Introduction to Education, Chapter 4, Caprice Paduano

727 views
611 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
727
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
24
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Introduction to Education, Chapter 4, Caprice Paduano

  1. 1. Caprice Paduano Chapter 4Philosophical Foundations of U.S. Education 4-1
  2. 2. 1. Why is philosophy important to teachers?2. What is the nature of philosophy?3. What determines your educational philosophy?4. What are the branches of philosophy?5. What are five modern philosophical orientations to teaching?6. What psychological orientations have influenced teaching philosophies?7. How can you develop your educational philosophy 4-2
  3. 3. • Understanding of philosophy will enhance professionalism• Use as a guide for Professional Action• Focuses efforts 4-3
  4. 4. Philosophy identifying the basic truths about being, knowledge, and conductLove of Wisdom 4-4
  5. 5.  Beliefs about Teaching and Learning Transmission of Knowledge Construction of Knowledge Beliefs about Students Beliefs about Knowledge Beliefs about What is worth knowing 4-5
  6. 6. Metaphysicsexplaining the nature of realityEpistemologyexplaining knowledgeKnowing based on:AuthorityDivine RevelationEmpiricismReason and LogicIntuition 4-6
  7. 7. Axiology Explaining valuesEthics Explaining moralsAesthetics Explaining values or art and beautyLogic Explaining reasoning Deductive Inductive  Socratic questioning 4-7
  8. 8. Humanism Personal freedom and responsibility determine learningBehaviorism Environment determines learningConstructivism Cognitive processes to construct learning•Cognitive Science – study of mental processesused in thinking and remembering 4-8
  9. 9. Perennialism Knowledge of unchanging principles or great ideasEssentialism Knowledge of core subjectsProgressivism Knowledge from student’s interest 4-9
  10. 10. Existentialism Knowledge of what is important to the student Postmodern--Knowledge that challenges historically constructed views of realitySocial Reconstructionism Knowledge about changing the social order Critical Pedagogy – focus on how education can promote social justice Feminist Pedagogy – focus on creating caring communities of engaged learners, collaboration and democracy for all 4-10
  11. 11. 6. What sensory related environmental considerations are made (e.g. noise, lighting, over visual stimulation onwalls and spaces)? 4-11
  12. 12. Eclectic Philosophy unique blend of 2 or more philosophies 4-12
  13. 13. 4-13
  14. 14. 4-14
  15. 15. 4-15
  16. 16. 4-16
  17. 17. 4-17
  18. 18. 4-18

×