Enlightenment Ideals


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Enlightenment Ideals

  1. 1. Enlightenment IdealsSocial Studies for 9th E.G.B.Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2. Pens to Inspire Revolution “No man has received from nature the right to giveorders to others. Freedom is a gift from heaven, andevery individual of the same species has the right toenjoy it as soon as he is in enjoyment of his reason” -Denis Diderot
  3. 3. The Age of ReasonBy the early 1700s, European thinkers felt thatnothing was beyond the reach of the human mind.The Scientific Revolution of that time, led to theEnlightenment.These philosophers believed that natural law couldhelp explain aspects of humanity.
  4. 4. ThinkersThomas Hobbes: social contract inwhich people give power to thegovernment for an organized society.John Locke: natural rights – life, libertyand property.Montesquieu: separation of powers;checks and balances.Voltaire: defended freedom of speech.Rousseau: social contract (general willfor true liberty).Adam Smith: free market.
  5. 5. Enlightenment Ideals• 1. Human autonomy is the means and end of Enlightenment• 2. The importance of reason a. Freedom means being able to think rationally for yourself. b. Reason will lead us to the truth.• 3. Enlightenment is universal All humans are equal by nature.• 4. Progress Human history is the story of progress in the human condition.• 5. Secularism Religion and politics should be separated. One’s method of worship should be a private matter.• 6. The centrality of economics to politics A society’s well-being depends on how its economy is structured.• 7. The ideal of popular government People are capable of ruling themselves. The aristocracy is not the only class that deserved to rule.
  6. 6. “Give me liberty, or give me… Death!” - Thomas Paine
  7. 7. Word of Revolution Word of revolution spread throughout the world. The American Revolution had a great impact on other parts of the world because it established the first government with all powers based on the consent of the people. It inspired revolutions in France, Hispaniola Island and Latin America. The American Revolution, in turn was inspired by the Enlightenment.
  8. 8. Class DebateDiscuss Locke’s and Hobbes’ ideas.One was said to have a negative attitude and theother one more optimistic persona.
  9. 9. Calvin & HobbesDo some research andfind out the origin of thecomic strip called Calvin& Hobbes.Why were they calledlike that?Draw a cartoon on yourown, and name him afterone the thinkers of theenlightenment. Give himsome attributes that willreflect his ideals!
  10. 10. BibliographyNorth Arizona University. (n.d.). Core Ideals ofthe Enlightenment. Retrieved May 22, 2012, fromNorthern Arizona Universitys Web Server JAN:http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~jo52/POS254/Enlideals.html.Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History. (P.Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US:Pearson Education INC.Images taken from Google.com