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Origins of Principles
UNIT 1.1

Mr. Bravo
Objective
 Learning Objective:

 What influence did European political

thinkers have on the development of
American dem...
Do Now (Academic Vocabulary)

 Natural laws: A body of unchanging moral
principles regarded as a basis for all human
cond...
17th & 18th Centuries - Enlightenment
 Although it was a promising development for

democracy, the Magna Carta was mostly...
17th & 18th Centuries - Enlightenment
 It finally began to dawn on people: “Hey, what if we

stop piling up our corpses i...
17th & 18th Centuries - Enlightenment
 The Enlightenment, with its emphasis on reason,

would provide democracy with its ...
17th & 18th Centuries - Enlightenment
 All they needed now was some country dumb enough

to try it before the King found ...
John Locke (write this down)
 Wrote that the English people had the right to overthrow

James II since the government had...
Montesquieu (write this down)
 Recognized liberty as a natural right.
 Believed any group of people in charge will alway...
Video Clip

 Watch the following video clip:
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RUilUzH5kx8
 What is your perception of go...
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1.1 day 3 origins of principles

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1.1 day 3 origins of principles

  1. 1. Origins of Principles UNIT 1.1 Mr. Bravo
  2. 2. Objective  Learning Objective:  What influence did European political thinkers have on the development of American democracy?  John Locke  Charles-Louise Montesquieu
  3. 3. Do Now (Academic Vocabulary)  Natural laws: A body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human conduct.  Bicameral Legislature: A legislature (lawmaking body) divided into two houses.
  4. 4. 17th & 18th Centuries - Enlightenment  Although it was a promising development for democracy, the Magna Carta was mostly ignored as the world moved toward the Dark Ages.  Oppression and high mortality rates were the norm and it seemed like chaos; until something emerged from the darkness: reason.  But it began slowly!
  5. 5. 17th & 18th Centuries - Enlightenment  It finally began to dawn on people: “Hey, what if we stop piling up our corpses in the drinking water and see if that makes any difference to our health?”  From then on, it was smooth sailing…reason had gathered momentum.  Very soon, all conventional wisdom, from the shape of the Earth to ideas concerning politics, was up for grabs.
  6. 6. 17th & 18th Centuries - Enlightenment  The Enlightenment, with its emphasis on reason, would provide democracy with its philosophical underpinnings.  The 17th & 18th centuries produced a wave of thinkers who held dear the notion of political systems based on “the social contract.”  Government, they said, was a sort of legal agreement between the rulers and the ruled, the terms of which were binding on both parties.  This was a groundbreaking theory!
  7. 7. 17th & 18th Centuries - Enlightenment  All they needed now was some country dumb enough to try it before the King found out and had them all drawn and quartered.  Democracy needed a fresh start. It needed tough and idealistic champions who could strike out for the new world, willing to risk everything for the principles of equality, liberty, justice…. *. and slaves *and slaves
  8. 8. John Locke (write this down)  Wrote that the English people had the right to overthrow James II since the government had failed under James to perform the basic duty, which was protecting the rights of his people.  All human beings had, by right of nature, the right to life, liberty and property.  The Greeks had also based their democracy on these natural rights.  The power of the government didn’t come from the government itself but from its people.
  9. 9. Montesquieu (write this down)  Recognized liberty as a natural right.  Believed any group of people in charge will always try to gain more power.  Like Greek philosophers, he wanted a way to keep the government under control.  He arrived to the conclusion that separation of powers was the best way to protect liberty  He divided the government into 3 seperate branches: legislative (makes laws) executive (enforces laws) judicial (interprets laws)
  10. 10. Video Clip  Watch the following video clip:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RUilUzH5kx8  What is your perception of government? Write one paragraph.

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