Visual Dictionary<br />By: Subfloor<br />
Air Barrier Paper<br />Weather barrier paper is applied to sheathing and serves as an air barrier to reduce leaking air th...
Attic ventilation<br />Soffit vent=also a ventilation system that is used on the out side of a building and usually up und...
Attic ventilation<br />Gable vent= it is a ventilation system used for attic ventilation <br />Roof turbine=it is a attic ...
Back Hoe<br />A Back Hoe digs footings for buildings and single family dwellings it also moves dirt from one place to anot...
Batter Boards<br />Batter Boards are used right before  concrete is poured and they are also used so that the framer can g...
Brick Arches<br />Brick Arch #1<br />
Brick Arches #2/#3<br />Key stone<br />Brick Arch# 2<br />
Brick Arches (centering)<br />Centering is the form work that is used to make brick arches<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Common Bond<br />Herringbone Bond<br />
Brick bonds<br />rowlock<br />Headers<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Soldiers<br />Stretchers<br />Flemish Bond there is an alteration between the soldier bond and stretcher ...
Brick bonds<br />Strecther rowlock <br />Sailors<br />
Brick sizes<br />Firebrick= size is  9 x 4.5 x 3<br />Normal brick= size is 9 x 4 x 2<br />
Bulldozer<br />A bulldozer is a tracked tractor equipped with a metal blade used to push large amounts of soil rubble and ...
Cladding<br />Wood  Shingles<br />Brick Clad structure<br />
EIFS (stucco)<br />
Cladding<br />Stone= course( random ) pattern ( ashlur)<br />Wood boards<br />
Cladding<br />This is a wood shingle and it is used on outside of a house and  this is a wood shake.<br />
Code Requirements<br />Bedroom Window<br />2’10”x5’0”=<br />Area=14.12<br />Sill height=5’0”<br />This window meats requir...
Concrete Joints<br />Control Joints - ¼” depth slab weaken by a recess joint in hopes to let stress off the concrete so th...
Concrete Joint (isolation joint) Isolation joint is a padding of concrete underneath point of pressure so that the slab wi...
Concrete Masonry Units<br />Concrete Masonry units (CMU) primarily serve as foundations, retaining walls, and fireplaces. ...
Decorative concrete Masonry Unit<br />Splitt block<br />
Decorative Cmu<br />Ribbed Block<br />
Doors<br />Flush Door<br />Panel  Door<br />Top rail<br />Stile<br />Lock rail<br />Panal<br />Bottom rail<br />
Doors<br />Transom =the glazing below the door<br />Side Light= glazing on the side of the doors usually in glass.<br />
Electrical Components<br />Transformer= lowers the voltage from high to a lower voltage.<br />Service head =power hook up ...
Framing Elements<br />Anchor Bolt<br />
Framing elements<br />Sill plate<br />Floor Joist<br />Floor joist for  Up stairs<br />
Framing elements<br />Subflooring<br />Soleplate<br />
Framing Elements<br />Stud<br />Top plate<br />Top plate<br />
Framing Elements<br />Ceiling Joist<br />Rafter<br />
Framing Elements<br />Roof decking<br />Sheathing<br />
Framing Elements<br />Stringer<br />
Front end loader<br />A large motorized peace of machinery used to  and move around dirt, gravel and other materials anoth...
Gypsum Board<br />Gypsum Board is a building material known as drywall or also known as sheetrock that is made of gypsum p...
Heat Pump<br />A component of the forced air system used to move heat and air through ducts to all. <br />Advantage: allow...
Insulation<br />Any material that is added to the perimeter of a building to slow down the conduction of heat flow referre...
Insulation<br />Batt/Blanket<br />Loose Fill<br />
Insulation<br />Foamed<br />Rigid Board<br />
Lintel<br />Lintels are steel or concrete angles placed above  window and door openings to support opening span. Typically...
Mortar<br />Concave Mortar Joint-  3/8”thick, tooled, on Stewarts house<br />Type M Mortar- High Strength Exterior<br />#1...
Oriented  Standard Board<br />OSB-  a softwood made of long strand-like wood particle that are compresses and glued into t...
Plumbing<br />Piping used to drain lavatory is a  1” pipe<br />Lavatory<br />
Plumbing<br />Water closets= 3” drain and a ½” water line<br />Shower/Tub Unit<br />
Plumbing<br />Roof plumbing Vent<br />This vent is used to ventilate the restroom and shower area.<br />Kitchen sink<br />...
Plywood<br />Veneer-thin slices of wood glued onto five core panels to produce plywood.<br /> It is also consider to be ma...
Radiant Barrier<br /> Radiant barriers are most commonly found only in attics. They reflect up to 97% of heat stored in at...
Rebar<br />3/8 size rebar<br />It is sitting in the ground waiting to be poured or filled with concrete  but when it is po...
Steep Roof Drainage<br />A gutter is used to direct the water to the  down spout and that is used to direct the water to t...
Steep Roof Materials <br />Underlayment- 15-30 pound building felt protects building from precipitation before the roofing...
Shingle<br />A thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or...
Steep roof material<br />Clay tile roof<br />Shingles/ concrete<br />
Steep roof materials<br />Metal panel roof= material used usually galvanized.<br />
Steep roof Shapes<br />Gable<br />Gambrel<br />
Steep roof shapes<br />Hip<br />Mansard<br />
Steep roof terms<br />Ridge- level of roof intersection at its  highest point.<br />Valley- the sloping intersection of tw...
Steep roof terms<br />Eave= lowest horizontal edge of the low side of a sloping roof<br />Rake= sloping corner of the roof...
Steep roof material<br />Fascia=- board that run around the eave of a building along the edge<br />Soffit =undersurface of...
Building without Facia<br />Fascia=- board that run around the eave of a building along the edge<br />
Stone<br />Random rubble<br />Coursed rubble<br />
stone<br />Random ashlar<br />Coursed ashlar<br />
Vapor Retarder<br />Vapor Retarder is placed and helps keep the room warm in winter season. It determines and helps block ...
Waterproofing<br />It is aiding in keeping the moisture in the gravel and also keeping water out of the ground. <br />This...
Weep hole<br />Weep hole-allows water that seeps behind building through mortar to drain out so that the wood framing of b...
Welded wire fabric<br />The welded wire fabric is laying on the gravel waiting to have concrete poured on top of it and wh...
Windows<br />Casement Window that swings along the side<br />#1 window<br />
Windows<br />Sliding Window= it is sliding window because it slides<br />Double window= it is a double hung window because...
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Visual Dictionary That Is Finished.

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />By: Subfloor<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />Weather barrier paper is applied to sheathing and serves as an air barrier to reduce leaking air through joints and as a waterproofing backing underneath sidings.<br />It is wrapped around and keeps air out of the house<br />
  3. 3. Attic ventilation<br />Soffit vent=also a ventilation system that is used on the out side of a building and usually up under an eve.<br />Ridge vent=located at highest point of<br />roof, prevent snow and rain from <br />entering by blown wind<br />
  4. 4. Attic ventilation<br />Gable vent= it is a ventilation system used for attic ventilation <br />Roof turbine=it is a attic ventilation system also used and it spins on top of the house.<br />
  5. 5. Back Hoe<br />A Back Hoe digs footings for buildings and single family dwellings it also moves dirt from one place to another.<br />Dimension of bucket= 2’x2’<br />
  6. 6. Batter Boards<br />Batter Boards are used right before concrete is poured and they are also used so that the framer can get a 3-4-5 or also known as a right angle .<br />
  7. 7. Brick Arches<br />Brick Arch #1<br />
  8. 8. Brick Arches #2/#3<br />Key stone<br />Brick Arch# 2<br />
  9. 9. Brick Arches (centering)<br />Centering is the form work that is used to make brick arches<br />
  10. 10. Brick Bonds<br />Common Bond<br />Herringbone Bond<br />
  11. 11. Brick bonds<br />rowlock<br />Headers<br />
  12. 12. Brick Bonds<br />Soldiers<br />Stretchers<br />Flemish Bond there is an alteration between the soldier bond and stretcher bonds<br />
  13. 13. Brick bonds<br />Strecther rowlock <br />Sailors<br />
  14. 14. Brick sizes<br />Firebrick= size is 9 x 4.5 x 3<br />Normal brick= size is 9 x 4 x 2<br />
  15. 15. Bulldozer<br />A bulldozer is a tracked tractor equipped with a metal blade used to push large amounts of soil rubble and gravel during construction.<br />
  16. 16. Cladding<br />Wood Shingles<br />Brick Clad structure<br />
  17. 17. EIFS (stucco)<br />
  18. 18. Cladding<br />Stone= course( random ) pattern ( ashlur)<br />Wood boards<br />
  19. 19. Cladding<br />This is a wood shingle and it is used on outside of a house and this is a wood shake.<br />
  20. 20. Code Requirements<br />Bedroom Window<br />2’10”x5’0”=<br />Area=14.12<br />Sill height=5’0”<br />This window meats requirements because the clearance is enough for an escape route in an emergency.<br />Interior stair case= 7” by 10”<br />It meats code requirments because maxium rise is 7 ¾ and tread in 10“ minimuim<br />
  21. 21. Concrete Joints<br />Control Joints - ¼” depth slab weaken by a recess joint in hopes to let stress off the concrete so that the concrete will crack to that joint<br />
  22. 22. Concrete Joint (isolation joint) Isolation joint is a padding of concrete underneath point of pressure so that the slab will not crack.It is isolated from the slab.<br />
  23. 23. Concrete Masonry Units<br />Concrete Masonry units (CMU) primarily serve as foundations, retaining walls, and fireplaces. They are larger solid units than brick and are less expensive. <br />Actual dimensions 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8” : Nominal 8” x 8” x 16”<br />1 cmu block =3 bricks<br />Different size CMU<br />
  24. 24. Decorative concrete Masonry Unit<br />Splitt block<br />
  25. 25. Decorative Cmu<br />Ribbed Block<br />
  26. 26. Doors<br />Flush Door<br />Panel Door<br />Top rail<br />Stile<br />Lock rail<br />Panal<br />Bottom rail<br />
  27. 27. Doors<br />Transom =the glazing below the door<br />Side Light= glazing on the side of the doors usually in glass.<br />
  28. 28. Electrical Components<br />Transformer= lowers the voltage from high to a lower voltage.<br />Service head =power hook up from power pole to the service 240/120<br />Meter= tell how much power is used measured in kilowatts<br />Service panel=is a panal the is for disconect means has brakes in it<br />Duplex receptacle= adouble receptacle the fits in a single gain box.<br />
  29. 29. Framing Elements<br />Anchor Bolt<br />
  30. 30. Framing elements<br />Sill plate<br />Floor Joist<br />Floor joist for Up stairs<br />
  31. 31. Framing elements<br />Subflooring<br />Soleplate<br />
  32. 32. Framing Elements<br />Stud<br />Top plate<br />Top plate<br />
  33. 33. Framing Elements<br />Ceiling Joist<br />Rafter<br />
  34. 34. Framing Elements<br />Roof decking<br />Sheathing<br />
  35. 35. Framing Elements<br />Stringer<br />
  36. 36. Front end loader<br />A large motorized peace of machinery used to and move around dirt, gravel and other materials another to a location.<br />It differs from a bulldozer because it can pick up the dirt where as a bulldozer can only push dirt.<br />
  37. 37. Gypsum Board<br />Gypsum Board is a building material known as drywall or also known as sheetrock that is made of gypsum plaster placed between two sheets<br />of paper that is then kiln dried.<br />
  38. 38. Heat Pump<br />A component of the forced air system used to move heat and air through ducts to all. <br />Advantage: allows the ability to filter air and control humidity while heating and cooling. <br />Disadvantage: Very noisy and controls big airducts.<br />Air Handling Unit- absorbs direct <br />Air and supplies air to ducts.<br />Compressor- condenses air and rejects heat<br />Compressor evaporator<br />Air handling unit<br />Heat pump<br />
  39. 39. Insulation<br />Any material that is added to the perimeter of a building to slow down the conduction of heat flow referred to as thermal insulation. Most critical spaces are the walls and ceiling.<br />
  40. 40. Insulation<br />Batt/Blanket<br />Loose Fill<br />
  41. 41. Insulation<br />Foamed<br />Rigid Board<br />
  42. 42. Lintel<br />Lintels are steel or concrete angles placed above window and door openings to support opening span. Typically reinforced brick or block lintel or precast concrete<br />
  43. 43. Mortar<br />Concave Mortar Joint- 3/8”thick, tooled, on Stewarts house<br />Type M Mortar- High Strength Exterior<br />#1<br />Tooled<br />#2<br />Trowled<br />
  44. 44. Oriented Standard Board<br />OSB- a softwood made of long strand-like wood particle that are compresses and glued into three to five layers. OSB is generally stronger because of the length and compression of the strands and is stiffer than veneered panels. Used as Sheathing<br />
  45. 45. Plumbing<br />Piping used to drain lavatory is a 1” pipe<br />Lavatory<br />
  46. 46. Plumbing<br />Water closets= 3” drain and a ½” water line<br />Shower/Tub Unit<br />
  47. 47. Plumbing<br />Roof plumbing Vent<br />This vent is used to ventilate the restroom and shower area.<br />Kitchen sink<br />This is a drop in sink.<br />
  48. 48. Plywood<br />Veneer-thin slices of wood glued onto five core panels to produce plywood.<br /> It is also consider to be manufactured wood. <br />
  49. 49. Radiant Barrier<br /> Radiant barriers are most commonly found only in attics. They reflect up to 97% of heat stored in attics. Since most of the heat in homes escapes and enters through the attic, the radiant barrier acts much like a form of insulation.<br />
  50. 50. Rebar<br />3/8 size rebar<br />It is sitting in the ground waiting to be poured or filled with concrete but when it is poured it will reinforce the concrete.<br />
  51. 51. Steep Roof Drainage<br />A gutter is used to direct the water to the down spout and that is used to direct the water to the ground as runoff and the slash block is used to keep the water from slashing over as it is being directed from the gutter to the downspout so the water doesn’t build up on top of the house as cause leaking from the roof.<br />Splash Block<br />Gutter<br />DownSpout<br />
  52. 52. Steep Roof Materials <br />Underlayment- 15-30 pound building felt protects building from precipitation before the roofing is applied. Easily installed and is “dried in”<br />Underlayment<br />
  53. 53. Shingle<br />A thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house or other building.<br />
  54. 54. Steep roof material<br />Clay tile roof<br />Shingles/ concrete<br />
  55. 55. Steep roof materials<br />Metal panel roof= material used usually galvanized.<br />
  56. 56. Steep roof Shapes<br />Gable<br />Gambrel<br />
  57. 57. Steep roof shapes<br />Hip<br />Mansard<br />
  58. 58. Steep roof terms<br />Ridge- level of roof intersection at its highest point.<br />Valley- the sloping intersection of two roof planes where water runs toward it<br />
  59. 59. Steep roof terms<br />Eave= lowest horizontal edge of the low side of a sloping roof<br />Rake= sloping corner of the roof<br />
  60. 60. Steep roof material<br />Fascia=- board that run around the eave of a building along the edge<br />Soffit =undersurface of a horizontal rafter that conncets to the eve<br />
  61. 61. Building without Facia<br />Fascia=- board that run around the eave of a building along the edge<br />
  62. 62. Stone<br />Random rubble<br />Coursed rubble<br />
  63. 63. stone<br />Random ashlar<br />Coursed ashlar<br />
  64. 64. Vapor Retarder<br />Vapor Retarder is placed and helps keep the room warm in winter season. It determines and helps block the amount of dew or condensation that seeps through insulation.<br />
  65. 65. Waterproofing<br />It is aiding in keeping the moisture in the gravel and also keeping water out of the ground. <br />This waterproofing is loosely laid.<br />Loosely laid<br />
  66. 66. Weep hole<br />Weep hole-allows water that seeps behind building through mortar to drain out so that the wood framing of building will not rot. <br />
  67. 67. Welded wire fabric<br />The welded wire fabric is laying on the gravel waiting to have concrete poured on top of it and when its is poured it will help strengthen the concrete <br />Size = 6”x 6”<br />
  68. 68. Windows<br />Casement Window that swings along the side<br />#1 window<br />
  69. 69. Windows<br />Sliding Window= it is sliding window because it slides<br />Double window= it is a double hung window because it is fixed on top and slides up from the bottom .<br />

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