Reading vocabulary

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This presentation familiarizes the readers to the different vocabulary acquisition techniques.

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Reading vocabulary

  1. 1. Reading Vocabulary<br />
  2. 2. Objectives<br />At the end of the lesson, we should be able to:<br /><ul><li>Recognize the different ways words can be derived and understood;
  3. 3. Identify basic types of context clues
  4. 4. Become familiar with different vocabulary acquisition techniques</li></li></ul><li>A. Match the list of words in Column A with the language (in Column B) from which they were borrowed.<br />Banana<br />Chalk<br />Magazine<br />Orange<br />Poodle<br />Shampoo<br />Arabic<br />East India<br />Latin<br />German<br />Persian<br />Spanish<br />
  5. 5. B. Can you guess the words that were derived form the following personalities and places?<br />____________1. Nicholas Chauvin<br />____________2. J.I. Guillotin<br />____________3. Anton Mesmer<br />____________4. Hamburg, Germany<br />____________5. Sparta, Greece<br />
  6. 6. Match the list of words in Column A with the language (in Column B) from which they were borrowed.<br />Banana<br />Chalk<br />Magazine<br />Orange<br />Poodle<br />Shampoo<br />Arabic<br />East India<br />Latin<br />German<br />Persian<br />Spanish<br />F<br />C<br />A<br />E<br />D<br />B<br />
  7. 7. B. Can you guess the words that were derived form the following personalities and places?<br />Chauvinism<br />____________1. Nicholas Chauvin<br />____________2. J.I. Guillotin<br />____________3. Anton Mesmer<br />____________4. Hamburg, Germany<br />____________5. Sparta, Greece<br />Guillotine<br />Mesmerized<br />Hamburger<br />Spartan<br />
  8. 8. Different ways to understand words<br />Understanding words through their structure<br />Root – basic structure of the word<br />Affixes – a form added to the beginning, middle or end of a word to create a derivative word or inflection<br />Understanding words using context clues<br />
  9. 9. Greek roots used in English<br />
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  23. 23. The next slide is a partially completed table containing sample of Greek roots with their meaning and examples. Fill in the missing blanks using the available words as guide <br />
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  26. 26. Latin roots used in English<br />
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  58. 58. Study the following words and their meaning<br />Root<br />cap<br />duct<br />fring<br />leg<br />mar<br />Meaning<br />take<br />lead<br />break <br />read, choose<br />sea<br />Root<br />aqua<br />cis<br />fract<br />greg<br />manu<br />Meaning<br />water<br />cut, kill<br />break<br />group<br />hand <br />
  59. 59. The italicized word in each sentence contains a root. Select the word that means nearly the same as the italicized/underlined word. Write the letter of the correct answer<br />1. The manuscript found in the monastery was written a thousand years ago.<br />code<br />signal <br />document<br />symbol <br />2. Some fishermen in various parts of the island infringed on the regulation set by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources<br />followed<br />violated <br />modified<br />obeyed <br />
  60. 60. 3. The aqueous portion of the land has been planted to kangkong. <br />watery<br />useless<br />rich<br />black loam <br />4. He has to be rushed to the orthopedic hospital because he has several fractured bones caused by the accident. <br />small<br />delicate<br />soft<br />broken<br />5. Certain chemicals are sprayed on plants to induce flowering. <br />lengthen<br />bring on<br />delay<br />stop<br />
  61. 61. 6. It would be surprising if the countries in the Middle East would say that they abound in marine life. <br />forest<br />mine<br />sea<br />desert<br />7. A literate person’s handwriting islegible. <br />educated<br />elaborate in style<br />readable<br />bold<br />8. The incision in his stomach bled when he carried the heavy load from the car to his room. <br />bag<br />pocket<br />disease<br />operation<br />
  62. 62. 9. A capacious work area is needed to allow worker free movement. <br />congested<br />roomy<br />luxurious<br />modern<br />10. Man is by nature gregarious and will always seek the joy of friendship. <br />selfish<br />suspicious<br />sociable<br />aggressive<br />
  63. 63. The italicized word in each sentence contains a root. Select the word that means nearly the same as the italicized/underlined word. Write the letter of the correct answer<br />1. The manuscript found in the monastery was written a thousand years ago.<br />code<br />signal <br />document<br />symbol <br />2. Some fishermen in various parts of the island infringed on the regulation set by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources<br />followed<br />violated<br />modified<br />obeyed <br />
  64. 64. 3. The aqueous portion of the land has been planted to kangkong. <br />watery<br />useless<br />rich<br />black loam <br />4. He has to be rushed to the orthopedic hospital because he has several fractured bones caused by the accident. <br />small<br />delicate<br />soft<br />broken<br />5. Certain chemicals are sprayed on plants to induce flowering. <br />lengthen<br />bring on<br />delay<br />stop<br />
  65. 65. 6. It would be surprising if the countries in the Middle East would say that they abound in marine life. <br />forest<br />mine<br />sea<br />desert<br />7. A literate person’s handwriting islegible. <br />educated<br />elaborate in style<br />readable<br />bold<br />8. The incision in his stomach bled when he carried the heavy load from the car to his room. <br />bag<br />pocket<br />disease<br />operation<br />
  66. 66. 9. A capacious work area is needed to allow worker free movement. <br />congested<br />roomy<br />luxurious<br />modern<br />10. Man is by nature gregarious and will always seek the joy of friendship. <br />selfish<br />suspicious<br />sociable<br />aggressive<br />
  67. 67. Affixes<br />
  68. 68. kinds of affixes<br />Prefix – an affix attached at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning<br />Suffix – an affix occurring at the end of a word<br />Infix – an affix appearing in the body of a word<br />Circumfix – an affix made up of two separate parts which surround or attach to the root or the stem<br />
  69. 69. Prefixes<br />
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  82. 82. On the next slide, identify the word being described. Use the appropriate prefix for the description. Write your answer on a sheet of paper.<br />
  83. 83. Not patient<br />Wrongly understood<br />Cycle again<br />Having many purposes<br />Change form<br />Not personal<br />Determine ahead of time<br />Of many cultures<br />Establish before<br />Without moral<br />
  84. 84. Answers:<br />impatient<br />misunderstood<br />recycle<br />multi-purpose<br />transform<br />impersonal<br />predetermine<br />multi-cultural<br />pre-establish<br />amoral<br />
  85. 85. Suffixes<br />
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  89. 89. In each description on the right box, look for the suffix clue on the left box. Then write the word being described.<br />1. without hope: hopeless<br />2. in a strange manner: :<br />3. can be washed : <br />4. one who plays violin: <br />5. made of wood: <br />6. like a fool: <br />7. in a state of being content: <br />8. the quality of being kind:<br />9. the quality of being loyal: <br />10. filled with fear:<br />11. in an up direction:<br /><ul><li>able
  90. 90. en
  91. 91. ful
  92. 92. hood
  93. 93. ish
  94. 94. ity, ―ment
  95. 95. less
  96. 96. let, ― ling
  97. 97. ly
  98. 98. ness, ― ty
  99. 99. ology
  100. 100. or, ―er, ―ist
  101. 101. ward </li></li></ul><li>ANSWERS:<br />1. without hope: hopeless<br />2. in a strange manner: strangely<br />3. can be washed: washable<br />4. one who plays violin: violinist<br />5. made of wood: wooden<br />6. like a fool: foolish<br />7. in a state of being content: contentment<br />8. the quality of being kind: kindness<br />9. the quality of being loyal: loyalty<br />10. filled with fear: fearful<br />11. in an up direction: upward<br />
  102. 102. The next slide has a box of words and a Venn diagram. Write each word in the appropriate space in the diagram. If the a word has neither prefix nor suffix, write it outside the circles.<br />
  103. 103. reappear appreciate nonsense goodness<br />undone discover childish midnight<br />poisonous impossible wishful disagreement<br />dishonesty adulthood zoology recounted<br />quite immature nonworking frequently<br />misalign precooked uninformed yellowish<br />Suffix only<br />Prefix only<br />Both Prefix and Suffix<br />
  104. 104. Answers:<br />quite<br />appreciate<br />Suffix only<br />Prefix only<br />Both Prefix and Suffix<br />reappear<br />poisonous<br />dishonesty<br />undone<br />adulthood<br />precooked<br />misalign<br />childish<br />nonworking<br />discover<br />wishful<br />uniformed<br />impossible<br />zoology<br />disagreement<br />immature<br />goodness<br />nonworking<br />nonsense<br />yellowish<br />recounted<br />midnight<br />
  105. 105. Context clues<br />
  106. 106. Context<br /><ul><li>Refers to the parts of a piece of writing or speech that precede or follow a word and contribute to its full meaning.</li></li></ul><li>Types of context clues<br />Definition<br />Synonym<br />Simile<br />Example<br />Apposition<br />Inference<br />Comparison and contrast<br />Negation<br />Experience clue<br />
  107. 107. Definition<br />This is an outright explanation of the meaning of a word by introducing and describing it within the same context.<br />Example:<br />The cornea is the transparent outer coating of the eyeball.<br />
  108. 108. Synonym <br />The meaning of the unknown word is understood because the ideas is repeated in familiar words.<br />Example:<br />In his complete uniform and with his shining sword, the man appeared bellicose or warlike.<br />
  109. 109. Simile <br />The words as and like are used to show an idea of comparison.<br />Example:<br />The boy’s eyes glistened like the bright stars in the sky.<br />
  110. 110. Exemplification <br />Provides an illustration, instance or model of the word.<br />Example:<br />The artist engages in aesthetic activities such as writing poems about the beauty of nature and paining scenic spots.<br />
  111. 111. Apposition <br />An appositive is a descriptive word, phrase, or clause placed beside the unknown word and is often enclosed or set off by commas.<br />Example:<br />An ecologist, a scientist who specialized in the relationship between living things and their environment, is likely to have authoritative opinion on the problem of pollution versus man’s survival<br />
  112. 112. Inference <br />To infer is to reach an opinion based on the given facts. It involves making a conclusion as a result of reasoning.<br />Example:<br />When he passed the sentry, Jose gave his forge ID card and held his breath. The guard on duty was busy talking to a friend and gave it a perfunctory glance, so Jose breathed easily again.<br />
  113. 113. Comparison and contrast <br />Uses similar or different ideas to illustrate the meaning of the target vocabulary<br />Example:<br />We must recognize the true from false, the enduring from the ephemeral, the important from the trivial.<br />
  114. 114. Negation <br />Tells the reader what the word is not<br />Example:<br />The family is not formal learning institution or university but it does equip is with lessons needed to survive in life.<br />
  115. 115. Experience clue <br />Uses common experiences that help readers easily relate to the meaning of the word<br />Example:<br />His room is a pig pen. He has not been cleaning it for several months now.<br />
  116. 116. The next slide contains underlined words. Find out each of their meaning by looking at the context clues provided by the sentences. Then identify the context clue used.<br />
  117. 117. You may reach the nadir or lowest point in your life, but don’t give up. <br />Self-hypnosis is simply using positive words to train the subconscious to replace negative thoughts. <br />Many people think that vegetating on front of a television set is relaxing. However, this lack of movement is the cause of many illnesses. <br />
  118. 118. Celestial bodies, such as the sun, moon, and stars, are governed by predictable laws. <br />Lourdes is always sucking up to the boss, even in front of others. That sycophant  just doesn't care what others think of her behavior. <br />
  119. 119. You may reach the nadir or lowest point in your life, but don’t give up. (synonym)<br />Self-hypnosis is simply using positive words to train the subconscious to replace negative thoughts. (definition)<br />Many people think that vegetating on front of a television set is relaxing. However, this lack of movement is the cause of many illnesses. (comparison and contrast)<br />
  120. 120. Celestial bodies, such as the sun, moon, and stars, are governed by predictable laws. (exemplification)<br />Lourdes is always sucking up to the boss, even in front of others. That sycophant  just doesn't care what others think of her behavior. (experience clue) <br />
  121. 121. Vocabulary acquisition techniques<br />
  122. 122. Technique #1: Divide and conquer <br />Analyze the parts of the words – their root or stem and their affixes.<br />Technique #2: Use context clues <br />When we find meaning in contest as we read texts, we learn new vocabulary without disrupting our reading process. Context is important because many words have more than one meaning.<br />Technique #3: Look up the meaning in the dictionary <br />It helps us learn other information about words. However, do not overuse this technique.<br />Technique #4: Skip it<br />As long as we can understand the whole passage even without understanding the meaning of some terms, then it won’t make a lot of difference. <br />
  123. 123. Practice<br />
  124. 124. Read the newspaper article then, on the worksheet, write the unfamiliar words in the first column. In the second column, write the meaning of the unfamiliar word. Then put a check on the technique that you used to understand the meaning of the word.<br />What is the overall idea of the article? What helped you arrive at that answer?<br />In reading the article, which vocabulary technique helped you the most. Explain your answer.<br />
  125. 125. References:<br />Villamin, Arcelli M. et.al (1995). Developmental Reading. Quezon City: Phoenix Press, Inc.<br />Yu, Pamela et.al. (2007). Keys to confidence and Competence in English 1. Biñan, Laguna: Trailblazer Publication.<br />http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/prefixes.htm retrieved on May 1, 2009.<br />http://www.montgomerycollege.edu/~steuben/vocabularycontext.htm retrieved on May 2, 2009.<br />http://www.merriam-webster.com/<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_and_Latin_roots_in_English retrieved on April 20, 2009.<br />

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