Curriculum and philosophy


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learner-centered curriculum

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Curriculum and philosophy

  1. 1. Glenda R.Perey GRTE 202Bernard S. Feranil July 25, 2009 Learner-centered curriculum (LCC) is based on three theoretical bases: the adult learning theory,the communicative competency theory and proficiency theory. In adult learning theory, emphasis is givento the learner’s individual experiences. The learners are treated as active participants and not passiverecipients of language learning. According to Nunan (1988), learners are concerned with past learningexperiences, their present concerns and future prospects. They value learning which has immediate use intheir lives. They also have the ability to control their own destinies. ALT is supported by progressivisttheory because the aim of the learner is to apply his knowledge in solving problems/situations whichhe/she encounters. ALT is also grounded on existentialist philosophy because the learner’s personalexperience is valued. They are given a choice on how and what is learn in the teaching learninginteraction. In communicative competency theory, it sees that language abilities are developed throughactivities which stimulate target performance. Its main objective is to allow learners to communicateeffectively in an appropriate context they are dealing with. Communicative theory is anchored upon theprogressivist philosophy because it emphasizes the use/application of language to deal with real worldproblems and situations. It also highlights team building and cooperation that reinforce discussion andproblem solving. However, since learners are also entitled to make choices and experience life along withits consequences, existentialism may also underlie it. The concept of language proficiency is also a theoretical basis of LCC. Richards (in Nunan,1988) describes language proficiency in terms of performance of real world tasks. The curriculum basedin language proficiency aims to develop skills in which language can be used for specific purpose.Progressivism is the philosophical basis for language proficiency because it involves the learners’ need toapply language skills to perform real world tasks. It is also grounded on existentialism because thelearners have choice on where to apply the different language skills based on the social function thathe/she encounters in the real world.