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Reporting

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Reported Speech

Reported Speech

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  • 1. REPORTING Reporting statements, questions and commands
  • 2. Reporting Statements RMB Elena Benito Ruiz http://firstcertificate.wordpress.com Type Example direct speech “ I speak English.” reported speech (no backshift) He says that he speaks English. reported speech (backshift) He said that he spoke English.
  • 3. Reporting Statements RMB Elena Benito Ruiz http://firstcertificate.wordpress.com <ul><li>You may have to change the pronoun depending on who says what. </li></ul><ul><li>You may have to change the tense (1 step back: ‘backshift’) </li></ul><ul><li>3. You may have to change place &amp; time expressions. </li></ul>
  • 4. Your turn… <ul><li>She said, &amp;quot;I went to the cinema yesterday.“ </li></ul><ul><li>He said, &amp;quot;I am writing a test tomorrow.“ </li></ul><ul><li>He said, &amp;quot;I will have finished this paper by tomorrow.“ </li></ul><ul><li>They said, &amp;quot;We have never been here before.&amp;quot; </li></ul>RMB Elena Benito Ruiz http://firstcertificate.wordpress.com
  • 5. Reporting Questions RMB Elena Benito Ruiz http://firstcertificate.wordpress.com
  • 6. Your turn… <ul><li>“ What time does the train arrive?” she asked. </li></ul><ul><li>“ When can we have dinner?” she asked. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why didn’t you come?” He asked me. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do you speak English?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Have you been to Liverpool before?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Can you type?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Will you come to my party tonight?” </li></ul>RMB Elena Benito Ruiz http://firstcertificate.wordpress.com
  • 7. Reporting Commands/Requests/Advice/Warnings <ul><li>Tenses are not relevant for requests: simply put “to”+ infinite verb. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She said, “Say hello to your mum.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She asked me to say hello to my mum. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For negative requests: “ not to” + infinite verb. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He said, “Don’t give up, Bob.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He advised Bob not to give up . </li></ul></ul>RMB Elena Benito Ruiz http://firstcertificate.wordpress.com
  • 8. Your turn… <ul><li>Nelly: &amp;quot;Help Peter&apos;s sister.&amp;quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher: &amp;quot;Do your homework.&amp;quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Yvonne: &amp;quot;Don&apos;t talk to your neighbour.&amp;quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Denise: &amp;quot;Don&apos;t open this door.&amp;quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Job interviewer: &amp;quot;Fill in the form, Sir” </li></ul><ul><li>Father: “You shouldn’t go out with strangers” </li></ul>RMB Elena Benito Ruiz http://firstcertificate.wordpress.com

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