATEMENTS WRITING THE VERBS IN PARENTHESIS IN PARTICIPLE A. My mother _______________________ a delicious dinner. (prepare) B. Susan and Carlos ____________________ to Europe twice this year. (go) C. I _____________________ a ghost (not/see) D. The teacher _____________________  the students with their homework. (help) E. Maria ____________________ a great picture in the school. (paint) F. We _____________________ money for our wedding. (not/save) G. Rayados ______________________ a soccer match. (win) H. Luis _____________________ all the questions in the exam. (not/answer) J.  I ______________________ in this company since 2001. (work) K.  My parents _____________________ to Tampico. (travel) PRESENT SIMPLE PAST PARTICIPLE BE WAS/WERE BEEN ANSWER DO DID EAT EATEN GO WENT MAKE MADE HAVE HAD TELL TOLD WORK WORKED WRITE WROTE
YES / NO  QUESTIONS YES/NO QUESTIONS Afirmative Negative Have  you  ever ridden  a horse? Yes, I  have. No, I  haven’t Have  you  ever eaten  frog’s legs? Yes, I  have  already  eaten. No, I  haven’t  eaten  yet. Have  you  ever copied  in an exam? Yes, I   have. No, I  haven’t. Has  he  ever gone  to Tampico? Yes, he  has No, he  hasn’t Has  Mary  ever had  an acciden? Yes, she  has  already   had  it. No, she  hasn’t had  it yet.
Contractions I  have I’ ve You  have You’ ve She  has She’ s He  has He’ s It  has It ’s They  have They’ ve We  have We’ ve You  have You’ ve I  have not I  haven’t You  have not You  haven’t She  has not She  hasn’t He  has not He  hasn’t It  has not It  hasn’t They  have not They  haven’t We  have not We  haven’t You  have not You  haven’t
Let’s practice with some copies!
When do we use FOR and SINCE? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Exercise.  Decide if you need  for  or  since  with these time expressions. LAST WEEKEND TEN SECONDS CHRISTMAS EVE A DECADE I FINISHED SCHOOL A COUPLE OF DAYS MY BIRTHDAY A LONG TIME TEN CENTURIES THE 70’s I WAS A BOY AUGUST THE LAST MONTH FIFTEEN YEARS THE ACCIDENT THEN
Exercise.  Do we use  for  or  since  with the following time references?. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Let’s practice with some copies! More information:  [email_address]

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PRESENT PERFECT

  • 1. Have you ever eaten insects? Present Perfect/already/yet Present Perfect vs Past tense By Profr. Jose M. Jaramillo S. February, 2008 Have you ever seen a ghost? Have you ever had an accident?
  • 2. The present perfect is often used for an action which started at some time in the past, and is still continuing now. Example: When do we use the PRESENT PERFECT ? I lived in USA in 2001 Now, I live in Mexico (2008) PAST TENSE PRESENT TENSE I have lived in USA PRESENT PERFECT TENSE You refer to an specific action in the past and is important in the present
  • 3. To form the PRESENT PERFECT you need to remember that in English we have two kinds of verbs in this tense, Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs . Regular Verbs Add –ed to the regular vebs Consonant after a short, stressed vowel at the end of a word, doble the consonant Stop-stop ped Shop-shop ped One –e at the end of the verb: Leave the –e and add –d Love- lov ed Save-sav ed Verbs ending in –y preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) add -ed Play- play ed Change the –y if there is a consonant before and add –ed Suty-Stud ied
  • 5. Want/Wanted/wanted Talk/Talked/talked Open /opened/opened Close/closed/closed
  • 6. Walk/walked/walked Play /played/played Listen/listened/listened Jump/jumped/jumped
  • 7. Watch/watched/watched Dance/danced/danced Cry/cried/cried Clean/cleaned/cleaned
  • 12. Irregular Verbs With the Irregular Verbs some of them change completly. Example: Present Past Participle GO WENT GONE
  • 14. Win/won/won Give/gave/given Find/found/found Break/broke/broken
  • 16. Read/read/read Write/wrote/writen Sleep/slept/slept Run/ran/run
  • 17. Fly/flew/flown Take/took/taken a bath Eat/ate/eaten Drink/drank/drunk
  • 18. Swim/swam/swum Make/made/made Fight/fought/fought Speak/spoke/spoken
  • 19. Ride/rode/ridden Sing/sang/sung Go/went/gone Come/came/come
  • 20. Drive/drove/driven Do/did/done homework Wake up/woke up/woken up
  • 21. Look for the Past Participle form of the following verbs in your list. PAST PAST PARTICIPLE PARTICIPLE 1. Drive 10.-forget 2. Take 11.- make 3.- run 12.- write 4.- do 13.- buy 5.- leave 14.- ring 6. Go 15.- sing 7. get 16.- bring 8. Eat 17.- read 9.- see 18.- hear
  • 22. We form the Present Perfect with the auxiliar have or has and the past participle of the verb Form of the Present Perfect Pronouno or Subject Auxiliar Verb in Participle Complement I have visited San Francisco twice. You have gone To Tampico once. Juan has studied English in the University. Martha has cleaned her room twice in this week. My dog has eaten a lot today. Luis and Mike have done All the exercises in the class. The group have worked too hard this day. We have been practicing English today. I have seen a ghost in my house.
  • 23. To form the Negative Form we just need to add NOT to the auxiliar. have not = haven’t has not = hasn’t NEGATIVE FORM I haven’t played soccer in this team. Carlos hasn’t gone to Houston. Sandra hasn’t met a famous actor. We haven’t worked here since 2001. AFIRMATIVE FORM I have played soccer in this team. Carlos has gone to Houston. Sandra has met a famous actor. We have worked here since 2001 .
  • 24. COMPLETE THE CHART WRITING THE VERBS IN PAST TENSE AND PARTICIPLE. COMPLETE THE STATEMENTS WRITING THE VERBS IN PARENTHESIS IN PARTICIPLE A. My mother _______________________ a delicious dinner. (prepare) B. Susan and Carlos ____________________ to Europe twice this year. (go) C. I _____________________ a ghost (not/see) D. The teacher _____________________ the students with their homework. (help) E. Maria ____________________ a great picture in the school. (paint) F. We _____________________ money for our wedding. (not/save) G. Rayados ______________________ a soccer match. (win) H. Luis _____________________ all the questions in the exam. (not/answer) J. I ______________________ in this company since 2001. (work) K. My parents _____________________ to Tampico. (travel) PRESENT SIMPLE PAST PARTICIPLE BE WAS/WERE BEEN ANSWER DO DID EAT EATEN GO WENT MAKE MADE HAVE HAD TELL TOLD WORK WORKED WRITE WROTE
  • 25. YES / NO QUESTIONS YES/NO QUESTIONS Afirmative Negative Have you ever ridden a horse? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t Have you ever eaten frog’s legs? Yes, I have already eaten. No, I haven’t eaten yet. Have you ever copied in an exam? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. Has he ever gone to Tampico? Yes, he has No, he hasn’t Has Mary ever had an acciden? Yes, she has already had it. No, she hasn’t had it yet.
  • 26. Contractions I have I’ ve You have You’ ve She has She’ s He has He’ s It has It ’s They have They’ ve We have We’ ve You have You’ ve I have not I haven’t You have not You haven’t She has not She hasn’t He has not He hasn’t It has not It hasn’t They have not They haven’t We have not We haven’t You have not You haven’t
  • 27. Let’s practice with some copies!
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  • 29. Exercise. Decide if you need for or since with these time expressions. LAST WEEKEND TEN SECONDS CHRISTMAS EVE A DECADE I FINISHED SCHOOL A COUPLE OF DAYS MY BIRTHDAY A LONG TIME TEN CENTURIES THE 70’s I WAS A BOY AUGUST THE LAST MONTH FIFTEEN YEARS THE ACCIDENT THEN
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  • 31. Let’s practice with some copies! More information: [email_address]