Air Barrier Paper Weather barrier paper is applied to sheathing and serves as an air barrier to reduce leaking air through joints and as a waterproofing backing underneath sidings. It is wrapped around and keeps air out of the house
Attic ventilation Soffit vent=also a ventilation system that is used on the out side of a building and usually up under an eve. Ridge vent=located at highest point of roof, prevent snow and rain from entering by blown wind
Attic ventilation Gable vent= it is a ventilation system used for attic ventilation Roof turbine=it is a attic ventilation system also used and it spins on top of the house.
Back Hoe A Back Hoe digs footings for buildings and single family dwellings it also moves dirt from one place to another. Dimension of bucket= 2’x2’
Batter Boards Batter Boards are used right before concrete is poured and they are also used so that the framer can get a 3-4-5 or also known as a right angle .
Cladding This is a wood shingle and it is used on outside of a house and this is a wood shake.
Code Requirements Bedroom Window 2’10”x5’0”= Area=14.12 Sill height=5’0” This window meats requirements because the clearance is enough for an escape route in an emergency. Interior stair case= 7” by 10” It meats code requirments because maxium rise is 7 ¾ and tread in 10“ minimuim
Concrete Joints Control Joints - ¼” depth slab weaken by a recess joint in hopes to let stress off the concrete so that the concrete will crack to that joint
Concrete Joint (isolation joint) Isolation joint is a padding of concrete underneath point of pressure so that the slab will not crack.It is isolated from the slab.
Concrete Masonry Units Concrete Masonry units (CMU) primarily serve as foundations, retaining walls, and fireplaces. They are larger solid units than brick and are less expensive. Actual dimensions 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8” : Nominal 8” x 8” x 16” 1 cmu block =3 bricks Different size CMU
Doors Flush Door Panel Door Top rail Stile Lock rail Panal Bottom rail
Doors Transom =the glazing below the door Side Light= glazing on the side of the doors usually in glass.
Electrical Components Transformer= lowers the voltage from high to a lower voltage. Service head =power hook up from power pole to the service 240/120 Meter= tell how much power is used measured in kilowatts Service panel=is a panal the is for disconect means has brakes in it Duplex receptacle= adouble receptacle the fits in a single gain box.
Front end loader A large motorized peace of machinery used to and move around dirt, gravel and other materials another to a location. It differs from a bulldozer because it can pick up the dirt where as a bulldozer can only push dirt.
Gypsum Board Gypsum Board is a building material known as drywall or also known as sheetrock that is made of gypsum plaster placed between two sheets of paper that is then kiln dried.
Heat Pump A component of the forced air system used to move heat and air through ducts to all. Advantage: allows the ability to filter air and control humidity while heating and cooling. Disadvantage: Very noisy and controls big airducts. Air Handling Unit- absorbs direct Air and supplies air to ducts. Compressor- condenses air and rejects heat Compressor evaporator Air handling unit Heat pump
Insulation Any material that is added to the perimeter of a building to slow down the conduction of heat flow referred to as thermal insulation. Most critical spaces are the walls and ceiling.
Lintel Lintels are steel or concrete angles placed above window and door openings to support opening span. Typically reinforced brick or block lintel or precast concrete
Mortar Concave Mortar Joint- 3/8”thick, tooled, on Stewarts house Type M Mortar- High Strength Exterior #1 Tooled #2 Trowled
Oriented Standard Board OSB- a softwood made of long strand-like wood particle that are compresses and glued into three to five layers. OSB is generally stronger because of the length and compression of the strands and is stiffer than veneered panels. Used as Sheathing
Plumbing Piping used to drain lavatory is a 1” pipe Lavatory
Plumbing Water closets= 3” drain and a ½” water line Shower/Tub Unit
Plumbing Roof plumbing Vent This vent is used to ventilate the restroom and shower area. Kitchen sink This is a drop in sink.
Plywood Veneer-thin slices of wood glued onto five core panels to produce plywood. It is also consider to be manufactured wood.
Radiant Barrier Radiant barriers are most commonly found only in attics. They reflect up to 97% of heat stored in attics. Since most of the heat in homes escapes and enters through the attic, the radiant barrier acts much like a form of insulation.
Rebar 3/8 size rebar It is sitting in the ground waiting to be poured or filled with concrete but when it is poured it will reinforce the concrete.
Steep Roof Drainage A gutter is used to direct the water to the down spout and that is used to direct the water to the ground as runoff and the slash block is used to keep the water from slashing over as it is being directed from the gutter to the downspout so the water doesn’t build up on top of the house as cause leaking from the roof. Splash Block Gutter DownSpout
Steep Roof Materials Underlayment- 15-30 pound building felt protects building from precipitation before the roofing is applied. Easily installed and is “dried in” Underlayment
Shingle A thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house or other building.
Steep roof material Clay tile roof Shingles/ concrete
Steep roof materials Metal panel roof= material used usually galvanized.