Present Perfect Tense

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teaching grammar, present perfect tense.

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Present Perfect Tense

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Describing or expressing an action that happened at an unspecified time before now.
  2. 2. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
  3. 3. LANGUAGE FOCUS: Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>Pattern (pola): Affirmative </li></ul><ul><li>(+) I/ you / we / they + ………… + ………… </li></ul><ul><li>He / she / it + ………… + ………. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>I have had breakfast </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Ulies has sent the e-mail. </li></ul>
  4. 4. LANGUAGE FOCUS: Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>Pattern (pola): Negative </li></ul><ul><li>(-) I/ you / we / they + ………… + ………… </li></ul><ul><li>He / she / it + ………… + ………. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>I haven’t had breakfast </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Ulies hasn’t sent the e-mail. </li></ul>
  5. 5. LANGUAGE FOCUS: Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>Pattern (pola): Question </li></ul><ul><li>(?) …………… + I/ you / we / they + ………… </li></ul><ul><li>…………… + He / she / it + ………. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Have you had breakfast? </li></ul><ul><li>Has she sent the e-mail? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other usage: <ul><li>A few adverbs are used in present perfect. </li></ul><ul><li>Ever, never, just, already, yet </li></ul>
  7. 7. Examples (+) <ul><li>(+) 1. I have just met Mr. Agus. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The students have already finished their homework. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples (-) <ul><li>(-) 3. Viby has never traveled by train. </li></ul><ul><li>4. I have never been to France </li></ul>
  9. 9. Examples (?) <ul><li>(?) 5. A: Have you ever climbed Everest ? B : No, I haven’t . </li></ul><ul><li>6. Have you ever been to Germany? </li></ul><ul><li>7.. Has she called you yet ? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Irregular past participles  -  Verb III <ul><li>1. ..ENGLISH PAGE - Irregular Verbs 1 - Interactive Exercise.htm </li></ul>
  11. 11. Irregular past participles -  Verb III <ul><li>2. ..Irregular Verb Flashcards 1.htm </li></ul>
  12. 12. EXERCISE 1 <ul><li>..Irregular Past Participles.htm </li></ul>
  13. 13. Compare these sentences! Present perfect and simple past <ul><li>My family visited the exotic country last year </li></ul><ul><li>2. Jack’s father has ever visited the exotic country. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Compare these sentences! Present perfect and simple past <ul><li>3. Dave wrote a letter for his grandma last week. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Rana has written 3 letters for her grandma </li></ul>
  15. 15. Compare these sentences! Present perfect and simple past <ul><li>5. A: Did you see him this morning? </li></ul><ul><li>B: Yes, I saw him in a classroom </li></ul><ul><li>6. A: Have you seen him? </li></ul><ul><li>B: Yes, I have . </li></ul>
  16. 16. Games: Sentence-ordering puzzle <ul><li>1 ..Sentence-Ordering Puzzle (1).htm </li></ul>
  17. 17. Games: Sentence-ordering puzzle <ul><li>2 ..Sentence-Ordering Puzzle (2).htm </li></ul>
  18. 18. Activity: <ul><li>Read the newspaper extracts and put them in the right order! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Evaluation <ul><li>..Present Perfect and Simple Past.htm </li></ul>
  20. 20. Reinforcement: WRITING NEWS <ul><li>Imagine you are in the year 2020. In pairs, write a TV news program. </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 1: Planning  think of a news item you want to write! (Politics, scientific discovery, entertainment, sports, etc.) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Example: WRITING NEWS <ul><li>The Indonesian young boxer, Abi Rafdi, 26, has defeated the strong challenger from Russia, Ivan Kovack. He knocked him out in the third round in MGM, Canada, last night. Now he has had 2 World Championship titles, IBF and WBA. The promoter is planning to challenge a World champion from US for WBA level. </li></ul>
  22. 22. (headline) <ul><li>………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… </li></ul>

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