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Psychoanalytical             FREUD
Psychoanalytic Approach To Personality Psychoanalytical Approach based on Freud’s work. The idea that behaviour can be i...
Freudian Theory of Personality Three Parts of the Mind Aspects of mind which  houses our thoughts and  cognitive activit...
The Conscious                 Contains thoughts of                  which you are currently                  aware       ...
The Preconscious Stores all the thoughts you  could easily bring into  consciousness if you  wanted to. E.g. what you at...
The Unconscious                   According to Freud, vast                    majority of our thoughts                   ...
Three parts of the Personality In Freud’s view, the human personality could be divided into  three parts: Id, ego and su...
Id The one and only part to the human personality AT BIRTH. Actions based on pleasure principle – the id is only concern...
Ego 0-2yrs + interaction with environment = ego Ego’s actions based on the reality principle – that is, the   primary jo...
Superego About five years = superego Represents society’s and parents’ values and standards Places more restrictions on...
The Interaction of the Three Parts
Putting it altogether…   Freud’sTopographical   Model
Instincts and Tension Reduction Freud maintained that human behaviour is motivated by strong   internal forces – drives/i...
Instinct Activation Increased psychological tension is created. Comparable to feelings of excitation, nervousness and   ...
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04 - Psychoanalytical

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Transcript of "04 - Psychoanalytical"

  1. 1. Psychoanalytical FREUD
  2. 2. Psychoanalytic Approach To Personality Psychoanalytical Approach based on Freud’s work. The idea that behaviour can be influenced by an unconscious part of the mind.
  3. 3. Freudian Theory of Personality Three Parts of the Mind Aspects of mind which houses our thoughts and cognitive activities 3 parts: the conscious, the preconscious, the unconscious
  4. 4. The Conscious  Contains thoughts of which you are currently aware  Constantly changing as new thoughts enter the mind and others pass out of awareness
  5. 5. The Preconscious Stores all the thoughts you could easily bring into consciousness if you wanted to. E.g. what you ate for breakfast, who your kindergarten teacher was, etc.
  6. 6. The Unconscious  According to Freud, vast majority of our thoughts are in the unconscious  No immediate access to  Cannot bring into consciousness except under certain extreme situations.  Responsible for much of our everyday behaviour.
  7. 7. Three parts of the Personality In Freud’s view, the human personality could be divided into three parts: Id, ego and superego According to Freud, these parts are often not at peace with one another
  8. 8. Id The one and only part to the human personality AT BIRTH. Actions based on pleasure principle – the id is only concerned with satisfying personal desires, regardless of limitations or consequence. These reflexive actions are still present as adults, but held in check by other parts of the personality. Id uses wish fulfillment to satisfy its needs: if a baby is hungry with no food nearby, the id imagines the food and temporarily satisfies the need. Id impulses are unconscious, therefore we are unaware of all the impulses we might wish to act upon.
  9. 9. Ego 0-2yrs + interaction with environment = ego Ego’s actions based on the reality principle – that is, the primary job of the ego is to satisfy the id impulse, but in a realistic way. Keeps unacceptable and dangerous id impulses in the unconscious
  10. 10. Superego About five years = superego Represents society’s and parents’ values and standards Places more restrictions on what one can and cannot do. Primary weapon – guilt! According to Freud, some children fail to fully develop the superego due to poor child-rearing practices. Can also become too powerful (“supermoral”), with impossible standards of perfection.
  11. 11. The Interaction of the Three Parts
  12. 12. Putting it altogether… Freud’sTopographical Model
  13. 13. Instincts and Tension Reduction Freud maintained that human behaviour is motivated by strong internal forces – drives/instincts Two major categories of instincts: 1) life/sexual instincts - Eros 2) death/aggressive instincts - Thanatos The two types combine to motivate behaviours. Freud attributed most human behaviour to the life/sexual instinct. Note: sexual includes anything resulting in pleasure. Death instinct: the desire we all have to die and return to the earth. Mostly unconscious. Expression: self destruction, aggression against others.
  14. 14. Instinct Activation Increased psychological tension is created. Comparable to feelings of excitation, nervousness and arousal. Tension remains until the particular need is satisfied. Undesirable state = goal of most human behaviour to reduce the tension and return to a state of no tension.
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