The enlightment

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The enlightment

  1. 1. The Enlightment<br />
  2. 2. Scientists<br />
  3. 3. GALILEO<br />
  4. 4. GALILEO<br />ORIGIN: Italy<br />ACTIVE YEARS: (1564-1642) 78 years<br />DISCOVERIES: The Sun is in the the centre of the Universe and earth and other planets revolve around it<br />INVENTIONS: Telescope<br />
  5. 5. JohannesKepler<br />
  6. 6. Johannes Kepler<br />ORIGIN: Germany.<br />ACTIVE YEARS: (1571-1630) 59 years.<br />DISCOVERIES: The planets obey natural mathematical laws in their movements around the Sun, and they don’t move randomly.<br />
  7. 7. Rene Descartes<br />
  8. 8. Rene Descartes<br />ORIGIN: France.<br />ACTIVE YEARS: (1596-1650) 54 years.<br />DISCOVERY: Living things such as humans and animals are just a complicated machine.<br />In the Universe, everything can be explained and reduced to mathematical principals.<br />
  9. 9. Isaac Newton<br />
  10. 10. ORIGIN: England.<br />ACTIVE YEARS: (1642-1727) years.<br />DISCOVERIES: Things also obey fixed natural laws of science.<br />When things fell to ground they are obeying law of the force of gravity.<br />Isaac Newton<br />
  11. 11. PHILOSOPHERS<br />
  12. 12. John Locke<br />
  13. 13. John Locke<br />ORIGIN: England.<br />ACTIVE YEARS: (1632-1704) 72 years.<br />HIS ARGUMENTS: There should be a contract between the rulers and the people.<br />The King should be loyal, but if the king is unjust, the people should have the full authority to depose him.<br />
  14. 14. Jean-Jacques Rousseau<br />
  15. 15. Jean-Jacques Rousseau<br />ORIGIN: France.<br />ACTIVE YEARS: (1712-1778) 66 years.<br />HIS ARGUMENTS: There should be a social contract between the government and the people. <br />The ‘General Will’ , the will of the Majority should be given importance.<br />If someone disagrees with the majority, they are wrong.<br />People can share their personal freedoms.<br />
  16. 16. Voltaire<br />
  17. 17. Voltaire<br />ORIGIN: France<br />ACTIVE YEARS: (1694-1778) 84 years. <br />HIS ARGUMENTS: Everyone should be given the right of free speech.<br />He wanted his country to adopt the similar system of government like England.<br />
  18. 18. The Enlightened Despots<br />
  19. 19. Frederick the Great<br />
  20. 20. Frederick the Great<br />ORIGIN: Prussia.<br />RULING TIME: (1740-1786) 46 years.<br />ACHIEVEMENTS: Made Prussia one of the leading states in Europe.<br />Made a strong Army.<br />Released his own serfs and made everyone equal under the law.<br />
  21. 21. Maria Theresa<br />
  22. 22. ORIGIN: Maria Theresa.<br />RULING TIME: (1740-1780) 40 years.<br />CONTRIBUTION: Taxation, so everyone from higher class to lower class paid taxes.<br />The wealth of the monasteries and the tax money were used to build many school.<br />Courts and Government were fair.<br />Maria Theresa<br />
  23. 23. Catherine the Great<br />
  24. 24. Catherine the Great<br />ORIGIN: Russia<br />RULING TIME: (1762-1796) 34 years<br />CONTRIBUTIONS: Reduced the power of the church by taking their land.<br />Set up schools and universities.<br />Wanted the to free the serfs, but didn’t because much of the Russian economy depended upon them at that time.<br />

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