04 psychoanalytical freud

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04 psychoanalytical freud

  1. 1. Psychoanalytical<br />FREUD<br />
  2. 2. Psychoanalytic Approach To Personality<br />Psychoanalytical Approach based on Freud’s work.<br />The idea that behaviour can be influenced by an unconscious part of the mind.<br />
  3. 3. Freudian Theory of Personality<br />Three Parts of the Mind<br />Aspects of mind which houses our thoughts and cognitive activities<br />3 parts: the conscious, the preconscious, the unconscious<br />
  4. 4. The Conscious<br />Contains thoughts of which you are currently aware<br />Constantly changing as new thoughts enter the mind and others pass out of awareness<br />
  5. 5. The Preconscious<br />Stores all the thoughts you could easily bring into consciousness if you wanted to.<br />E.g. what you ate for breakfast, who your kindergarten teacher was, etc.<br />
  6. 6. The Unconscious<br />According to Freud, vast majority of our thoughts are in the unconscious<br />No immediate access to<br />Cannot bring into consciousness except under certain extreme situations.<br />Responsible for much of our everyday behaviour.<br />
  7. 7. Three parts of the Personality<br />In Freud’s view, the human personality could be divided into three parts:<br />Id, ego and superego<br />According to Freud, these parts are often not at peace with one another<br />
  8. 8. Id<br />The one and only part to the human personality AT BIRTH.<br />Actions based on pleasure principle – the id is only concerned with satisfying personal desires, regardless of limitations or consequence.<br />These reflexive actions are still present as adults, but held in check by other parts of the personality.<br />Id uses wish fulfillment to satisfy its needs: if a baby is hungry with no food nearby, the id imagines the food and temporarily satisfies the need.<br />Id impulses are unconscious, therefore, we are unaware of all the impulses we might wish to act upon. <br />
  9. 9. Ego<br />0-2yrs + interaction with environment = ego<br />Ego’s actions based on the reality principle – that is, the primary job of the ego is to satisfy the id impulse, but in a realistic way.<br />Keeps unacceptable and dangerous id impulses in the unconscious<br />
  10. 10. Superego<br />About five years = superego<br />Represents society’s and parents’ values and standards<br />Places more restrictions on what one can and cannot do. <br />Primary weapon – guilt!<br />According to Freud, some children fail to fully develop the superego due to poor child-rearing practices.<br />Can also become too powerful (“supermoral”), with impossible standards of perfection. <br />
  11. 11. The Interaction of the Three Parts <br />
  12. 12. Putting it altogether…<br />Freud’s<br />Topographical<br />Model<br />
  13. 13. Instincts and Tension Reduction<br />Freud maintained that human behaviour is motivated by strong internal forces – drives/instincts<br />Two major categories of instincts: 1) life/sexual instincts - Eros2) death/aggressive instincts - Thanatos<br />The two types combine to motivate behaviours.<br />Freud attributed most human behaviour to the life/sexual instinct. Note: sexual includes anything resulting in pleasure.<br />Death instinct: the desire we all have to die and return to the earth. Mostly unconscious.<br />Expression: self destruction, aggression against others.<br />
  14. 14. Instinct Activation<br />Increased psychological tension is created.<br />Comparable to feelings of excitation, nervousness and arousal.<br />Tension remains until the particular need is satisfied.<br />Undesirable state = goal of most human behaviour to reduce the tension and return to a state of no tension.<br />

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