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Visual dictionary Sp10stain


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Visual dictionary Sp10stain

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300 Materials, Methods, and Equipment By: Sp10stain
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>An air barrier is a protective membrane fastened to the exterior wall sheathing to prevent moisture from deteriorating the sheathing. It also keeps air from entering the building through any cracks or seams in the sheathing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Soffit Vent Attic vents are designed to remove heat and moisture from the attic space to the outside. Without these vents, the heat buildup would cause energy costs to go up considerably.
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation Cont. Gable Vent Ridge Vent
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation Cont. Roof Turbine
  6. 6. Backhoe A backhoe is a large piece of equipment with a shovel-like arm on the back. The arm is used for digging long trenches and excavation. Bucket size: 2’
  7. 7. Batter Boards Batter boards are a frame that is built outside a proposed building site that lay out the plane of the new building.
  8. 8. Brick Arches Parabolic Arch Roman Arch
  9. 9. Brick Arches Arch with Keystone Arch with Centering
  10. 10. Brick Bonds Header Stretcher Flemish Bond: Every course alternates stretcher header. Each row is aligned so that the headers fall in the middle of the stretcher above and below it.
  11. 11. Brick Bonds Cont. Rowlocks Running Bond: Every course consists of consecutive stretchers and overlaps the course below it by 1/2 or 1/3. Stretcher Rowlock
  12. 12. Brick Bonds Cont. Sailor Soldier
  13. 13. Brick Sizes Norman Brick 3 ½” x 2 ¼” x 11 ½” W x H x L Modular Brick 3 ½” x 2 ¼” x 7 ½” W x H x L
  14. 14. Bulldozer A bulldozer is a large piece of equipment with a blade on the front used for flattening large areas of ground.
  15. 15. Cladding EIFS Brick Stone Coursed Rubble
  16. 16. Cladding Cont. Wood Boards Wood Shingles Wood shingles are sawn, and wood shakes are split. These appear to be wood shingles. They have somewhat uniform faces.
  17. 17. Code Requirements According to the building code, a window sill can’t be more that 44” off the ground. This window is 21 ½” off the ground. In the open position, this window is 7.2 square feet of space. The minimum opening square footage is 5.7. This window is 34” x 30.5”. The minimum width is 20”, and the minimum height is 24”. This window meets code. This is more than enough room to escape from this window
  18. 18. Code Requirements Cont. The building code states that the minimum tread length is 10”, and the maximum riser height is 7 ¾”. The nosing can be no longer that 1 ¼” and no shorter than ¾”. The treads on these stairs are 11 ½” long, and the risers are 5 ½” high. The nosing on these stairs are ¾”. These stairs are to code.
  19. 19. Concrete Joints Failed Control Joint A control joint is a channel cut or formed in the concrete to compensate for the expansion and contraction of the concrete. They are supposed to prevent cracks.
  20. 20. Concrete Joints Cont. Isolation joints separate an item from a slab of concrete and prevent cracks that may form from independent movement of the object and the slab. This isolation joint is separating the load bearing column of the parking deck from the slab.
  21. 21. Concrete Masonry Unit 3 Courses of Brick Equal one CMU A concrete masonry unit ,or CMU, is a block of concrete made with concrete that has no slump. A CMU block can be hollow or solid. There are several different types. A CMU is installed with mortar. A full CMU block has an 8” x 16” face. The standard block is 8” thick.
  22. 22. Concrete Masonry Unit 6 inch block 12 inch block
  23. 23. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Split Faced Block Ribbed Block
  24. 24. Doors Flush Door
  25. 25. Doors Panel Top Rail Lock Rail Bottom Rail Six Panel Door Stile
  26. 26. Doors Sidelight Transom A transom is a window above a door. A sidelight is a fixed window next to the door.
  27. 27. Electrical Components Service Head Transformer The transformer steps down the power from the high voltage lines to a lower voltage to be used in buildings. The service head is where the electricity enters the house from the power pole.
  28. 28. Electrical Components Cont. Meter Service Panel The meter measures the amount electricity used in the building. The service panel distributes the electricity to the varies outlets of the building. It also house all the circuits.
  29. 29. Electrical Components Cont. Double Duplex Receptacle A double duplex receptacle is an outlet for electricity to plug appliances into.
  30. 30. Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt
  31. 31. Framing Elements Cont. 2) Sill Plate
  32. 32. Framing Elements Cont. 4) Subflooring 5) Sole Plate 3) Floor Joist
  33. 33. Framing Elements 6) Stud 7) Top Plate 9) Ceiling Joist
  34. 34. Framing Elements Cont. 8) Stringer 10) Rafter
  35. 35. Framing Elements Cont. 12.) Roof Sheathing 11) Roof Decking
  36. 36. Front End Loader A front end loader is a large piece of equipment that has a large bucket on the front that is good for loading a variety of materials and doing site work.
  37. 37. Gypsum Board Gypsum board is interior panel that consists of a gypsum and a thick paper exterior. It is also called drywall or sheet rock. Most sheets are 36” wide and can come in a variety of lengths to meet the specific jobs.
  38. 38. Heat Pump Air Handling Unit The air handling unit pulls air from the outside and the return air ducts and conditions it the desired temperature. The air handling unit distributes the conditioned air to the different vents through a series of ducts.
  39. 39. Heat Pump Cont. Compressor/ Evaporator The compressor uses a refrigerant to absorb and remove heat from building.
  40. 40. Insulation Batt/Blanket Insulation Insulation decreases the amount of heat transfer between the walls to lower energy costs. Without insulation, the HVAC system would be highly inefficient. Insulation also acts as a sound barrier in interior spaces.
  41. 41. Insulation Cont. Loose Fill
  42. 42. Insulation Cont. Foamed in Place
  43. 43. Insulation Cont. Rigid Board
  44. 44. Lintel Precast Concrete Lintel A lintel is a beam that carries the load of the wall above it. Masonry units can’t span openings without a lintel.
  45. 45. Mortar Concave Joint The brick is used as a veneer on the side of the Coliseum. The mortar is a ½” tooled joint. The mortar is probably Type N because the brick does not seem to be load bearing.
  46. 46. Mortar Cont. Rake Joint This brick is used as a veneer on the side of a Burger King . It is a 3/8” tooled Rake Joint. This does not appear to be a load bearing wall. It is probably Type O.
  47. 47. Oriented Strand Board Oriented Strand Board, or OSB, is made by gluing wood fibers in specific directions and bonding together under pressure.
  48. 48. Plumbing Lavatory Water Closet Drain Size: 1 ½” diameter Drain Size: 3” Diameter
  49. 49. Plumbing Cont. Manufactured Shower and Tub
  50. 50. Plumbing Cont. Plumbing Roof Vent The roof vent supplies air to the plumbing system to keep the flow of water from sucking the water from the trap and letting sewer gases enter the building.
  51. 51. Plumbing Cont. Drop-in Kitchen Sink
  52. 52. Plywood Plywood is made by adhering several layers of thin veneer together to make a strong sheet. Each layer of veneer is glued with the grains perpendicular the layer under it to provide extra strength. A typical sheet of plywood is 4’ x 8’.
  53. 53. Radiant Barrier
  54. 54. Rebar This rebar is ½’’ in diameter. It is called #4 rebar because it is four eighths of an inch. The deformations in the rebar increase the surface area of the rebar and create more friction between the rebar and the concrete. Without the deformations, the rebar could be pulled out of the concrete.
  55. 55. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter The gutter collects water from the roof, keeps it from pouring in front of the doors, and carries it to the downspout where it is directed to the ground.
  56. 56. Steep Roof Drainage Cont. Downspouts The downspout connects to the gutter and directs the water to the ground.
  57. 57. Steep Roof Drainage Cont. Splash block A splash block is a plastic or concrete block that keeps the water from the downspout from collecting near the house or eroding the soil .
  58. 58. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment The underlayment is a layer of waterproof material attached to the sheathing of the roof under the shingles to keep the water that seeps through the cracks in the shingles from getting to the sheathing below. Underlayment is usually black building felt.
  59. 59. Steep Roof Materials Cont. Clay Tile
  60. 60. Steep Roof Materials Cont. Metal Shingles A shingle is a building material that is used as roofing or siding. Shingles are laid from the bottom up with every layer overlapping the one below it to keep water out.
  61. 61. Steep Roof Materials Cont. Metal Panel Roof Metal panel roofs can be made out of steel, aluminum, copper, or zinc.
  62. 62. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Roof Gambrel
  63. 63. Steep Roof Shapes Cont. Hip Roof Mansard Roof
  64. 64. Steep Roof Terms The ridge is the horizontal line made by two sloping sides of the roof. Valley Ridge The valley is a trough formed by two sloping planes of a roof.
  65. 65. Steep Roof Terms Cont. The eave is the lowest horizontal edge of a sloped roof. Fascia Eave The fascia is the exposed vertical face of the eave. Soffit The underside of the horizontal edge of the roof.
  66. 66. Steep Roof Terms Cont. Roof Without Fascia
  67. 67. Steep Roof Terms Cont. Rake The rake is the downward sloping edge of a steep roof
  68. 68. Stone Cont. Random Rubble Coursed Rubble
  69. 69. Stone Random Ashlar Coursed Ashlar
  70. 70. Vapor Retarder The vapor retarder’s purpose is to keep water vapor from entering the building. It is usually place on the warm-in- winter side of the wall. This vapor retarder is attached to batt/ blanket insulation.
  71. 71. Waterproofing Loosely Laid This waterproofing is loosely laid on the CMU wall. The waterproofing is going to keep moisture from entering the building through the crack made by the sill plate and the foundation when the dirt is filled around the home.
  72. 72. Weep Hole A weep hole is a small hole in a wall that provides a route for water that gathers behind the wall to escape. In brick walls a header joint is usually left unfilled to make the weep hole.
  73. 73. Welded Wire Fabric Welded wire fabric (WWF) is used in concrete slabs to add tensile strength to the slab. The WWF is placed in the middle of the slab. This WWF is waiting for concrete to fill the forms.
  74. 74. Windows This is a Casement window that swings outward and is hinged on the side This is an inward swinging Hopper window ,and it is hinged along the bottom.
  75. 75. Windows Cont. This is a double hung window. The top and bottom sashes slide up and down.