IDEAS OF CHANGE <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Enlightenment in Europe impact the English colo...
WIND OF CHANGE <ul><li>During the 1700s ideas of change began to circulate in the colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas that ch...
THE ENLIGHTENMENT <ul><li>The Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period in Europe during which   philosophers, scientists...
HISTORY IS A PROCESS <ul><li>14 th  -17 th  centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Revival of Greek and Roman Ideas </li></ul><ul><li...
THOMAS HOBBES <ul><li>English philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the  Leviathan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talked about states...
JOHN LOCKE <ul><li>English political scientist </li></ul><ul><li>Believed man could learn from the past to improve themsel...
VOLTAIRE <ul><li>French writer and philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>He fought for tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Voltaire renoun...
MONTESQUIEU <ul><li>French ‘social commentator’ and political scientist </li></ul><ul><li>Studied French society and gover...
IMPACT OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT Enlightenment Emphasized human Reason Led the colonists to start to question British authority
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Ideas Of Change

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Ideas Of Change

  1. 1. IDEAS OF CHANGE <ul><li>Essential Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Enlightenment in Europe impact the English colonies? </li></ul><ul><li>How did/would Enlightenment philosophers and political scientists impact the development of the revolutionary ideas? </li></ul>
  2. 2. WIND OF CHANGE <ul><li>During the 1700s ideas of change began to circulate in the colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas that challenged the old view the world </li></ul><ul><li>Partly brought on by the effects of the falsity of the Salem witch trials </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Franklin was an outstanding enlightenment figure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Embraced the idea of truth through experimentation and reason </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. THE ENLIGHTENMENT <ul><li>The Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period in Europe during which philosophers, scientists, and political scientists felt reason and logic could be applied to all forms of human activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Enlightenment ideas spread in New England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Puritans supported public education in their colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Higher literacy rates </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. HISTORY IS A PROCESS <ul><li>14 th -17 th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Revival of Greek and Roman Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>16 th -17 th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Applied logic and reason to universe </li></ul><ul><li>Isaac Newton </li></ul><ul><li>18 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Applied logic and reason to society and government </li></ul>
  5. 5. THOMAS HOBBES <ul><li>English philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the Leviathan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talked about states and what is a legitimate government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developed the social contract theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Said that without government to keep order their would be “war of every man against every man” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best government was an absolute monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>To escape this existence man gave up rights to create a government and have law & order </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Called it a “Social Contract” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. JOHN LOCKE <ul><li>English political scientist </li></ul><ul><li>Believed man could learn from the past to improve themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote Two Treatises of Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All men are equal in state of nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legitimate governments are those which have the people’s consent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governments that rule without the consent of people can be overthrown </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Said all people are born free and equal with three natural rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life, liberty, and property </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. VOLTAIRE <ul><li>French writer and philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>He fought for tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Voltaire renounced religion </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed that 100 years from his day there would be no Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in the separation of church and state and in religious freedom </li></ul>
  8. 8. MONTESQUIEU <ul><li>French ‘social commentator’ and political scientist </li></ul><ul><li>Studied French society and government </li></ul><ul><li>Saw two types of governmental power existing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The sovereign (a supreme ruler, i.e. – King/Queen) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The administrative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The administrative powers included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The executive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The legislative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The judicial </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. IMPACT OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT Enlightenment Emphasized human Reason Led the colonists to start to question British authority
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