Opportunities and challenges of migration for rural development in the ACP States

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Presentation by Tamara Keating (IOM) at the 8th Brussels Development Briefing

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Opportunities and challenges of migration for rural development in the ACP States

  1. 1. CTA Briefing Brussels, 11 December 2008 IOM Opportunities and Challenges of Migration for Rural Development in the ACP States
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2 Current situation: challenges and opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased migratory flows – current trends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges and opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The link between migration and development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human capital: diasporas working for development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remittances: international and internal migration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3 Outlook and new programmatic responses </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>3 % of the world population are migrants, i.e. 200 million people. The figure has doubled since 1965. </li></ul><ul><li>However, only 9% of migrants from Africa settle in Europe – 47% migrate to another country in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Feminization of migration’ - increasing empowerment of women migrants </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in migrant remittances – greater attention paid to the link between migration and development </li></ul>
  4. 4. Current situation Mobility Goods Services Capital Globalization – generates mobility Challenges for managing international labour mobility, links between migration and trade, links between migration and development
  5. 5. Migration and Development <ul><li>Human capital: knowledge/ skills transfer, knowledge networks, investment – E xample: MIDA framework </li></ul>
  6. 6. MIDA Great Lakes – example <ul><li>Catholic University of Graben in Northern Kivu </li></ul><ul><li>MIDA experts (2) train professors and students on farming and cultivation methods, land usage, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Target group: 480 students, 40 assistants, 29 supervisors, 81 technicians and rural development advisers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Migration and Development Remittances (example: Africa) Caribbean: Haiti: 52% GDP Jamaica: 17% GDP (other Caribbean states around 2%) Pacific: Tonga: around 39 % Samoa: around 25% Others: between 0 and 15%
  8. 8. Outlook and policy strategies <ul><li>Trends are likely to continue, with increased migratory flows </li></ul><ul><li>Need for effective migration management </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of migration aspects into development strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Support to RCPs and research on/ observation of migratory flows </li></ul><ul><li>Example: ACP Migration Facility </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion: managed migration The human rights of migrants are upheld and protected Integration & adaptation is effective Best way to ensure Migration can work for development Supply meets demand
  10. 10. Thank you for your attention! T. Keating IOM MRF Brussels 40 rue Montoyer 1000 Brussels 02.282.4560 E-mail: [email_address] <ul><li>Sources </li></ul><ul><li>IOM World Migration Report 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>OECD Report 2008 </li></ul>

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