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Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian
neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a
movement that popularized the theory that
unconscious motives control much behavior.
Sigmund Freud emphasized the importance of the
unconscious mind, and a primary assumption of Freudian
theory is that the unconscious mind governs behavior to
a greater degree than people suspect.
Psychodynamics is also known as
dynamic psychology , in its broadest
sense is an approach of psychology
that emphasizes systematic study of
psychological forces that underline
human behavior , feelings and
emotions and how they might relate
to early experience
PSYCHODYNAMICS
Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory
At the heart of psychological processes, according to Freud, is
the ego, which he sees battling with three forces: the id, the
super-ego, and the outside world.
ID – “ I want to do it now
EGO – “may be we can
compromise”
SUPEREGO – “it’s not right to do
that”
• According to Freud, we are born with our Id.
• It allows us to get our basic needs met.
• The id wants whatever feels good at the time, with no
consideration for the reality of the situation.
Example – when a child is hungry he wants food at that time
only , the id cares about its own satisfaction
ID
• The ego is the component of personality that is
responsible for dealing with reality.
• According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and
ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a
manner acceptable in the real world.
• The ego operates based on the reality principle
THE EGO
• The superego is the aspect of personality that holds all
of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we
acquire from both parents and society - our sense of
right and wrong.
• The superego provides guidelines for making
judgments.
• The ego act upon idealistic standards rather that upon
realistic principles.
THE SUPEREGO

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Psychodynamic theory of personality

  • 2. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a movement that popularized the theory that unconscious motives control much behavior. Sigmund Freud emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind, and a primary assumption of Freudian theory is that the unconscious mind governs behavior to a greater degree than people suspect.
  • 3. Psychodynamics is also known as dynamic psychology , in its broadest sense is an approach of psychology that emphasizes systematic study of psychological forces that underline human behavior , feelings and emotions and how they might relate to early experience PSYCHODYNAMICS
  • 4. Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory At the heart of psychological processes, according to Freud, is the ego, which he sees battling with three forces: the id, the super-ego, and the outside world. ID – “ I want to do it now EGO – “may be we can compromise” SUPEREGO – “it’s not right to do that”
  • 5. • According to Freud, we are born with our Id. • It allows us to get our basic needs met. • The id wants whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation. Example – when a child is hungry he wants food at that time only , the id cares about its own satisfaction ID
  • 6. • The ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. • According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. • The ego operates based on the reality principle THE EGO
  • 7. • The superego is the aspect of personality that holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society - our sense of right and wrong. • The superego provides guidelines for making judgments. • The ego act upon idealistic standards rather that upon realistic principles. THE SUPEREGO