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Inuit Values and Worldview: Their Importance in Protecting the Arctic
 

Inuit Values and Worldview: Their Importance in Protecting the Arctic

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Inuit culture, values, and beliefs informed the negotiations that established the territory of Nunavut in 1999. The...

Inuit culture, values, and beliefs informed the negotiations that established the territory of Nunavut in 1999. The
Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and the Inuit Impact Benefit Agreements (IIBA) ensured the rights and values of
the Inuit would be the foundation for the decisions and actions of all governments, associations, and businesses in
the Territory of Nunavut. This workshop will explore the Inuit values and beliefs that resulted in the protection of the
environment through the creation of a network of protected areas in Nunavut. The workshop also will look at the
significance of traditional knowledge; the strength of Inuit culture and values; and how this knowledge and these
values have helped Parks Canada—and the Government of Nunavut—establish significant protected areas as
reflected by the size and number of Parks in the Territory. This workshop will include an examination of the National
Park Co-Management system, which was established by the IIBA's that governs all of the Nunavut FIeld Unit's
planning and decision-making processes in the management of four amazing national parks in Canada's Arctic. The
session also will familiarize participants with the system of Inuit Beliefs and Values—often referred to as "IQ"—and
how the Nunavut curriculum is based on these values and beliefs. Parks Canada presenter(s) also will share the
challenges and the opportunities they face in building a parks and heritage sites network in a remote territory with a
culture in transition, e.g. trying to work in THREE official languages.

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  • The words – protect and present, public understanding, appreciation and enjoyment and present and future generation are bolded because these are like integrating into one another.
  • Inuktitut –two different Inuktitut languages to consider throughout the territory The 2 different Inuktitut Languages are Inuktitut and Inuinnaqtun (mainly in Kitikmeot region). Inuktitut is common across Nunavut, with many different dialects.
  • The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement – and the impact of the NLCA on the work of Parks Canada’s Nunavut Field Unit The Inuit Impact Benefit Agreement – and the impact of the IIBA’s on the work of Parks Canada’s Nunavut Filed Unit
  • Make a list of values, ethics, and guiding principles - you were taught and that you grew up with Compare and discuss Their Origins Their impact on personal and professional decision Their application in your work as an environmental educator
  • The 8 guiding principles
  • Application of these principles Through the NLCA Through IIBA’s In community and family decision making Example: There is no one word in Inuktitut for conservation – this is one of the areas where the Inuit belief is wordless but it is practiced
  • Four National Parks have been created from the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement – seen as vital to the protection and preservation of the Inuit way of life Organization within Parks Canada’s NFU To preserve and protect – responsibility of the Resource Conservation Division as well as of each park’s operational unit Natural as well as cultural and historic resources involves protecting ecological integrity To present and promote – this to encourage visitation but also to develop an understanding and awareness Organization within the NFU To prevent and protect – this is a safety role we take very seriously in NFU Eg Polar bear safety Avalanche awareness To present and promote – to encourage visitation but also to develop a public awareness and understanding of Canada’s special places – natural and cultural
  • Nunavut Field Unit needs their approval and input in new and existing projects
  • Comprise of community members who usually report back to the local community
  • Inuit Knowledge Project –recording from Inuit elders about Inuit Knowledge including sea ice conditions, place names, using seal oil lamp and others
  • This workshop was created to inform Inuit about Species at Risk legislation and process There was a lot of negativity with this legislation due to improper understanding of the process This project was created to work with Inuit values and understanding, to get more input from the north if a species were to be listed
  • 1) Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Parks Canada coordinated and created a Species at Risk presentation for Nunavut residents and to follow Nunavut guidelines. Nunavut has specific guidelines and process compared to the other Territories and provinces. 2) Inuktitut terminology committee was formed - this included the federal departments, translators and an elder - this committee main objective was to revise and create words in Inuktitut that did not exist in the Species at Risk language Inuktitut terminology committee was formed - this included the federal departments, translators and an elder
  • 3) This project was piloted with Nunavut federal organizations staff- to see what works and what will not work for the Inuit culture 4) Pilot workshop was done in Iqaluit with the Hunters and Trappers Organizations and some wildlife organizations – again to see what works and what doesn’t 5) Delivered in some communities and Nunavut wildlife organizations
  • It will be 3 Committees in the fall.
  • QIA – The Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA) is aimed at representing the interests of the Inuit of the Baffin Region, High Arctic and Belcher Islands in a fair and democratic way. ITK – Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK) is the national Inuit organization in Canada, representing four Inuit regions – Nunatsiavut (Labrador), Nunavik (northern Quebec), Nunavut, and the Inuvialuit Settlement Region in the Northwest Territories. Inuit Heritage Trust - The Inuit Heritage Trust is dedicated to the preservation, enrichment and protection of Inuit cultural heritage and identity embodied in Nunavut's archaeology sites, ethnographic resources and traditional place names. The Trust's activities are based on the principle of respect for the traditional knowledge and wisdom of our Elders. Inuktitut Living Dictionary – English-French-Inuktitut online dictionary

Inuit Values and Worldview: Their Importance in Protecting the Arctic Inuit Values and Worldview: Their Importance in Protecting the Arctic Presentation Transcript

  • Inuit Values and Worldview Our Importance in Protecting the Arctic EECOM 2011
  • Goals for this workshop
    • Identify Inuit traditional values and ethics and their role in the work of Parks Canada in Nunavut
    • Provide workshop participants with ideas and tools to use when including northern content in environmental programs
  • The Parks Canada Mandate
    • On behalf of the people of Canada, we protect and present nationally significant examples of Canada's natural and cultural heritage, and foster public understanding, appreciation and enjoyment in ways that ensure their ecological and commemorative integrity for present and future generations .
  • National Parks in Nunavut Quttinirpaaq National Park of Canada Sirmilik National Park of Canada Auyuittuq National Park of Canada Ukkusiksalik National Park of Canada
  • Nunavut
    • Established in 1999
    • Inuit make up 85% of the population
    • Inuktitut – Inuit language, widely spoken
  • Nunavut
    • Majority of Nunavummiut’s food supply continues to come from an Inuit harvesting tradition - good indication Inuit are active in traditional lifestyle
  • THREE Official Languages at Nunavut Parks Canada
    • Inuktitut –two different Inuktitut languages
    • English –second language for most Nunavummiut
    • French
  • Nunavut
    • Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA)
      • Creation of Nunavut
      • Nunavummiut rights are protected
    • Inuit Impact Benefit Agreement
      • Created for organizations in Nunavut
      • Ensures Nunavummiut receive social and economic gains from organizations
  • Inuit culture – a people in transition
    • “ We’re coming from the ice age to the space age in just one lifetime”
    • Shelia Watt-Cloutier – 2007 Nobel Peace Prize Nominee
    • Youngest median age in Canada
    • On the land and on the internet
  • First Activity: values and ethics
    • Make a list of values, ethics, and guiding principles
    • Compare and discuss
      • Their Origins
      • Their impact
      • Their application
  • Our Values – and our Land
    • Language defines much of “who we are”
    • Nunavut – means “Our Land”
    • Iqaluit – a place of Many Fish
    • Auyuittuq – land that never melts
    • Sirmilk – a place of glaciers
  •  
  • Avatimmik Kamatsianiq
    • One of eight Inuit Guiding Principles
    • Respect and care for the land, the animals and the environment
    • Inuit connection to the land
  • Working Together
    • Four National Parks have been created within context of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement
    • A new park and a new marine protected area are under negotiation
  • Managing Parks within NLCA
    • Every National Park in Nunavut is co-managed by board members and Parks Canada in Joint Park Management Committees
    • Board members are appointed by federal government and by Inuit Organizations in Nunavut
    • Nunavut Field Unit needs their approval and input in new and existing projects
  • Managing Parks within NLCA
    • Representatives from parks’ communities
    • Board members are involved in community meetings, parks events and educational activities
  • What Parks Canada is working on
    • Inuit Knowledge Project – recorded Inuit elders to gather Inuit Knowledge
    • Polar Bear Safety – elders and polar bear biologists working together
  • Species at Risk Workshops
    • To inform Inuit about Species at Risk legislation and process
    • Nunavummiut lacked a clear understanding of the SAR process
    • This project was created to work with Inuit values and understanding
  • Species at Risk Workshops
    • Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Parks Canada coordinated and created a Species at Risk presentation
    • 2) Inuktitut terminology committee was formed
    • - this committee main objective was to revise and create words in Inuktitut that did not exist in the Species at Risk language
  • Species at Risk Workshops
    • 3) This project was piloted with Nunavut federal government staff
    • 4) Pilot workshop was done in Iqaluit with the Hunters and Trappers Organizations and some wildlife organizations
    • 5) Delivered to some communities and Nunavut wildlife organizations
  • Nunavut Education Curriculum
    • Nunavut high school educational curriculum is being revised
    • Parks Canada staff sit on 2 different committees with curriculum advisors
    • Most high school curriculum will have IQ incorporated
  • Nunavut Schools
    • Environmental Stewardship Certificate Program – aimed at grade 7 to 9, has been used at high school level
    • Uses IQ and Nunavut examples
  • Some websites to check out
    • Parks Canada Agency - www.parkscanada.gc.ca
    • Qikiqtani Inuit Association – www.qia.ca
    • Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami – www.itk.ca
    • Inuit Heritage Trust – www.ihti.ca
    • Government of Nunavut – www.gov.nu.ca
    • Inuit Knowledge Project – www.lecol-ck.ca
    • Inuit Knowledge Centre – www.naasautit.ca
    • The Inuit Way [A Guide to Inuit Culture] www.pauktuutit.ca/pdf/publications/pauktuutit/InuitWay_e.pdf
    • Inuktitut Living Dictionary – www.livingdictionary.com
    • Learn the Inuit Language – www.tusaalanga.ca
    • Nunatsiaq News – www.nunatsiaq.com
  • Questions??? Garry Enns External Relations Manager, Parks Canada (867) 975 4660 [email_address]