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Visual Dictionary That Is Finished.


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Visual Dictionary By:Subfloor

Visual Dictionary By:Subfloor

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  • 1. Visual Dictionary
    By: Subfloor
  • 2. Air Barrier Paper
    Weather barrier paper is applied to sheathing and serves as an air barrier to reduce leaking air through joints and as a waterproofing backing underneath sidings.
    It is wrapped around and keeps air out of the house
  • 3. Attic ventilation
    Soffit vent=also a ventilation system that is used on the out side of a building and usually up under an eve.
    Ridge vent=located at highest point of
    roof, prevent snow and rain from
    entering by blown wind
  • 4. Attic ventilation
    Gable vent= it is a ventilation system used for attic ventilation
    Roof turbine=it is a attic ventilation system also used and it spins on top of the house.
  • 5. Back Hoe
    A Back Hoe digs footings for buildings and single family dwellings it also moves dirt from one place to another.
    Dimension of bucket= 2’x2’
  • 6. Batter Boards
    Batter Boards are used right before concrete is poured and they are also used so that the framer can get a 3-4-5 or also known as a right angle .
  • 7. Brick Arches
    Brick Arch #1
  • 8. Brick Arches #2/#3
    Key stone
    Brick Arch# 2
  • 9. Brick Arches (centering)
    Centering is the form work that is used to make brick arches
  • 10. Brick Bonds
    Common Bond
    Herringbone Bond
  • 11. Brick bonds
  • 12. Brick Bonds
    Flemish Bond there is an alteration between the soldier bond and stretcher bonds
  • 13. Brick bonds
    Strecther rowlock
  • 14. Brick sizes
    Firebrick= size is 9 x 4.5 x 3
    Normal brick= size is 9 x 4 x 2
  • 15. Bulldozer
    A bulldozer is a tracked tractor equipped with a metal blade used to push large amounts of soil rubble and gravel during construction.
  • 16. Cladding
    Wood Shingles
    Brick Clad structure
  • 17. EIFS (stucco)
  • 18. Cladding
    Stone= course( random ) pattern ( ashlur)
    Wood boards
  • 19. Cladding
    This is a wood shingle and it is used on outside of a house and this is a wood shake.
  • 20. Code Requirements
    Bedroom Window
    Sill height=5’0”
    This window meats requirements because the clearance is enough for an escape route in an emergency.
    Interior stair case= 7” by 10”
    It meats code requirments because maxium rise is 7 ¾ and tread in 10“ minimuim
  • 21. Concrete Joints
    Control Joints - ¼” depth slab weaken by a recess joint in hopes to let stress off the concrete so that the concrete will crack to that joint
  • 22. Concrete Joint (isolation joint) Isolation joint is a padding of concrete underneath point of pressure so that the slab will not crack.It is isolated from the slab.
  • 23. Concrete Masonry Units
    Concrete Masonry units (CMU) primarily serve as foundations, retaining walls, and fireplaces. They are larger solid units than brick and are less expensive.
    Actual dimensions 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8” : Nominal 8” x 8” x 16”
    1 cmu block =3 bricks
    Different size CMU
  • 24. Decorative concrete Masonry Unit
    Splitt block
  • 25. Decorative Cmu
    Ribbed Block
  • 26. Doors
    Flush Door
    Panel Door
    Top rail
    Lock rail
    Bottom rail
  • 27. Doors
    Transom =the glazing below the door
    Side Light= glazing on the side of the doors usually in glass.
  • 28. Electrical Components
    Transformer= lowers the voltage from high to a lower voltage.
    Service head =power hook up from power pole to the service 240/120
    Meter= tell how much power is used measured in kilowatts
    Service panel=is a panal the is for disconect means has brakes in it
    Duplex receptacle= adouble receptacle the fits in a single gain box.
  • 29. Framing Elements
    Anchor Bolt
  • 30. Framing elements
    Sill plate
    Floor Joist
    Floor joist for Up stairs
  • 31. Framing elements
  • 32. Framing Elements
    Top plate
    Top plate
  • 33. Framing Elements
    Ceiling Joist
  • 34. Framing Elements
    Roof decking
  • 35. Framing Elements
  • 36. Front end loader
    A large motorized peace of machinery used to and move around dirt, gravel and other materials another to a location.
    It differs from a bulldozer because it can pick up the dirt where as a bulldozer can only push dirt.
  • 37. Gypsum Board
    Gypsum Board is a building material known as drywall or also known as sheetrock that is made of gypsum plaster placed between two sheets
    of paper that is then kiln dried.
  • 38. Heat Pump
    A component of the forced air system used to move heat and air through ducts to all.
    Advantage: allows the ability to filter air and control humidity while heating and cooling.
    Disadvantage: Very noisy and controls big airducts.
    Air Handling Unit- absorbs direct
    Air and supplies air to ducts.
    Compressor- condenses air and rejects heat
    Compressor evaporator
    Air handling unit
    Heat pump
  • 39. Insulation
    Any material that is added to the perimeter of a building to slow down the conduction of heat flow referred to as thermal insulation. Most critical spaces are the walls and ceiling.
  • 40. Insulation
    Loose Fill
  • 41. Insulation
    Rigid Board
  • 42. Lintel
    Lintels are steel or concrete angles placed above window and door openings to support opening span. Typically reinforced brick or block lintel or precast concrete
  • 43. Mortar
    Concave Mortar Joint- 3/8”thick, tooled, on Stewarts house
    Type M Mortar- High Strength Exterior
  • 44. Oriented Standard Board
    OSB- a softwood made of long strand-like wood particle that are compresses and glued into three to five layers. OSB is generally stronger because of the length and compression of the strands and is stiffer than veneered panels. Used as Sheathing
  • 45. Plumbing
    Piping used to drain lavatory is a 1” pipe
  • 46. Plumbing
    Water closets= 3” drain and a ½” water line
    Shower/Tub Unit
  • 47. Plumbing
    Roof plumbing Vent
    This vent is used to ventilate the restroom and shower area.
    Kitchen sink
    This is a drop in sink.
  • 48. Plywood
    Veneer-thin slices of wood glued onto five core panels to produce plywood.
    It is also consider to be manufactured wood.
  • 49. Radiant Barrier
    Radiant barriers are most commonly found only in attics. They reflect up to 97% of heat stored in attics. Since most of the heat in homes escapes and enters through the attic, the radiant barrier acts much like a form of insulation.
  • 50. Rebar
    3/8 size rebar
    It is sitting in the ground waiting to be poured or filled with concrete but when it is poured it will reinforce the concrete.
  • 51. Steep Roof Drainage
    A gutter is used to direct the water to the down spout and that is used to direct the water to the ground as runoff and the slash block is used to keep the water from slashing over as it is being directed from the gutter to the downspout so the water doesn’t build up on top of the house as cause leaking from the roof.
    Splash Block
  • 52. Steep Roof Materials
    Underlayment- 15-30 pound building felt protects building from precipitation before the roofing is applied. Easily installed and is “dried in”
  • 53. Shingle
    A thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house or other building.
  • 54. Steep roof material
    Clay tile roof
    Shingles/ concrete
  • 55. Steep roof materials
    Metal panel roof= material used usually galvanized.
  • 56. Steep roof Shapes
  • 57. Steep roof shapes
  • 58. Steep roof terms
    Ridge- level of roof intersection at its highest point.
    Valley- the sloping intersection of two roof planes where water runs toward it
  • 59. Steep roof terms
    Eave= lowest horizontal edge of the low side of a sloping roof
    Rake= sloping corner of the roof
  • 60. Steep roof material
    Fascia=- board that run around the eave of a building along the edge
    Soffit =undersurface of a horizontal rafter that conncets to the eve
  • 61. Building without Facia
    Fascia=- board that run around the eave of a building along the edge
  • 62. Stone
    Random rubble
    Coursed rubble
  • 63. stone
    Random ashlar
    Coursed ashlar
  • 64. Vapor Retarder
    Vapor Retarder is placed and helps keep the room warm in winter season. It determines and helps block the amount of dew or condensation that seeps through insulation.
  • 65. Waterproofing
    It is aiding in keeping the moisture in the gravel and also keeping water out of the ground.
    This waterproofing is loosely laid.
    Loosely laid
  • 66. Weep hole
    Weep hole-allows water that seeps behind building through mortar to drain out so that the wood framing of building will not rot.
  • 67. Welded wire fabric
    The welded wire fabric is laying on the gravel waiting to have concrete poured on top of it and when its is poured it will help strengthen the concrete
    Size = 6”x 6”
  • 68. Windows
    Casement Window that swings along the side
    #1 window
  • 69. Windows
    Sliding Window= it is sliding window because it slides
    Double window= it is a double hung window because it is fixed on top and slides up from the bottom .