OpenStreetMap (OSM): Mapping from the crowd and on the field open data preparedness, crisis response and recovery

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Presentation made at Crossroads Hotel, Lilongwe, Malawi, as part of the UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission, Workshop Programme: Use of Space Technology in Disaster Risk Management, 10/18/2013

Presentation made at Crossroads Hotel, Lilongwe, Malawi, as part of the UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission, Workshop Programme: Use of Space Technology in Disaster Risk Management, 10/18/2013

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  • {"49":"Conceptually InaSAFE combines one exposure layer such as buildings with one hazard scenario such as flooding and returns an impact layer along with textual statically summary\n","33":"<number>\n","50":"Conceptually InaSAFE combines one exposure layer such as buildings with one hazard scenario such as flooding and returns an impact layer along with textual statically summary\n","12":"Things built that benefit everyone\n","7":"<number>\n","35":"<number>\n","13":"Things built that benefit everyone\n","19":"<number>\n","48":"Conceptually InaSAFE combines one exposure layer such as buildings with one hazard scenario such as flooding and returns an impact layer along with textual statically summary\n","37":"<number>\n","26":"<number>\n","10":"<number>\n"}

Transcript

  • 1. OpenStreetMap (OSM): Mapping from the crowd and on the field open data preparedness, crisis response and recovery 18/10/2013 Severin Menard Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (AKA H.O.T.)
  • 2. 1 What is OpenStreetMap? www.osm.org OpenStreetMap is a web project aiming at creating a map of the entire world, accessible, free and downloadable for anyone. It has been started in 2004 by a student from UK. = + It is based on the joint action of thousands of contributors working voluntarily. Anyone can participate. +150,000 users created more than 2 billion nodes as of today. The ongoing OSM contributions can be followed on http://live.openstreetmap.fr/
  • 3. 1 Mapping any feature existing in the field, visible or not OSM focuses on all the visible, physical objects like: roads, buildings, land uses, facilities (health, education..) shops, industries, water and sanitation, natural spaces... but also not visible like administrative boundaries or transportation lines. OSM does not store information about populations or sensitive data.
  • 4. 1 OSM governance The ecosystem of the OSM community Citizens Associations Local governments (ex: BNPB, the National Disaster Management Agency in Indonesia) NGOs International Organizations (UN, WB, USAID, AUSAid) Academia Private actors: Microsoft, Foursquare Cloudmade, Geofabrik, Camptocamp, MapBox • • The growth of the OSM project is fostered by OpenStreetMap Foundation & local Chapters Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team for Humanitarian/Development contexts • •
  • 5. 1 OSM Wiki http://wiki.openstreetmap.org
  • 6. 1 Free mapping and quality Idea (same as Wikipedia): A large number of individuals contributing together will tend to create high quality data. Different kind of practises and tools strengthen this: ● Validation tools within editor ● Quality control tools over an area ● Easy access to each step of the history of every object Easy access to all the contributions of every cartographie Collaborativemapper ● La ● Possibility to revert any bad contribution
  • 7. Contributing to OSM: 1 Mapping over Imagery
  • 8. 1 Contributing to OSM: mapping over Imagery Bing allows the OpenStreetMap contributors to trace over all its imagery.
  • 9. 1 Java Based OpenStreetMap Editor http://josm.openstreetmap.de/ Can be easily enhanced, many plugins, works well with sporadic connectivity
  • 10. Humanitarian benefit: Baseline data from the crowd in crisis contexts
  • 11. 1 OpenStreetMap and humanitarian data: since the Haiti Earthquake in 2010 Port-au-Prince on OSM, January 12, 2010 Port-au-Prince on OSM, 28 days later Within a few days, the response of the OSM community to map the affected areas has been intensive, as seen in this video.
  • 12. 1 A new interest from the humanitarian organizations to work with the virtual, technical communities
  • 13. 1 Coordination is part of the Digital Humanitarian Network HOT http://digitalhumanitarians.com
  • 14. 1 Coordinating tool: the OSM Wiki http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/
  • 15. 1 Coordinating tool: the Tasking Manager http://tasks.hotosm.org/
  • 16. 1 The outcome: a detailed baseline data
  • 17. 1 Data Export tool in various GIS formats: HOT Exports http://export.hotosm.org/
  • 18. 1 If a crisis arises, please do not hesitate to request a Rapid Mapping from the HOT Community hot@openstreetmap.org
  • 19. Contributing to OSM: 2 Field mapping
  • 20. 1 Contributing to OSM: field mapping, Mapping Parties
  • 21. 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: GPS devices Most Any GPS Will Work
  • 22. 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: Walking of Field Papers http://walking-papers.org/ or http://fieldpapers.org/ Printable Map Collect Data by Writing Scan and Upload Edit for OpenStreetMap
  • 23. 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: Survey forms fitting humanitarian data models (ex: UNDIT for roads)
  • 24. 1 Tools to contribute in OSM: Editors for smartphones OsmTracker - Routing - Pedestrian - Edits/Bugs - Edits/Bugs & transports Vespucci - light online editor - online - Edits/Bugs
  • 25. 1 Training materials: LearnOSM. for Beginners to Advanced Mappers or Trainers http://learnosm.org
  • 26. Humanitarian benefit: field collected data
  • 27. 1 Building mapping capacities within the local communities
  • 28. Field mapping in urban areas Ex: Limonade, Haiti
  • 29. Field mapping in urban areas Ex: Limonade, Haiti
  • 30. Field mapping in rural areas Ex: Limonade, Haiti
  • 31. Field mapping in rural areas Ex: Limonade, Haiti
  • 32. Field mapping in refugee camps Ex: Gasorwe, Burundi (in partnership with UNHCR)
  • 33. Contributing to OSM: 3 Importing existing open data
  • 34. 1 A documented, reviewed process http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Import A documented import process An official agreement monitored by a skilled Import signed by the owner Working Group
  • 35. Humanitarian benefits: no loss over the time, easy access, living updatable data, avoids duplicates
  • 36. 1 Various organizations already released datasets ● ● ● ● ● UN-JLC (Sudan, Haiti) UN-FAO Africover UNOSAT (Zaatari camp, Jordania) UNICEF (Health, Education, Watsan, Central African Republic) WRI (Landuses, Central African Republic)
  • 37. 4 Tools and services for preparedness or crisis response
  • 38. 1 OpenStreetMap services: a specific humanitarian rendering for OSM
  • 39. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Walking of Field Papers http://walking-papers.org/ or http://fieldpapers.org/
  • 40. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Automatic Town Maps http://maposmatic.org/
  • 41. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Maps for GPS devices
  • 42. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Maps for older GPS devices
  • 43. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Maps for smartphones OsmAND - Routing - Pedestrian - Edits/Bugs - Edits/Bugs & transports
  • 44. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Routing Tools
  • 45. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Thematic maps http://www.itoworld.com
  • 46. 1 OpenStreetMap services: Customizable Point of Interest Maps http://www.flosm.de/en/poi-map.html
  • 47. 1 HOT Export job covering all Malawi http://export.hotosm.org/en/jobs/4843
  • 48. InaSAFE Introduction InaSAFE is a free software that produces realistic natural hazard impact scenarios for better planning, preparedness and response activities.
  • 49. Realistic Disaster Scenario informing Contingency Planning
  • 50. InaSAFE Concept www.inasafe.org
  • 51. Sourcing hazard information Previous Hazard footprint University National science agency Communities frequent events only Local Government Hazard in InaSAFE refers to a single disaster scenario
  • 52. Questions? severin.menard@hotosm.org Slideshows? slideshare.net/Sev_hotosm/