Indonesia Water and Sanitation Networking. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. August 2008
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Indonesia Water and Sanitation Networking. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. August 2008



published by Indonesia Water and Sanitation Working Group. First edition on August 2003

published by Indonesia Water and Sanitation Working Group. First edition on August 2003



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    Indonesia Water and Sanitation Networking. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. August 2008 Indonesia Water and Sanitation Networking. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. August 2008 Document Transcript

    • Information Media for Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation From Editor 1 Your Voice 2 Published by: Water Supply and Sanitation Main Report Working Group Knowing Various Network 3 Advisor: Water and Sanitation (Watsan) Networking 5 Director General for Human Settlement, International Sanitation Year Department of Public Works Around International Sanitation Year 9 Board of Trustee: Interview Director of Settlement and Housing, National Development Planning Agency Networking to develop WSES 11 Director of Water and Sanitation, Regulation Ministry of Health Law No 18 Year 2008 On Solid Waste Management 14 Director of Water Supply Development, Department of Public Works InsightDirector of Natural Resources and Appropriate Solid Waste Management Technology in PLTSa Gede Bage Bandung 16 Technology, Director General on Village and Community Empowerment, Iron (Fe) and Manganese (Mn) Content of Underground Water 18 Department of Home Affairs In The Next Five Years, Tetaf Village Will Become Prosperous Village 20 Director for Facilitation of Special Planning Environment Management, Knowing Brief Participative Learning 22 Department of Home Affairs Innovation Ecoplas Environmental Friendly Bag Made From Cassava 25 Chief Editor: Oswar Mungkasa Our Guest Building Water Conservation in Sindang Kahuripan 26 Board of Editor: Zaenal Nampira, Reportage Indar Parawansa, Visit from the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste Delegation Bambang Purwanto to Indonesia 28 Editor: Inspiration Maraita Listyasari, Rheidda Pramudhy, Raymond Marpaung, Fanny Wedahuditama Unsustainable City 30 Reflection Design/Illustrator: Dry Toilet for Dense Settlements and Areas Lack of Water 31 Rudi Kosasih ISSDP Roundabout 32 Production: WASPOLA Roundabout 34 Machrudin WES-UNICEF Roundabout 36 Distribution: STBM Roundabout 38 Agus Syuhada NETWORK Roundabout 39 Address: WSES Roundabout 40 Jl. Cianjur No. 4, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat Phone/Fax.: 62-21-31904113 Program SToPS, Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing 47 e-mail: IATPI Clinic 48 CD Info 49 BOOK Info 50 Unsolicited article or opinion items are welcome. Please send to our address WEBSITE Info 51 or e-mail. Dont forget to be brief and WSES Publication 52 accompanied by identity. Agenda Percik magazine can be accessed through WSS website
    • F R O M E D I TO RE very year we celebrate various themes related to drink- too. This condition has become concerning in the past few years. ing water and environmental sanitation, like Worlds Water supply and sanitation development has not reached opti- Water Day, Toilet Day, Environmental Day, Earth Day, mal results. Service coverage is going no where, while muchand many more. Not to mention each year we also celebrate va- infestation has been contributed.rious others themes, and coincidentally this year is International Cooperation between stakeholders is needed. This themeSanitation Year. then became the main topic of These celebrations now this edition. How can everyonebecome a paradox. The original work together in water andidea of each celebration is to environmental sanitationremind us of many important (WSES) development. Today inthings we forgot in our daily Indonesia a water and environ-activities. But later on, these mental sanitation networkingcelebrations has slipped into (Watsan Networking) has beenbecoming one of our yearly established to become a place toroutine. Theyve gotten only as synergize information poten-far as how we celebrate and not tial, knowledge and informa-how we start something so that tion between stakeholders in athe celebration can become mutual relationship that bene-more meaningful. Were too fits everyone in WSES develop-busy preparing exhibitions, ment. We all hope so that thislaunching policies by President goal can be accomplished.or Minister, and many other Therefore, the history of watsanthings. networking, interview with the This condition is then founders, and watsan network-reflected through water supply ing activities so far, are theand environmental sanitation main focus in this edition. Andservices coverage, which until also included networking innow hasnt increased much abroad.from 50% and only 65% for Besides that also presentedbasic sanitation. There are still some samples of real activity70-100 million citizens of from WSES developmentIndonesia that havent received activist like Ully Sigar Rusadiproper water supply and envi- with her commitment to con-ronmental sanitation services. serve nature, Neni Sinta-While we have celebrate wardani with her dry toiletWorlds Water Day each year Source: Bowo Leksono innovation, and latest innova-for quite some time now, and tion plastic bag from cassavathere were many policies launched and promise told each year. produced by Dana Mitra Lingkungan. This celebration has become a routine. A change of attitude Other interesting article is about Law No 18/2008 onis needed so that we -governments, non governments, and com- waste management. This law is a government effort to provide amunity- can together change those celebrations into a start of better and healthier life warranty for Indonesian citizens. Thesomething meaningful. celebration of Environmental Day and Earth Day also shares The effect of each celebration is actually quite significant, but some portion with the hope that we all can make them an inspi-then each stakeholder is competing in celebrating them indivi- ration. As wise man say "Keeping the earth safe for a heritage todually, and accordingly, the follow ups was done individually our children." OM Percik August 2008 1
    • YOUR VOICE Insight Deepening Besar, it is very difficult to obtain infor- environment. The global issue that has mation regarding the environment. I am been brought in Percik is quite up to date, When covering the WSES working very interested in getting Percik maga- so we see it needed for us to access thegroup in Kabupaten Barru, Sulawesi zine. I hereby enclosed my address: Jl. magazine. Untung JunandarSelatan, I got three editions of Percik and Gurami No. 63a, RT 11 RW 04, Kelurahan Student Dormitory Kalimantan Barat Surakartasome brochures and a promise of the next Seketeng Sumbawa Besar (NTB) 84311. Jl. Anggur 1 No 15 Kerten Surakarta 57147editions. The magazine has deepened our Im really hoping to receive copies ofinsight to better know the WSES work Percik magazine. Thank you for your kind Dearest Pak Untung,group activities. The magazine and attention. Elementary schools in Kapubaten Mukhlis, STbrochure, after being read, were given as Sumbawa Besar - NTB Kepulauan Seribu and DKI Jakarta havea new collection to Iqra Reading Venue, a Dearest Pak Mukhlis, implemented green school in local con- We will immediately send copies ofcommunity reading venue we have estab- tent subject. Percik magazine.lished with several friends in KelurahanTuwung Kecamatan Barru Kabupaten Old Copies of Percik Elementary School thatBarru. Hopefully the reading can providebetter benefit to the community in under- implies Green School We are from French NGO in coopera-standing the importance of sanitation tion with Health Department, is interest-and environmental improvement. Im interested when reading Percik ed in acquiring old copies of Percik mag- For the future, Im hoping that our article in 2007 about green school. My azine, or even subscription, becausereading venue can receive every edition of question is, is there any elementary many data and articles that are relatedPercik, and other readings relating with school that practices it? with our focus (WASH, nutrition, etc).WSES to increase our collection. Thank Coincidentally Im a member of West Please give us the necessary for kind attention. Kalimantan student organization that has If it is needed, I can stop by at your office. programs in developing elementary edu- Thank You, Cheers! Badaruddin Amir Rayendra cation for undeveloped remote areas, Journalist of Education World magazine Assistan Head of Mission ACF Indonesia Education Agency of South Sulawesi Province especially in Kalimantan, that based on Office 6221 7220775 Founder of Iqra Reading Venue Mobile 0816 903793 Jl. Pramuka No. 108 Barru, South Sulawesi Province 90711 Ph 0427-322752, mobile: 081342138499 Dearest Pak Rayendra, Email: It will be better if you stop by to our office to collect old copies of Percik. Dear Mr. Badaruddin, We will try to send the WSES-relat- Percik magazinesing materials to the above address. for libraryThank you. Dearest Percik editors, Difficulties in Obtaining My name is Darman Eka Saputra, aEnvironmental Information teacher in SDN Sukaresmi Kampung Talaga RT 02/04 Desa Cigunungherang Dear Sir, Cikalongkulon Cianjur. Please send I am the alumni of environmental Percik magazine to us to add our libraryengineering of Sapta Taruna Techno- collection. Darman Eka Saputralogical University (Sekolah Tinggi Tekno- SDN Sukaresmi Kampung Talagalogi Sapta Taruna) of Jakarta. I have Cianjurread my friends Percik magazine ofNovember 2007 edition. Percik magazine Dearest Pak Darman,has become a very good source of obtai- We will send Percik magazine asning information regarding environment, requested. We hope it will be much of use.sanitation, etc. Where I live, Sumbawa Created by: Rudi Kosasih 2 Percik August 2008
    • M A I N R E P O RT KNOWING VARIOUS NETWORKPHILIPPINE ECOLOGICAL SANITATION NETWORK (PEN) College of Chemical Engineering/Environmental Engineering What is PEN? Program), donor agencies (German Technical Assistance/GTZ, PEN is an organized informal network consists of govern- Water and Sanitation Program-East Asia Pacific/ESP-EAP),ment institutions (of the central, legislative, local), donor NGOs (BNS-Borda), association (Solid Waste Managementagency, program/project, university and NGO. Association of the Philippines/SWAPP), companies (Manila Water Sewerage System/MWSS), projects (LWUA, ECO-ASIA-Establishment History Linaw Projects, Waste Water Projects, Sustainable Coastal On 2004, the 1st International Symposium on Low-cost Tourism/SCOTIA).Technology Options for Water Supply and Sanitation was held atBohol, Philippine, which during preparation encourages coopera- Current Roletion between stakeholders, starting from local government, cen- TSI 2008 launching was promoted by PEN. Furthermore,tral government, NGO, private sector, and academician. PEN also took role in developing the Program of Sustainable Ecosan was presented in the symposium. A working group Sanitation for East Asia (SuSEA) - Philippine Component Yearwas formed to prepare an initial draft of the action plan of activi- 2007-2010. SuSEA is a SIDA-funded project with the goal ofty management relating with knowledge transfer, ecosan pilot accelerating target achievement of MDGs water and sanitationproject, and establishment of PEN. targets in Indonesia and Philippine.Initial Act UGANDA WATER AND SANITATION NETWORK (UWASNET) PENs action was initiated when Clean Water Act of 2004 UWASNET is a national umbrella organization of the NGOImplementing Rules and Regulations are being compiled. Input and community-based organization in clean water and sanita-was needed on sanitation option other than conventional sanita- tion of Uganda. It was established in February 2000 with thetion, namely ecological sanitation (ecosan). Furthermore, PEN support of Directorate of Water Development (DWD), Danida,also held an important role of the promoter of Philippine Water Aid and a cooperation working group of 11 NGOs, to uti-Sanitation Summit 2007 in Manila. PEN also assisted the Health lize potency of NGO and community-based organization in theirDepartment to held Southern Philippine Sanitation Summit contribution of achieving the MDGs targets.2007. MottoThe Form of Organization Achieving clean water and sanitation access for all in Uganda On the early stage, PEN is still in the informal form and rep- through effective coordination, better collaboration, and strate-resents lenient advocation organization, but after two years, in gic partnership.consideration of increasing effectiveness, it was decided to for-malize and registered it to the authority as nonprofit organiza- Missiontion. Resource mobilization is expected to be optimized. UWASNET was established to strengthen coordination, Therefore, it was agreed to appoint several people as daily collaboration, and NGOs network and community-basedoperators to hold positions of president, vice president, secre- organization with other stakeholder in clean water and sanita-tary, treasurer, and monitoring agency. tion sector in Uganda.Member Vision Organizations that have officially become member are the Contributing in reducing poverty through increasing accesslegislative (House of Representatives Committee on Ecology), to clean water and sanitation through effective coordination ofgovernment institution (National Water Resources NGOs and community-based organization in the clean waterBoard/NWRB), Health Department, study center (Center for and sanitation sector of Uganda.Advanced Philippine Studies/CAPS), Institute for theDevelopment of Educational and Ecological Alter- Working Groupnatives/IDEAS), universities (UP-National Engineering Center, UWASNET consists of 4 Working Groups namely: Percik August 2008 3
    • M A I N F E AT U R E(i) Hygiene and Sanitation Working Group (HSWG), with the SuSana Purposegoal of encouraging dialog between stakeholders to increase Contributing in achieving MDGs targets through promo-awareness on hygiene and sanitation; (ii) Water and Sanitation tion of sustainable sanitationTechnologies Working Group (WSTWG), with the purpose to be Increasing awareness on sustainable sanitation solutiona media of exchanging ideas and experiences regarding proper and promoting the awareness in large scaletechnologies; (iii) Urban Water and Sanitation Working Group Demonstrating the important role of sanitation in achiev-(UWSWG), with the main purpose of encouraging better atten- ing the overall targets of MDGstion to the availability of clean water and sanitation for poor Changing the sanitation paradigm through promotingpeople in the urban area; and (iv) Water and Sanitation for reuse oriented sanitation approach without endangeringWomen and Children Working Group (WSWCWG), with the healthpurpose of encouraging attention to the interest of women andchildren in clean water and sanitation development. Main Focus Main focus of SuSana is to promote sustainable sanitationProgram and Project implementation in large scale water and sanitation program. In order to maximize the work result of Clean Water and Special ObjectivesSanitation NGO, UWASNET develops two main programs of: Collecting and compiling information that will help deci- 1. Coordination, Information and Network Program sion maker in assessing various sanitation systems and The purpose of this program is to accelerate effective coordi- technologies by taking sustainable criteria into considera-nation, collaboration, and network between clean water and tionsanitation NGO with other stakeholders. It is expected that Demonstrating reuse oriented sanitationUWASNET member will be able to influence and respond poli- Collecting and presenting sanitation best practices withcies, strategies, and implementations through the network and regard to TSI 2008information exchange. Identifying and illustrating mechanism to replicate sustain- The program objectives are (i) enabling the member to able sanitation implementation including funding instru-exchange ideas and experiences with other stakeholders regard- ment to provide pro-poor sanitationing policy, strategy, and implementation; (ii) providing informa- Develop vision of how sustainable development can con-tion focal point regarding UWASNET or other issues related tribute in achieving MDGswith clean water and sanitation; (iii) guarantee continuity of In order to obtain these special objectives, general road mapUWASNET. for TSI 2008 has been compiled. Activities related with the program are (i) involvement in thedecision-making process, (ii) contribution of article writing in The Form of Organizationthe mass media; (iii) managing center of data and information; SuSana is not a new organization, but more as unbinding(iv) providing consultancy service for the member; (v) publish- organization network that cooperates, with open and activeing routine newsletter. nature in promoting sustainable sanitation. SuSana is supported 2. Capacity Building Program by several thematic working groups. OM from various sources. The purpose of this program is to enhance NGO capacity inorder to establish independent, dynamic, and effective NGO net- PRINCIPLE SUMMARY OF SUSTAINABLE SANITATIONwork as the working partner of the government. Thus NGO isexpected to have an active role in achieving MDGs targets, havethe ability to respond government policy, and able to perform S everal "Bellagio Principles for Sustainable Sanitation" havethebeen known as years ago sustainable sanitation principles agreed by Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council on 5thinnovative activities of clean water and sanitation. Global Forum, November 2000, namely: (i) Human value, live quality and settlement environmental safety should be the basis of all sanitation approach.THE SUSTAINABLE SANITATION ALLIANCE (SUSANA) (ii) In line with the good governance principles, decision makingBasis of Establishment should involve participation of all stakeholders, especially cos- tumer and service provider. The main motivation of SuSana establishment was the UN (iii) Waste should consider to be resources and the managementGeneral Assembly decision to declare the Year 2008 as the should be integrated and become part of integrated waterInternational Sanitation Year, which followed in the year 2007 resources and waste management process. (iv) Overcoming sanitation problems should be done in minimumby various sanitation development organizations in establishing size as manageable (household, environment, city, catchmentopen sustainable sanitation network to support TSI 2008. area). (source: WSSCC). 4 Percik August 2008
    • MAIN REPORT WATER AND SANITATION (WATSAN) NETWORKINGT he network was established based on concerns of several par- ties that realized that the issue ofclean water and environmental sanitationare currently often being ignored andhave not become the attention and com-mitment of decision makers both innational or local level. On the other side, government policyin the WSES is not yet integrated. Manyprograms are overlapping; stakeholderswith WSES concern are still workingalone without cooperation, while thecommunity awareness with regards to theclean and healthy lifestyle is still consid-erably low. Signing agreement of Watsan Network establishment on October 8th, 2007 in Jakarta A more strategic coordination andintegration is required from various Network. This concept is the basis of (of governments, private and community)stakeholders to inter-coordinate and agreement of Network members on in the process of National development ofestablished bigger strength. Thus, a net- October, 8th 2007 and has become a that can communicate the need and mandate to be accomplished by the direc- Whereas the mission is to synergizeinterest of all parties is necessary so that tive teams. strategic and applicable programs througheach party may have place to be able to application of partnership principles,contribute and synergized to accelerate Name and Explanation of the cooperation development of WSES mana-goals achievements in the WSES develop- Network gement, capacity building of the instituti-ment. Watsan Network-INA is a forum to on and the human resources, and in- Since the first Watsan Network meet- synergized potencies of information, creasing the fund for WSES on February 27th, 2007 in Bappenas knowledge and communication betweenthat reached agreement to build stakeholders in cooperation that presents MembershipCommunication Network between stake- benefits for all parties. In general, the Network is open,holders in this sector, continued by a Vision of Watsan Network is to pre- inclusive, and independent; anyone canmore intensive meeting on July and sent the network as an effective forum of be the Network member:August 2007, a concept draft and strate- WSES communication and information Individual, open for individuals withgic directive of the future Watsan in supporting stakeholders participation any citizenship. Percik August 2008 5
    • MAIN REPORT Non Government Organization operational, assists by general secretary and Task Force (NGOs), independence organiza- task force, that runs the daily operation of The Task Force was established in tions, government organization, or the organization. consideration of several main issues of academicals institutions with the WSES context such as clean water, waste program and/or interest in the sec- Network Steering Committee management, sanitation, and clean and tors of education and environment. The committee is consist of 9 organi- healthy lifestyle. The four issues have International Organizations. zations that represent various parties, their own problems and management Projects/programs managed by go- namely government, NGOs, donor, uni- approach. In the basis of diversity, the vernment or non government. versity, companies, WSES project/pro- Task Force was established in order for gram team management of the following: every problem above to be able to beOrganizational Structure WSES working group, WASPOLA, JAS/- more focused. The Task Forces are Waste The organizational structure consists of GTZ, Air Kita/Europromocap IWAT, IHE Management Task Force (GTPS),(i) member as directives of the Network po- Indonesia, Plan Indonesia, ISSDP, Envi- Sanitation Task Force (GTS), Cleanlicy through the decision of the member ronmental Engineering Department of Water Task Force, and Health andmeeting; (ii) Steering Committee, with the Trisakti University, and Tirta Pakuan Hygiene Task Force.function of keeping the organization in line PDAM.with the need of the members; (iii) Chief of Work Program of the Network 1. Center of Information Sources Building Data Integration Program, MEMBER Knowledge Information, and WSES Program in the form of Data Base. 2. Capacity Building Program STEERING COMMITTEE Realizing community enforcement and empowerment in sustainable CHIEF OF OPERATIONAL WSES development through Of WSES Working Group (Oswar Mungkasa) capacity sharing between the Network members and related outside parties, through trai- ning/workshop/seminar through GENERAL SECRETARY methodology and best practices of TASK FORCE ISSDP (Syarif Puradimadja) WSES. CLEAN WATER: 3. Partnership Development Program Dit. PAM, Dep. PU Developing internal partnership (Bambang Purwanto) & between the member of the Network FORKAMI (Abdullah) BIDANG SECRETARIAT and external parties by establishing (Dini Haryati) & cooperation and good relation with DATA & INFORMATION: Air Kita (Indriati) SOLID WASTE MANAGE- Tim Pokja AMPL the parties outside the Watsan MENT: Network to support the above pro- DML (Kemal Taruc) ENFORCEMENT/CAPACITY grams. BUILDING Environmental Engineering Dept. Trisakti Univ. 4. Advocation SANITATION: (Rositayanti) & ISSDP (Eri Trinurini) Encourage the WSES issues to be a & Dit. PLP, Dep. PU ADVOCATION: priority of government and public by Waspola (Handy Legowo) (Sofyan Iskandar) & series of advocation activities invol- JAS (Manfred Oepen) ving various parties to build support, PARTNERSHIP: policy decision--making, campaign HEALTH AND HYGIENE: Dit. PL, Depkes Plan Indonesia & ESP strategy, and solution review of the (Alwis Rustam) (Zainal Nampira) WSES sector. 6 Percik August 2008
    • MAIN REPORTWaste Management Task Force(GTPS) To facilitate member of the Networkwith interest in the waste sector, SolidWaste Management Task Force (SWM-TF) was established. The Task Force ispart of the Watsan Network that repre-sents a forum to synergize potencies ofinformation, knowledge, and communi-cation between WSES Network membersin the waste sector in cooperation thatbenefits all parties. SWM-TF coordinator, who is alsoExecutive Director of Dana MitraLingkungan (DML), Kemal Taruc, toPercik said that focus of the Task Force is Solid Waste Management Task Force-Watsan Network held workshop of "Community Based Solid Waste Management" on 16-17 January 2008 in Jakarta. Source: Bowo solid waste manage-ment in small scale. While for the strate- waste management represents important Sanitation Task Force (GTS)gic objectives, Kemal said, is integration effort that requires public acknowledge- GTS coordinator, Eri Trinurini Adhiof data, information, knowledge, and pro- ment and political support (which means said that, as for other Task Forces, thosegram of SWM-TF, site availability as the budget, policy, etc.). "Not just a hobby of who involved in GTS are organizations andfacility to access qualify information for solid waste managers in the RT-RW, individuals that have interest in sanitationall WSES Network members in general kelurahan, or housing complex, as it is issues, both for organizations or indivi-and SWM-TF especially, and realization currently." duals interests. "An organization or indivi-of community enforcement and empo- dual may join more than one Task Force."werment in sustainable solid waste ma- SWM-TF Activities GTS is currently continues to seeknagement. Until date, SWM-TF has performed memberships. Unlike solid waste issue, various activities, such as Community the sanitation (waste water) issue is not Membership Based Solid Waste Management Work- yet touched by many organizations. Member of the Task Force is indivi- shop in mid January 2008. Accordingly Nevertheless, sanitation awareness hasduals or organizations such as DML, ESP, with togetherness spirit of the Watsan gained more attention from organiza-Mercy Corps, etc., which are also part of Network, the activity was held by syner- tions, either specifically, or together withWatsan Network. According to Kemal, gizing many parties, among others are other relevant issues, such as clean waterthe involved parties in SWM-TF are all JBIC and Mercy Corps. and environment, health and education.executors, observers, fans, commenta- Recently, SWM-TF held meeting attors, critics, decision makers, decision ESP office to discuss Solid Waste Ma- GTS Activitiesexecutors, decision proposer, people with nagement Law that has been legalized by In principle, Watsan Network is aconcern. "Everything is open for everyone the Legislative on early April 2008. The communication network. Thus, open andwho interested in community-based solid focus was not looking at every section of sustainable communication of all stake-waste management". the Law, but more at law and regulations holders is a necessity. SWM-TF initiated cooperation in the that were mandated, especially govern- Inter-organization cooperation ofform of information exchange through ment regulations. members or other organization outsidemailing list and site, and information that "In the future, aside than meetings, Watsan Network is customary for GTS tocan be exchanged between members, and which basically is inviting one another run its mission; one example is the sim-off course, opportunity to broaden part- for activities which was initiated by one plified sewerage workshop that was heldnership network and everything else that of the members, a general activity is recently in May 2008. The workshopmay came up from the Task Force. going to be held, and is currently wait- represents cooperation between National According to Kemal, the public activi- ing for the most appropriate form," Sanitation Technical Team, ISSDP, WSP-ty in the form of community-based solid Kemal said. EAP and Sanitation Task Force. Percik August 2008 7
    • MAIN REPORT Here, GTS has a role of executor of the with organization, program and individ- Department, a Workshop of Communityactivity with Sanitation Technical Team ual with commitment to the sanitation Based Total Sanitation was held in Bogor.and ISSDP as steering committee. GTS is development. "The work programs The opportunity was also used as thealso actively providing support to the among others are compiling data base of launching moment of Health andDitJen Cipta Karya of Public Work the Task Force members, conduct Hygiene Task Force, one of the TaskDepartment during International research, and held workshops." Forces under Watsan Network. The TaskSanitation Year 2008 and World Water Force is under coordination ofDay. Health and Hygiene Task Force Directorate Environmental Health, According to Eri, the focus of GTS is (GTKH) Health Department.learning exchange between stakeholders WSES development is not merely In the STBM workshop it was alsoon the approach and approach models of focus on the physical development, but presented the draft of STBM Nationalcurrently developing rural and urban sa- also behavior changes that presents an Strategy by Kasubdit Water Health, whonitation. "So far, there are many models inseparable part. Currently, WSES stake- is also coordinator of Health and Hygieneexisted, especially the developing on site holders are active on encouraging beha- Task Force, Zainal Nampira. There are 6model, however, it is still in a plot pro- vior changes through Community Based component of strategy, namely creatingject." Total Sanitation (STBM). To avoid over- conducive environment, increasing need, Learning between programs is impor- lapping programs, STBM activities need increasing supply, knowledge manage-tant to encourage new innovation. Fur- to be synergized. Through the Watsan ment, funding, monitoring and evalua-thermore, GTS encourages the developed Network, GTKH represents a forum to tion. The National Strategy is also com-model to be adapted by broader area and by increase synergy of WSES development pleted by work plan and indicator.other stakeholders and the government. through STBM. Synergized steps are GTS objective, said Eri, who is also expected to be more effective and effi- Activity Planappointed as the Assistant for Team cient. Activity of the Health and HygieneManager of the ISSDP, is establishment Therefore, on 26-27 May 2008, by Task Force is currently focused on theof the data center and good cooperation coordination of Bappenas and Health Community Based Total Sanitation. There are five main pillars of the STBM activities, which are Open Defecation Free (ODF), Washing Hands Using the Soap (CTPS), Household Clean Water Managament (PAM RT), Household Waste Water Management, and Household Solid Waste Management. For the year 2008, from April to December, series of related activities will be performed by the Health and Hygiene Task Force; starting from facilitating STBM activity, providing guidelines, to facilitating sanitation clinic on the local level. In the future, Health and Hygiene Task Force is expected to be able to pro- vide real contribution in the WSES deve- lopment in Indonesia, especially in the STBM activity. Active participation of the Health and Hygiene Task Force in the STBM activity is expected to decrease the mortality number by diarrhea and other sanitation-related diseases in Indonesia. "Simplified Sewerage" discussion, held by Sanitation Task Force-Watsan Network in the Public Work BW/DH. Department, Friday, April 25th 2008. Source: Bowo Leksono. 8 Percik August 2008
    • I N T E R N AT I O N A L S A N I TAT I O N Y E A R Around International Sanitation Year The declaration of International Sanitation Year on March 27th by Minister of Public Works, made quite an effect. Some districts had done follow ups by celebra- ting International Sanitation Year with various activities. THE DECLARATION OF PUBLIC WORK PROJECT IN BALI PROVINCEA s a part of the declaration of International Sanitation Year, in June 14th, the Department ofPublic Works held a series of activities in Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono didampingi Menteri Pekerjaan Umum Djoko Kirmanto meresmikanDenpasar, Bali. Starting with award given proyek-proyek infrastruktur pekerjaan umum dan penyerahan bantuan langsung Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Mandiri serta kredit usaha rakyat untuk Provinsi Bali di the Minister of Public Works to the Foto: Repro Kompas.winner of children speech and painting DECLARATION OF INTERNATIONALcompetition with save water and environ- Without proper SANITATION YEAR IN NANGROE ACEHment as theme. Then continued by decla- sanitation then DARUSSALAM (NAD)ration of Denpasar Sewerage tourism After 2004 tsunami, many things hadDevelopment Project (DSDP) and Trash- will never develop. changed in NAD, including WSES devel-Track Tukad Badung and Tukad Mati by opment. This condition is related with thethe President. abundant support from donors and NGOs DSDP has started soon after the acci- that provides basic needs such as waterdent that causes some Japanese Tourists The development of Trash-Track is meant to supply, sanitation, and waste manage-in Bali to suffer dysentery, therefore capture and extract the garbage found in the ment. Knowing this, the governor of NADreducing Japanese Tourists up to 50 per- river. Hopefully this effort will help reducing through Surat Keputusan Nocent. Hopefully, after DSDP is built then environment quality degradation caused 699/66/2008 establish Tim Koordinasithe quality of water environment will by throwing garbage to the river. Penyelenggara Program Nasional AMPLimprove. Therefore, the image of Bali The declaration of these two projects or known as WSES working group. Thetourism will be better. is meant to remind us that sanitation and presence of this working group hopefully Other fact that degrades the environ- tourism is closely related. This sentence is will give aid to synergize WSES develop-mental quality is the people still consider said by the President in his speech that ment in NAD.river as a garbage disposal place. This condi- tourism no longer consist only 4 Ss, sun, As a part of WSES working grouption causes shallow rivers and flood. sand, sea, smile, but also consist sanita- socialization in NAD, NAD government inCommunity health level is degrading and tion. Without proper sanitation then cooperation with UNICEF, BRR, and GTZenvironmental esthetics is also bothered. tourism will never develop. OM Percik August 2008 9
    • I N T E R N AT I O N A L S A N I TAT I O N Y E A Rheld the Launching of International laration of World Water Day andSanitation Year 2008 and Building WSES International Sanitation Year on May DiharapkanWorking Group Program in Banda Aceh 29th 2008, in Kabupaten Kendal. Tahun Sanitasion June 12th 2008. This meeting was The event consist series of activities Internasionalopened by the District Assistant of NAD such as Water and Sanitation Workshop, menjadi bagian dariProvince, attended by donors, NGOs, attended by over 300 participants from kepedulian masyarakatrelated department, and mass media. secara umum, Central Java, Water and SanitationBeside socializing Governors Decision on bukan hanya pemerintah Poster Competition, Coloring andWSES Working Group, a socialization of saja. Drawing themed "Healthy Environment"Community Based WSES Development participated by 60 children. And also isby WSES Working Group is also held in held an exhibition themed water and san-the same occasion. Further more, Hopefully International Sanitation Year is itation.Mardan from Solok WSES Working not only becomes the concern of the govern- The main event is signed by theGroup has the opportunity to explain his ment, but the people as well. (Sofyan) speech and declaration, followed withexperience in implementing WSES policy tree planting by the Governor of Centralin his region. The event is closed by the DECLARATION OF WORLD WATER DAY Java. The Governor emphasizes theexplanation of Sanitation System AND INTERNATIONAL SANITATION YEAR importance of water supply by conservingImplementation Guide by the GTZ. IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE. and environmental sanitation. (SBR) C The interesting part is, in the corner entral Java Government byof the main road is installed a big bally- Dinas Kimpraswil, PSDA, WSES WSES COORDINATION MEETING ANDhoo and advertisement about this event. Working group in cooperation DECLARATION OF INTERNATIONAL in UNICEF and WASPOLA held the dec- SANITATION YEAR IN NUSA TENGGARA BARAT PROVINCE I n Lombok Raya Hotel Mataram on May 22nd-23rd 2008, is held WSES Coordination Meeting and Declaration of Internal Sanitation Year in Nusa Tenggara Barat Province. This is probably the first coordination meeting in Indonesia that is held by Province Government through its WSES Working Group that invites related agencies from each district/city. In this event, an open- ing speech and declaration of Inter- national Sanitation Year is done by the head of NTB Bappeda, Lalu Faturrah- man. Several agendas of International Sanitation Year have been prepared. In this Coordination Meeting is done some main agendas such as district Strategic Plan Finalization, and establishment ofGubernur provinsi Jawa Tengah Ali Mufiz menanam pohon menandai Deklarasi Hari Air Dunia dan Tahun WES UNICEF work plan. (OM) Sanitasi Internasional. Foto: Sobari.10 Percik August 2008
    • I N T E RV I E W Networking to develop WSES In 8 October 2007, around 40 institutions consist of government, international institutions, NGOs, related project, universi- ties, PDAM, regulatory committee and profession association have reach mutual agreement in establishing Watsan Network. The network consists of nine Directive Team, namely WSES Working Group, WASPOLA, JAS/GTZ, Air Kita/Europromocap IWAT, IHE Indonesia, Plan Indonesia, ISSDP, Environmental Engineering of Trisakti University, and PDAM Tirta Pakuan. The following is review summary of each directive team on the necessity of Watsan Network and their expectancies. Why is it important to build the What is next for Watsan What is expected from Watsan Watsan Network? Network? Network? Establishment of the Watsan Currently, the Network is still in the Many hopes are set for the Network. Network is initiated by concern of several informal nature because it is not yet Several roles to be expected among oth- parties who realize that WSES issues are legally registered in the notary or in the ers are (i) improve coordination of WSES currently not the priority, thus receive only Law Department and Human Right. This development in Indonesia; (ii) become minor attention and commitment from was done in purpose to provide opportuni- the resource center including the supply the decision makers. ty to all members of the Network to per- forum of advocacy materials; (iii) focal form first in this forum. After two or three point of the WSES development in years we will discuss the formal form of Indonesia; (iv) become the front guard of the Network. Even though, we have pre- public campaign. All of the above pared the budget and code ethic of the expectancies are build to answer issuesOswar Mungkasa Network, including form of the organiza- of WSES development in Indonesia such (WSES Working tion. As we know, there are four Task as (i) WSES data that are not in correla- Group) Forces in the Network (solid waste man- tion with one another; (ii) difficulties in agement task force/SWM-TF, sanitation obtaining information regarding WSES task force/GTS, health and hygiene task learning and best practices; (iii) there are force, and clean water task force) under many executors of WSES development coordination of vice chief of the operator, with seemingly lack of coordination and four working fields (data and infor- among WSES stakeholders; (iv) public mation, capacity building, partnership campaign that have not got proper atten- development, communication and avoca- tion. tion) under coordination of the general secretary. These fields support the activi- ty of each task force. Supervision is con- ducted by the directive committee con- sists of nine institutions of whom are the founders of the Network. In near date, we will start to compile the work plan for the year 2009, while for the year 2008 still in urgent situation, thus the activities are still sporadic. It is important to develop WSES sec- WASPOLA is committed to encourage As a complete forum of stakehold- tors network in the framework of accele- the process of knowledge sharing ers, the Network is expected to be acce- rating policy reform of the WSES sectors between stakeholders, including facilita- leration media of adoption and imple- toward effective, accurate, and sustain- ting meetings and information swap; mentation of the National Policies, espe- able WSES services. Relation and com- especially on capacity building, institutio- cially the ones of community based, and munication between stakeholders in the nal reform, and rising awareness. also become the sharing media, as well Network will establish commitment on as pressure advocacy on commitment of WSES development acceleration, includ- various parties in the WSES develop- ing more obvious, transparent, and ment. accountable role division. Gary D. Swisher (WASPOLA) Percik August 2008 11
    • I N T E RV I E W Why is it important to build the What is next for Watsan What is expected from Watsan Watsan Network? Network? Network? WSES sectors in Indonesia are still Coordination of activities, data com- We, as the member of the Network, being ignored in term of investment, re- piling, developing training modules, hopes there will be a good coordination. gulation, policies, and public awareness. research, establishing legal issues, tech- We are looking forward to cooperate in In the Watsan Network, commitment is nical standards, etc. Furthermore, esta- the funding and establishing activities by required professionally. Therefore, our blishing cooperation with policy makers taking strategy into consideration. commitment is needed as the form of of various sectors such as politics and Cooperation is also established to assist our concern on clean water and sanita- economies. the ignored WSES sectors. tion. Manfred (JAS) For foreign institutions wanting to I want to try to change the way of I dont want anything. I just want to assist the environment sector in Indonesian people thinks, because their help, I dont expect anything. Indonesia is currently facing difficulties image abroad requires improvement. I and lack of coordination. We dont know want to try to motivate donors, syner- which partner to choose, is it the Health gized, and improve credibility. Department, Bappenas, Public Work Department, or PDAM? The Watsan Network is the most current and effective tool. Didier Perez (Air Kita Europromacap/IWAT) A step for the interest of the public Donate thoughts and ideas. Because I hope the Network will be able to can not be done individually or alone. We the Network has program of capacity build a new environment-oriented cul- have to think together and walk together building of the Watsan Network, in this ture. Full devotion and attention for the sustainably, although the awareness case focus on the capacity sharing among sustainability of the environment free of must come from each different indivi- members of the Network and other rela- pollution. In the future, the Watsan dual. ted parties outside the Network through Network is more integrated and sustain- seminar, workshop, dialogue, thematic able. discussion, and review; and distributing experience, review, strategy, and best Jan Yap practices of the WSES. (IHE) Due to the limited resources/fund in Strengthen partnership and sharing WSES implementation in Indonesia improving the quality and coverage of of lesson learned with other institutions in will be more integrated, and strengthen WSES activities in Plan Indonesia. the WSES sector in improving WSES pro- each other and avoid overlaps of imple- gram in the Plan area. mentation strategies.Tofik Rochman (Plan Indonesia)12 Percik August 2008
    • I N T E RV I E W Why is it important to build the What is next for Watsan What is expected from Watsan Watsan Network? Network? Network? To establish and develop effective There 3 focus activities: partnership Better understanding between all two-ways communication of all mem- development, capacity building, and stakeholders of WSES sector in bers and stakeholders to improve the communication improvement thro- order to realize more beneficial service of clean water and environmen- ugh advocacy and development and actions. tal improvement. Through communica- strengthening of WSES data bank. Support activities and programs tion raft in the form of Network will make There is also sectoral program focus between governments and non go- it very possible to establish synergy and in the sector of solid waste sanitation vernments in order to realize more commitment in uniting a more focus task force development and beha- consolidated social objectives. vision. vior changes in the effort of provi- Establish mapping of various activi- ding a more efficient and effective ties in the same field of different Syarif service. sector and area in order to under- Puradimadja stand the base line to be use as feed (ISSDP) back in compilation of policy and strategy reconsolidation of the WSES development in the national level. Support for the program strengthen- ing on the goverment side to have a workable program and political sup- port for funding . The establishment of harmoniza- tion, cooperation, and collaboration amoung stakeholder infocusing the propure target services. In order to provide clearer direction, Compile, execute, and evaluate Acquiring synergy and broader part- accurate, and vast coverage of all WSES WSES activities accordingly with the nership in conducting the WSES activi- activities executed by the member. capacity and work program of ties in the Environmental Engineering Furthermore, through the Network, the Environmental Engineering Dept. of Dept. of Trisakti Univ. WSES issues are expected to obtain Trisakti Univ. more attention in the National policies. Rositayanti (EnvironmentalEngineering Dept. of Trisakti Univ.) Watsan Network is really important Provide ideas, innovation, experience Latest training and information of as communication and socialization or best practices in the WSES sector to the WSES sector. media regarding activities of clean water improve WSES in the National level. and environmental improvement, for all WSES perpetrator, practitioner, academi- cian, and public. Henry Darwin(PDAM Tirta Pakuan Kota Bogor) BW Percik August 2008 13
    • R E G U L AT I O N Law No 18 Year 2008 On Solid Waste ManagementS ince 2003, community that long for clean and healthy environment is waiting for law on solid waste. The long wait is finally over. On April, 9th 2008, Draft Law(Rancangan Undang-undang- RUU) regarding Solid WasteManagement is approved by Plenary Meeting of DewanPerwakilan Rakyat (DPR) of Republic of Indonesia. The law that was academic paper of Environmental Ministryteam is Law No 18 Year 2008 on Solid Waste Management. TheLaw represents government effort in providing guarantee ofhealthy and clean life for the Indonesian.Background of Solid Waste Management Law Along with the growing population, solid waste is also con-tinues to increase. However, solid waste increment is not mere-ly on volume but also in type and quality. Meanwhile, currentsolid waste management method is still using the old final dis-posal (Tempat Pembuangan Akhir - TPA). Various problems present not just in matter of cleanlinessand environmental pollution, but also in social aspect of frictionamong community surrounding the TPA. Coarsely, almost allcities in Indonesia, no matter big or small, do not have goodsolid waste management. Most treatment is with the same management of collect-transport-dispose; a classic arrangement that should be endedbecause it was proven to have flaws and tends to have negativeeffect. Not just for the environment, but also for the people livingsurrounding TPA. Source: Bowo Leksono Surely we remember explosion disaster in TPA Leuwigajah,Cimahi, Jawa Barat that harmed hundreds of people. Not to ples of reduce, reuse, recycle, recover.mention conflict of community around the location of integrat-ed solid waste management (tempat pengolahan sampah ter- Solid Waste Management Revolutionpadu - TPST) Bojong, Bogor, Jawa Barat or TPA Bantar Gebang The term was initiated by Environmental Minister RachmatBekasi that often appear in mass media. There are also solid Witoelar who said that Solid Waste Management Law representswaste problems in other cities. This is not only impacted one solid waste management revolution, with which hopefully soon,city, but also interrelated between cities. community will have clean and healthy environment. Therefore, it is very important that solid waste law to be As in Section 4 saying that "Solid waste management isissued. By issuance of Solid Waste Management, it is expected aimed in improving communitys health and environmentalthat good, proper, healthy, safe, and environmentally-friendly quality while treating solid waste as resources."solid waste management will be realized. One important issue By application of the Solid Waste Management Law, sinceregulated in this Law is paradigm changes in the solid waste legalization in the lembaran Negara, solid waste managementmanagement, from currently just collecting, transporting, and in Indonesia is arranged in new paradigm. All parties aredisposing to TPA, into solid waste management with 4Rs princi- responsible, no matter community, government, or solid waste14 Percik August 2008
    • R E G U L AT I O Nrelated-stakeholders. As known, so far, in managing solid waste, most communityis still using the approach method of collect-transport-dispose.The new paradigm sees solid waste as resources with economi-cally value, for example to be used as energy, compos, fertilizer,or industrial raw material.Solid Waste Management Responsibility In this Law, government is not the only one who responsibleon the solid waste problems. Community (household) and pri-vate sector (solid waste producer) are also obliged to managesolid waste accordingly with the Law. This arrangement can be found in Section 12 verse (1) saying"Everyone in managing solid waste of household and household-alike are obliged to reduce and manage solid waste in environ-mental-oriented method." While Section 13 says "Managers of housing area, commer-cial area, industrial area, special area, public facility, social faci-lity, and other facility are obliged to provide solid waste separa-tion facility." In other words, the Law forces community to recycle in solidwaste management. Those who do not manage their solid wastewill be sanctioned accordingly with the regulation. Other interesting thing regarding the Law is regarding regu-lations for producers, such as Section 14 and 15. As obligation forthe community, producers also obliged to manage packing of theproduct that cannot or difficult to be disintegrated. Governmentwill apply punishment and reward mechanism to the companiesthat violated and do not manage their solid waste. No exceptionto the community, both as individual or as community. Source: Bowo LeksonoResponsibility of the Local Government manage solid waste within their area. Before Law No. 18 Year 2008, there are no firm regulatory In Section 5, "Government and local government are respon-standards regarding solid waste management in all sible to guarantee good and environmentally-oriented solidkabupaten/kota or province in Indonesia. Every kabupaten/kota waste management accordingly with the purpose as meant inholds their local regulations, which cause different solid waste this Law."management. Clean and healthy condition of an area from solid waste It is worsen by the fact that local governments are trapped in problems is solely depends on intention and interest of the lead-retribution and sanctions issues to increase local revenue, more ers. Monitoring of the solid waste management is arranged inthan the responsibility of managing solid waste for greater good. bertingkat as mentioned in Section 30 verse (1) and (2). Series of Through this Law, basic concept regarding solid waste ma- obligations for government and local governments regardingnagement improvement can be realized in quick manner, cer- solid waste management is included in the first law of solidtainly after the issuance of government regulation as guidance to waste management.execute the Law. It will then followed by local regulation with All parties hopes, off course, that by taking this law intothe framework of higher regulations. action, solid waste problems of this country will be able to be In writing, Solid Waste Management Law forces local go- reduced. In the future, hopefully, Indonesia will be a countryvernment to manage solid waste, unless they want to be perse- that is no longer worry about solid waste, but in contrary, able tocuted or sanctioned. The regulation obliged local government to provide job creation from the solid waste management. BW Percik August 2008 15
    • INSIGHT Solid Waste Management Technology in PLTSa Gede By Sandhi Eko Bramono, S.T., MEnvEngSc. *)S olid Waste Power Plant Gede Bage that will be built at Kabupaten Bandung apparently has caused pros and cons in the development plan. Part of the communityrejected while the other part accepted, despite the issuance ofvisibility study of the PLTSa operation by team from InstitutTeknologi Bandung (ITB). Community has a right to know which process will be appliedin PLTSa, considering that solid waste management may alsocause sensitivity of social friction. Inaccurate or even misleadinformation can be boomerang to the government in the appli-cation of the PLTSa. Despite the current pros and cons, community needs toknow that the treatment that will be applied in PLTSa Gede Bageis an integrated treatment. The treatment will not merely burn A banner contains support for PLTSa Gede Bage development in front ofthe solid waste, but will also generate products of electricity, Balubur Market, Bandung. Source: Exclusiveusable ash, and job creation. On the other hand, if the operationis not conducted properly, environmental damage may rise in Furthermore, IPS main purpose is to treat solid waste, not to gener-the local and regional level which will have to be paid with a high ate electricity. Electricity product or other usable product will onlysocial cost by the community. represent side products of the solid waste treatment itself. By using the term IPS, the function of solid waste treatment will be more gen-PLTSa Term eral, which is to treat/manage the solid waste. The term was created due to the energy generation processfrom the treated solid waste in the PLTSa. The term is actually Controlled Combustionquite risky, considering the high chance of incapability of solid The technology used by PLTSa Gede Bage is controlled com-waste treatment that will generate electricity economically. This bustion. PLTSa is designed to treat the capacity of 500 ton/dayis understandable, due to the high water content of solid waste or equal with the service of 850 thousand people of Kotain Indonesia (which approximately may reach 60-80 percent), Bandung. While the solid waste generated in Kota Bandung withthat will decrease caloric and energy value that can be generated 2.6 million people (in the year 2007) is around 1,600 ton/day.from the solid waste. In this case, PLTSa Gede Bage will treat approximately 30 For example, during the rainy season, where the water con- percent solid waste generated by Kota Bandung every day. Thetent of the solid waste is higher, the chance of PLTSa to generate Government of Kota Bandung is still have to find ways to treatelectricity will be decreased, and PLTSa may consume more the other 70 percent of the solid waste that are not managed byenergy in order to treat the solid waste. the PLTSa. In the infrastructure term in relation with the above, there Solid waste from the solid waste disposal locations, such asare Water Treatment Installation (Instalasi Pengolahan Air - settlements, commercial, offices, industrials, until tourismIPA) and Waste Water Treatment Installation (Instalasi areas, will be transported by garbage truck. Solid waste collect-Pengolahan Air Limbah - IPAL). ing which is normally done by garbage cart will be then trans- In order to maintain consistency, why not named it as Solid ported to the Temporary Disposal Point (Lokasi PenampunganWaste Treatment Instalation (Instalasi Pengolahan Sampah - IPS)? Sementara - LPS).16 Percik August 2008
    • INSIGHT Garbage trucks will transport the collected solid waste to tionary sources, including incinerator.PLTSa Gede Bage to be treated. There are zoning of solid waste Main standard of pollutants are particulate (must be lessservices of which will be treated by PLTSa, while the rest that than 350 mg/m3), nitrogen oxide in the form of nitrogen diox-have not included in the service area will be transported to the ide (must be less than 1000 mg/m3), sulfuric oxide in the formFinal Disposal (Tempat Pembuangan Akhir - TPA) of Kota of sulfuric dioxide (must be less than 800 mg/m3), and smokeBandung. density known as opacity (must be less than 35 percent). Solid waste that will be treated in PLTSa is collected in a All solid waste combustion operating in Indonesia must referlarge temporary solid waste bin, with the role such as reservoir. to the regulation, to be able to provide relatively minimum envi-The solid waste will be placed there for 2-3 days, to guarantee ronmental impact on human health, accordingly with the stan-continuous and constant supply to PLTSa. Without the bin, solid dard set by the Government of Indonesia.waste supply will fluctuate, sometimes there will be plenty ofsolid waste, and sometimes there will only be small volume of Environmental Impactwaste. This must be avoided to maintain process performance. All human activities are guaranteed to provide environmen- After collected in the bin, solid waste will be milled to ensure tal impact, either favorable or adverse for environment.uniform and smaller size prior to the combustion chamber. After Improper PLTSa operation in term of the applied technical andbeing milled, solid waste will be transported into the combustion law principles will cause PLTSa to be new pollutant source thatchamber with the temperature of 600-800 Celsius degree to will endanger health of both human and environment.reduce solid waste volume into ashes with residual volume of Impact of the untreated disposed gas will be dangerous aironly 10 percent. The process will then continue with the second pollutant. However, if PLTSa is properly operated, solid wastecombustion chamber with temperature of 800-1000 Celsius problems will be well overcome, with job fields that will absorbdegree to guarantee gas perfection as the result of combustion of plenty of workers, solid waste experts will be able to practicethe first combustion chamber. their knowledge in order to solve solid waste havoc in Indonesia, In the combustion chambers, solid waste is also blown from able to produce electricity and ashes that can be used as roadbelow and above by air supply and also moved by some kind of aggregates, without having to sacrifice environment.stoker to mix solid waste, air, and fire in the combustion cham- In other words, PLTSa can be boomerang for the environ-ber. The ash produced by the combustion process in both cham- ment, but can also be environment rescuer. It is up to thebers will be collected in the bottom part of the combustion Government of Kota Bandung and the community to providechambers, and transported by a conveyor to be collected in se- active role in the success of PLTSa operation.parated place, and disposed in TPA. Among pros and cons of PLTSa Gede Bage development, it is Approximately 90 percent of solid waste volume has con- important for us to see good intention of Kota Bandungverted into gas which may still contain dangerous pollutant. Government in their serious effort to manage solid waste.Therefore, the produced gas is flowed into air pollution control Numbers of technologies have been applied in the past, we haveunit to decrease the content of particulates, carbon monoxide to admit that they have not succeeded in managing solid waste(CO), sulfuric oxide (SOx), nitrogen oxide (NOx), and various in this city, that once receive predicate of the dirtiest city fromheavy metals (Hg, Cu, Zn, etc.) Environmental Ministry, due to the solid waste emergency in the Particulates will be trapped by cyclone and wet scrubber that year 2006.will trap particulate centrifugally by contact with water. This As far as there is serious effort from Kota Bandungprocess will remove up to 90 percent particulates. Gases such as Government, professional operation of PLTSa, and objectiveSOx, NOx, and heavy metals will be removed in both air pollu- and honest scientific review regarding readiness level of techni-tion control devices. cal-technological-socio-economy-cultural sectors of PLTSa Gede Removal performance of pollutants is enhanced by bag Bage, why should we not ready to see PLTSa as new break-house filter that will filter residual particle, thus quality of the through in the solid waste world of Indonesia?disposed gas will be better. CO gas will be controlled in the com-bustion chamber with temperature control, control of air being *) writer is a doctoral program student in Division ofblown, and also a more intensive solid waste mixing. Environmental Science and Engineering, National University of From the eye of the law in Indonesia, controlled solid waste Singapore (NUS), Singapore.combustion known as incineration refers to KABAPEDAL Writer contact: sandhieb@yahoo.comDecree No 03/BAPEDAL/09/1995 on emission standard for sta- Percik August 2008 17
    • INSIGHT Iron (Fe) and Manganese (Mn) Content of Underground Water By: Ir. Iyus Yusup customer. The article may suit more as information regarding quantity condition of the raw water that is more and more limit- KaSubag. Water Quality Laboratorium PDAM Tirta Bumi Wibawa Kota Sukabumi ed, caused by more scarce and more polluted surface water that eventually people are looking for raw water alternatives, in the city area in particular, of underground water (well). From the writers experience in conducting research, test, and analysis of the underground water, either physically, chemi- cally, or bacteriologic, underground water is very similar with the surface water in term of water capacity and quality. Well water capacity decreased quickly during the dry season, and cu- rrent quality is relatively polluted. In the picture we can see that well water is physically clear during sampling, however, after chemical test, the sample contains relatively high Iron (Fe) and Manganese (Mn), and not qualified as clean water/drinking water. Pollution indication, as far as the writer knows, especially from bacteriologic analysis, is always show numbers of Coli and Eschericia Coli bacteria. The same with chemical parameters that always show content of Iron (Fe) and Manganese (Mn), with different concentration depends on sampling locations. Absence of Iron and Manganese components in the water is usually followed by content of other chemical components that still in compliance with the standard of clean/drinking water, which means that the raw water is relatively not polluted in term of chemical. Theoretically, Iron content is usually quite common in Staff of PDAM Tirta Bumi Wibawa Kota Sukabumi is collecting raw water in the underground water, which is not the case for Manganese compo- treatment location. Source: Exclusive. nent. However, Iron content usually followed by Manganese content. Water contains Iron and Manganese can still be used asS urvey and analysis of new raw water source quest for cus- clean water if the concentration is still under the maximum stan- tomer consumption must always consider aspects in dard allowed (see: Table). relation with water quality, other than maximum water MAXIMUM CONCENTRATION OF IRON AND MANGANESE INcapacity (debit). Quality consideration will provide information CLEAN/DRINKING WATERregarding the nature of raw water physically, chemically, or bac-teriological, that may cause problems in customers health, or No Parameter Minimum/maximum Standardincrement of cost production because the water requires Drinking water Clean wateradvance quality improvement. 1. pH (acidity level) 6,5 - 8,5 6,5 - 8,5 2. Iron Level (ppm) 0,3 1,0 In this article, the writer will only discuss consideration with 3. Manganese Level (ppm) 0,1 0,5regards to raw water collection in relation with underground 4. Visually Clear Clearwater (well) quality for consumption/distribution/sale to the Source: SK. Menkes No. 907/Menkes/SK/2002 for Clean Water and Drinking Water18 Percik August 2008
    • INSIGHT It can also be explained that Iron andManganese elements are in the form of Matrix of Iron elements form in the waterminerals that originally not dissolved Total Iron(Fe3+ and Mn4+), thus anaerobic condi-tion in the soil (low oxygen) of the ele-ments will be reduced into valented ion ofFe2+ and Mn4+ thus dissolved in the Iron II Iron IIIwater (see: Matrix of Iron elements formin the water). From several research literatures,Fe2+ and Mn4+ can be compounded with Free Complex Form FreeBicarbonate, Sulfur, and HydrogenSulfide (H2S), thus from aesthetic aspect,especially color and odor, is less attractive Deposit Dissolved Mineral Complex Organic Complex Depositand complained by water user. - FeS2 - Fe2+ - Silikat - Asam humus - Fe(OH)3 Iron and Manganese elements with - FeCO3 - FeOH+ - Fosfat - Asam fulfik - Otherrelatively large concentration (mg/l) in - Fe(OH)2 Depositthe water will provide the following Dissolved/dispersed Ironimpacts on individual, industrial, or com- (escaped from filter)panys water supply system: Deposit Iron (trapped in the filter) 1. Will cause clogging in the pipe installation system caused directly by iron deposit, and indirectly by unpleasant odor and taste will also metal taste or medicine odor. iron bacteria. These bacteria will occur in the water. 3. In ion exchanger process, Iron and increase friction (losses) which in 2. Iron and Manganese elements in Manganese deposit will clog or cover turn will increase energy require- large concentration of some mg/l ion exchange media (resin) that will ment. If degradation occurs, (parts per million/ppm) will cause cause losses of ion exchange capaci- ty. 4. Causing complaints from the cos- tumer (as in red water case) when Iron and Manganese deposit accu- mulated in the pipe is re-suspended caused by debit or pressure incre- ment in the distributing pipe, thus deposit will be carried to the cus- tomer. 5. Iron and Manganese elements will cause unclear appearance on the water and leaving stain on clothes that were washed by this water, thus is least expected by the water user. 6. Leaving brownish stain caused by Iron element and blackish stain caused by Manganese element in the tub and other equipments. 7. Metal deposit can also caused prob- lems in the water supply system of individual, industrial, or companyPiping system to collect raw water from water source to be channeled to the reservoir. Pic: Bowo Leksono such as PDAM. Percik August 2008 19
    • INSIGHT In The Next Five Years, Tetaf Village Will Become Prosperous VillageS ome area are proud and become By Alma Arief and more to change the way of thinking, inspiration for other area to Dormaringan Saragih behavior, and attitude of the people, remain confidence that WSES WASPOLA Consultant especially understanding (affective), atti-development will be able to be the trigger tude (cognitive), and behavior (psy- indicates soil fertility and abundantfactor of community prosperity level. In chomotor) in relation with clean water as crops. However, in reality, the people ofsense, WSES development that basically economic and social property, as well as Tetaf Village are in general still underprovide easier access -whether simply management to sustain continuity. poverty line. Their daily revenue and con-bringing the clean water closer or provide ProAir in NTT has been started since sumption level (nutrition) is still low.the service to the households- will pre- the end of 2003 in three kabupatens of Most kids are going to school with baresent direct and indirect results that will Kabupaten Sumba Barat, Sumba Timur, feet, some of them with mucus showingable to increase communitys revenue, and Timor Tengah Selatan. At first, the on their nose as indication of low revenuehealth, education, etc. program is relatively difficult to apply and lack of nutrient. The outcome of clean water facility because it is a development program that Their houses are still using simpledevelopment, which above paper will be applies need-based principles which con- materials; roof from leafs (thatch), pillarsable to increase prosperity, has been truly sist of the idea of prioritizing communi- from rough woods, and floor from dirt.proven with clean water facility develop- tys role as the main actor of the develop- Only small numbers of houses withment in Tetaf Village of Kabupaten Timor ment. 11 points of complete National cemented walls, zinc roof, and tiled floor.Tengah Selatan (TTS) which was facilita- Policy Principles of WSES Development This is general depiction of prosperityted by ProAir Program, a grant from the are applied consistently. level in Tetaf Village.Government of Germany. The article is a The problem is that NTT people as thegift from the trip made by documenter development target are poor people, ProAir Clean Water Programmovie team of WSES Policy Operation in whereas ProAir firmly applied condition Thorough WSES Program funded byTTS Kabupaten of which most shooting that the people must provide cash contri- the Government of Germany throughwas taken in Tetaf Village, Kecamatan bution as maintenance fund of the facili- GTZ and KFW -with criteria such asAmanuban Barat, Kabupaten Timor ty. In the national policy, this refers to the water resource availability, willingness toTengah Selatan. cost recovery principle. contribute in cash for the maintenance Obligation to provide cash contribu- fund, statement of interest to be facilitated,Poor Tetaf Village tion in the early stage of ProAir activity etc- has chosen Tetaf Village to acquire In general, Tetaf Village is categorized has caused conflict. On one side there is WSES facilities development poor. The main living is farming of sea- opinion that "community is capable of The program known as ProAir is con-sonal crops, such as corn as their main paying cash contribution" while on the sistently applied national policies princi-plant, and vegetables such as eggplant, other side, there is opinion that "commu- ples, in initiation phase, planning, deve-chili, cabbage, cress, etc. People also nity will not be able to pay cash contribu- lopment, and post development (mainte-plant coconut, sirih, banana, mango, tion due to the poverty". nance) phase.mahoni, acacia, which partly grow by Those who think that poor people Because the objective is more on com-nature, and other parts are grown inten- cannot pay asked that cash contribution munity empowerment through WSEStionally. of the community can be done by convert- development, it is not surprising that dur- Truthfully, when we enter Tetaf ing man energy and local material dona- ing preparation phase, community needsVillage, we wont see any poverty impres- tions into rupiah, while on the other side, longer time - much longer than the timesion, because as far as the eyes can see, those who think that community is capa- needed for physical construction -green plants scattered everywhere, which ble to pay, insisted that community will because public facilitation is dedicated20 Percik August 2008
    • INSIGHTbe able to put aside their revenue or wealth in form of cash ormaterials (such as livestock, jacquards, etc) little by little. Latter on, what ProAir has done prove that the community iscapable. However to change paradigm from "always receivinginstant packages" into "involved in decision making of everyphase of development, even asked for cash contribution"requires a very long time. Various facilitation to explain proce-dure of proposing ideas of clean water development facilitationalong with conditions, explanation of the benefit of water facili-ty, obligation of providing cash contribution for maintenance ofthe facility, technical training of facility maintenance, PHBScampaign to change the way of life, utilization of time and ener-gy after easy access to the water, etc, are given intensively. In every facilitated village, ProAir is able to collect cash con-tribution and monthly fee. In TTS, the number of money collect-ed from cash contribution before construction is begun andmonthly fee until September 2007 is shown below: No Name of Group/Village Amount per September 2007 1 Nekmese-OeUe (Tetaf Village) Rp 16.547.054 2 Heimituin-Oemofun Rp 15.597.991 3 Kofi Tel - Nefokoko Rp 40.211.395 Willingness of the poor community in providing cash contri-bution and monthly fee is also break the myth that poor peoplecannot pay. With intensive facilitation, structured organizationof all activities with proper administration, every problem can beovercome. Community in the villages facilitated by ProAir,whether those who live in TTS, Sumba Timur, or Sumba Barat,are able to execute all points of the national policy. And now,they have started to feel the result of the water facility develop-ment. Source: Dok/ProAirSynergy with the Agriculture Agency When access to clean water is started to be enjoyed by the power to increase prosperity of the people. In Tetaf Village,community, they then have extra time and energy compare to Kecamatan Amanuban Barat, Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan,the past where most of the time and energy is being used to the community with extra time and energy, accepted govern-obtain clean water for their need. The change happened to- ment offers (Agriculture Agency) with open arms to plantgether with Agriculture Agency who facilitates Tangerine (Soe) oranges in their land.Orange seed distribution. It seems just the matter of time to see the people to harvest That synergy (whether planned or not) is accepted with open the oranges with smile on their faces while singing local songs.arms by the people who now have extra time and energy. In Kids go to school in the morning, with tidy clothes and shoes.Tetaf Village, community is now plant Tangerine Orange in the However, this hope still leaves question; has the people ready toarea of 70 hectares with orange plants of 30 thousand trees, welcome abundant harvest? Have post harvest technologieswhile in OeUe Village, OeUe farmer group with 20 household been prepared? Have post harvest institutions been prepared?members, are now planting 7,200 trees in the area of 18 How about the market capacity, and where? How to handle com-hectares. petition with products from other area? Have the people protect- ed from monopoly of wholesaler from Kupang who are said toClosure buy the harvest in wholesale? There are still other questions of Water facility development, whether simply bringing the which policy intervention requires to synergize potencies of thewater closer or to provide service to the household, do present related institutions. Percik August 2008 21
    • INSIGHT Knowing Brief Participative Learning(Pembelajaran Partisipatif Singkat - PPS)P articipative learning is generally By nent that needs to be developed in the believed as a long process, where Risang Rimbatmaja ongoing process. Communicative situa- to facilitate, days even weeks are (Researcer at JHU/CCP Indonesia) tion will bring about comfort on the par-required. In reality, many programs do ticipants to participate and accept new Brief but Participativenot have that long of time. Many pro- knowledge as the result of discussion. Even though brief, PPS highly respectgrams can only allocate one day or even When communicative situation is built, participative principles in the learningless than one day to introduce and individual participation is more likely to process with the basic thinking that par-acquire initial agreement from the com- rise. ticipative space will below communitysmunity. When individual participation is ade- knowledge to be latter circulated between In such condition, most field faci- quate, process of general reflection will be participants, including facilitator. Partici-litators finally chose the non-partici- able to be done to enrich community with pative space will build community accept-pative ways when talking to the com- alternative knowledge. In the end, in ance on alternative knowledge that hasmunity. They invited the people and order for the alternative knowledge to been identified together. Knowledgegive out speech. If the ability of public remain in memory, participants are acceptance will latter greatly helped tospeaking facilitator has not as helped to recall alternative knowledge build sense of ownership of the program.advance as Bung Karno, Gede Prama, they acquire from their own experience PPS has four important components,AA Gym or other great orator, and knowledge. namely conducive communication situa-unavoidably, lots of people disappear tion, individual participation, generalsince the fifth minute. PPS Stages reflection, and strengthened general Brief Participative Learning (PPS) a. Build communicative situation recall power. The four components needis a community learning method Build informal communication to be developed systematically and inte-established by John Hopkins Uni- before discussion session is started. grated, as illustrated below.versity/Center for Communication When approaching all participantsProgram Indonesia (JHU/CCP In- is not possible, focus on small num-donesia) since 2006 from various dis- bers of participants (approximatelycussion facilitation experiences of BUILDING 1/5 of total participants) COMMUNICATION SITUATION Bangun Situasi Komunikatifcommunity group, both con- Introduce yourself and the teamducted by CCP or its partners. Encourage Dorong briefly and presents the purpose and individual PPS is actually learning a partisipasi participation message that commonly conveyedgreat deal from previous known individual by fellow facilitators such as, thisparticipative techniques. The dif- session is a session to learn Refleksi Perkuat Strengthenferent is that PPS is also purposed General general together, everybody is teacher and bersama reflection ingatan recall poweron accommodating interest of the bersama everybody is students.program to quickly introduce numbers During discussion, show appreciaof messages to the community groups tion to the participants as source ofand acquire initial agreement regarding knowledge. Such as shown in the diagram, build-the program to be implemented. Follow the flow of discussion while ing communicative situation is a compo- elegantly encourage passive partici-22 Percik August 2008
    • INSIGHT pants to speak up and controlled those who talk too much. After discussion, build informal dis- cussion with more participants. Say thank you on the process of learning together.b. Encourage individual participa- tion Toss interesting question that is easy to answer by all participants, such as things that they recently encoun- tered. Toss 2-3 easy questions before tossing more difficult question (around knowledge or attitude). Use pictures and other tools to facil- A participant is learning to fasilitate other participants. itate individual assessment. Source: Bowo Leksonoc. General reflection to strengthen recall power. Therefore, thank you to the participants for numbers of games and quiz need to be their willingness to come. Perform games and show various prepared before. From number of partici- Introduce yourself (name, organiza- pictures to raise indirect alternative pant side, PPS will be more effective tion, where we live, marital status knowledge. when applied in a group with 15-20 par- and numbers of children). Convey Encourage participants to practice, ticipants. important message that the meeting analyze, and interpret alternative is purposed on learning together knowledge. Example of PPS application about drinking water. Encourage participants to compare PPS can be applied on various innova- Initial question: Was it short notice common knowledge with their own tions such as water, sanitation, hygiene, invitation? Who delivered the invita- interpretation of various games and and also health issues and other public tion? Start to identify those who do pictures that inspire alternative issues. Important thing to remember in not like to talk. knowledge. applying PPS is ability to facilitate discus- Held introductory games that can be sion and stock of knowledge regarding followed comfortably by participantsd. Strengthen general recall power issues to be discussed. Issue understand- (participants chose unknown part- Encourage participants to take notes ing is important to flow discussion. ner and introduce name, origin, and presents the result of learning Without proper knowledge, discussion family members, and hobbies). will flow into unwanted direction. together. Meta-plan can be used Component 2: Encourage indivi- when participants are comfortable Component 1: Build communicative dual participation or facilitator can help to take notes. situation First question: ask health condition If necessary, use games and quiz to Before discussion started, greet the of children and husband. Encourage strengthen memory. women and ask them about their participants to answer in turn. families, husband, and children. Ask Second question: ask them about As explained above, in MPPS applica- them where they live and how they their recent illness. Encourage par-tion, assisting tools are required, espe- reach the meeting venue. Focus on ticipants to answer in turn. Whencially pictures that can convey the mes- one or two from several groups of diarrhea does not arise, ask themsage easily compare to the abstract women and start to memorize about illness of younger member ofwords. Furthermore, PPS also requires names. the family (children or grandchil-edu-entertainment approach, especially Start the event with greeting and say dren). Percik August 2008 23
    • INSIGHT ter to drink? Distribute one small ing water (boiling, sodis-solar disin- color paper and ask participant to fection, ceramic filter, chlorination). place it near the glass they chose. Explain to them of how the methods Count the paper and show tenden- being done. cies of the participants choice. Practice application of the methods. Show the participants how the two Discuss how the methods can kill samples of water were made. The germs. Write down discussion result clear water is raw water (uncooked), in the Plano paper. while the brownish water is cooked Ask participants for coffee break and water mixed with chocolate coffee. snack. Ask participant to choose by placing their small paper. Component 4: Strengthen recall Back to the Plano paper contains power notes of criteria. Ask participants to Ask participants, what have they review it; does it need to be fixed, learnt? Meta-plan is used when par- added, or reduced? ticipants are comfortable or facilita- Write down the new criteria (drink- tor can help to write. ing water must be properly treated Toss questions regarding things they such as boiled). learned and present gifts for those who can answer. Try so that all par- Component 3: General reflection 2 ticipants take parts. Ask participants to come nearer to Distribute leaflets or brochures con- the stove. Demonstrate: raw water in the pan is boiled and when bubbles taining methods, data/fact regard- Dig more participants story regard- ing proper methods of preparing appear, turn it off directly. Ask, ing diarrhea/cholera/typhoid/sto- and storing drinking water. whether the boiled water is good to machache with questions referring drink? (The answer is most probably Say thank you. to the cause. Show them pictures of no). Ask them why? Back to the what causes diarrhea and clarify Plano paper with good drinking together so that everybody have the water criteria. Ask them whether it same perception. needs to be added or changed? Write Distribute papers containing various down addition or changes. pictures of the cause of diarrhea. Ask Convey the message regarding time each participant to mark the picture limit of waiting the water to boil for of what causing diarrhea. 1-3 minutes. Repeat that one of the cause is the Continue to boil between 1-3 mi- water being drank (most probably nutes. Afterward, turn the fire off that was the answer of one of the and let the water cooled. Ask them participants). Ask participants of whether they are willing to drink the how they assess quality of the drink- boiled water by scooping it with a ing water. What are criteria for good cup and hand touches the water? drinking water? Write down on the Ask them why? Back to the Plano Plano paper and clarify with partici- paper with good drinking water cri- pants. teria. Ask them whether it needs to be added or changed? Write downComponent 3: General reflection 1 the addition or changes. Provide two glasses of water. One is clear and one is brownish. Ask par- Component 3: General reflection 3 ticipants to choose which one is bet- Show pictures of how to make drink-24 Percik August 2008
    • I N N O VAT I O NECOPLASEnvironmentalFriendly Bag MadeFrom CassavaW aste problems are not only related to quantity or the amount of waste piles, but also the quality or types of waste. Most of family waste, especially from inor-ganic type, is food plastic wrap that is consumed daily. As known by public, plastic is a substance that hard to dis-solve. While each family cannot be separated from plastic useeach day. Therefore, a solution is needed, not only for the con-sumer, but also for the producer to avoid or reduce the use ofplastic materials as wrapping for certain products. One of the efforts to reduce plastic use in daily life is to useenvironmental friendly plastic for daily needs. One ofIndonesian NGO, Dana Mitra Lingkungan (DML), has launchedan environmental friendly plastic called Ecoplas. Previously, thisproduct is known as BioBag by the people. Source: Bowo LeksonoEnvironmental Friendly Ecoplas is a newly innovated environmental friendly bag Soft loop is thicker and the handle is stronger than die cut. Whilewith attractive design and affordable price. Made from from the price for die cut/pack (50 pcs) is Rp. 42.000, and softresin BE+ material. This kind of bag is produced by saving loop/pack (50 pcs) is Rp. 60.000.fuel/energy. Ecoplas specifications are measurements: 39.5 cm x 31 cm x BE+ or Biodegradable Resin is a new resin that is developed 11 cm (Long x width x gussets). Weight: 1,1 kg/pack or 22and created in Indonesia. It consist 50 percent of Indonesian gram/pcs. This environmental friendly bag can be obtainedcassava flour, and other natural material which are environmen- through Dana Mitra Lingkungan by contacting this numbertal friendly and renewable. Resin BE+ is already copyrighted (+6221) 724.8884. According to Eko, Ecoplas can be deliveredand expected to become an alternative beside other resins that is to entire district of Indonesia. "Shipping cost will be added to thealready known. Ecoplas price, adjusted to the distance and shipping priority DMLs Research Management Coordinator Eko Junadi said, choices." He said.ordinary plastic bag need 1000 years to dissolve, while Ecoplas Eko stated, nowadays theres no regulation that constrictsonly need 10 weeks to dissolve in tropical soil. "This fact is based people to use plastic as a material that is hard to dissolve.on the research report done by Sucofindo/SGS" he said. "Therefore, a solution is needed by creating an easy dissolving plastic." He explains.Ecoplas Marketing By using Ecoplas or other environmental friendly bags, that DML provides two kinds of Ecoplas, die cut and soft loop. means we are participating in preserving the environment. BW Percik August 2008 25
    • Our Guest Building Water Conservation in Sindang KahuripanW ho doesnt know Ully Sigar (Gabungan Rumpun Pemuda Nusantara) cial for us to protect mountain ecosys- Rusady? The woman that Organization in February 14th 1985. This tem," Said Ully, starting a conversation in also sings ballads has worked organization is a place for teenagers to Perciks office after attending thein environmental areas for over than 30 express their creativity by serving nature Kalpataru Award in National Palace,years. She has collected many experience and environment. June 5th 2008.and awards. For the mountain ecosystem can be The concern from the sister of Water Conservation Program preserved and to minimize threat towardsParamitha Rusady is shown when she The Garuda Nusantara Organization it, Ully said, a joint management effort is establish Garuda has done many programs, starts from needed from the city and village citizens. Nusantara training and education, volunteer post, "City citizens participation nonetheless is competitions, and conservations. Many of expected to preserve water and springs, the areas in Indonesia have been made a considering that mountain vegetations is conservation area by Ully and friends. the actual water supplier for the entire Right now, Ully Hary Rusady (the community." said the receiver of Global name Hary is taken from her husband) is 500 Award from the UN in 2007 who concentrating at water conservation in always wear headband. Sindang Kahuripan, which is located at As a sample area, around 11 years ago, Kawah Merah Gunung Pancar, Kampung Garuda Nusantara Organization established Cimandala, Karang Tengah, Sentul, Sindang Kahuripan as a place to imple- Bogor, West Java. ment water, nature, and abandoned fields This conservation is 30 acre wide conservation programs. placed exact at the feet of two mountains, Based on research results and special Astana Mountain and Pancar Mountain, observation, this program is in accor- Bogor. "The mountain is a water tower for dance with West Java Government pro- us, and the earth, because water came grams, and with the rehabilitation pro- from mountains. Therefore, it is cru- gram for water and land conservation, Foto: Istimewa/ design: Rudi Koz
    • considering the large numbers of barrenhills and lands that can cause floods andavalanches. "Sindang Kahuripan conservationarea is a vast mountain area," said thewomen whose child name is Rulany IndraGartika. With annual rehabilitation pro-gram in this area, Ully continues, we canexpect water conservation in uppercourse of river area, and also participatesin reducing global warming effects.Activities in Sindang Kahuripan According to Ully, besides reforestingcritical and abandoned land to preventavalanche, the goal of Sindang Kahuripanconservation is also to preserve water andsprings in upper course area. "And inviteslocal and city community to participate intrainings to preserve a continuous natu-ral resources all at once," said the founder The members of Garuda Nusantara Organization in Sindang Kahuripan. Source: Exclusive.and head of the Sindang KahuripanOrganization. ment," said the environmentalist who nature and environmental conservation Multiple activities are held in Sindang was born in January 4th 1952. insight with Sindang Kahuripan as itsKahuripan such as mountain ecosystem location," said the receiver of Kalpataruconservation, forest, land, water and Natures Friend Package Award from the Minister of Environmentspring conservation, and in- Ully and friends did not in 2001.crease of human resour- make Sindang Kahu- Sindang Kahuripan has both high andce quality for far- ripan as a conserva- low landscape contour, surrounded bymers around fo- tion area for the hills, slopes, valleys, pine forest with ricerest areas. benefit for local fields, making this place more unique, While the community charming, and beautiful. This site is per-planned and her group fect for nature and environment conser-activities are o n l y . vation through ecotourism.building Moreover, There have been a lot of people thefacilities for she invites experience to enjoy and learning in theforest and communities open nature. Most of them are students,environment from various nature lover organization members,education and societies to join, NGOs, researchers, and also, water enjoy, and learn According to Ully, natures friend pro-channels and re- in open nature. gram is the true form of communitysservoirs, environ- This invitation is concern for preserving nature and envi-mental friendly road, packed in an activity called ronment. "We have a purpose to makeand natural praying room Source: BW Natures Friend Package. "This this activity as a trend and a lifestyle in(mushola). activity package can be done by various loving and making friends with nature," "We hope that someday a community communities that care for nature and said the member of Consideration Boardwill be built that is environment friendly, environment. This package broadens for Kalpataru and Kehati Award. BWand actually cares for nature and environ- Percik August 2008 27
    • R E P O RTA G E Visit from the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste Delegation to IndonesiaT he effect of CLTS in Indonesia Enim. In this opportunity, the delegation sanitation and hygiene activities that are has attracted several countries to had the chance to have conversation done together by the government and invite Indonesia to exchange directly with the community. The guests NGOs.experience. In the Year 2007, delegation are excited with the communitys merry Januario admits that he is facing a lotfrom India, Pakistan and Bangladesh has reception. Even in each village, villagers of difficulties and obstacles in fixingvisited East Java, Indonesia. On April welcomed them with dances and religious water supply and sanitation in his coun-20th-25th 2008 had The delegation of chants. try. "Because of that, we need to come toTimor Leste the chance to learn CLTS After two days visiting the location of Indonesia, who has succeeded in imple-directly from several villages in successful CLTS program in Kabupaten menting CLTS, to observe and learn fromKecamatan Lembak, Kabupaten Muara Muara Enim, the delegates then visit the experience of Indonesian people," heEnim, South Sumatera. Kabupaten Tangeran, in Banten Province said. This group of 25 people consists of cross on Wednesday, April 23rd 2008. According to Ismet, the low level ofsection functionary, NGOs, and repre- In Tangerang, the delegates are wel- health is the main district problem thatsentative from donor countries, is led by the comed by the Bupati and Vice Bupati has became everyones problem. "WeYoung Minister of Water, Electricity, and Tangerang. A dialogue between two sides have built a partnership pattern with theSettlement, Januario Perreiro da Costa. was also held, led directly by Bupati private side and community in order to The group was officially accepted by Ismet Iskandar. lower incidents of environmental basedthe Governor of South Sulawesi accompa- The visit to Kabupaten Tangerang, disease," he said.nied by the head of Kabupaten Muara was meant to learn the implementation of Visit to MCK Plus++ in Kecamatan Sepatan After the dialogue, the group moved to Kecamatan Sepatan, precisely in Kampung Pisangan Periuk to witness MCK Plus++ with the dewats and biogas digester waste water management tech- nology. Not far from the MCK site, the delega- tion witnessed the practice of hand wash- ing hands with soap which was done by elementary students. Not only that, the group was entertained by the healthy life style jingle competition and dangdut music. The following day, Thursday, April 24th 2008, the delegation met face to face with stakeholders and programs that are The delegation of Democratic Republic of Timor Leste accepted by the Bupati and Vice Bupati related to water supply and environmen- Tangerang. Photo: Bowo Leksono28 Percik 2008 August
    • R E P O RTA G Etal sanitation in Bappenass office to rial procurement and people provideagain, exchange experiences and infor- land, minimal 5% material contribution, This hand washing withmation. and labour to help the infrastructure soap program is doing a building for a priority activity with road show to schools inHand Washing with Soap Program PADAT KARYA PANGAN pattern," hein Tangerang cooperation with School explains. Noisy handclaps from the women of Health Unit section in each Furthermore, Marcel said, CARE hasKayu Agung village, Kecamatan Sepatan, Health Promotion section, also done some advocation or facilitateKabupaten Tangerang, accompany the Agency of Health. meetings for planning and developing ingroup performance in the clean and villages so that other infrastructure needshealthy lifestyle jingle competition. Their can be accommodated in APBD.performance also was meant to welcome 24 schools in 12 kelurahan in Tangerang "Tangerang government in 2008 budgetthe Timor Leste delegation. city and 40 schools in 8 villages in kabu- plans for three hand washing places per Previously, elementary students had paten Tangerang. school for 40 elementary schools alongthe opportunity to practice hand washing with the campaign activity."with soap. All those activities were a part Obstacles Untill now, at least 90% of the com-of the hand washing with soap campaign, According to Marcel, the obstacles munity is aware that by maintainingresults from the CARE International faced are in form of the lack of infrastruc- clean and healthy lifestyle, they will beIndonesia advocation program. ture like clean water supply and a hygie- safe from various diseases. Hopefully Health Environment Project Manager nic hand washing place in schools and there will be no more plague repeated inCARE Marcel Beding explained to Percik community. "CARE is funding the mate- Tangerang area. BWthat this program was meant to lower themalnutrition problems to babies, preg-nant and post maternity woman, and INTERVIEW WITH YOUNG MINISTER FOR WATER , E LECTRICITY ,lower the diarrheal problems in families."We cooperates with the government of AND SETTLEMENT , J ANUARIO PERREIRO DA COSTATangerang City for 12 kelurahan, andwith Kabupaten Tangerang for 8 villages, What is your view during your visitation to2 of them are in Kecamatan Sepahan and Indonesia?Kayu Agung village with the funding from I felt how the Indonesian people can organizeUSAID," he said. and socialize healthy life so that community can This program that has started in change their behaviour. I think this is not easy.February 2006 has three main strategies, Like what happened in Muara Enim, in ony 24which are community nutrient, environ- hours they can produce their own toilets. It needsmental health and health services. The a hard work and time spared to do that activity.hand washing with soap activity was doneafter we give training to the cadres and Whats the condition for water supply andhealth committee members until they sanitation in Timor Leste?have the capable facilitation skills, the For sanitation, we only cover about 40 percent, and 50 percent for cleanability to make good proposals, and train- water supply. Our citizens are no more than 1 million, 945 thousand to being about event organizing. exact. But their behaviour is hard top change, not to mention a lot of riots This hand washing with soap program often occur. Therefore, it is up to us how we can take lessons fromis doing a road show to schools in cooper- Indonesia’s experiences.ation with School Health Unit section ineach Health Promotion section, Agency of After this visit, what will you do?Health. By giving full trust to the cadres After this, what we saw and experienced will be implemented as learningand committee, accompanied by the for Timor Leste community. It was a valuable experience. BWpuskesmas, kecamatan, and kelurahan,and also a facilitator from CARE. There are Percik August 2008 29
    • I N S P I R AT I O N Unsustainable CityO ne day seminar on April 24th 2008 with the theme of "Sustainable City: Challenges for Indonesia and Sweden" held by the Swedish Embassy in cooperationwith the Environmental Ministry by the support from SIDA(Swedish Environmental Secretariat for Asia) and SBA (SwedishBusiness Association) has reminded us about condition of citiesin Indonesia. So far we are focused on problems such as traffic jam, envi-ronmental pollution, and other detail problems in it that makesus, either we realize it or not, looses the big framework of pro-blems in the cities of Indonesia. Much too often, we tried to overcome problems withoutlooking at its relation with other issue or other bigger issues. Source: Bowo LeksonoIntegrated city development ended up as meaningless phrase.There is no real follow up. Even if there is, mostly just in the The next fact is related with the environment. Opposite to itsform of follow up plans without responsible party to ensure the function as the main support of citys sustainability (as the cityssuccess of the plan. lungs), environment is often being ignored. Awareness to pre- Do we realize that condition of condition of the cities in serve environment to avoid worse degradation becomes theIndonesia are getting worse with problems such as flood, traffic opposite. It is important to remember that the environment,jam, low environmental support, inadequate infrastructure ser- however the condition damaged or unadorned, will still exist. Onvice in fulfilling the need of the community, etc? the other hand, it is human that will not be able to survive in damaged environment.Unsustainable Facts of the Cities in Indonesia A city, no matter how small, will develop until one day Future Stepsbecomes a megapolitan. For example are Jakarta, Surabaya, Various facts of the low level of sustainability of the city isMakassar, Bandung, and other cities. Basically, the cities in not only found in the cities of Indonesia, but can also be foundIndonesia, with many characteristic variations, have more or in various parts of the world, including in developed countries.less the same problems, which is urban sprawl development. The difference is that, developed countries have done intensive If it were to build a house, the kitchen is spreaded, such as actions on the regard. In Germany, it was said that massive evac-the bathroom, bedrooms, etc. Our current spatial plan is no uation of people in one of the cities has been done to rearrangemore than sporadic use of space. From this fact, it was obvious the city.that many functions are not working as it should be. Regulations In order to fix the spatial arrangements of the city, unavoid-and policies are not applied accordingly and monitoring and ably, must be done in phases. Seeing what has happened incontrol functions are barely exist. Indonesia, a new master plan for the city supported by firm reg- In term of clean water and sanitation services (WSES), the ulation, monitoring and control is required.same problems occur. Unconcentrated settlements make plan- Its not like the government hasnt tried the above efforts, butning and WSES sector development difficult. No to mention the often, the problem is how. Supports from various stakeholderssolid waste problems in the city, availability of solid waste man- through experience, funding, etc are extremely important.agement facilities are often face problems. Therefore, the biggest issue right now is the courage to take Complicated public transportation system in most part of the the step, not just commitment. Thus, cities problems are notcities in Indonesia is basically started with the same mistake as just common knowledge, but represents challenges to overcome.the above spatial plan, which is unclear regulations and policies Mistakes may happen during the process, but we wont knowplus lack of monitoring and control. until it has been done. FW30 Percik August 2008
    • REFLECTION Dry Toilet for Dense Settlements and Areas Lack of WaterO ne of lifes comforts is when Neni, together with her team the problems of "nature applied dry toilet in dense area of calls" are no longer a prob- Kiara Condong, Kota Bandunglem, when toilet can be found, clean, since the last five years. "It was notnot necessarily luxurious, but accessi- easy, because the hardest part andble. This maybe the ideal life mea- the biggest challenge is to changesurement of living in comfort. behavior", said the Head of However, not everyone have the Cooperation and Communityopportunity and affordability to enjoy Service Bureau of Iptek LIPI.the above live comfort. Plenty of peo-ple such as people in dense settle- Initiation of Dry Toilet Crea-ments or in areas with lack of water tionare without proper toilet or without At first, in 1998, Nenitoilets at all. Sintawardani created simple tool to They dispose their biological manage kitchen waste. With a smallwaste improperly in open spaces. box that was designed as such,Rivers or fields, or in dirty toilet that household wives can manage the Dr Neni Sintawardani. Source: Bowo Leksonolacks of water. They still feel somewhat waste directly after finish cooking bycomfortable. This is the problem of middle to lower income community. separating organic waste.behavior, or communitys habits. "Clean water needs for middle to lower Then in 2003, the research expanded A researcher from Lembaga Ilmu income community is considerably large to human waste management of creatingPengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) Dr. Neni with less affordability", said alumni of dry toilet. "Basic thinking of creating drySintawardani, has succeeded in creating Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, toilet is kitchen waste management toand introducing simple technology of dry Germany. organic fertilizer," said Neni.toilet known as bio toilet. Neni admitted, it was not cheap to "The principle of dry toilet is water- create the dry toilet. According to her,less toilet. Thus, the material is wood one toilet that can be used by 40 peoplechuck as matrix to trap the waste to be per day cost Rp 40 million, however, itlatter treated in place or in container worth the cost of less pollutant. "Costlymade of steel", said Neni when inter- impression is caused by the material ofviewed by Percik in her workplace. steel or metal for the reactor," said this mother of two.Potential for Dense Settlements Costly impression can be erased by Dry toilet is very potential to be deve- looking at its long-term function, thatloped in dense settlements, because in adverse impacts of bad sanitation, if notdense settlements, sanitation and clean managed from now, will be much morewater facilities are usually lacking. This expensive. Until date, what Neni has cre-type of toilet can also be applied in areas ated has not been applied a lot, becausewith lack of water. supports from various parties, either go- From objective point of view, accord- vernment or private, are needed in terming to Neni, waterless toilet is meant for of investment. Bowo Leksono Source: Exclusive Percik August 2008 31
    • ISSDP ROUNDABOUT Preparation toward ISSDP Phase IIS anitation development program in Indonesia of Indonesia Sanita- tion Sector Development Program(ISSDP) has entered the second year. Theprogram will start the second phase onmid May 2008. In ISSDP Phase I, manythings have been done and producedespecially in partner cities. Establishmentof Sanitation Working Group in the kotalevel represents the effort of institutionaldevelopment in management of sanita-tion sector development in the area. White Book Document (DokumenBuku Putih) represents one product ofthe Working Group with ISSDP facilita-tion. The book contains general depictionof sanitation condition that can berenewed yearly to see sanitation condi-tion development of kota. Other docu-ment is Kota Sanitation Strategy(Strategi Sanitasi Kota - SSK) as themain product that has been compiled by Group Discussion during review of ISSDP Phase I implementation. Source: Dok/ISSDPKota Working Group. SSK contains action plans that repre- strategy to increase awareness of the approach in the provincial level can besent a meeting between top down and importance of sanitation and healthy done more intensively in larger propor-bottom up approach, where mission and behavior. The campaign strategy is divi- of the kota government in sanitati- ded into five designs based on objective Through provincial role, it is expectedon development meets with real demand groups, namely decision makers in the that the program coverage will beof the community on sanitation facility. national level, decision makers in the expanded to other cities in the form of In the national level, various recom- local level, public in general, poor com- ISSDP replica. For that reason, ISSDPmendations have been produced to sup- munity, and private sector. This strategy Phase II will provide a more effectiveport national policy direction in sanita- is planned to be applied this year accord- advisory assistance to the provincial go-tion development in Indonesia. This re- ingly with the agenda of ISSDP Phase II. vernment. The form of facility to thecommendation contains sectors of insti- ISSDP Phase I has provide significant provincial government will be realizedtution, law, and funding. To synergize all input in the effort of establishing frame- through series of capacity buildings,stakeholders in the sanitation develop- work of sustainable sanitation manage- research and counterparts, to planningment, ISSDP Phase I has taken its role in ment in its partner cities. One of the mechanism, implementation, monitoringthe establishment of the Watsan inputs is the important of province role in and evaluation of the sanitation manage-Network. the sanitation management so that in the ment in the provincial level will be opti- Other product is sanitation campaign execution of ISSDP Phase II, program mally established and implemented.32 Percik August 2008
    • ISSDP ROUNDABOUT Provincial involvedness in ISSDP sanitation managements during ISSDP. Provincial government can take thePhase II is required to be well prepared. Various achievements and challenges in role of organizer of sanitation programComprehensive information regarding two years can surely be one of the refe- development in the area. This is possibleISSDP Phase I and implementation plan rences for the province to be involved in based on the criteria of governance,of ISSDP Phase II need to be communi- the future ISSDP. where the impact of sanitation programcated to the provincial government. In the end, the workshop is expected development in the area has interrelated In order to achieve the purpose, a to be able to summarized provincial role impacts between kabupaten/kota and/orworkshop is required which will involve in urban sanitation management, for- regional, or if sanitation program deve-Technical Team of the Sanitation mulate and prepare operational steps for lopment in the related area will provideDevelopment as managers of the sanita- ISSDP Phase II which include working more benefit when it is managed by thetion development in the national level, group establishment, raising resources and provincial government.Kota Sanitation Working Group who fund, and preparing criteria for choosing To clarify the above statement,becomes ISSDP partner, and off course, partner cities for ISSDP Phase II. provincial government role is to organizethe provincial government. basic services in sanitation sector that On this workshop, Technical Team of Provincial Role in the Sanitation have not been done by kabupaten/kota.Sanitation Development can provide Development In this case, sanitation can be seen asdepiction of comprehensive ISSDP Phase For sanitation development in basic service that refers to PP No. 65 YearI implementation, including achieve- Indonesia, authority, role and function of 2005 regarding Compilation Guidancements, both in the national and local each government level must be reviewed and Application of Minimum Servicelevel. Technical Team can also provide thoroughly. Until date, provincial govern- Standard (Standar Pelayanan Minimal -the big plan of ISSDP Phase II especially ment role is not yet optimum in the sani- SPM). In section 3 of this regulation, itin relation with program coverage exten- tation program management. On the was regulated that SPM is established assion through replication. other side, the existed provincial policy tools of governments and local govern- Kota Working Group as local stake- frame has not yet supported sanitation ments to guarantee access and quality ofholder can presents experiences in the development. basic services to the community equally in implementation of obligatory matter. The role of provincial government in basic service of sanitation can be done in two ways, namely implementing sanita- tion development in the related kabupa- ten/kota or assigning local governments of kabupaten/kota based on assistance assignment. Furthermore, active role of the province is required to facilitate mecha- nism of sanitation development in the area or to synergize provincial and kabu- paten/kota roles. This can be done by intensifying communication with kabu- paten/kota regarding sanitation program development. The purpose is to establish requirement map of sanitation develop- ment in kabupaten/kota. Requirement map of sanitation development can be combined with commitment of the rela- ted kabupaten/kota, so that target alloca- tion of provincial sanitation development Simple toilets. Source: Dok/ISSDP can be more optimum. ISSDP Team Percik August 2008 33
    • WA S P O L A R O U N D A B O U T From Community Media To Social Marketing A Policy Communication StrategyV estibule of Kecamatan Pocowarno, one of Kecamatan in Kabupaten Kebumen, looks bright. For four days, 3- 6 March 2008, a "Community Media Training forWSES Socialization" was held, facilitated by WSES WorkingGroup Kabupaten Kebumen in cooperation with WASPOLA. The training was also held to prepare 16 kecamatan that willreceive WSES aid in their villages. Accordingly with communitybased WSES theme, the training was held in the nearest envi-ronment of the community, because during the process, therewill be plenty practices in the near vicinity. Direct community involvement receives positive supportfrom Bupati Kebumen Rustriningsih. "Community potencies arerequired in the WSES development, thus the training needs tobe followed up", she said. The training represents strategic steps to involve communi-ty, including the women to participate from the early phase ofWSES development including socialization and establishment ofagreements to be implemented by the community. In the training, community digs together the importance ofparticipation of all parties in sustaining WSES; and the key iscorrect communication strategy to encourage everybody to be Participants of Community Media training for WSES socialization. Pic: Dok/WASPOLAinvolved. Participants were asked to design communicativemedia from the result of issue mapping, collect data of media government in the community.potencies that can be involved, and then select media that will beused. The media chosen were Dagelan (comedy) to be played in Developing Community Concern to WSESkecamatan, WSES service commercial in radio In FM, comics, On 19-21 February 2008, in Pangkal Pinang, training wasposter and service commercial on TV. also held as follow up of WSES Communication Strategy The script was then prepared, and rehearsal were made prior Workshop that produce Advocacy Strategy to Save Environmentto production. Assisted by WASPOLA team and media team for Clean Water.from Studio Audio Visual PUSKAT Yogyakarta, a short program The workshop was opened by Setda of Bangka Belitungwas produced. Other than that, dagelan was played and media Province, Imam Mardi Nugroho who stated that communicationproductions were also shown for consumption of community. is the important key in WSES development. "This skill is often Participants practice group media methods to build dynamic forgotten in physical-oriented WSES development that forgotdiscussion and attract community discussion. From the training behavioral changes", he said. Imam hopes the training will pro-result, six kecamatan planned jointly socialization that will be duce accurate strategy in order for the related parties to savedone in each kecamatan using WSES media that they have environment of Bangka Belitung for the prosperity of the people.made. Clean water and environmental sanitation issues in Bangka While in FM radio and Mas FM radio and also Ratih TV will Belitung are related with increasing copper mining without ta-present production result to the public. This will be done in king regards of environmental conservation causing quality andpreparation of receiving WSES aid this year. Importance of quantity degradation of the water. The people that lived in theWSES Working Group forum was also presented to be esta- vicinity has starting to feel the effect and experiencing healthblished in the kecamatan level so that activity integration and problems, thus environmental damage becomes the title of fourempowerment process will be enjoyed by the smallest level of production media they produced, among others are photo essay34 Percik August 2008
    • WA S P O L A R O U N D A B O U Tfor the newspaper, articles, comics, ser-vice commercial in the radio and TV(video). Production themes that were done inlocal dialect were made by participants,from idea brainstorming, script writing,photo shoot, and acting. The memorable event, according tothe participants was the visit to localmedia office which were Babel Post andRadio Republik Indonesia (RRI) BangkaBelitung. Other than broaden theirknowledge regarding the mass media,this visit was also meant to build goodrelation and cooperation with local massmedia for WSES advocacy. RRI offeredcooperation that will present benefit forboth parties, because drinking waterissue is recently becoming hot issueamong the public. Babel Post is one of the media with Bupati Kebumen Ratringsih in action. Source: Dok/WASPOLAconcern to WSES problems. They areplanning to write series articles of WSES ing of Indonesia Sanitation Year 2008 group, it was agreed the target is the peo-in its editions; such also the case with was followed by talk show. It was revealed ple living around the river and communi-video and comics that will be posted in that WSES problems were not only phy- ty in general. The theme taken wasBabel Post site in order to be seen by sical problems; it was more behavior pro- regarding pollution of the river that hasmore people. Other important thing is blems of various parties, not only commu- been used as disposal place of solid wasteinitiation of advocacy forum for commu- nity, but also government and other par- and biological waste, causing unhealthynity who concern with WSES in Bangka ties. The low level of participation and environment. The video was brief but hitBelitung. Thus, whatever that have been unsustainable management were caused the mark by showing what dirty river maydone in the workshop will be continued by current socialization that was still do to the community settlements with thewith synergy from all parties. using one way old models. On the other key words "your waste, your tiger, ready side, behavior from one generation to to threat your life". Production that wasInitiative to Involve Various WSES another is difficult to change. made by the participants was quiteStakeholders From the designed strategy, every sec- informative and carries local wisdoms West Sumatera Province is one of the tor has target audience that may be that actually really close to the lives ofprovinces with great tendency in socializ- affected problems arise; among other are Minang WSES in the area. Using APBD fund, weak water manager institutions in the In the end of the workshop, partici-WSES Working Group of West Sumatra national level. Thus, short drama was pants from kabupaten/kota designedProvince initiate initiative to held work- made in the radio with key message socialization event that can be done inshop of WSES Marketing Strategy "strong institution, healthy talago". their area using media they have created.through Effective Communication While from solid waste group it was While new kabupaten/kota will use theStrategy by inviting kabupaten/kota agreed that the target is household wives, media to motivate establishment ofeither those who already started WSES maids and women group. There are two WSES Working Group in their area.program, or those who only begin to start posters produced with the theme of Group from the media will air the produc-WSES program. The workshop was held improper solid waste disposal will cause tion to motivate public awareness not toin Kota Padang, on 25-27 April 2008. disease and you violated your neighbor pollute the water source and to maintain This event that is also represents cele- and your environment. environment health. WHbration of World Water Day and launch- Whereas from domestic liquid waste Percik August 2008 35
    • WES-UNICEF ROUNDABOUT WES-UNICEF Program Lesson Learned in Government Capacity Building and Community PreparationI n the year 2006, cooperation decree ty utilization even no utilization at all. responsibility is community commitment between Government of Indonesia in taking all consequence of the choice. and UNICEF was agreed and set in Not Just Involving the Community Government role will then becomesCountry Program Action Plan (CPAP). Capacity building of the local govern- important in consorting the -starting toThe cooperation was implemented in se- ment is initiated by establishment of independent- community. Thus, govern-veral sectors, among others is community WSES Working Groups at the provincial ment capacity needs to be strengthened inbased Water and Environmental and kabupaten level of program location. order to keep up with development ofSanitation (WES) It is expected that the established WSES community empowerment. WES program was initiated in the Working Group will be able to coordinateyear 2006 and ended in the year 2010 various WSES-related activities, among Phases of WES Program Implemen-with the target of developing 180 villages, others is WES. Through WES program, tation: A Process500 elementary schools, and 70,000 series of capacity buildings of local WSES Due to the vast range of WES programpeople living in slum areas. In batch I Working Group is done by the technical control batch II, WSES Working Group(2006-2007), the program was imple- assistance of National WSES Working and UNICEF is agree to compile a Projectmented in NTT, NTB, Central Java, and Group, such as Training on Trainers Implementation Document (PID) or guid-Yogyakarta. (TOT), WSES Strategic Planning ance (petunjuk pelaksanaan - Juklak) of WES program in Yogyakarta has been (Renstra), MPA/PHAST, Community the program. The PID is agreed to be acompleted in the year 2007, while imple- Lead Total Sanitation (CLTS), health pro- "living" document and expected to be ablementation for NTT, NTB, and Central motion health, school facilitation, and to accommodate various learning resultsJava, are continued in batch II. In batch II participative monitoring and evaluation. of program implementation in the field.(2007-2010), with the support from the In term of community preparation, Therefore, in the end of the program, PIDDutch and Swedish Government especially for behavior change, there are that can be referred to as implementation(Swedish International Development couple of things that were agreed to be guidance for other similar programs canCooperation Agency/SIDA), WES implemented, namely importance of be achieved.Program is expanded in 25 kabupatens, health campaign prior, during, and post According to the outline, WES pro-and 5 kota in 6 provinces of Papua, West construction. This is meant that along gram implementation is divided into 6Papua, Maluku, NTT, NTB, and South with step by step behavior change, clean phases, namely (i) Roadshow; (ii) institu-Sulawesi. water and sanitation facilities will be tional preparation; (iii) local government In implementation of batch II, available for the community. Thus, the capacity building; (iv) choosing programUNICEF together with National WSES facility will be built accordingly with the location; (v) community preparation; andWorking Group coordinate the imple- need - not the wishes- of community. (vi) program implementation. Monitoringmentation of the WES Program. Learning Furthermore, it is expected that sense of and evaluation activity is already integrat-from previous experience, in was agreed belonging of the facility will be consider- ed in each phase.that focus of the WES Program is not only ably high. WES program batch II is started withWSES facility development, but also on Community involvedness has two series of road shows to identify interestedcommunity behavior changes and capaci- important meanings namely decision areas with commitment to implement thety building of the local government. making and responsibility. program. As mention above, in this batch, Past experience shows that WSES facility Decision making is done because there are 25 kabupaten and 5 kota in 6development without support of community community is able to define the best provinces. From series of road shows,behavior changes will cause minimum facili- choice to fulfill their need; whereas several follow ups were agreed; submis-36 Percik August 2008
    • WES-UNICEF ROUNDABOUTsion of commitment letters from each kabupaten/kota, recruit- While for Papua province, until date, activity implementa-ment of consorting consultant in the provincial level (Project tion is still in the phase of institutional preparation. It is plannedOfficer), establishment of local WES Working Group. that in near date Papua province will implement local govern- These follow up actions that have been planned, in imple- ment capacity building process.mentation are facing several problems, mainly related with PIDcompilation. PID experiences delay in development , thus caus- Program Lesson Learneding different interpretation between one kabupaten/kota and Based on the problems exist, WSES Working Group andanother. Meanwhile, the activity is continued to be implement- UNICEF are trying to rearrange mechanism of program ma-ed based on local experiences in program implementation. This nagement through review meeting of WES Program that wasrepresents difficulty for National WSES Working Group and held in June 2nd 2008. There are three main roots of the iden-UNICEF in coordinating the activities. tified problems, namely (i) period of program implementation Despite difficulties if coordination, program implementation which is too short for community based program where empha-on the sixth provinces is still running accordingly with general sis on capacity building and community preparation areprogram implementation. Until date, NTT province is the most extremely important; (ii) matching understanding toward pro-advance province in term of implementation compare to the gram implementation phases is essential; and (iii) fund alloca-other five provinces. Most advance, not just in term of phases, tion based on the need of each kabupaten/kota.but also in term of process. For example, process of choosing Regarding the time, batch II implementation is expected tolocation of villages and school which this year is planned as pilot be completed by mid 2009. It was proposed that in the yearproject locations, is completed through series of ideal process, 2008, selection for the rest of village targets to be implementedwhich is through long list, road show on kabupaten level and in the year 2009 have been completed, which are 4 villages sup-location determination. This should be used as learning materi- ported by UNICEF and 2 replication villages by local govern-al for other provinces, not just because of the process, but also ment. This is meant so that the rest of the target villages can bebecause of the impact by existence of big interest and commit- completed in two years period, which is first year for local go-ment from the villages and school chosen. NTT is currently vernment capacity building and community preparation, andstarting to prepare community work plan activity (rencana kerja second year for WSES facility development.masyarakat - RKM) compilation in the village level. NTT is In order to achieve similar understanding on program imple-expected to be able to complete the pilot project by early 2009. mentation phases, PID socialization will be done in late June Provinces of Maluku and West Papua are currently in the 2008 as well as socialization to all stakeholders. Furthermore,institutional preparation and local government capacity build- local commitment will be confirmed on completing programing phase. Institutional preparation in Maluku and West Papua replication in the year 2009 by ensuring fund allocation for theis completed by carrying out several TOTs as conditioned in replica in APBD of the year 2009.implementing WES program or other similar program. The learning gained so far is the need for basic understand-Although local government capacity building in West Papua is ing regarding community based concept in the WSES develop-seemingly limited in term of time and fund, but it is expected ment. Sufficient time allocation is also important to ensure localthat capacity building process that has been completed can be government capacity building and community preparation towell followed up. According to the information received by change behavior, represents possibility to guarantee avoidanceNational WSES Working Group and UNICEF, chosen kabupa- of previous failures that were captured through hundreds eventen in West Papua is currently compiling WSES Renstra. thousand WSES "monuments". This understanding is applied Provinces of South Sulawesi and NTB are basically comple- for all stakeholders.ted the phase of institutional preparation, because most of Another learning gained is the importance of similar under-selected kabupatens in both provinces are managed by WASPO- standing on program implementation phases, especially pro-LA. Two new kabupaten in South Sulawesi, which are kabupaten gram with vast control range. Scattered program location in EastLuwu Utara and Barru, have also followed other kabupatens by Indonesia also represents other learning that requires attention.establishing WSES Working Group in each kabupaten. Until Geographic and cultural condition, as well as understandingdate, both provinces still have not started the phase of local go- community based concept in WSES development can still bevernment capacity building due to several things, such as clarity considered as new paradigm, plus decentralization policy thatof capacity building process and the next phase, and, especially requires special strategy in managing and coordinating the pro-for NTB, implementation focus is still completing batch I. gram. FW Percik August 2008 37
    • STBM ROUNDABOUT Declaration of Free from Open defecationC ommunity-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) or adopted to Bahasa Indonesia as Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat (STBM), once again shows its success.Toilet in every household represents condition achievementwhere no more individual disposing their biological wasteimproperly on open space. This time, eight villages in Kecamatan Tugu, KabupatenTrenggalek declare their freedom from improper biogical wastedisposal. On May 14th 2008, community and government offi-cial joint together at Tumpuk Village Hall (Balai Desa) to listento declaration of Open Defecation Free/ODF. Eight villages in Kecamatan Tugu that have been freed fromopen defecation are the villages of Tumpuk, Winong, Puru,Gembleb, Ngulon Kulon, Wonokerto, Panggungsari, andTegaren. As appreciation of Tumpuk village as the first village Source: Dyota Condrorinithat achieves ODF, ODF declaration was done in Balai DesaTumpuk. National Counterpart The event held by village community with fund assistance Even after training and try outs, facilitators do not instantlyfrom the government represents reward for community effort to become expert in triggering. Many mobilized facilitators stillchange behavior of open defecation into toilet utilization. struggle with lack of confidence, thus requires counterpart/con- sorting activity.Triggering Strategy with Acceleration Method Not only to consort facilitators in triggering process, consort- STBM approach has been known generally as behavior ing activity also presented plenty benefits in achieving ODF.changes approach through trigger method on the aspects of dis- Through consorting activity, verification activity on communitygust, shame, dignity, and religious. Nevertheless, community access to sanitation becomes easier. Moreover, consorting activ-being triggered does not always show behavior changes. ity also took the role of bridging communication between kabu-Sometimes ignorant people are found. Therefore, in Kabupaten paten and central government.Trenggalek, triggering is not only completed once, but up to fourtimes in every village. Follow Up Plan Through this acceleration method, input of APBD fund for STBM program in Kabupaten Trenggalek will not stop afterSTBM program of Rp. 150,641,500 in 5 months in the form of freeing eight villages from open defecation. Kabupatenfacilitation activities have produced output of toilet develop- Trenggalek has vision to free the kabupaten from open defeca-ment fund by community with the amount of Rp. tion in the year 2009 and achieving Healthy Trenggalek by 2010.1,528,500,000. For that reason, Kabupaten Trenggalek has prepared train- Moreover, one proud thing from the STBM program in ing to train 29 new facilitators. Budget proposal for the next tri-Kecamatan Tugu, Kabupaten Trenggalek is ODF coverage in ggering process has been set in agenda of STBM program. Thus,eight villages, up to 20 communities from the targeted 30. target of all villages in Kabupaten Trenggalek received triggeringFurthermore, there are four additional communities which ini- by the end of December 2009 will be able to realized. Dyotatially do not show interest that have achieved ODF. Condrorini38 Percik August 2008
    • WAT S A N N E T W O R K R O U N D A B O U T Community-Led Total Sanitation Workshop and Launching of Health and Hygiene Task ForceC ommunity-Led Total Sanitation (Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat- STBM) is a movement toward clean and After introducing Watsan Network and launching of GTKH, the workshop was continued with presentation of drafthealthy lifestyle. There are five pillars in national strategy of STBM. PresentationSTBM movement, namely disposing bio- was made by Water Improvementlogical waste in the toilet, washing hands (Penyehatan Air) Kasubdit, Zainalwith soap, household scale drinking Nampira. Brief presentation was followedwater treatment, household scale waste by focus discussion as the next in agenda.water management, and household scale In the draft of the STBM nationalsolid waste management. All fifth pillars strategy, it was stated that there are 6have been completed by various parties; strategic components, namely: (i)however, the implementation is not yet Creation of Conducive Environment, (ii)well coordinated. Increasing Demand, (iii) Increasing Participants of Community-Led Total Sanitation With regard to the issue, an STBM (STBM) Workshop, Puncak 26-27 May 2008. Supply, (iv) Knowledge Management, (v)national strategy has been compiled that Source: Dyota Condrorini Funding, and (vi) Monitoring andwill become movement base for STBM Evaluation.executors. On this STBM workshop, workshop. During the workshop it was also com-STBM national strategy is socialized to On this occasion, it was also launched piled STBM work plan for the year 2008.the STBM stakeholders with the purpose one of WSES working groups, which is The work plan represents general workof acquiring inputs from STBM executors. Health and Hygiene Task Force (Gugus plan, which means that its not only co- The workshop was initiated with a Tugas Kesehatan dan Higienitas - vers governments work plan, but alsospeech from Oswar Mungkasa who repre- GTKH). This Task Force is under coordi- other stakeholders such as NGOs or edu-sented Bappenas Director of Housing and nation of Directorate of Disease Control cation institutions. Thus, coordination,Settlement as the Head of WSES Working and Environmental Improvement cooperation and collaboration are expect-Group. Next, Director of Environmental (Direktorat Pengendalian Penyakit dan ed to be established between stakehold-Improvement (Penyehatan Lingkungan), Penyehatan Lingkungan), Health De- ers, in order to increase WSES profile inHealth Department legally opened the partment. Indonesia. DYO/DHA Meeting of Solid Waste Task Force Government Regulation (PP) Priority Regarding Solid Waste Law (UU)A fter being launched last January the Law No 18 Year 2008 on Solid Waste. regulations regarding Solid Waste Law. during Solid Waste Workshop, Solid Prioritization was done by assessing Government regulation regarding theWaste Management Task Force (Gugus eleven government regulation plans and funding of solid waste management andTugas Pengelolaan Sampah - GTPS) held sorting based on ranking of most points. community role in solid waste manage-a meeting on May 9th 2008. The meeting Prioritization criteria was compiled based ment received the highest point and firstthat was held in ESP/USAID office was on the impact on health and social condi- priority scale.attended by representations of various tion quality of community, community The result of GTPS meeting, as a fo-institutions such as Dana Mitra economic growth, and quality of environ- llow up, will be presented in form of re-Lingkungan (DML), Yayasan Perisai, mental support power and local institu- commendation to all decision makers in aIATPI, ISSDP, Mercy Corps, WSES tional capacity by the scale of 1 to 5. special meeting that will be held in nearWorking Group, and ESP. Identification was followed by consi- date. This effort was done as one form of The meeting discussed prioritization derably long discussion which resulted in GTPS support in order to realize solid-of government regulation with regard to plan prioritization on eleven government waste-problems-free Indonesia. DHA Percik August 2008 39
    • WSES ROUNDABOUT 2 3 1 4 (1) Public Works Minister Djoko Kirmanto gave speech on World Water Day 2008. (2) Public Works Minister Djoko Kirmanto, Women Empowerment Minister, and several high rank officers are attending celebration of HAD 2008. (3) Solid Waste sorting competition between directorates of Public Works Depart- ment. (4) Ballad singer, Nugie, also celebrating HAD 2008. Source: Dini Haryati Main Event of World Water Day 2008M ain event of World Water Day 2008 was held on Friday, May16th 2008 at office yard of Public Works that local initiative is the motor of current sanitation development. Central Government only assistsDepartment, Jl. Pattimura No 20-27, local governments who really will-Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Selatan. The ing to develop and maintain.event was started by report from Head of After the speech, series of eventsNational Committee for World Water Day related with Water Day were pre-2008 (Hari Air Dunia 2008 - HAD), Staf sented; among others was "Washing performed songs with environmentalAhli I Public Work Department Mocha- Hands with Soap" campaign by Eselon I theme.mad Amron. Officer. The event that was arranged quite After the report, a speech from With background song of hand washing attractively could at least leave messageWomen Empowerment Minister was pre- with soap, in the campaign, the officers of and warning for all of us that watersented followed by speech from Public eselon I consorted by students of SDI Al source availability is currently degradingWorks Minister. In his speech, Djoko Azhar, Jakarta Selatan, were asked to show due to continuous pollution. This, offKirmanto reminded everyone of the how to properly wash hands with soap. course, is up to us to maintain and fix.importance of sanitation in maintaining Furthermore, series of events such as The benefit may not be felt directly by us,availability of clean water and sanitation competition regarding solid waste sorting but more importantly, will be felt by ourproblems that have become general prob- between directorates of Public Works children and grandchildren. If we makelems, thus sectoral efforts are no longer Department, comedy with the theme the effort to provide proper sanitationapplicable. "Sanitation is the answer", and singing now, the future of our country will be bet- Furthermore in his speech, he stated performance by Nugie were held. Nugie ter with less pollution. DH40 Percik August 2008
    • WSES ROUNDABOUT World Environmental DayW orld Environmental Day will be done by local environment organ- year was Tromse, Norway, a city known (Hari Lingkungan Hidup ization to talk about topics around educa- as the gate to the North Pole. Sedunia - HLHS) in the year tion, food, transportation, energy, and The big agenda is how to face every-2008 has entered its 36th age since initi- increasing public awareness. body on environmental issue while at theated the first time in the year 1972 For 36 years celebrations of World same time making the world communitythrough the UN conference. Celebration Environment Day have used various as agents in realizing equal and sustain-theme is different every year. In 2008, themes that were usually adjusted with able development to change behavior toHLHS celebration was planned to be held developing hot topic of the year. In order always hold principles of environmentalat the capital of New Zealand, Wellington, to understand how the previous year conservation.with the theme of "CO2, Kick the Habit! HLHS celebration was followed up, brief The celebration was also celebratedTowards a Low Carbon Economy". discussion is held regarding topics of by bicycle parade, "green" concert, com- New Zealand was chose because New HLHS celebration in the last two years. petition of article writing and environ-Zealand is the first country that has mental posters that was held in schools,promised to make the country free from World Environmental Day 2007 planting trees and recycle campaign.carbon gas and has been very focus on Environmental topic that year wasforest management as tools to reduce "Melting Ice - A Hot Topic". That year, World Environmental Day 2006green house effect. the celebration was focused on the con- For the year 2006, the theme was Celebration on June 5th 2008 was tent of climate changes that will trigger "Dont Dessert Dryland". Shrinking num-filled with various activities; among oth- ice melting in the polar cleft. The city that ber of desserts and dry lands are concern-ers are house to house presentation that became the host of HLHS celebration that ing. Unlike water and air that are relative- ly cleanable, soil damage requires thou- Kalpataru and Adipura Award sand of years to be fixed. On the peak celebration of World Environmental Day 2008, Indonesia President Susilo As additional information, 40 percent Bambang Yudhoyono awarded environmental preservation award to nine peoples from va- of earths surface is covered by dry lands rious provinces and three NGOs at Istana Negara, Jakarta, Thusday, June 5th 2008. and desserts. Therefore, the celebration Kalpataru was divided into four categories, namely environmental exponent, environmental servant, environmental rescuer, and environmental builder. For environ- that was held in Algeria focused on the mental exponent, it was awarded to Cukup Rudiyanto from Indramayu West Java, Sriyatun topic. from Surabaya East Java, Abu Wenna from Wajo South Sulawesi, Theresia Mia Tobi from East Flores, NTT, and Abbas H Usman from Indragiri Hilir Riau. Environmental servant was awarded to Jadjit Bustami from Bondowoso East Follow Up of HLHS Celebration: Java, Lalu Selamat from Dompu NTT, and Muthalib Ahmad from Banda Aceh NAD. What and How our Current Environmental rescuer was awarded to the people of Pekraman Buahan Village Bangli Bali Province, Argo Mulyo farmer group from Madiun East Java, and Bahtera Melayu Environment? NGO from Bengkalis Riau Province. Whereas environmental builder was awarded to That is at least the issue taken for Angerius Takalapeta from Alor NTT. World Environmental Day for the last two Beside Kalpataru, Adipura award was also awarded. Metropolitan city category was awarded to Kota Palembang, Jakarta Selatan, Jakarta Barat, Surabaya, Jakarta Utara, years. Various issues were brought up and Jakarta Pusat. accordingly with the booming topic at the Big city category was awarded to Pekanbaru, Padang, and Batam. Medium city category was awarded to 28 cities and Small City category was awarded to 57 cities. time. According to the data from Environmental Ministry (Kementrian Lingkungan Two years went by since celebration of Hidup - KLH), since Kalpataru has been awarded to individual or groups who have fought World Environmental Day in the year for the sake of environment in the year 1980, at least 240 people and groups have received this award. 2006 with the theme of Dont Dessert Dry Lands. Fixing 40 percent of earth surface Percik August 2008 41
    • WSES ROUNDABOUThave not been done yet, it was worsen by worlds resources. Not just fossil fuel such and forest opening for sawit coconutgreen house effect and global warming. as natural oil, but also forest. Until date, fields.New problem arise: melting ice, and the forest that is left is no more than 6 Forest destruction is the real source ofincreasing water surface. Both problems percent of the earths surface, and repre- disaster. Oxygen that represents the mosttriggered the same effect: fewer places to sents home for 30 million species and important element for human life is thin-live for the worlds inhabitants. provides 30 percent oxygen for the world. ning. This fact is inversely proportion Ice melting in the earth surface This year, Guiness world record book with the high level of green house emis-becomes the focus in World will put Indonesia as a country with high- sion that may potentially destroy the life.Environmental Day 2007. United est level of forest destruction among What are we waiting for? Lets startNations Environment Program (UNEP) countries with 90 percent of the worlds now. Start from small things. Such astook the theme of "Melting Ice, Beware!" forest. Greenpeace noted, every hour proper disposal of solid waste or usingMain celebration has been held at Indonesia destroys forest that is equal less motor vehicles. Lets make WorldTromso, Norway. As with air, water, and with 300 soccer fields. 72 percent of ori- Environmental World 2008 as the entrysoil, ice also have important role in creat- ginal forests in Indonesia have been point that will never ends to maintain theing the environment in this planet. destroyed and half of what is left is still environment. Happy World Environ- Ice, in the form of ocean, glacier, under threat of fire, commercial logging, mental Day. Willy from several sourceschunks, or snow reflects the sun. In thecontrary, dark ocean surface and uncov-ered land surface are keeping the heat,and increase the earths temperature. S ince celebrated the first time in the year 1972, the topics are as follow: 2007 Melting Ice - a Hot Topic? 1994 1993 One Earth One Family Poverty and the Environment -When the ice layer disappears, the earth Breaking the Vicious Circle 2006 Desserts and Desertification - Dont 1992 Only One Earth, Care and Sharewill continue to store the suns heat. The Dessert Drylands! 1991 Climate Change. Need for Globalhigher the temperature of the earth, more 2005 Green Cities - Plan for the Planet! Partnershipice will melt, and this will trigger global 2004 Wanted! Seas and Oceans - Dead or 1990 Children and the Environmentwarming. Alive? 1989 Global Warming; Global Warning 2003 Water-Two Billion People are Dying Increased temperature of the earth 1988 When People Put the Environment for It!has been forecasted by many people. First, Development Will Last 2002 Give Earth a Chance 1987 Environment and Shelter: More ThanIncreasing use of fuel since the birth of 2001 Connect with the World Wide Web of A Roofindustrial world in every part of the world Life 1986 A Tree for Peacehas triggered gas emission such as carbon 2000 The Environment Millennium - Time 1985 Youth: Population and the to Actdioxide and carbon monoxide. This gas Environment 1999 Our Earth - Our Future - Just Save It!emission had increased temperature of 1998 For Life on Earth - Save Our Seas 1984 Desertificationthe earths surface, including ozone layer 1997 For Life on Earth 1983 Managing and Disposing Hazardousdamage in the earths atmosphere. 1996 Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home Waste: Acid Rain and Energy 1995 We the Peoples: United for the Global 1982 Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal Industrial world has run out all the Environment of Environmental Concerns) 1981 Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food Chains 1980 A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without Destruction 1979 Only One Future for Our Children - Development Without Destruction 1978 Development Without Destruction 1977 Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil Degradation 1976 Water: Vital Resource for Life 1975 Human Settlements 1974 Only One Earth City of Wellington, New Zealand from above (Source: Percik August 2008
    • WSES ROUNDABOUT Earth Day 2008A pril 22nd is a date in one year which most people do not realize. Maybe for environmentalists, the date is not so strange. Since the year 1970, awareness to preserve environmental ofwater, earth, and air, have been raised, including actions all overthe world with one main objective of making the world healthy. "Earth Day". Yes, thats how they call it. It is hoped that inevery celebration of Earth Day, the earth is not getting "sick"because what the inhabitants did. Earth Day is celebrated to remind us of our daily behavior tothe world where we live in. Many bad things have been done to the earth, such as uncon- Source: Bowo Leksonotrolled deforestation, usage of chemicals endangering the ozone,wasting energy source such as water and oil, and improper waste Nelsons idea acquired great supports from the civil commu-disposal. nity. This is the embryo of Earth Day, because a year latter, to be On that day, we are reminded of the negative impact of our exact, on April 22nd 1970, million of people are parading on theactions to the planet that we called home. The most apparent street of Fifth Avenue, New York. No less than 1500 universitiesimpact is global warming. and 10 thousand schools participated in this demonstration in Global warming happened due to the green house effect. New York, Washington, and San Fransisco.Concentration of green house gas is blocking sun radiation Time magazine wrote around 20 million of people have floodreflection from earth to the space, thus accumulation of hot radi- the street that day, together launch the Earth Day and demand-ation is trapped in the air causing excessive heat. ing to start a "green revolution". The first Earth Day celebration Many ways can be done to reduce green house gas emission, in the year 1970 was considered to be the peak of environmentalamong other is to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) level in the air. movement of the 60s.One of the ways is to use polluted-free vehicles as often as possi- From the first Earth Day movement phenomenon in USA,ble or use environmental-friendly and energy-safe vehicles. various environmental groups were born, among others are More important is behavior change of the earth inhabitants. Environmental Action (in Washington, 1970), Greenpeace (envi-Start to safe water, recycle solid waste, stop illegal logging, ronmental groups that is known to be radical and militant, bornensure efficiency of energy source (such as electricity and fuel) in 1971), Environmentalist for Full Employment (group thatutilization, dont use chemicals that may harmed the ozone, and against industrialist, born in 1975), Worldwatch Instituteensure proper waste disposal. (research and study center that collects various information regarding global environmental threats, 1975), and many others.History of the Earth Day This monumental movement, according to Nelson, who died It was initiated from the speech of Wisconsin Senator, on July 4th 2005 at the age of 89 years, is said to be "incredibleGaylord Nelson in the year 1969 in Seattle, USA. At the time, he weed root explosion". It was not surprising if Nelson is said to beproposed national appliance of teach in, additional lecture on Father of International Earth Day. And to date, every 22 April,hot controversial issues, especially environmental issues. countries all over the world are celebrating it. MCH Percik August 2008 43
    • WSES ROUNDABOUT First Stone Placement for School ToiletF irst stone placement of pilot project tion in the school area. He and his staff will of school toilet in order to increase continue what the central government has school and environmental sanitati- done to the area.on was focused in SDN Sepatan I Kabu-paten Tangerang on Wednesday, May 7th Inducement for Local Government2008. Beside SDN Sepatan I, the pilot Team from the central governmentproject was also done at SDN Sepatan IV comprises of SIKIB and Public Worksand V, as well as SDN Kedaung I and III. Department. Present was Head of SIKIB, Activity in order to celebrate One Murniati Widodo AS, Lis Djoko Kirmanto,Hundred Years National Movement and Erna Budi Yuwono, and Erna Witoelar.International Sanitation Year 2008 Also present was Directorate General of(Seabad Kebangkitan Nasional dan Tahun Cipta Karya Ir. Budi Yuwono.Sanitasi Internasional 2008) was held by Coordinator of SIKIB Green and CleanSolidaritas Istri Kabinet Indonesia Bersatu Indonesia Program Erna Witoelar said(SIKIB) through Green and Clean that they have chosen Sepatan because thisIndonesia Program in cooperation with area has high risk in cleanliness andthe Public Works Department. cholera plague as well as dengue fever is Vice Tangerang Bupati, H. Rano Karno Head of SIKIB Murniati Widodo AS with Vice often happened. "Here, awareness in sani-expressed his happiness as well as his Tangerang Bupati H. Rano Karno is placing the tation is still low especially in schools," she first stone. Source: Bowo Leksonoshame. "This area is bolbon area (dispo- said.sing biological waste in the field)", he said responsible. "After your school toilet is Erna hopes that the aid for one unit toi-followed by laughter of hundreds of school built, I dont want to hear boys peeing let with the cost of Rp 150 million repre-community. under the tree," he said, again followed by sents inducement for local government to However, Bung Rano, familiar nick- laughter of hundreds of people. continue toilet development in othername for the vice bupati who is also an Bang Rano who represented Bupati schools. "Furthermore, what more impor-actor, is confident that if we still have Tangerang hopes that the aid for school tant is that the toilet will be properly usedshameful feeling, then we are still being toilet will give benefit to increase educa- and maintained," she said. BW Dirty and Smelly School Toilet S inta who still studying in the se- The same condition caused him and the cond grade of SDN Sepatan IV, entire school community to feel uncom- was blushed when asked where fortable in disposing their biological she disposed biological waste when she waste. was in school. She answered that she had Last, SDN Sepatan I doesnt even to go back to her house that located not have toilet for both student and teacher. far from the school. Students had to go to the back of the Different story told by Husni and his school, while the teachers had to go to two seemingly close friends. Husni, third PGRI office nearby. While SDN Sepa- grade student of SDN Sepatan I and his katan V, located in the same complex buddies will run to the back part of the with SDN Sepatan I, have six toilets but school whenever they wanted to defecate. they are not functioning because plugged "School toilets are dirty, smelly, and and full. BW Little doctors from SDN Sepatan I Tangerang. sometimes without water," said Husni. Source: Bowo Leksono44 Percik 2008 August
    • WSES ROUNDABOUT Training and Workshop of Strategic Plan (Renstra) Development of Kabupaten Barru increase community role, and iii) pro- mote clean and healthy living. In order to define strategic issue and policy, participants performed deep analysis on internal and external condi- tion of WSES development. Identification and analysis of strength and weakness were done to find out internal condition, while external condition was reviewed by identifying and analysis of opportunity and threat. The analysis is known as SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, and Source: Dok/WASPOLA Threat) analysis. The result among othersT he important of synergizing and training itself represents cooperation can be seen in the table below. WSES sector management and between WSES Working Group of From SWOT analysis result, partici- coordination is urgent to be done Kabupaten Barru , National level WSES pants developed strategic issue, policy,at Kabupaten Barru in order for the opti- Working Group and WES-Unicef. and program. Four agreed strategic pro-mum goals of sustainable WSES can beachieved. This is revealed in workshop INTERNAL EXTERNAL STRENGTH WEAKNESS OPPORTUNITY T H R E ATand training of Renstra compilation in Human resource avai- Low capacity of function- Central Government po- Conflict of interest inKabupaten Barru, South Sulawesi, that lability al officers in managing licy regarding WSES water source utilizationwas held for 5 days, 14-18 April 2008, in Water resource poten- sustainable WSES pro- tial availability gram Partnership opportunity Unsuccessful/unres-Pare-Pare. Local government com- with private and donor ponded WSES policies WSES Renstra Workshop and mitment in implemen- Limited fund agencies Unsustainable WSES faci- tation of WSES program No local regulation for Increasing demand of lityTraining was opened by Head of Bappeda Conducive leadership Community Based WSES clean water Large amount of invest- climate sustainability Community support for ment required to provideKamil R who stated that WSES activities Weak coordination in sustainable WSES deve- service for the increasingrequire multi-parties involvedness and managing sustainable lopment number of population WSES program Degrading drinking waterrequire umbrella of comprehensive and service productivityintegrated planning. "SKPD Renstra isstill sectoral, thus we need programRenstra, especially WSES," he said. Result discussion of the participants grams will be further developed in strate- The main purpose of the training is to during identification and analysis is that gic actions. Strategic action will beprovide WSES Working Group member of WSES problems are not only unfunction- referred to in program and activity com-Kabupaten Barru with method of WSES ing facilities, but also lack of coordina- pilation in related SKPD.Renstra development, analysis skill of tion. Discussion result was then mapped In order to formulate and finalizedWSES sector issues and at the same time into goal of WSES development in the Renstra, it was agreed to establishskill to develop the WSES Renstra. Kabupaten Barru. The result is formula of formulation team coordinated by Workshop and training that was held vision and mission. Bappeda. The members represent crossin participative method, representing The vision is "availability of sustain- sectoral/institutional. Furthermore, indynamic education for adults, was facili- able clean water and healthy environ- this workshop and training membershiptated by WASPOLA, program that was ment in Kabupaten Barru by 2015," that and structure of WSES Working Group offocused on policy and sector reform will be realized through the mission of i) Kabupaten Barru were also formulated.development in Indonesia. The workshop increase WSES service coverage, ii) DHS Percik August 2008 45
    • WSES ROUNDABOUT STBM Training for ted SKPD. The follow up effort that was planned To support the program, Banten by Banten WSES Working Group is Internship (KKN) Student Working Group has cooperated with cooperation with Danamon Peduli pro- Candidate of UGM Project Concern Indonesia (PCI), gram, but it was focused more on urbanT raining of Community-led total sani- tation (Sanitasi Total BerbasisMasyarakat - STBM) for KKN Student of National level WSES Working Group, WASPOLA, and Tirtayasa University. solid waste management. The program will also be developed with participation The progress made Banten the partner of pattern and STBM trigger.UGM Yogyakarta and Waterplant national level WSES Working Group inCommunity was held on 25-27 April developing STBM. Currently, national Field Visit2008 at LPPM Meeting Room of UGM. level WSES Working Group helps to fund After the meeting, a visit was made to The training represents cooperation STBM development in Banten Province Taktakan Village, Kecamatan Taktakan,between WASPOLA, WSES Working through funding scheme together with approximately 30 minutes from theGroup of National level, and Waterplant central, province, and kabupaten. province capital, to see the result ofCommunity of UGM. Waterplant Until date, training for community STBM application. In this location,Community is a community that focuses has been done on WSES management. Sumbar Working Group is greeted byon community development sector in Camat Taktakan and engages dialoguesupporting achievement of sustainable with the community. Until date, owner-development in the framework of water ship and access to toilets in Taktakansupply in the rural area. have increased since triggered by Material of the training includes Tirtayasa University. Then, the numberdirect field practice in the village. was only 20 percent.Cooperation with UGM is the second Community has also compile workcooperation with university after plan to prepare STBM and free of openTirtayasa University Banten. defecation. Acceleration of the action STBM training in cooperation (free of open defecation) is done bybetween national level WSES Working cooperation with Puskesmas that willingGroup and various universities is planned to provide budget for midwife facilitatorin order to accelerate STBM implementa- and sanitarian.tion to achieve MDGs target for sanita- Banten Working Group innovationtion by the year 2015. Visit of Sumbar WSES Working Group in receives attention of Sumbar Working National level WSES Working Group Secretariat. Group. Banten strategy will be adopted Source: Exclusive Cross Learning Sumbar and implemented in the work plan of Sumbar Working Group next year. It was Working Group to Banten The training will continue and reach planned that in 2009, Sumbar Working Working Group broader objective group. Field executor Group will develop STBM in 10 kabu-A mong the activity of preparing the planning for local development2009, WSES Working Group of Sumatra and the design were fully developed by WSES Working Group Banten. patens. Visit to National Level WSES To maintain and accelerate STBM Working GroupBarat Province will held cross learning to implementation, Banten WSES Working On this visit, Sumbar Working GroupWSES Working Group of Banten Group also targeted community member also planned meeting with NationalProvince on 24-25 April 2008. The visit and institution that can be initiator. The WSES Working Group and WASPOLA.was done to exchange information initiator will be trained and shaped as the The meeting discussed WSES programregarding WSES program implementa- agent of sanitation behavior changes in development in Sumbar Province, imple-tion in both provinces, especially imple- the community level. mentation strategy for the year 2009,mentation of STBM. Banten WSES Working Group is National WSES Working Group support During the visit STBM development actively produces leaflets, brochure, and to the area and continuity of WASPOLAstrategy and implementation of Banten other communication tools for STBM. support in Sumatera Barat.Province was discussed. In Banten, Some schools use BOS fund to produce The meeting was especially discussedSTBM in expansion phase is involving leaflets that are suitable for school chil- follow up of WSLIC activity in Sumaterakabupaten Working Group, NGO, univer- dren, as campaign tools of behavior Barat post project. In near time, Sumbarsities and school. Program design was changes into clean and healthy living Province will held workshop to discussprepared by Banten Working Group, since early stage, including washing action plan of the province and WSLICwhile implementation was done by rela- hands with soap (CTPS). location. dhs/pur/syaf46 Percik August 2008
    • PROGRAM SToPS Total Sanitation and Sanitation MarketingT otal Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing (TSSM) or SToPS is the first program in Indonesia that translates in vast scale the new strategy of Government ofIndonesia regarding community based sanitation. SToPS program is a partnership program betweenGovernment of Indonesia (GoI), Water and Sanitation Program(WSP), and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The fund of US$1.9 million from Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation were used todevelop the approach comprehensively. Learning from CLTS or sanitation marketing experience, GoIhas decided to implement SToPS program in all 29 kabupaten ofEast Java Province during the period of 2007-2009. This wasdone as the effort of increasing access to sanitation in safe andhealthy manner, as well as quick and sustainable hygienicbehavior. What can kabupaten done to acquire benefit from SToPSProgram? Kabupaten may implement existing sanitation programs with SToPS program approach. Eliminating subsidized fund of family toilet development and channeled it to alternative program such as reward for A toilet beside the house located above the fish pond. Source: Bowo Leksono community for achieving collective behavior change, held inter-village and inter-kecamatan competition in achieving for local government (Health Agency, Bappeda, and related the status of open defecation, developing local sanitation partner institution) to manage demand creation, increasing market, and promote hygienic behavior, demand creation, supply, and monitoring implementation and the achieve- etc. ment. Adopt and develop SToPS approach in broader area, con- sidering that the program is only available in limited time What does SToPS Program want to Achieve in and area. Indonesia? Establish kabupaten working team. It is expected that by the year 2009 (the end of program), SToPS Program will:Benefit for Kabupaten that Participating in SToPS Increase number of community with access to safe andProgram hygiene sanitation facility at least to 1.4 million people in The participating Kabupaten in SToPS Program will receive East Java.technical assistance to: Gain learning regarding sustainable approach application Strengthen political commitment for scale up effort among in broader scale in Indonesia, in the effort to achieve MDG local leaders, such as Bupati, DPRD/politician/political target for rural sanitation before or by the year 2015. Develop learning contribution on global understanding party, leaders of community organization, NGO leaders, that enable replication of the approach in 5-15 other coun- camat, local media, etc. tries, as well as increasing access to safe and hygienic sani- Build institutional capacity and implementation support tation for over 250 million people by the year 2015. BW Percik August 2008 47
    • I AT P I C L I N I C Percik Magazine in cooperation with Ikatan Ahli Teknik Penyehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, opens Clinic column. This column contains questions and answers regarding clean water and environmental sanitation. Questions can be submitted through editors of Percik Magazine Contributor: Sandhi Eko Bramono (, Lina Damayanti ( Methane Gas Reactor process, where the waste will have black- Answer ish color. Mercury exclusion is generally doneI have tried to treat waste from food industry (leftover) in anaerobic reac- In order to achieve that, its a good using adsorption process. Using activetor to produce methane gas that I have idea to mix strong base as neutralizer carbon may reduce mercury concentra-been using to produce electricity for inter- (such as natrium hydroxide), mixed tion over 90 percent. Adsorption unit cannal installation. The produced be installed in the end part of ope-gas is initially very high, how- rational unit after filtrationever, after about one year, gas process using Granular Activatedproduction tends to decreased. Carbon (GAC).When solid waste is treated in In IPA, sometimes GACthe reactor (around 20 days), I utilization can be attached tofound color change from food quick sand filtration. This willwaste that was normally black- reduce area requirement. Howeverish in the reactor, and current- difficulty will be faced in regener-ly become grayish. For your ating GAC because GAC cannot beinformation, to maintain pH, cleaned by common filter clean-Im using natrium bicarbonate. sing, because the mechanism isWhat should I do to increase not common straining like sandperformance of my reactor? Waste Water Management Pond (PD PAL Jaya) media, but adsorption mechanism,Did I put too much concentra- in Setiabudi area, Jakarta. Source: Bowo Leksono where special and exclusive rege-tion of natrium bicarbonate? neration is required. (Sukamto, Jakarta) natrium bicarbonate. This will reduce Modification of coagulation accumulation of natrium compound, process using coagulant in excessiveAnswer because natrium hydroxide requirement amount (enhanced coagulation) can Utilization of natrium bicarbonate to is less than natrium bicarbonate. exclude mercury, although the perform-maintain pH is normally done in installa- To fix performance of your reactor, it ance will not be as high as adsorptiontion with large capacity to regulate pH on is advised to clean approximately half of process. Enhanced coagulation (can beoptimum pH for anaerobic process, the waste volume in the reactor, to be fol- up to 120 mg/l, where common coagula-which is 7,0-7,2. lowed by system stabilization and use tion usually require only 40-50 mg/l) will It is very possible that natrium com- natrium hydroxide plus a little natrium coagulate particle along with mercury inpound is accumulated in the reactor, due bicarbonate to maintain pH. coagulation process which eventually willto large quantity of natrium bicarbonate bond mercury with floc, become thicker floc, until finally deposited on sedimenta-in the reactor. Natrium concentration Water Treatmentabove 3,5-5,5 gr/l can be toxic for tion unit. Microfloc containing unde- Installation posited mercury on sedimentation unitmethanogen microorganism/bacteria. In Water Treatment Installation will be flowed and filtered in quick sandColor change in the reactor indicated that (Instalasi Pengolah Air - IPA), how to filter.anaerobic process is no longer perfect. modify process unit or operational unit to * Contributor is doctoral program student The color was caused by failure of sul- At Division of Environmental Science and produce mercury compound (Hg)?phate reduction process into sulfur, Engineering, National University of Singapore (Tatang, Bandung)which should mark the anaerobic (NUS), Singapore. Contact: sandhieb@yahoo.com48 Percik 2008 August
    • CD INFO MDGs Documenter MovieA pproaching half way to achievement dead- explanation. line of Millennium Development The movie that represents coopera- Goals (MDGs) in 2015, achieve- tion between Bappenas and Plan Indonesiament performance of Indonesia can not is part of the effort to spread informationbe proud of. It was obvious that regarding MDGs. The movie focus onIndonesias challenge of achieving achievement reality of objectivetarget 10 in objective number 7 number seven of the MDGs espe-which is to reduce by half, in cially in achieving access to basic2015, of population proportion clean water and sanitation.without access to basic clean The movie with 20 mi-water and sanitation represents nutes duration is completed witha heavy task. data in the form of achievement One of the main cha- tables of all eight objectives.llenges is lack of understanding of Moreover, speech from ex MDGsdecision makers, especially in Ambassador for Asia Pacific Ernalocal level regarding MDGs. Witoelar and interview with BupatiTherefore, it is important to explain Boalemo Iwan Bokings responding toMDG in a documenter movie with the MDGs can also be found in this movie.title of "Toward Indonesia 2015". The The movie is available at WSES Workingcontent is packed briefly and easy to be Group library, jl. Cianjur No 4 Menteng,understood. Furthermore, as assistance tool, the Central Jakarta. BWdocumenter movie is completed with booklet as written Documenter Movie "Sang Pawang Air" (the Water Tamer)"S ang Pawang Air", documenter movie from At first, in Baseh Village, water struggling between Purbalingga, Central Java is presenting people in the community is often occurred. Reservoir water problem faced by the commu- and water pipes are not excluded from commu-nity. Community initiation in overcoming nity vandalism. This is the background fortheir problems collectively is an interest- Mujamil to create a tool of water divisioning depiction in the movie with 18 in order to ensure justice between peo-minutes duration. ple in the community in clean water Technically, according evalua- consumption.tion from the jury, the movie The tool that at first is opposeddirected by Bowo Leksono is well by Local Government was based onperformed that leads the movie as correlated canister technique.the second winner in the Government legality became lessDocumentary Movie Competition important because of the more2008 with the theme "Human and urgent needs of the communityWater" held by FORKAMI. regarding the clean water. Mujamil, the Pawang Air (Water After utilization of the water divi-Tamer), is not an engineer or profe- sion tool, not only water provisionssor. He is just a religious teacher in an problems that are solved, but also fairElementary School and Junior High and equal division. No wonder Mujamil isSchool in Baseh Village, Kecamatan called the water tamer. DVD of this documen-Karanglewas, Kabupaten Banyumas. However, tary movie is available at WSES Working Grouphis concern to the community is able to encourage Library. BWhim to create clean water division tool. Percik August 2008 49
    • BOOK INFO Depiction of WSES Development in Indonesia WSES development best practices as an experience. Location and activity selection was not done by firm criteria, but more from "mouth to mouth", which is followed by field visit. The book frame which first edition was issued on April 2008 consists of three parts and divided into eight chapters. First part represents brief pictures of WSES condition in Indonesia, se- cond part reveal WSES learning with focus on lessons learned from the field visits which then written completely in the attach- ment. The closure part represents summary from the overall learn- ing. While in the attachment, we can see reports of the field vi- sits from each location completed with sources list along with their address. The book that is available in WSES Working Group library, Jl. Cianjur No. 4 Menteng, Central Jakarta, represents part ofT he book reviewed lessons learned and best practices regard- cooperation between Bappenas and Plan Indonesia. One of the ing WSES development in Indonesia. It is true, that many main objectives of the cooperation is knowledge managementother similar books have been issued; however, the 163 pages and resource center of WSES. At least, this book will add morebook is a little different. What is the difference? reference in WSES sector. BW The difference is in the frame and documentary process of MDGs Booklet which suppose to be achieved by the year 2015. MDGs are quantitative and scheduled target in the effort of overcoming global poverty and other poverty dimension such as hunger, disease, basic infrastructure provision (housing and se- ttlement) and promoting gender and education equality, as well as sustainable environment. MDGs also represent the effort of fulfilling human right such as included in the UN Millennium Declaration. The eight MDGs objectives are: fighting poverty and extreme hunger, realizing basic education for all, encouraging gender equality and women empowerment, reduce mortality number of the children, increase health of the mother, fight HIV and AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, ensuring environmental preserva- tion, and developing global partnership for the development.T his simple booklet of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was made in order to provide written explanationfor MDGs documentary movie that was issued under coopera- The explanation in this booklet is focused on the seventh objective, which is ensuring environmental preservation which also includes target to reduce half of population proportiontion between Bappenas and Plan Indonesia. The booklet con- without sustainable access to safe clean water and basic sanita-tains eight MDGs objectives with 18 targets and 40 indicators, tion by the year 2015. BW50 Percik August 2008
    • WEBSITE INFO The site that was developed since the year 1992 is initiated by the need of a media as information sharing and expe- rience regarding clean water provision in the rural. That is why the members came from multidiscipline such as government institutions, multilateral organization, do- nor agencies, NGO, and private companies. Information exchange between stake- holders is vital in synergizing the effort of and nutrient. Various brief articles Freshwater Action achieving MDGs targets. Since the early regarding various health and disease Network (FAN) stage, RWSN has set its important agenda issues can enhance our knowledge. which is clean water and sanitation provi- There is "Water and Us" column that sion for poor community through proper provides information regarding clean Freshwater Action Network (FAN) is a and sustainable technology that is afford- water for our needs. Furthermore, infor-networking site that was legalized able and able to answer the need of low mation regarding environment is alsothrough the World Drinking Water income community. completed the site.Forum, March 2000. The main purposeof the site is to ensure that all community DIMSUMinstitutions or NGOs of drinking water sanitation sectors can speak up theiraspiration, especially in forums of policy Dimsum is a research institution indecision of drinking water and sanitation the sector of clean water and sanitation inat the international level. the river area. Work area of this institu- In order to achieve the purpose, tion is developing countries such asthrough this site FAN invites all NGOs of Nepal, Malaysia, India, and Indonesia. Inclean water and sanitation to be active Indonesia, Dimsum is working togethermembers. The benefit is that FAN will with Institut Teknologi Sepuluh No-provide latest information in form of bu- Until date, there are 500 members of pember (Sepuluh Nopember Institute oflletin and newsletter regarding policy of individual and institutions, among others Technology -ITS) with work area of riverdrinking water and sanitation. Moreover, are WSP, UNICEF, WaterAid, Water and area.FAN can also provide training and advo- Forestry Department of South Africa, IRC Dimsum Indonesia has its own sitecacy for all members. (Dutch), etc. RWSN currently has several that also connects with the site of Dim- FAN membership is open for all NGO tools as media of knowledge and informa- sum International and other site relatingwith concern toward clean water and tion exchanges, which are newsletter, with clean water and sanitation. Varioussanitation. FAN currently has 400 mem- interactive site, e-conference, meeting, information regarding WSES programbers from all over the world, including training, and direct field visit. Up to the can be accessed in this site. WL/BWseveral NGO from Indonesia. year 1992-2005 clean water provision for poor community has been done in coun- RWSN (Rural Water tries such as India, Pakistan, South Sanitation Networking) Africa, and several other countries. Healthy Family RWSN (Rural Water Sanitation Net- http://keluargasehat.comworking) is a global site that contains in-formation regarding clean water provisi- Keluarga Sehat site is a site that pro-on practice in the rural area. vides latest information regarding health Percik August 2008 51
    • WSES PublicationsG U I D A N C E INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENTBIKIN PUPUK YUK... Publisher: Yayasan Kemitraan Air IndonesiaPublisher: Self Development Club SMA Semen Gresik, (KAI), Jakarta, Oktober 2007June 2007DRAFT OF STRATEGIC PLAN OF WSES-CB EXPERIENCE OF CLEAN WATERKABUPATEN CILACAP 2008-2012 FACILITY DEVELOPMENT:Publisher: Government of Kabupaten Cilacap, 2007 STUDY CASE PROAIR IN PRABAIKUL AND TARAMANU VILLAGE, WEST SUMBAR E G U L A T I O N Publisher: NTT, Mitra SamyaREGULATION OF PUBLIC WORK MINISTER NO 21/PRT/M/2006 ON - ProAir GTZ Sumba Barat NATIONAL STRATEGY AND POLICY NTT, June 2007 OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT MAGAZINE PERCIK LAW OF REPUBLIC Edition 20, October 2007 OF INDONESIA NO 26 YEAR (English Version) 2007 ON SPATIAL PLAN REGULATION OF BUPATI PERCIK SOLOK NO 48 YEAR 2006 ON Edition 22, March 2008 STRATEGIC PLAN OF Newsletter WSLIC-2 DEVELOPMENT AND Edition 11, 2007 MANAGEMENT OF WSES-CB YEAR 2005-2015 Newsletter WSLIC-2 Edition 12, 2007 Newsletter AMPL Edition March, 2008 B O O K PLUMBER ROMANCE Newsletter AMPL Publisher: Drinking Water Edition April, 2008 Magazine Perpamsi, Tekno Limbah Jakarta, 2005 Edition 7, 2008 WATER AND ENVIRONMEN- Greeners TAL RESOURCES: POTENTIAL, Edition 02, February 2008 DEGRADATION, AND FUTURE Publisher: LIPI Press, ESP News Jakarta, 2007 Edition 25, February 2008 Kiprah RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT FROM ACADEMIC DISCOURSE Edition 26, March 2008TO FIELD PRACTICE Air MinumPublisher: LIPI Press, Jakarta, 2007 Edition 151, April 2008CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION ACTIVITIES FOR LOWINCOME COMMUNITY C DPublisher: Directorate General of Environmental Health and WATER PLANT COMMUNITY:Disease Control, Health Department, 2005 WATER FOR PEOPLE Publisher: LPPM UGM - Public Work Department, Yogyakarta,WORKING TIPS OF SANITATION IN THE SLUMP AREA: SUMMA- 2008RY OF SANITATION STUDY RESULT OF LOW INCOME COMMU-NITY IN THE URBAN AREA INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON CONSULTATIONS AND STRATEGICPublisher: Bappenas - Depdagri - Depkes - Dep.PU - Dep. COMMUNICATIONS IN THE WATER AND SANITATION SECTORPerindustrian - KLH - WSP-EAP, Jakarta, November 2007 Publisher: Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) - PPIAF, 200852 Percik 2008 August
    • AGENDANO. T I M E A C T I V I T I E S1 3 April 2008 Coordination Meeting of Steering Committe and Operational Chief, held in Jakarta by Watsan Network.2 7 April 2008 Workshop "Protecting Health from Impact of Climate Changes", held in Jakarta by Health Department3 7 April 2008 Socialization of WSES-CB Policies and WES Program Kabupaten Belu, held in Atambua by Government of Kabupaten Belu and UNICEF4 8 April 2008 Wrap-up Meeting Project WSLIC-2, held in Jakarta by Health Department5 10-11 April 2008 Workshop "Future of Clean Water Sector Development and Resistance Anticipation on the Impact of Global Climate Changes" held in Jakarta by PERPAMSI6 11 April 2008 Seminar of Civil & Environmental Engineering Faculties of ITB & Stakeholders "Toward Increasing Quality of Human Resources", held in Bandung by cooperation of ITB with the Public Work Department.7 12 April 2008 Launching of Hand Washing with the Soap and Sanimas in celebration of World Water Day 2008, held in Kota Tangerang, Banten by Public Work Department8 14-19 April 2008 Training and workshop of WSES-CB Strategic Plan Compilation of Kabupaten Barru9 17 April 2008 Workshop of National Asset Management Program Assessment (NAMPA), held in Jakarta by WASPOLA and WSES Working Group10 18-20 April 2008 Jakarta Go Green Festival, held in East Parking area of Senayan by Green Initiative Forum (GIF)11 21-26 April 2008 Training and workshop of WSES-CB Strategic Plan Compilation of Luwu Utara district, held in South Sulawesi by Government of Luwu Utara district and UNICEF12 21-23 April 2008 Field Visit of Delegation of Timor Leste Democratic Republic to Muara Enim and Sepatan13 24 April 2008 WSES Meeting and Discussion with Delegation of Timor Leste Democratic Republic, held in Jakarta by Bappenas14 24 April 2008 Seminar of Sustainable Cities Challenges for Indonesian and Sweden, held in Jakarta by Swedish Embassy and Environment Ministry15 27-30 April 2008 Review Workshop of Learning of Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing (TSSM) Program, held in Surabaya by cooperation of Government of Indonesia and WSP-EAP of the World Bank and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation16 5-9 May 2008 Training and workshop of WSES-CB Strategic Plan Compilation of West Papua Province, held in Sorong by WSES Working Group of West Papua Province and UNICEF17 6-9 May 2008 Meeting of National Development Planning (Musrenbangnas) held in Jakarta by Bappenas18 9 May 2008 Discussion of Solid Waste Management Law: Prioritization of Government Regulation, held in Jakarta by Solid Waste Management Task Force19 13 May 2008 Workshop Kick Off ISSDP 2, held in Jakarta by Bappenas20 13-16 May 2008 Training and workshop of WSES-CB Strategic Plan Compilation of NTT Province, held by UNICEF21 15 May 2008 Roadshow WSES Working Group in the Framework of Socialization of WSES-CB National Policy, held in Kota Serang by Government of Kota Serang22 15 May 2008 Forkami Discussion Forum "The Need of Underground Water Conservation to Decrease Volume Reduction of Underground Water", held in Jakarta by Forkami23 16 May 2008 Main Event of XVI World Water Day year 2008, held in Jakarta by Public Work Department24 19-23 May 2008 Training and workshop of WSES-CB Strategic Plan Compilation of Maluku Province, held in Ambon by UNICEF25 5-19 May 2008 Training and workshop of WSES-CB Strategic Plan Compilation of West Papua, held in Sorong by UNICEF26 21 May 2008 Workshop of Achieving Millennium Development Goals, held in Jakarta by Bappenas27 22-23 May 2008 Coordination Meeting of WSES Program and Launching of Sanitation Year for NTB Province, held in Lombok, Mataram, by WSES Working Group of NTB Province28 26-27 May 2008 Workshop of Community-Led Total Sanitation and Launching of Health and Hygiene, held in Puncak, Bogor, by cooperation of Watsan Network and Health Department29 27-30 May 2008 Training and Workshop of Clean Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, held in Ambon by UNICEF30 27 May 2008 Meeting of TIM Kota and Evaluation of HPE/Lestari Project Activity - Mercy Corps, held in Jakarta by Mercy Corps31 28 May 2008 Discussion Study on Economic Impacts of Sanitation, held in Jakarta by Technical Team of Sanitation Development32 29 May 2008 Launching of International Sanitation Year Central Java Province, held in Kabupaten Kendal by WSES Working Group of Central Java Province33 2 June 2008 Mid Term Review (MTR) Program Meeting of WES-UNICEF, held in Jakarta by National WSES Working Group34 5-8 June 2008 Indonesia Environmental Week, held in Jakarta by Environmental Ministry35 7 June 2008 Workshop of Solid Waste Management Accordingly with Law No 18 Year 2008, held in Jakarta by Environmental Ministry36 9-12 June 2008 Socialization of Clean Water Management Manual and Environmental Improvement, held in Banding by Directorate General of Rural Community Empowerment, Domestic Department37 12 June 2008 Media Panel Discussion and Campaign of Environmental Improvement, held in Jakarta by Watsan Network