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1800
1900
2016
7,432,663,000
World Population Increase
2050
9,725,147,000
1,186,178992,224
4,393,296
738,442
2,477,5361,21...
African Population Increase >2050
0
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
350,000
400,000
450,000
500,000
0
500,0...
Productivity
Latin America Africa Asia
10t/Ha 21t/Ha12t/Ha
Cassava Producing Countries
0
200,000,000
400,000,000
600,000,000
800,000,000
1,000,000,000
1,200,000,000
1,400,000,000
1,600,000,000
1,800,000,000
2,...
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
Y1998
Y1999
Y2000
Y2001
Y2002
Y2003
Y2004
Y2005
Y2006
Y2007
Y2008
Y2009
Y2010
Y2011
Y2012
Evolut...
African Cassava Yield Increase
R² = 0.9802
R² = 0.97761
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
1961 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2011 2...
African Food Productivity Increase
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2...
Cassava Productivity
Poverty
Africa Asia
>15t/Ha
>20t/Ha
<10t/Ha
Latin America
Food Security
Industry
A Global Alliance
For the
Improvement of Cassava
Developing
a Global Vision for Cassava
 Advocate for cassava
 Look for gaps in R&D at the global
level: to promote Investment, transfer
modern science into cas...
GCP21 Cassava Chain
GCP21 Push-Pull Concept
Breaking the circle of poverty
Using Cassava Waste
$2000/Mt
$20/Mt
Cassava
Poverty
Circle
Virus Eradication
10t/Ha
15t/Ha
...
GCP21 Strategic Meetings
1- Meeting of experts with one question
2- Elaborating a RoadMap
3- Publishing the RoadMap for a
...
1- Strategic R&D for Cassava 2010
2- Declaring War on Cassava Viruses - RTB
3- Preserving Cassava Landraces – RTB, GB
4- C...
CMD
CBSD
Whiteflies
A War on Cassava Viruses
Can we prevent CBSD to reach West
Africa?
Can we decrease the impact of cassava
viruses in Africa?
Can we prevent CBSD and...
Action Frames
Outreach for Alliance
Membership
i) Viruses, surveillance
and diagnostics
ii) Climate Change
iii) Whiteflies...
Frame Work for Action Plan
Action Frames Organizations involved Immediate Midterm Longterm
Out-Reaching & Rallying All, bu...
An agricultural island in a hot spot of Biodiversity
Plant Protection Platform
• Creation of a Pan-African Cassava Surveillance Network
– PACSUN
• Development of an International Cassava Transit Site i...
1- Consensus during the meeting for using cassava
peels for animal feed: fish, pigs, chicken…
2- Organize several pilot pr...
2014 2050
Nigerian population: 160M >>>>> 450M
Cassava production: 52Mt >>>>> 150Mt
Cassava waste: 14Mt >>>>> 42Mt
Animal ...
Production of Cassava Peels Pellets
for chicken & small Ruminant Feed
Drying to 15% or less consistently achieved within 6...
Confidential and Proprietary Information of BioTork, LLC
Proposed Pilot Project to produce fish feed
BioTork Adapted
Heter...
9.4 M tons of gari
36 M tons fresh roots
3-4 M farmers
14 M tons of waste
400-1000 gari markets
400,000 – 1,000,000 people...
Gari Revolution in Nigeria
Using high
DMC cassava
varieties
Using
efficient
machines
Using waste to
feed animals
Making more
nutritious gari
products...
IITA, ILRI, RTB, L&F, A4NH,
GAIN, WISHH, H+, NGOs
Business, Banks
FMARD, Gari Assoc.
Several Donors
Gari Revolution in Nig...
Land Clearance
New varieties
Mechanization
Service Providers
Cooperatives of Farmers
Affordable Bank Loans
Best Agronomic ...
CHANGE IN
SUITABILITY
FOR MAIZE -
2050Negative
Positive
Contrasting responses between
maize and cassava: 2-3oC temp
rises,...
CHANGE IN
SUITABILITY
FOR CASSAVA
- 2050
Negative
Positive
Change In suitability for Cassava 2050
Source: Andy Jarvis
 Cassava first food crop in sub-saharan Africa
 Cassava can adapt to all sort of soils
 Cassava is resilient to global ...
Peace on Hearth with Cassava!
Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21), a cassava platform to develop improvement strategies
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Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21), a cassava platform to develop improvement strategies

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Presentation at the Cassava Value Chains Workshop
CIAT, Cali, Colombia. 24-26 August 2016
Speaker: Claude Fauquet

Published in: Science
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Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21), a cassava platform to develop improvement strategies

  1. 1. 1800 1900 2016 7,432,663,000 World Population Increase 2050 9,725,147,000 1,186,178992,224 4,393,296 738,442 2,477,5361,217,360 5,266,848 706,792 The world's food production will have to increase by 60%
  2. 2. African Population Increase >2050 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 450,000 500,000 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011 2016 2021 2026 2031 2036 2041 2046 NigerianPopulationx1000 AfricanPopulationx1000 Population in Africa & Nigeria >2050 Total Population - Both sexes (1000) Nigeria Total Population - Both sexes (1000)
  3. 3. Productivity Latin America Africa Asia 10t/Ha 21t/Ha12t/Ha Cassava Producing Countries
  4. 4. 0 200,000,000 400,000,000 600,000,000 800,000,000 1,000,000,000 1,200,000,000 1,400,000,000 1,600,000,000 1,800,000,000 2,000,000,000 Y2012 Productiont/Y Sugarcane WO Maize WO Rice WO Wheat WO Cassava WO Potatoes WO Soybean WO Sweet potato WO Bananas WO Yam WO Production of Major Crops in World – 2012
  5. 5. 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Y1998 Y1999 Y2000 Y2001 Y2002 Y2003 Y2004 Y2005 Y2006 Y2007 Y2008 Y2009 Y2010 Y2011 Y2012 Evolutionrelativeto1998 Maize WO Wheat WO Cassava WO Rice WO Evolution of Cassava/Cereals Production in World 1998-2012
  6. 6. African Cassava Yield Increase R² = 0.9802 R² = 0.97761 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 1961 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2011 2020 2030 2040 2050 Wheat Cassava AfricanFoodProductivityIncrease(%) 15.4 t/Ha 1.0 b people 10.8 t/Ha 0.35 b people
  7. 7. African Food Productivity Increase 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 CumulativePercentageIncrease Increase Cassava Indexes in Africa Africa Yield (T/Ha) Africa Production (M Tons) Africa Area (M Ha) %Increase/Year 12.0% 10.0% 8.0% 6.0% 2.0% 4.0% 0.0% 426 Mt 30 t/Ha 14.2 MHa
  8. 8. Cassava Productivity Poverty Africa Asia >15t/Ha >20t/Ha <10t/Ha Latin America Food Security Industry
  9. 9. A Global Alliance For the Improvement of Cassava Developing a Global Vision for Cassava
  10. 10.  Advocate for cassava  Look for gaps in R&D at the global level: to promote Investment, transfer modern science into cassava, inviting top labs in the world  Steer communication on cassava through strategic meetings, global meetings, websites, publications… What Will GCP21 Do?
  11. 11. GCP21 Cassava Chain
  12. 12. GCP21 Push-Pull Concept
  13. 13. Breaking the circle of poverty Using Cassava Waste $2000/Mt $20/Mt Cassava Poverty Circle Virus Eradication 10t/Ha 15t/Ha 20t/Ha
  14. 14. GCP21 Strategic Meetings 1- Meeting of experts with one question 2- Elaborating a RoadMap 3- Publishing the RoadMap for a Reference 4- Organizing subsequent actions, pilot projects, meetings, communications…
  15. 15. 1- Strategic R&D for Cassava 2010 2- Declaring War on Cassava Viruses - RTB 3- Preserving Cassava Landraces – RTB, GB 4- Cassava-Based Feed System – RTB, WF, LSF, HT 5- Establishing a Cassava Seed System – RTB, HT 6- Gari Revolution in Nigeria – RTB, HT, L&F, A4HN 7- Modernization of Cassava Production in Africa 8- Cassava Data Accuracy and Production Forecast 9- Developing Cassava Artificial Seeds - RTB … GCP21 Strategic Meetings
  16. 16. CMD CBSD Whiteflies A War on Cassava Viruses
  17. 17. Can we prevent CBSD to reach West Africa? Can we decrease the impact of cassava viruses in Africa? Can we prevent CBSD and CMD to spread in the rest of the world? Declaring a War on Cassava Viruses in Africa Bellagio, May 6-10, 2013
  18. 18. Action Frames Outreach for Alliance Membership i) Viruses, surveillance and diagnostics ii) Climate Change iii) Whiteflies &IPM iv) Breeding v) Seed systems vi) Capacity development vii) Policy and Advocacy viii) Economic value Road Map for War on Cassava Viruses Y01 Y02 Y03 Y04 Y05 Y06 Y07 Y08 Y09 Y10 Y11 Y12 Y13 Y14 Y15 Y16 Y17 Y18 Y19 Y20
  19. 19. Frame Work for Action Plan Action Frames Organizations involved Immediate Midterm Longterm Out-Reaching & Rallying All, but FARA, ASARECA, CORAF i) Viruses, surveillance and diagnostics IITA, CIAT, CIRAD, IRD, NARs, Regional Networks & Centers, Extension services at large ii) Climate, cassava landscape and pest and diseases CIAT iii) Whiteflies and IPM IITA, CIAT, and NARs & Regional Centers iv) Breeding IITA, CIAT, and NARs v) Seed systems IITA, CIAT and NARs, FAO, NGOs, Private sector, Extension Services, Communities vi) Capacity development IITA, CIAT, NARs, FAO, Regional Networks & Centers, Extension services at large vii) Policy and Advocacy GFAR, FARA, Regional Networks viii) Economic value IFPRI, Regional Networks, Consultants
  20. 20. An agricultural island in a hot spot of Biodiversity
  21. 21. Plant Protection Platform
  22. 22. • Creation of a Pan-African Cassava Surveillance Network – PACSUN • Development of an International Cassava Transit Site in La Reunion – DICSit • Creation of Cassava Diagnostic Network in Africa – CDNA • Organization of Diagnostic Training Courses – Beca : Univ La Reunion
  23. 23. 1- Consensus during the meeting for using cassava peels for animal feed: fish, pigs, chicken… 2- Organize several pilot projects to incorporate cassava and cassava waste in various animal feed Establishing a Cassava-Based Feed System in Africa Pilot 1: Use of cassava peels for small ruminants and chicken Pilot 2: Fermentation of cassava waste to produce fish feed
  24. 24. 2014 2050 Nigerian population: 160M >>>>> 450M Cassava production: 52Mt >>>>> 150Mt Cassava waste: 14Mt >>>>> 42Mt Animal feed: 10Mt >>>>> 21Mt Fish production: 600kt >>>>> 4.5Mt Fish feed: 600kt >>>>> 4.5Mt Fish feed price: $2000/Mt >> ??? Cassava Waste for Animal & Fish Feed
  25. 25. Production of Cassava Peels Pellets for chicken & small Ruminant Feed Drying to 15% or less consistently achieved within 6 hours of sun drying @ 21-300C and humidity levels up to 90%
  26. 26. Confidential and Proprietary Information of BioTork, LLC Proposed Pilot Project to produce fish feed BioTork Adapted Heterotrophic Algae, Fungi High-Fat Algae Meal Animal Feed for Livestock and Aquaculture Algae Oil PPD Low DMC roots Cassava peels Cassava effluents Cassava siftings
  27. 27. 9.4 M tons of gari 36 M tons fresh roots 3-4 M farmers 14 M tons of waste 400-1000 gari markets 400,000 – 1,000,000 people Feeds 100-130 M people $2-8 billions / Year GCP21 Strategic Meetings: Gari Revolution in Nigeria
  28. 28. Gari Revolution in Nigeria
  29. 29. Using high DMC cassava varieties Using efficient machines Using waste to feed animals Making more nutritious gari products Sending children back to school Improving ecology and health Improving the gari marketing system Accessing banking loans and market information Provide money to gari producers and processors Gari Revolution in Nigeria
  30. 30. IITA, ILRI, RTB, L&F, A4NH, GAIN, WISHH, H+, NGOs Business, Banks FMARD, Gari Assoc. Several Donors Gari Revolution in Nigeria
  31. 31. Land Clearance New varieties Mechanization Service Providers Cooperatives of Farmers Affordable Bank Loans Best Agronomic Practices Weed Control Securing Markets GCP21 Strategic Meetings: Modernization of Cassava Production in Africa
  32. 32. CHANGE IN SUITABILITY FOR MAIZE - 2050Negative Positive Contrasting responses between maize and cassava: 2-3oC temp rises, changes in prec Change In suitability for Maize 2050 Source: Andy Jarvis
  33. 33. CHANGE IN SUITABILITY FOR CASSAVA - 2050 Negative Positive Change In suitability for Cassava 2050 Source: Andy Jarvis
  34. 34.  Cassava first food crop in sub-saharan Africa  Cassava can adapt to all sort of soils  Cassava is resilient to global warming  Cassava cannot sustain flooding  Cassava is prone to pests and diseases  Cassava needs a lot of manpower  Cassava roots cannot be stored = distance to processing or consumers  Need accurate data!  Need accurate tools for previsions! GCP21 Strategic Meetings 2017: Cassava Data Accuracy & Production Forecasting under Climatic Change and Urbanization in Africa
  35. 35. Peace on Hearth with Cassava!

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