(OLD DON'T USE) Visual dictionary Part 2


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(OLD DON'T USE) Visual dictionary Part 2

  1. 1. Framing Elements<br />
  2. 2. 1. Anchor Bolt<br />
  3. 3. 2. Sill Plate3. Floor Joist<br /> 3. <br /> 2. <br /> 3. <br /> 2. <br />
  4. 4. 4. Subflooring<br />
  5. 5. 5. Sole Plate<br />
  6. 6. 6. Stud<br />
  7. 7. 7. Top Plate<br />
  8. 8. 8. Stringer<br />
  9. 9. 9. Ceiling Joist<br />
  10. 10. 10. Rafter/ Trusses<br />
  11. 11. 11. Roof Decking<br />
  12. 12. 12. Sheathing <br />
  13. 13. Front End Loader<br />A front end loader is a piece of equipment primarily used to "load" material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery. Can also be used to dig or move fill on the jobsite.<br />
  14. 14. Gypsum Board<br />A construction material used for wall and ceiling coverage inside buildings. Gypsum is made using panels made of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried. Often called sheetrock or drywall. <br />
  15. 15. Heat Pump<br />A heat pump is a device that uses a refrigeration cycle either to heat or cool a building by passing air or water over either the evaporating or condensing coils.<br />The compressor/evaporator moves the coolant around through the unit to facilitate operation. The air handler moves the physical air around through the duct work and across the condenser.<br />One advantage is the affordability of the unit to purchase and operate. <br />The major disadvantage of the heat pump is its inability to operate well at very low temperatures and thus requiring a back-up system.<br />
  16. 16. Heat Pump Components<br />
  17. 17. Insulation<br />Insulation refers broadly to any object in a building used as insulation for any purpose. Whilst the majority of insulation in buildings is for thermal purposes, the term also applies to acoustic insulation.<br />Its primary use is to reduce the effects of the temperature of the outside ambient air and/or the air in adjoining regions. <br />
  18. 18. Insulation: Batt/ Blanket<br />
  19. 19. Insulation: Loose Fill<br />
  20. 20. Insulation: Foamed-in-place<br />
  21. 21. Insulation: Rigid Board<br />
  22. 22. Insulation: Rigid Board (cont)<br />
  23. 23. Lintel<br />The lintel is the horizontal crosspiece over an opening, such as a door, window, carrying the weight of the masonry above it. Its used in CMU and masonry construction to span across openings. Two common lintel types are angle iron and concrete. This is an angle iron type. <br />
  24. 24. Mortar Joints: Tooled<br />The joint below is a tooled joint. It is vee. The joint was measured at 3/8”. Mortar type is most likely N since the brick is simply for use as a cladding on the Auburn Chemistry Building.<br />
  25. 25. Mortar Joint: Troweled<br />The joint below is a troweled joint. It is a flush joint. It measured at 3/8”. It is most likely type N. The brick serves as cladding on the outside of a residence. <br />
  26. 26. Oriented Strand Board (OSB)<br />OSB is an engineered wood panel product that is manufactured in wide mats from cross-oriented layers of thin, rectangular wooden strips compressed and bonded together with wax and resin adhesives. It is a nonveneered product.<br />
  27. 27. Plumbing: Lavatory<br />A lavatory usually is drained by 1 ½” piping. <br />
  28. 28. Plumbing: Water Closet<br />A water closet is usually drained with 3” piping. <br />
  29. 29. Plumbing: Manufactured Tub<br />
  30. 30. Plumbing: Vent Plumbing<br />Plumbing vents allow for air to enter the piping system and prevent a suction from forming in piping. It allows for free drainage.<br />
  31. 31. Plumbing: Sink<br />The sink pictured is a integral kitchen sink. <br />
  32. 32. Plywood<br />Plywood is a type of engineered wood made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together so that adjacent plies have their grain at right angles to each other for greater strength<br />
  33. 33. Radiant Barrier<br />A radiant barrier is a thin sheet of highly reflective aluminum comprised of one or more layers (for puncture and tear resistance) that, when installed properly, will block at least 90% of the radiant heat that hits it. <br />
  34. 34. Reinforcing Bar (Rebar)<br />The rebar below is number 3, or 3/8”, in diameter. The indentations on the surface of the steel is to give the rebar a better bond with the concrete it’s embedded in. <br />
  35. 35. Steep Roof Drainage: Gutter<br />A gutter is a narrow channel which collects rainwater from the roof of a building and diverts it into a downspout. <br />
  36. 36. Steep Roof Drainage: Downspout<br />A vertical pipe or conduit that carries rainwater from the gutter, guttering of a building to a lower roof level, drain, ground or storm water drain. <br />
  37. 37. Steep Roof Drainage: Splashblock<br />A splashblock is a preformed block of concrete that is designed to divert water from the outlet of the downspout to a direction away from the foundation<br />
  38. 38. Steep Roof Materials: Underlayment<br />Underlayment is a layer of material that is laid between the roof coverage material and the decking to provide an additional element of moisture protection during and after construction. <br />
  39. 39. Steep Roof Materials: Clay Tile Roof <br />
  40. 40. Steep Roof Materials: Shingle Roof<br />A shingle is a thin unit of water-resistant material nailed in an overlapping fashion with other units to provide a watertight roof covering. <br />
  41. 41. Steep Roof Materials: Metal Panel<br />Metal panel roofs can be made of metals such as enamel coated galvanized steel, copper, lead coated copper, stainless steel, and terne coated stainless.<br />
  42. 42. Steep Roof Shapes: Gable<br />
  43. 43. Steep Roof Shapes: Gambrel<br />
  44. 44. Steep Roof Shapes: Hip<br />
  45. 45. Steep Roof Shapes: Mansard<br />
  46. 46. Steep Roof Terms: Ridge<br />The horizontal line formed by the juncture of the surfaces at the top of a roof.<br />
  47. 47. Steep Roof Terms: Valley<br />The junction of a roof slope with another <br />
  48. 48. Steep Roof Terms: Eave<br />Horizontal edge of the low side of a sloping roof<br />
  49. 49. Steep Roof Terms: Rake<br />Sloping edge of a steep roof<br />
  50. 50. Steep Roof Terms: Soffit<br />Undersurface of a roof overhang<br />
  51. 51. Steep Roof Terms: Fascia<br />Exposed vertical edge of an eve<br />
  52. 52. Steep Roof Terms: Without Fascia<br />A Building with out an exposed vertical edge of an eve<br />
  53. 53. Stone: Random Rubble<br />
  54. 54. Stone: Coursed Rubble<br />
  55. 55. Stone: Random Ashlar<br />
  56. 56. Stone: Coursed Ashlar<br />
  57. 57. Vapor Retarder<br />The vapor retarder below is of the foil type. It’s placed on the side of the insulation that faces the exterior to slow the penetration of water vapor through the wall.<br />
  58. 58. Waterproofing<br />This waterproofing is of the roll on, cementituous type and is used to keep the water from penetrating the brick at the point where the wall intersects the ground.<br />
  59. 59. Weep Hole<br />A small opening that serves to drain water from the inside of or behind a particular building material or component. <br />
  60. 60. Welded Wire Fabric<br />3’ X 3’ X 4”<br />
  61. 61. Windows: Fixed<br />The window is a fixed window. You can tell that it is because doesn’t move.<br />
  62. 62. Window: Outswinging Casement<br />You can tell this is an outswinging casement window because it is hinged along the top and bottom and has a mechanical assembly for operation <br />
  63. 63. Windows: Single Hung<br />The window is a single hung window. You can tell because it has a single, operable sash that slides horizontally.<br />