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Presentation given by Mamadou Ouattara (Association of African Cotton Producers) at the 5th Brussels Development Briefing - Brussels, 16 April 2008

Presentation given by Mamadou Ouattara (Association of African Cotton Producers) at the 5th Brussels Development Briefing - Brussels, 16 April 2008

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Fair Trade cotton: when fair trade supports processed products and greater value added Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Brussels Development Briefings Does Fair Trade contribute to sustainable development? 16 April 2008 Fair Trade cotton: when fair trade supports processed products and greater value added M. Ouattara - AProCA
  • 2.
    • Presentation of AProCA
    • AProCA, the Association of African Cotton Producers, was set up in December 2004 in Cotonou, Benin.
    • The role of AProCA is to defend the interests of African producers in the framework of continent-wide consultation.
    • It has the following objectives:
    • To bring together all cotton producer organisations operating on the African continent;
    • To promote solidarity between member organisations;
    • To promote consultation and cooperation between members to address questions of a common interest;
    • To collect, process and disseminate to members all information concerning cotton;
    • To defend the interests of cotton producers against distortions on the world cotton market;
    • To exchange experiences between member organisations .
  • 3.
    • Benin (CNPC)
    • Burkina Faso (UNPCB)
    • Cameroon (OPCC-GIE)
    • The Central African Republic
    • Ivory Coast (AFFICOT-CI)
    • Gambia (COGA)
    • 7. Ghana (PFAG)
    AProCA Member Countries 8. Guinea (FNGPC) 9. Guinea-Bissau (AGA) 10. Mali (UN-SCPC) 11. Senegal (FNPC) 12. Chad (UNPCT) 13. Togo (FNGPC)
  • 4.
    • Types of cotton produced
    • Conventional cotton (majority of cotton produced more than 99%)
    • In recent years:
    • - fair trade cotton,
    • - organic cotton,
    • - organic fair trade cotton,
    • - Better Cotton Initiative,
    • - Cotton Made in Africa,
    • - etc…
    • The new initiatives facilitate the presence of an increasing number of women and young people in the cotton sector (40% of organic fair trade cotton producers in Mali are women).
    • In addition to growing cotton, producers grow other crops which means that cereals and other food products are produced in cotton-growing areas.
  • 5. Cotton sector production in west and central Africa 808 586 930 1125 Total for West and Central Africa 133 103 163 212 Central African Total 49 49 74 84 Chad 2 2 2 3 Central African Republic 82 52 87 125 Cameroon 675 483 767 913 West African Total 35 27 28 74 Togo 21 19 19 17 Senegal 166 106 222 239 Mali 3 3 3 3 Guinea 80 53 114 145 Ivory Coast 245 157 299 264 Burkina Faso 125 118 82 171 Benin forecast, est, (thousands of tonnes of fibre) 2008-2009 2007-2008 2005-06 2004/2005
  • 6. Importance of cotton in national economies
  • 7. Production of fair trade cotton (Mali, Burkina Faso, Senegal and Cameroon) Fair trade certification of more than 300 producer groupings (more than 23 000 producers) 8 000 5 076 1 300 Production (tonnes of fibres) 2007 2006 2005 Years
  • 8. 2004-2007 production results
  • 9. No. Of producers Area (ha) Seed cotton (tonnes) 47 118 174 81 170 385 170 298 561 386 931 1748 613 1563 3669 850 2352 4118 2026 3492 5470 Results achieved and forecasts in Mali (mobiom)
  • 10. Conventional cotton price in the 5 countries in 2007: Mali : 160 F/kg , Burkina Faso: 145 F/kg , Senegal : 180 F/kg Benin: 175 F/kg , Cameroon: 175 F/kg Prices applied 34 34 Fair trade premium 306 272 Total 34 - Organic premium 238 238 Guaranteed minimum price for the producer Fcfa/kg of seed cotton Organic fair trade cotton Fair trade cotton Type of cotton Price structure
  • 11.
    • Badly equipped (small producers)
    • Fertility management
    • Low average output
    • Very strong producer demand
    • Land management
    • Lack of outlets for rotation products (sesame, shea, etc.)
    • Co-existence GMO/Organic
    Challenges faced
  • 12.
    • Certification and supervision costs
        • Certification
    • - Organic (EEC 2092/91 amended specifications)
    • - Fair Trade (FLO Cert. standards)
    • Costs of certification: F CFA/kg seed cotton
        • - Organic: 11CFA/kg seed cotton; €0.040 per kg fibre
        • - Fair trade: 10 CFA/kg seed cotton; €0.036 per kg fibre
    Challenges faced
  • 13.  
  • 14. Thank you