VISUAL  DICTIONARY BSCI 2300 4/26/10 Mwf 11-11:50
Air Barrier Paper – an external membrane applied to the sheathing below the veneer which serves as a weather barrier and h...
Attic Ventilation Attic Ventilation – Serves to allow water vapor to escape and to allow the hot attic air to escape by pr...
Gable Vent – Allows hotter attic air to escape and prevents buildup of heat conducted through the roof of the structure
Ridge Vent –  Allows hot attic air to escape through a gap in the ridge decking
Roof Turbine – allows the air to escape by drawing it out through the roof like a fan
Soffit Vent  – Allows air into the attic so that the warmer air can be pushed out through the vents placed higher on the r...
Backhoe – Heavy machinery used for excavation in smaller site clearing projects like tree removal and used to dig footings...
Batter Boards – A temporary frame built just outside the corners of a foundation excavation. They are used to make sure th...
Radius Arch
Segmented Arch
Arch w / Keystone
Centering
Running Bond – Continuous row of stretchers Running Bond – Continuous row of stretchers
Flemish bond - one stretcher followed  by a header and then repeated
Soldier
Sailor
Stretcher Rowlock
Header
Rowlock
Queen Size  3” w  x 2 ¾” h x 7 5/8” l
Modular 3”w x 2.75”h x 7 5/8L
Bulldozer – heavy machinery used during site prep. It is used to level the dirt off by grading with the front blade and pu...
Brick Clad  & Stone Clad – random ashlar
Wood Board Clad
EIFS
Wood Shake – small shingle split from a block of wood, which gives a rough texture and uneven depths Wood Shingle – sawn s...
Windows : minimum opening of 5.7 square feet (5.0 if sill is less than 44” AFF) Opening width 20” minimum & opening height...
Code requirements – Riser Height 7 ¾” maximum Tread Depth 10” nosing to nosing Actual measurements – Riser Height of 7 5/8...
Control Joint – a designed cut in concrete to weaken the slab at that point in an attempt to prevent cracking elsewhere in...
Isolation joints - separate concrete from objects or structures, and allow independent movement without any connection tha...
CMU – a block of hardened concrete designed to be laid up like regular masonry brick. The hollow cores allow for the block...
Two different size blocks one is a 8” x 8” x16” the other is a 8” x 12” x 16”
Decorative CMU Split Block
Ribbed Block
Flush Door
Bottom Rail  Doors Top Rail Style Panel Lock Rail
Transom – A small window directly over a door
Sidelight – A tall, narrow widow running alongside a door
Underground Transformer Box – Steps down the electricity from a few thousand volts to the 110v / 220v service needed for t...
Service Head – Brings the electricity into the meter and isolates that particular residence through an in-line fuse which ...
Service Panel – the point where the electricity enters the home. The panel distributes the electricity throughout the home...
Duplex Receptacle – where the power is accessed in the home
Framing Elements # 1 Anchor bolt #2 sill plate
Framing Elements # 3 Floor Joist #4 Sub Floor
Framing Elements # 5sole plate #6 Stud #7 Top Plate
Framing Elements #8 Stringer
#9 Ceiling Joist #10 Rafter #11 Roof decking  #12 Sheathing
Front End Loader – used for transporting piles of dirt or other material across a jobsite. The hydraulic arms on the bucke...
Gypsum Board – An interior finish board made from a gypsum core sandwiched between two paper faces.
Compressor – compresses the refrigerant gas which gives off heat, thus cooling the air as it blows across the cooler coils...
Air Handler – Forces the air through the system with the use of a blower fan. Also, cooler air is blown across a heating e...
Batt Insulation Insulation is used to create the thermal envelope for the house to reduce air infiltration/ heat loss in t...
Loose Fill Insulation
Foamed Insulation Insulation
Rigid Board Insulation Insulation
Steel Lintel – A beam that carries the load of the wall across a door or window
Flush Joint – This house used a 3/8” troweled joint with type ‘N’ mortar
Rake joint – this house has a 3/8” tooled mortar joint with type N mortar
OSB – a nonveneered panel made up of long strands of wood particles which are compressed and glued together in several lay...
Lavatory – uses 1 1/2” drain pipe
Water Closet – uses 3” pipe to drain
Vent Through Roof – allows air to enter the plumbing system which lets the water drain from the pipes
Drop in kitchen sink
Plywood – manufactured by gluing thin veneers of wood together, rotating each layer 90 degrees so that the grain in the wo...
Radiant Barrier A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in a roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passag...
Rebar #4 rebar (1/2” thickness) used here to tie the center of this wall to the footing in an attempt to curb differential...
Gutter – a channel which collects rainwater at the eave of a roof Downspout – A vertical pipe for conducting the rainwater...
Splashblock – a precast concrete block used to dissipate the water at the downspout’s discharge point
Underlayment – A thin layer of waterproof material laid between the roof deck and roofing. It allows to get the house in t...
Clay Tile Roof
Shingle – A water resistant material nailed in an overlapping pattern with other like materials to make the roof watertigh...
Metal Panel Roof Copper
Gable Roof
Gambrel Roof
Hip Roof
Mansard Roof
Eave – the level, low edge of the roof
Ridge – the level intersection of roof planes Valley – the sloping intersection of roof planes when water runs to it
Rake – The Sloping edge of a steep roof
Fascia – the exposed vertical face of the eave Soffit – the undersurface of a roof overhang, installed to enclose the raft...
No Fascia – house with exposed rafter tails
Stone Random Rubble Pattern
Coursed Rubble Pattern Stone
Random Ashlar Pattern Stone
Coursed ashlar pattern
Vapor Retarder – put in place to reduce the passage of air and water vapor through the building assembly to prevent conden...
Waterproofing – installed to prevent the passage of water through the CMU  into a basement or crawlspace. This is an examp...
Weep hole – a small opening in the brick veneer to allow accumulated water from the building to escape
WWF – 6” x 6” grid
Double Hung Window Vinyl Clad Both the top & bottom sash open
Casement Window Vinyl Clad The window cranks out from a side hinge
Single Hung Vinyl Only the bottom sash is operable
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  1. 1. VISUAL DICTIONARY BSCI 2300 4/26/10 Mwf 11-11:50
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper – an external membrane applied to the sheathing below the veneer which serves as a weather barrier and helps to prevent air infiltration into the home.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Attic Ventilation – Serves to allow water vapor to escape and to allow the hot attic air to escape by providing an intake at the eaves through the soffit vents which allows the warmer air to escape through the roof vents.
  4. 4. Gable Vent – Allows hotter attic air to escape and prevents buildup of heat conducted through the roof of the structure
  5. 5. Ridge Vent – Allows hot attic air to escape through a gap in the ridge decking
  6. 6. Roof Turbine – allows the air to escape by drawing it out through the roof like a fan
  7. 7. Soffit Vent – Allows air into the attic so that the warmer air can be pushed out through the vents placed higher on the roof
  8. 8. Backhoe – Heavy machinery used for excavation in smaller site clearing projects like tree removal and used to dig footings and some basement excavation. 18 inch bucket
  9. 9. Batter Boards – A temporary frame built just outside the corners of a foundation excavation. They are used to make sure the structure is square and to also carry the lines of a footing from corner to corner.
  10. 10. Radius Arch
  11. 11. Segmented Arch
  12. 12. Arch w / Keystone
  13. 13. Centering
  14. 14. Running Bond – Continuous row of stretchers Running Bond – Continuous row of stretchers
  15. 15. Flemish bond - one stretcher followed by a header and then repeated
  16. 16. Soldier
  17. 17. Sailor
  18. 18. Stretcher Rowlock
  19. 19. Header
  20. 20. Rowlock
  21. 21. Queen Size 3” w x 2 ¾” h x 7 5/8” l
  22. 22. Modular 3”w x 2.75”h x 7 5/8L
  23. 23. Bulldozer – heavy machinery used during site prep. It is used to level the dirt off by grading with the front blade and pushing dirt around small areas of the construction site.
  24. 24. Brick Clad & Stone Clad – random ashlar
  25. 25. Wood Board Clad
  26. 26. EIFS
  27. 27. Wood Shake – small shingle split from a block of wood, which gives a rough texture and uneven depths Wood Shingle – sawn shingle, typically more smooth and uniform; also larger in size
  28. 28. Windows : minimum opening of 5.7 square feet (5.0 if sill is less than 44” AFF) Opening width 20” minimum & opening height 24” minimum. Actual Measurements – 28” h x 33” w x 43.5” AFF. Total Area : 6.41 sq. ft. The window meets the code requirements
  29. 29. Code requirements – Riser Height 7 ¾” maximum Tread Depth 10” nosing to nosing Actual measurements – Riser Height of 7 5/8 tread depth 11 5/8” (less 1 ½ “ overhang) gives 10 1/8”. Therefore, the stair is in compliance with the code.
  30. 30. Control Joint – a designed cut in concrete to weaken the slab at that point in an attempt to prevent cracking elsewhere in the concrete
  31. 31. Isolation joints - separate concrete from objects or structures, and allow independent movement without any connection that could cause damage to either object. This joint separates the wall from the slab.
  32. 32. CMU – a block of hardened concrete designed to be laid up like regular masonry brick. The hollow cores allow for the block walls to be filled with concrete for additional strength. CMU is more economical for foundation walls than cast concrete, and when laid by a proper mason, one course of block is equal to 3 courses of standard brick w/ a 3/8” mortar joint. A typical block is 8” x 8” x 16” with a 3/8” mortar joint.
  33. 33. Two different size blocks one is a 8” x 8” x16” the other is a 8” x 12” x 16”
  34. 34. Decorative CMU Split Block
  35. 35. Ribbed Block
  36. 36. Flush Door
  37. 37. Bottom Rail Doors Top Rail Style Panel Lock Rail
  38. 38. Transom – A small window directly over a door
  39. 39. Sidelight – A tall, narrow widow running alongside a door
  40. 40. Underground Transformer Box – Steps down the electricity from a few thousand volts to the 110v / 220v service needed for the home
  41. 41. Service Head – Brings the electricity into the meter and isolates that particular residence through an in-line fuse which prevents the house wiring from interfering with other structures on the grid Meter – Measures how much electricity is being used
  42. 42. Service Panel – the point where the electricity enters the home. The panel distributes the electricity throughout the home through individual circuits.
  43. 43. Duplex Receptacle – where the power is accessed in the home
  44. 44. Framing Elements # 1 Anchor bolt #2 sill plate
  45. 45. Framing Elements # 3 Floor Joist #4 Sub Floor
  46. 46. Framing Elements # 5sole plate #6 Stud #7 Top Plate
  47. 47. Framing Elements #8 Stringer
  48. 48. #9 Ceiling Joist #10 Rafter #11 Roof decking #12 Sheathing
  49. 49. Front End Loader – used for transporting piles of dirt or other material across a jobsite. The hydraulic arms on the bucket allows the ability to place material at a raised elevation – useful for loading dump trucks and backfilling retaining walls. Unlike a bulldozer, a loader has the ability to scoop dirt out of the ground and move it to another location rather than spreading it around an area
  50. 50. Gypsum Board – An interior finish board made from a gypsum core sandwiched between two paper faces.
  51. 51. Compressor – compresses the refrigerant gas which gives off heat, thus cooling the air as it blows across the cooler coils at the air handler One main disadvantage of the heat pump system is that it is noisy. One must take into account where to place the outside compressors to avoid noise intrusion into the home.
  52. 52. Air Handler – Forces the air through the system with the use of a blower fan. Also, cooler air is blown across a heating element inside the air handler to warm it up before distributing it through the ductwork One advantage of heat pump systems is that it is the most efficient way to heat and cool a home
  53. 53. Batt Insulation Insulation is used to create the thermal envelope for the house to reduce air infiltration/ heat loss in the home
  54. 54. Loose Fill Insulation
  55. 55. Foamed Insulation Insulation
  56. 56. Rigid Board Insulation Insulation
  57. 57. Steel Lintel – A beam that carries the load of the wall across a door or window
  58. 58. Flush Joint – This house used a 3/8” troweled joint with type ‘N’ mortar
  59. 59. Rake joint – this house has a 3/8” tooled mortar joint with type N mortar
  60. 60. OSB – a nonveneered panel made up of long strands of wood particles which are compressed and glued together in several layers, with each layer oriented opposite the direction of the previous layer for strength
  61. 61. Lavatory – uses 1 1/2” drain pipe
  62. 62. Water Closet – uses 3” pipe to drain
  63. 63. Vent Through Roof – allows air to enter the plumbing system which lets the water drain from the pipes
  64. 64. Drop in kitchen sink
  65. 65. Plywood – manufactured by gluing thin veneers of wood together, rotating each layer 90 degrees so that the grain in the wood does not run the same in each layer. This provides greater strength and equalizes moisture movement Veneer – a thin layer or facing Plywood
  66. 66. Radiant Barrier A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in a roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy.
  67. 67. Rebar #4 rebar (1/2” thickness) used here to tie the center of this wall to the footing in an attempt to curb differential settlement and add strength to the wall. Deformations are in the rebar to help the concrete hold on to the rebar.
  68. 68. Gutter – a channel which collects rainwater at the eave of a roof Downspout – A vertical pipe for conducting the rainwater from the gutter to a lower level discharge point
  69. 69. Splashblock – a precast concrete block used to dissipate the water at the downspout’s discharge point
  70. 70. Underlayment – A thin layer of waterproof material laid between the roof deck and roofing. It allows to get the house in the dry so progress will not be held up due to inclement weather and protects the building before the roofing is applied
  71. 71. Clay Tile Roof
  72. 72. Shingle – A water resistant material nailed in an overlapping pattern with other like materials to make the roof watertight. Slate Shingle Roof
  73. 73. Metal Panel Roof Copper
  74. 74. Gable Roof
  75. 75. Gambrel Roof
  76. 76. Hip Roof
  77. 77. Mansard Roof
  78. 78. Eave – the level, low edge of the roof
  79. 79. Ridge – the level intersection of roof planes Valley – the sloping intersection of roof planes when water runs to it
  80. 80. Rake – The Sloping edge of a steep roof
  81. 81. Fascia – the exposed vertical face of the eave Soffit – the undersurface of a roof overhang, installed to enclose the rafter tails
  82. 82. No Fascia – house with exposed rafter tails
  83. 83. Stone Random Rubble Pattern
  84. 84. Coursed Rubble Pattern Stone
  85. 85. Random Ashlar Pattern Stone
  86. 86. Coursed ashlar pattern
  87. 87. Vapor Retarder – put in place to reduce the passage of air and water vapor through the building assembly to prevent condensation. It is usually placed to the inside of the building.
  88. 88. Waterproofing – installed to prevent the passage of water through the CMU into a basement or crawlspace. This is an example of liquid applied
  89. 89. Weep hole – a small opening in the brick veneer to allow accumulated water from the building to escape
  90. 90. WWF – 6” x 6” grid
  91. 91. Double Hung Window Vinyl Clad Both the top & bottom sash open
  92. 92. Casement Window Vinyl Clad The window cranks out from a side hinge
  93. 93. Single Hung Vinyl Only the bottom sash is operable

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