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Philosophical Foundation of curriculum (Edam 514 curriculum development)

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Philosophical Foundation of curriculum (Edam 514 curriculum development)

  1. 1. EDAM514 CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT Chapter 2: FOUNDATION OF CURRICULUM PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION B O Y E T B. A L U A N SLSU-LUCBAN, QUEZON
  2. 2. PHILOSOPHY O It comes from 2 Greek words “philo” meaning love and “sophos” meaning wisdom. O It is a science of being ultimate reason cited by Aluan from the book of Duka 2010. O Aluan defines philosophy as the root of beliefs guided you in formulating ideas with reasonable judgments. This helps teachers to reflect on certain key issues and concepts in education as cited by Aluan from the work of Oregon States of Education.
  3. 3. What is your Philosophy? What is knowledge ? What is the nature of learning? What is teaching? "What should be learned?
  4. 4. My Formulated Philosophy
  5. 5. Your Philosophy is your beliefs about why, what and how you teach, whom you teach, and about the nature a set of principles thatofguleidaersning professional action through the events and issues teachers face daily Sources for your educational philosophy are your life experiences, your values, the environment in which you live, interactions with others and awareness of philosophical approaches
  6. 6. Four General or World Philosophies Philosophical schools of thought Idealism-Plato Realism-Aristotle Pragmatism (sometimes called experientialism)derive from the works of Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) and applied by Dewey in his progressive approach and Existentialism- Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855 *Scholasticism- St. Aquinas (combination of Idealist and realist) known as Neo- Thomism **Naturalism- Rousseau another Western Philosophy
  7. 7. Philosoph y Aims Method Teacher School Idealism to discover and develop each individual's abilities and full moral excellence in order to better serve society Informal dialect, Q&A , lecture, field Trip, project, yoga, reading Curriculum emphasis on literature, history, philosophy, and religion Source of knowledge, excellent Thinking institution, develops moral character, promotes cultural learning
  8. 8. Philosophy Aims Method Teacher School Realism/ no universal and unchanging values Gratificatio n of human needs, giving direction to his tendency, potential Scientific method, process approach, experimenta tion, discovery, mastery of facts through demonstrati on and recitations Curriculum . The Realist curriculum emphasizes the subject matter of the physical world, particularly science and mathematics -Help to realize (student) they can enter into the meaning of their experience. -organizes and presents content systematically within a discipline, demonstrating use of criteria in making decisions Utilize student activity through instruction, regards student as more superior, develop scientific attitude The ultimate reality is the world of physical objects
  9. 9. Phi.. Aims Met.. teacher SCHOOL Pragmatism / experimenta lism -only those things that are experienced or observed are real For social efficacy-quest for new ideas to adjust the ever changing society - reality is constantly changing and that we learn best through applying our experiences and thoughts to problems, as they arise Experimenta l, constructive projects, motivation, lab-work, field trips, lib-work Keep order in class, facilitate group work, encourage Miniature of society, agency for enculturation, All learning is dependent on the context of place, time, and circumstance. Different cultural and ethnic groups learn to work cooperatively and contribute to a democratic society -Dewey thought must produce action, rather than linger in the mind and lead to indecisiveness -Peirce
  10. 10. Existentialism -subjective andlies within individual Freedom of choice -responsibility for deciding who we are. The focus is on freedom, the development of authentic individuals, as we make meaning of our lives Dialog, inquiry, Q&A, Social heritage over experience Provider of experience, effective communicator Create atmosphere for social interaction Individual choice and individual standards rather than external standards are central "Who am I and what should I do? We should not accept anyone else's predetermined philosophical system; rather, we must take responsibility for deciding who we are
  11. 11. Is the integration of Idealism and realism. Man is irrational Used by churches
  12. 12. Naturalism Nat Rou Be all end all of reality. Pupil regard on physical side. Harmony in nature School extension of school Teacher surrogate parent/ loco parentis
  13. 13. Educational Philosophies These educational philosophical approaches are currently used in classrooms the world over Perennialism, Reconstructionism Progressivism Essentialism
  14. 14. Contemporary Philosophy PHILOSOPHY AIMS METHOD TEACHER SCHOOL Perennialism Less emphasis on vocational Internalize truths that are universal and constant develop rational and mpral powers. acquire understandi ngs about the great ideas of Western civilization Subject centered, great book Classroom centered Socratic dialogue. Authority figure, Master and expertise not be questioned Social institution
  15. 15. Essentialism William Bagley, James D. Koerner, H. G. Rickover, Paul Copperman , Theodore Sizer Essentialis m Model citizen race and social heritage over experience s To acquire basic skills. Transmit culture, knowledge and values 4r’s. Prepare for adult life. Longer school day, textbooks, drill, lecture, method to cover much topics Recitation/ memorizati on Mastery of subject. Fountain of info. Paragon of virtues. Prepares student for adult life
  16. 16. Progressivis m Live life fully now, hands-on minds-on From pragmatism . Teach to develop individual to become enlightened and intelligent. Need based curriculum / relevant ideas, respond student needs Utilizes experiment al Reflective Cooperati ve learning strategies Observati on and participatio n Facilitator Consultant leader Accept impermanent of life and inevitability of change Social developer
  17. 17. Social-reconstruct ionism Reform for society/ solving problem of mankind Scientific inquiry, problem solving, forum, brainstorm ing, concept approach, project method Lead young in designing program for social change. Primary agent of social changes center of controversy
  18. 18. Koran F o T
  19. 19. Indian Philosophy Vedic-religion Hinduism •Respect ideal way of life •Yoga mid discipline Vedic Religion Buddhism • Life was suffering Vedic Religion H B u B r Brahmanistic/ Paganism
  20. 20. man • Sage or wise life • Is deem and desirable Cycle of up side down • Win or loose Thought an action • Action agrees with thought
  21. 21. Chinese Philosophy • Teaches moral life through devotion to the family, loyalty to elders, love of learning, civil service love for justice (universal) Confucianism (551-479bc) Confucious CD • --tao– way or path • Harmony with nature • Nature—sacred Taoism/Daoism L/Dao Tzu
  22. 22. References 1. Boyet B. Aluan, Foundation of Education: Philosophical Foundation of education A Power Point presentation 2010 2. B. Aluan, Philosophical Perspective in Education: From the works of Oregon States of education, A powerpoint presentation 2014.
  23. 23. Thank you! Educators ’ inspire the learners to learn how to love learning!

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