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View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
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“Nearly one-third of the world’spopulation (29.3%) is under15. Today there are 158 millionpeople enrolled in tertiaryeducation1. Projectionssuggest that that participationwill peak at 263 million2 in2025. Accommodating theadditional 105 million studentswould require more than fourmajor universities (30,000students) to open every weekfor the next fifteen years.1 ISCED levels 5 & 6 UNESCO Institute of Statistics figures2 British Council and IDP Australia projections
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Partner with Legislators who care about:(a) efficient use of national / state tax dollars;(b) saving students money; (c) increasing access to
Why is “Open” Important?• Cooperate & share = We all Win – Faculty have new choices when building learning spaces. – …the more eyes on a problem, the greater chance for a solution.• Affordability: students can’t afford textbooks• Self-interest: good things happen when I share• It’s a social justice issue: everyone should have the right to access digital knowledge.
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Legislative Strategy Textbook RFP?1. Higher Education – Textbooks for top 100 highest enrolled courses2. Primary / K-12 – Textbooks for US “Common Core”
English Composition I• 55,000+ enrollments / year• x $100 textbook•= $5.5+ Million every year
The OER university Free learning opportunities for all students Adapted from Taylor 2007 worldwide
OERu founding anchor partners Global innovation partnership of accredited colleges, polytechnics and universities Athabasca University, Canada Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University (BAOU), India Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology, NZ Empire State College (SUNY), USA NorthTec, NZ Otago Polytechnic, NZ Southern New Hampshire University, USA Thompson Rivers University, Canada University of South Africa, South Africa University of Southern Queensland, Australia
National Wikiwijs ProgramDec. 2008 / LAUNCH by Minister of Education Goal: Mainstreaming OER in all educational sectors Six Activity Areas: Technology, Content, Professionalization, Communities, Research, Communication 2009–2011 / INITIAL IMPLEMENTATION Intense user evaluation Many committed stakeholders Good progress, and … lessons … 2011–2013 / SUSTAINABLE PERSPECTIVE Fully utilize user participation Clearly differentiate between the educational sectorsEstablish ownership with relevant partners in those sectors BUDGET 2009–2013: € 8,0 million www.wikiwijs.nl
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U.S. House Appropriations Committee draft FY2012Labor, Health and Human Services funding billSEC. 124. None of the funds made available by this Actfor the Department of Labor may be used to developnew courses, modules, learning materials, or projects incarrying out education or career job training grantprograms unless the Secretary of Labor certifies,after a comprehensive market-based analysis, thatsuch courses, modules, learning materials, or projectsare not otherwise available for purchase or licensingin the marketplace or under development forstudents who require them to participate in sucheducation or career job training grant programs.http://appropriations.house.gov/UploadedFiles/FY_2012_Final_LHHSE.pdf
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The “Iron Triangle” suggests institutionsare constrained in their ability to adapt “In the view of many college and university presidents, the three main factors in higher education—cost, quality, and access—exist in what we call an iron triangle. These factors are linked in an unbreakable reciprocal relationship, such that any change in one will inevitably impact the others.” - Public Agenda research on opinions of higher education presidents Source: The Iron Triangle: College Presidents Talk About Costs, Access,Source: The Iron Triangle: College Presidents Talk About Costs, Access, and Quality, Public and Quality, Public Agenda, October 2008. Agenda, October 2008.
The Iron Triangle• Three concepts dominate the concerns presidents: – increasing cost of higher education – challenge of providing access – need to maintain and improve educational quality• Three missions in tension: – Access up = quality down and/or costs up – Quality up = access down and/or costs up – Costs down = quality down and/or access down
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Only ONE thing Matters: • Efficient use of public funds to increase student success and access to quality educational materials. • Everything else (including all existing business models) is secondary.
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