MODERATOR – It’s a pleasure to welcome you today to a presentation on the Global Status of Commercialized Biotech Crops in 2010 -- a year which marks the 15 th anniversary of the first commercial plantings. We have with us today Dr. Clive James, chair and founder of ISAAA and the report’s author, and Dr. Anderson Galvao Gomes, Director of Brazilian-based Celeres and an ISAAA board member and contributor to the report. This year, the ISAAA report is being launched from Sao Paulo. Brazil is widely considered the engine of economic growth in Latin America and that also holds true with respect to biotech crop adoption. In 2010, Brazilian farmers increased their biotech crop plantings by 4 million hectares – more than any other country in the world.
Dr. James – In 2010 the number of countries planting biotech crops soared from 25 to 29. It is worth noting that 19 were developing countries compared with 10 industrialized countries. About 59 percent of the world’s population now live in the 29 countries which are planting biotech crops commercially. Three new countries planted biotech crops for the first time in 2010 and one country resumed plantings. New planters included Pakistan and Myanmar, which planted Bt cotton for the first time. Sweden, the first Scandinavian country to plant biotech crops, planted the “Amflora” potato with high-quality starch for industrial production and animal feed. Germany, also planted Amflora and re-joined the seven European countries planting biotech crops in 2010. As the trajectory of the red line on the chart illustrates, developing countries, which planted 48 percent of global biotech crops in 2010, are on track to soon overtake industrialized nations in total hectares of biotech crops planted –the industrial countries are represented by the blue line. We expect this cross-over to occur before 2015. Indeed, in 2010 developing countries increased biotech crop plantings at a much higher rate of 17 percent or 10.3 million hectares, compared to only 5 percent or 3.8 million hectares in industrialized countries.
Dr. James – Another milestone reached in 2010 was that, for the first time, the top ten biotech crop countries all grew more than 1 million hectares each. Countries highlighted in this slide include the five principal developing countries from all three continents growing biotech crops – they are Brazil, Argentina, India, China and South Africa. With a combined population of 2.7 billion people – or 40 percent of the global population – these five countries planted 63 million hectares of biotech crops in 2010, equivalent to 43 percent of the global total – this provides a very stable base and foundation for further growth. These five nations – particularly China, Brazil and India – are driving biotech crop adoption in the developing world by creating strong political will and investing substantial new research and development funding for biotech crops in both the public and private sectors. It is important to note that biotech crops now have a well-established foothold in each of the three continents of the South.
Photos: http://www.change.org/photos/wordpress_copies/corn-row_just-a-name-thingie-225x300.jpg, ISAAA Brief, IRRI GR project
Global status of commercialized biotech/GM crops—Which way for Africa?
Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops – Which way for Africa? Margaret Karembu PhD Director, ISAAA Africenter [email_address] International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA) BioInnovate Launch 16 th March 2011 I S A A A
Presentation Outline <ul><li>The Global Challenge and Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Global Adoption and Impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Overview and Trends in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>The Future of GM/Biotech Crops </li></ul>
ISAAA key mission Poverty alleviation and knowledge sharing on crop biotech with global society Annual Review -Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops Weekly e-newsletter – Crop Biotech Updates >1 million subscribers Local languages – 10 in Africa Note: Expansive references and diverse information sources Flagship communication products
ISAAA’s Global Knowledge Center Network of Biotechnology Information Centers (BICs) Philippines ISAAA’s Global KC Indonesia Malaysia Brazil China India Egypt Kenya South Africa Thailand Mali Pakistan Russia Bulgaria Sri Lanka Spain Italy Japan Burkina Faso Bangladesh ISAAA AmeriCenter Vietnam Knowledge and Experience Sharing
The Philanthropic European co-sponsors of 2010 ISAAA Report <ul><li>Fondazione Bussolera-Branca, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>– supports sharing of knowledge to aid global society to make knowledge-based decisions about biotech crops </li></ul><ul><li>Ibercaja, Spain </li></ul><ul><li>– Spain’s fourth largest bank - based in the country’s maize growing area where Bt maize is successfully grown </li></ul>
The Global Challenge <ul><li>World population will grow from current 6.5B to 8B by 2025 and 9.2B by 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>Affluence in emerging economies will drive meat, cereals, edible oil consumption up </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change will limit water availability; introduce new pests </li></ul><ul><li>Increased consumption of biofuel </li></ul>Increased demand for F ood, F eed, F iber and F uel 4Fs
<ul><li>NO SINGLE APPROACH will allow production of 4Fs to be doubled SUSTAINABLY by 2050 for 9 billion people </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional crop improvement ALONE will not – GM/BIOTECH CROPS NOT A PANACEA but IMPORTANT </li></ul><ul><li>Successful strategy must have MULTIPLE APPROACHES that address all the principal issues that include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population Stabilization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved food distribution systems </li></ul></ul>Global Strategy Double 4Fs Production by 2050
… .a technology component that integrates the BEST OF CONVENTIONAL and the BEST OF BIOTECH TOOLS to optimize productivity and CONTRIBUTE to food-feed-fuel-fiber security Importantly…
There are different OPTIONS to improve the agriculture sector Some tools in agriculture Organic farming Indigenous knowledge Plant breeding Biotechnology Variety selection Sustainable resource management Integrated pest management Conservation tillage Note: Biotechnology provides tools; NOT a SYSTEM and will not replace traditional agriculture
<ul><li>Can biotech crops produce more affordable food - feed-fiber-fuel, and, are they safe? </li></ul><ul><li>Can biotech crops contribute to sustainability ? </li></ul><ul><li>Can biotech crops help with climate change by decreasing CO 2 emissions ? </li></ul><ul><li>Can biotech crops contribute to food security and to the alleviation of poverty and hunger ? </li></ul>Questions on Biotech Crops Globally
2010 Adoption Highlights A record 15.4 million farmers, in 29 countries, planted 148 million hectares (365 million acres) in 2010, a sustained increase of 10% or 14 million hectares (35 million acres) over 2009. Source: Clive James, 2010. GLOBAL AREA OF BIOTECH CROPS Million Hectares (1996 to 2010) 29 Biotech Crop Countries Total Hectares Industrial Developing 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
<ul><li>Accumulated global area of biotech Crops,1996/2010 </li></ul><ul><li>estimated over 1 Billion hectares in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>29 countries: 3 new: Pakistan, Myanmar and Sweden ; 19 were developing, 10 industrial </li></ul><ul><li>15.4 million biotech farmers – 90% or 14.4 million small and resource-challenged farmers </li></ul><ul><li>148 million hectares up from 134 million hectares in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Continued progress in Africa: </li></ul><ul><li>*Burkina Faso biotech cotton rose to 260,000 from 115,000has in 2009; 65% of country’s total cotton area </li></ul><ul><li>*Egypt: biotech maize from 1,000ha to 2,000 </li></ul><ul><li>* South Africa: Maize, cotton, soybean </li></ul><ul><li>8 European countries planted biotech crops up from 6 in 2009 </li></ul>SUMMARY – 2010 HIGHLIGHTS
Principal Biotech/GM crops - Globally Cotton Canola Maize Soybean
Global Area of Biotech Crops, 1996 to 2010: By Trait (Million Hectares, Million Acres) Source: Clive James, 2010 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0 25 49 74 99 124 148 173 198 222 100 Herbicide Tolerance Insect Resistance (Bt) Herb Tolerance/Insect resistance M Acres
Top 10 Biotech Crop Adopting Nations 2010 and > 1million hectares each Industrialized Hectares USA 66.8 million Canada 8.8 million Developing Hectares Brazil 25.4 million Argentina 22.9 million India 9.4 million China 3.5 million Paraguay 2.6 million Pakistan 2.4 million South Africa 2.2 million Uruguay 1.1 million
<ul><li>Sustainable Economic Benefits – $10.7 billion, $5.7 bill in developing & $5.0 billion in industrial countries </li></ul><ul><li>Food, Feed & Fiber Security + 42 million metric tons </li></ul><ul><li>Conserving Biodiversity – 12 million hectares saved </li></ul><ul><li>Alleviation of Poverty – helped 14 million small farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Env Footprint – 10% less pesticides = 39 mill kg </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigating Climate Change & GHG – 18 billion kg less CO 2 emissions = 8 million fewer cars on the road </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Brookes and Barfoot, forthcoming, and Clive James 2011 </li></ul>IMPACT OF BIOTECH CROPS
Case Study – Biotech cotton in Burkina Faso <ul><li>In 2010, ~260,000 hectares Bt cotton planted up from 115,000 hectares in 2009, 65% adoption </li></ul><ul><li>~ 80,000 farmers planted Bt cotton compared to 4,500 farmers 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Bt cotton seed produced in 2010 can plant > 70% of all cotton in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated economic benefit from Bt cotton - over US$100 million/yr based on yield increases of close to 30%, plus at least 50% reduction in insecticides sprays, from a total of 8 sprays to only 2 to 4 sprays for Bt cotton </li></ul>
Trends in regional collaboration in biosafety <ul><li>Africa RECs have placed emphasis on harmonization of biosafety policies </li></ul><ul><li>3 main RECs </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COMESA: Eastern and Southern Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SADC: Southern Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ECOWAS: Western Africa States </li></ul></ul></ul>
Predicted Growth in Africa by 2015 Main Drivers – regulations for enabling, not blocking Innovation, Farmer satisfaction 2010 ( 3 countries ) South Africa, Burkina Faso and Egypt 2015 ( up to 10 countries ) South Africa, Burkina Faso, Egypt, Mali, Togo, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania , Malawi EGYPT BURKINA FASO SOUTH AFRICA NIGERIA KENYA UGANDA MALAWI BURKINA FASO TOGO SOUTH AFRICA EGYPT TANZANIA MALI
Products nearing commercialization Drought tolerant corn - USA Insect resistant eggplant India, Philippines, Bangladesh Insect resistant rice China, Iran Biofortified rice Philippines, India, Indonesia Bangladesh, Vietnam Blue rose Japan
<ul><li>Political will and support from lead countries, governments and institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing responsible and efficient regulatory regimes, that are appropriate for Africa with limited resources </li></ul><ul><li>Communication with Society transparently and accurately </li></ul>Three requirements for growth of Biotech/GM crops in Africa
Africa in need of Technology Intervention not a “Victim” <ul><li>Interventions from science and biotechnology tools are key to increased productivity & enhanced food security – it is URGENT! </li></ul>“ Responsible biotechnology is not the enemy, but starvation is the enemy” Late Norman Borlaug
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