Indonesia Water and Sanitation Networking. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. August 2008


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Indonesia Water and Sanitation Networking. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. August 2008

  1. 1. Information Media for Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation From Editor 1 Your Voice 2 Published by: Water Supply and Sanitation Main Report Working Group Knowing Various Network 3 Advisor: Water and Sanitation (Watsan) Networking 5 Director General for Human Settlement, International Sanitation Year Department of Public Works Around International Sanitation Year 9 Board of Trustee: Interview Director of Settlement and Housing, National Development Planning Agency Networking to develop WSES 11 Director of Water and Sanitation, Regulation Ministry of Health Law No 18 Year 2008 On Solid Waste Management 14 Director of Water Supply Development, Department of Public Works InsightDirector of Natural Resources and Appropriate Solid Waste Management Technology in PLTSa Gede Bage Bandung 16 Technology, Director General on Village and Community Empowerment, Iron (Fe) and Manganese (Mn) Content of Underground Water 18 Department of Home Affairs In The Next Five Years, Tetaf Village Will Become Prosperous Village 20 Director for Facilitation of Special Planning Environment Management, Knowing Brief Participative Learning 22 Department of Home Affairs Innovation Ecoplas Environmental Friendly Bag Made From Cassava 25 Chief Editor: Oswar Mungkasa Our Guest Building Water Conservation in Sindang Kahuripan 26 Board of Editor: Zaenal Nampira, Reportage Indar Parawansa, Visit from the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste Delegation Bambang Purwanto to Indonesia 28 Editor: Inspiration Maraita Listyasari, Rheidda Pramudhy, Raymond Marpaung, Fanny Wedahuditama Unsustainable City 30 Reflection Design/Illustrator: Dry Toilet for Dense Settlements and Areas Lack of Water 31 Rudi Kosasih ISSDP Roundabout 32 Production: WASPOLA Roundabout 34 Machrudin WES-UNICEF Roundabout 36 Distribution: STBM Roundabout 38 Agus Syuhada NETWORK Roundabout 39 Address: WSES Roundabout 40 Jl. Cianjur No. 4, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat Phone/Fax.: 62-21-31904113 Program SToPS, Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing 47 e-mail: IATPI Clinic 48 CD Info 49 BOOK Info 50 Unsolicited article or opinion items are welcome. Please send to our address WEBSITE Info 51 or e-mail. Dont forget to be brief and WSES Publication 52 accompanied by identity. Agenda Percik magazine can be accessed through WSS website
  2. 2. F R O M E D I TO RE very year we celebrate various themes related to drink- too. This condition has become concerning in the past few years. ing water and environmental sanitation, like Worlds Water supply and sanitation development has not reached opti- Water Day, Toilet Day, Environmental Day, Earth Day, mal results. Service coverage is going no where, while muchand many more. Not to mention each year we also celebrate va- infestation has been contributed.rious others themes, and coincidentally this year is International Cooperation between stakeholders is needed. This themeSanitation Year. then became the main topic of These celebrations now this edition. How can everyonebecome a paradox. The original work together in water andidea of each celebration is to environmental sanitationremind us of many important (WSES) development. Today inthings we forgot in our daily Indonesia a water and environ-activities. But later on, these mental sanitation networkingcelebrations has slipped into (Watsan Networking) has beenbecoming one of our yearly established to become a place toroutine. Theyve gotten only as synergize information poten-far as how we celebrate and not tial, knowledge and informa-how we start something so that tion between stakeholders in athe celebration can become mutual relationship that bene-more meaningful. Were too fits everyone in WSES develop-busy preparing exhibitions, ment. We all hope so that thislaunching policies by President goal can be accomplished.or Minister, and many other Therefore, the history of watsanthings. networking, interview with the This condition is then founders, and watsan network-reflected through water supply ing activities so far, are theand environmental sanitation main focus in this edition. Andservices coverage, which until also included networking innow hasnt increased much abroad.from 50% and only 65% for Besides that also presentedbasic sanitation. There are still some samples of real activity70-100 million citizens of from WSES developmentIndonesia that havent received activist like Ully Sigar Rusadiproper water supply and envi- with her commitment to con-ronmental sanitation services. serve nature, Neni Sinta-While we have celebrate wardani with her dry toiletWorlds Water Day each year Source: Bowo Leksono innovation, and latest innova-for quite some time now, and tion plastic bag from cassavathere were many policies launched and promise told each year. produced by Dana Mitra Lingkungan. This celebration has become a routine. A change of attitude Other interesting article is about Law No 18/2008 onis needed so that we -governments, non governments, and com- waste management. This law is a government effort to provide amunity- can together change those celebrations into a start of better and healthier life warranty for Indonesian citizens. Thesomething meaningful. celebration of Environmental Day and Earth Day also shares The effect of each celebration is actually quite significant, but some portion with the hope that we all can make them an inspi-then each stakeholder is competing in celebrating them indivi- ration. As wise man say "Keeping the earth safe for a heritage todually, and accordingly, the follow ups was done individually our children." OM Percik August 2008 1
  3. 3. YOUR VOICE Insight Deepening Besar, it is very difficult to obtain infor- environment. The global issue that has mation regarding the environment. I am been brought in Percik is quite up to date, When covering the WSES working very interested in getting Percik maga- so we see it needed for us to access thegroup in Kabupaten Barru, Sulawesi zine. I hereby enclosed my address: Jl. magazine. Untung JunandarSelatan, I got three editions of Percik and Gurami No. 63a, RT 11 RW 04, Kelurahan Student Dormitory Kalimantan Barat Surakartasome brochures and a promise of the next Seketeng Sumbawa Besar (NTB) 84311. Jl. Anggur 1 No 15 Kerten Surakarta 57147editions. The magazine has deepened our Im really hoping to receive copies ofinsight to better know the WSES work Percik magazine. Thank you for your kind Dearest Pak Untung,group activities. The magazine and attention. Elementary schools in Kapubaten Mukhlis, STbrochure, after being read, were given as Sumbawa Besar - NTB Kepulauan Seribu and DKI Jakarta havea new collection to Iqra Reading Venue, a Dearest Pak Mukhlis, implemented green school in local con- We will immediately send copies ofcommunity reading venue we have estab- tent subject. Percik magazine.lished with several friends in KelurahanTuwung Kecamatan Barru Kabupaten Old Copies of Percik Elementary School thatBarru. Hopefully the reading can providebetter benefit to the community in under- implies Green School We are from French NGO in coopera-standing the importance of sanitation tion with Health Department, is interest-and environmental improvement. Im interested when reading Percik ed in acquiring old copies of Percik mag- For the future, Im hoping that our article in 2007 about green school. My azine, or even subscription, becausereading venue can receive every edition of question is, is there any elementary many data and articles that are relatedPercik, and other readings relating with school that practices it? with our focus (WASH, nutrition, etc).WSES to increase our collection. Thank Coincidentally Im a member of West Please give us the necessary for kind attention. Kalimantan student organization that has If it is needed, I can stop by at your office. programs in developing elementary edu- Thank You, Cheers! Badaruddin Amir Rayendra cation for undeveloped remote areas, Journalist of Education World magazine Assistan Head of Mission ACF Indonesia Education Agency of South Sulawesi Province especially in Kalimantan, that based on Office 6221 7220775 Founder of Iqra Reading Venue Mobile 0816 903793 Jl. Pramuka No. 108 Barru, South Sulawesi Province 90711 Ph 0427-322752, mobile: 081342138499 Dearest Pak Rayendra, Email: It will be better if you stop by to our office to collect old copies of Percik. Dear Mr. Badaruddin, We will try to send the WSES-relat- Percik magazinesing materials to the above address. for libraryThank you. Dearest Percik editors, Difficulties in Obtaining My name is Darman Eka Saputra, aEnvironmental Information teacher in SDN Sukaresmi Kampung Talaga RT 02/04 Desa Cigunungherang Dear Sir, Cikalongkulon Cianjur. Please send I am the alumni of environmental Percik magazine to us to add our libraryengineering of Sapta Taruna Techno- collection. Darman Eka Saputralogical University (Sekolah Tinggi Tekno- SDN Sukaresmi Kampung Talagalogi Sapta Taruna) of Jakarta. I have Cianjurread my friends Percik magazine ofNovember 2007 edition. Percik magazine Dearest Pak Darman,has become a very good source of obtai- We will send Percik magazine asning information regarding environment, requested. We hope it will be much of use.sanitation, etc. Where I live, Sumbawa Created by: Rudi Kosasih 2 Percik August 2008
  4. 4. M A I N R E P O RT KNOWING VARIOUS NETWORKPHILIPPINE ECOLOGICAL SANITATION NETWORK (PEN) College of Chemical Engineering/Environmental Engineering What is PEN? Program), donor agencies (German Technical Assistance/GTZ, PEN is an organized informal network consists of govern- Water and Sanitation Program-East Asia Pacific/ESP-EAP),ment institutions (of the central, legislative, local), donor NGOs (BNS-Borda), association (Solid Waste Managementagency, program/project, university and NGO. Association of the Philippines/SWAPP), companies (Manila Water Sewerage System/MWSS), projects (LWUA, ECO-ASIA-Establishment History Linaw Projects, Waste Water Projects, Sustainable Coastal On 2004, the 1st International Symposium on Low-cost Tourism/SCOTIA).Technology Options for Water Supply and Sanitation was held atBohol, Philippine, which during preparation encourages coopera- Current Roletion between stakeholders, starting from local government, cen- TSI 2008 launching was promoted by PEN. Furthermore,tral government, NGO, private sector, and academician. PEN also took role in developing the Program of Sustainable Ecosan was presented in the symposium. A working group Sanitation for East Asia (SuSEA) - Philippine Component Yearwas formed to prepare an initial draft of the action plan of activi- 2007-2010. SuSEA is a SIDA-funded project with the goal ofty management relating with knowledge transfer, ecosan pilot accelerating target achievement of MDGs water and sanitationproject, and establishment of PEN. targets in Indonesia and Philippine.Initial Act UGANDA WATER AND SANITATION NETWORK (UWASNET) PENs action was initiated when Clean Water Act of 2004 UWASNET is a national umbrella organization of the NGOImplementing Rules and Regulations are being compiled. Input and community-based organization in clean water and sanita-was needed on sanitation option other than conventional sanita- tion of Uganda. It was established in February 2000 with thetion, namely ecological sanitation (ecosan). Furthermore, PEN support of Directorate of Water Development (DWD), Danida,also held an important role of the promoter of Philippine Water Aid and a cooperation working group of 11 NGOs, to uti-Sanitation Summit 2007 in Manila. PEN also assisted the Health lize potency of NGO and community-based organization in theirDepartment to held Southern Philippine Sanitation Summit contribution of achieving the MDGs targets.2007. MottoThe Form of Organization Achieving clean water and sanitation access for all in Uganda On the early stage, PEN is still in the informal form and rep- through effective coordination, better collaboration, and strate-resents lenient advocation organization, but after two years, in gic partnership.consideration of increasing effectiveness, it was decided to for-malize and registered it to the authority as nonprofit organiza- Missiontion. Resource mobilization is expected to be optimized. UWASNET was established to strengthen coordination, Therefore, it was agreed to appoint several people as daily collaboration, and NGOs network and community-basedoperators to hold positions of president, vice president, secre- organization with other stakeholder in clean water and sanita-tary, treasurer, and monitoring agency. tion sector in Uganda.Member Vision Organizations that have officially become member are the Contributing in reducing poverty through increasing accesslegislative (House of Representatives Committee on Ecology), to clean water and sanitation through effective coordination ofgovernment institution (National Water Resources NGOs and community-based organization in the clean waterBoard/NWRB), Health Department, study center (Center for and sanitation sector of Uganda.Advanced Philippine Studies/CAPS), Institute for theDevelopment of Educational and Ecological Alter- Working Groupnatives/IDEAS), universities (UP-National Engineering Center, UWASNET consists of 4 Working Groups namely: Percik August 2008 3
  5. 5. M A I N F E AT U R E(i) Hygiene and Sanitation Working Group (HSWG), with the SuSana Purposegoal of encouraging dialog between stakeholders to increase Contributing in achieving MDGs targets through promo-awareness on hygiene and sanitation; (ii) Water and Sanitation tion of sustainable sanitationTechnologies Working Group (WSTWG), with the purpose to be Increasing awareness on sustainable sanitation solutiona media of exchanging ideas and experiences regarding proper and promoting the awareness in large scaletechnologies; (iii) Urban Water and Sanitation Working Group Demonstrating the important role of sanitation in achiev-(UWSWG), with the main purpose of encouraging better atten- ing the overall targets of MDGstion to the availability of clean water and sanitation for poor Changing the sanitation paradigm through promotingpeople in the urban area; and (iv) Water and Sanitation for reuse oriented sanitation approach without endangeringWomen and Children Working Group (WSWCWG), with the healthpurpose of encouraging attention to the interest of women andchildren in clean water and sanitation development. Main Focus Main focus of SuSana is to promote sustainable sanitationProgram and Project implementation in large scale water and sanitation program. In order to maximize the work result of Clean Water and Special ObjectivesSanitation NGO, UWASNET develops two main programs of: Collecting and compiling information that will help deci- 1. Coordination, Information and Network Program sion maker in assessing various sanitation systems and The purpose of this program is to accelerate effective coordi- technologies by taking sustainable criteria into considera-nation, collaboration, and network between clean water and tionsanitation NGO with other stakeholders. It is expected that Demonstrating reuse oriented sanitationUWASNET member will be able to influence and respond poli- Collecting and presenting sanitation best practices withcies, strategies, and implementations through the network and regard to TSI 2008information exchange. Identifying and illustrating mechanism to replicate sustain- The program objectives are (i) enabling the member to able sanitation implementation including funding instru-exchange ideas and experiences with other stakeholders regard- ment to provide pro-poor sanitationing policy, strategy, and implementation; (ii) providing informa- Develop vision of how sustainable development can con-tion focal point regarding UWASNET or other issues related tribute in achieving MDGswith clean water and sanitation; (iii) guarantee continuity of In order to obtain these special objectives, general road mapUWASNET. for TSI 2008 has been compiled. Activities related with the program are (i) involvement in thedecision-making process, (ii) contribution of article writing in The Form of Organizationthe mass media; (iii) managing center of data and information; SuSana is not a new organization, but more as unbinding(iv) providing consultancy service for the member; (v) publish- organization network that cooperates, with open and activeing routine newsletter. nature in promoting sustainable sanitation. SuSana is supported 2. Capacity Building Program by several thematic working groups. OM from various sources. The purpose of this program is to enhance NGO capacity inorder to establish independent, dynamic, and effective NGO net- PRINCIPLE SUMMARY OF SUSTAINABLE SANITATIONwork as the working partner of the government. Thus NGO isexpected to have an active role in achieving MDGs targets, havethe ability to respond government policy, and able to perform S everal "Bellagio Principles for Sustainable Sanitation" havethebeen known as years ago sustainable sanitation principles agreed by Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council on 5thinnovative activities of clean water and sanitation. Global Forum, November 2000, namely: (i) Human value, live quality and settlement environmental safety should be the basis of all sanitation approach.THE SUSTAINABLE SANITATION ALLIANCE (SUSANA) (ii) In line with the good governance principles, decision makingBasis of Establishment should involve participation of all stakeholders, especially cos- tumer and service provider. The main motivation of SuSana establishment was the UN (iii) Waste should consider to be resources and the managementGeneral Assembly decision to declare the Year 2008 as the should be integrated and become part of integrated waterInternational Sanitation Year, which followed in the year 2007 resources and waste management process. (iv) Overcoming sanitation problems should be done in minimumby various sanitation development organizations in establishing size as manageable (household, environment, city, catchmentopen sustainable sanitation network to support TSI 2008. area). (source: WSSCC). 4 Percik August 2008
  6. 6. MAIN REPORT WATER AND SANITATION (WATSAN) NETWORKINGT he network was established based on concerns of several par- ties that realized that the issue ofclean water and environmental sanitationare currently often being ignored andhave not become the attention and com-mitment of decision makers both innational or local level. On the other side, government policyin the WSES is not yet integrated. Manyprograms are overlapping; stakeholderswith WSES concern are still workingalone without cooperation, while thecommunity awareness with regards to theclean and healthy lifestyle is still consid-erably low. Signing agreement of Watsan Network establishment on October 8th, 2007 in Jakarta A more strategic coordination andintegration is required from various Network. This concept is the basis of (of governments, private and community)stakeholders to inter-coordinate and agreement of Network members on in the process of National development ofestablished bigger strength. Thus, a net- October, 8th 2007 and has become a that can communicate the need and mandate to be accomplished by the direc- Whereas the mission is to synergizeinterest of all parties is necessary so that tive teams. strategic and applicable programs througheach party may have place to be able to application of partnership principles,contribute and synergized to accelerate Name and Explanation of the cooperation development of WSES mana-goals achievements in the WSES develop- Network gement, capacity building of the instituti-ment. Watsan Network-INA is a forum to on and the human resources, and in- Since the first Watsan Network meet- synergized potencies of information, creasing the fund for WSES on February 27th, 2007 in Bappenas knowledge and communication betweenthat reached agreement to build stakeholders in cooperation that presents MembershipCommunication Network between stake- benefits for all parties. In general, the Network is open,holders in this sector, continued by a Vision of Watsan Network is to pre- inclusive, and independent; anyone canmore intensive meeting on July and sent the network as an effective forum of be the Network member:August 2007, a concept draft and strate- WSES communication and information Individual, open for individuals withgic directive of the future Watsan in supporting stakeholders participation any citizenship. Percik August 2008 5
  7. 7. MAIN REPORT Non Government Organization operational, assists by general secretary and Task Force (NGOs), independence organiza- task force, that runs the daily operation of The Task Force was established in tions, government organization, or the organization. consideration of several main issues of academicals institutions with the WSES context such as clean water, waste program and/or interest in the sec- Network Steering Committee management, sanitation, and clean and tors of education and environment. The committee is consist of 9 organi- healthy lifestyle. The four issues have International Organizations. zations that represent various parties, their own problems and management Projects/programs managed by go- namely government, NGOs, donor, uni- approach. In the basis of diversity, the vernment or non government. versity, companies, WSES project/pro- Task Force was established in order for gram team management of the following: every problem above to be able to beOrganizational Structure WSES working group, WASPOLA, JAS/- more focused. The Task Forces are Waste The organizational structure consists of GTZ, Air Kita/Europromocap IWAT, IHE Management Task Force (GTPS),(i) member as directives of the Network po- Indonesia, Plan Indonesia, ISSDP, Envi- Sanitation Task Force (GTS), Cleanlicy through the decision of the member ronmental Engineering Department of Water Task Force, and Health andmeeting; (ii) Steering Committee, with the Trisakti University, and Tirta Pakuan Hygiene Task Force.function of keeping the organization in line PDAM.with the need of the members; (iii) Chief of Work Program of the Network 1. Center of Information Sources Building Data Integration Program, MEMBER Knowledge Information, and WSES Program in the form of Data Base. 2. Capacity Building Program STEERING COMMITTEE Realizing community enforcement and empowerment in sustainable CHIEF OF OPERATIONAL WSES development through Of WSES Working Group (Oswar Mungkasa) capacity sharing between the Network members and related outside parties, through trai- ning/workshop/seminar through GENERAL SECRETARY methodology and best practices of TASK FORCE ISSDP (Syarif Puradimadja) WSES. CLEAN WATER: 3. Partnership Development Program Dit. PAM, Dep. PU Developing internal partnership (Bambang Purwanto) & between the member of the Network FORKAMI (Abdullah) BIDANG SECRETARIAT and external parties by establishing (Dini Haryati) & cooperation and good relation with DATA & INFORMATION: Air Kita (Indriati) SOLID WASTE MANAGE- Tim Pokja AMPL the parties outside the Watsan MENT: Network to support the above pro- DML (Kemal Taruc) ENFORCEMENT/CAPACITY grams. BUILDING Environmental Engineering Dept. Trisakti Univ. 4. Advocation SANITATION: (Rositayanti) & ISSDP (Eri Trinurini) Encourage the WSES issues to be a & Dit. PLP, Dep. PU ADVOCATION: priority of government and public by Waspola (Handy Legowo) (Sofyan Iskandar) & series of advocation activities invol- JAS (Manfred Oepen) ving various parties to build support, PARTNERSHIP: policy decision--making, campaign HEALTH AND HYGIENE: Dit. PL, Depkes Plan Indonesia & ESP strategy, and solution review of the (Alwis Rustam) (Zainal Nampira) WSES sector. 6 Percik August 2008
  8. 8. MAIN REPORTWaste Management Task Force(GTPS) To facilitate member of the Networkwith interest in the waste sector, SolidWaste Management Task Force (SWM-TF) was established. The Task Force ispart of the Watsan Network that repre-sents a forum to synergize potencies ofinformation, knowledge, and communi-cation between WSES Network membersin the waste sector in cooperation thatbenefits all parties. SWM-TF coordinator, who is alsoExecutive Director of Dana MitraLingkungan (DML), Kemal Taruc, toPercik said that focus of the Task Force is Solid Waste Management Task Force-Watsan Network held workshop of "Community Based Solid Waste Management" on 16-17 January 2008 in Jakarta. Source: Bowo solid waste manage-ment in small scale. While for the strate- waste management represents important Sanitation Task Force (GTS)gic objectives, Kemal said, is integration effort that requires public acknowledge- GTS coordinator, Eri Trinurini Adhiof data, information, knowledge, and pro- ment and political support (which means said that, as for other Task Forces, thosegram of SWM-TF, site availability as the budget, policy, etc.). "Not just a hobby of who involved in GTS are organizations andfacility to access qualify information for solid waste managers in the RT-RW, individuals that have interest in sanitationall WSES Network members in general kelurahan, or housing complex, as it is issues, both for organizations or indivi-and SWM-TF especially, and realization currently." duals interests. "An organization or indivi-of community enforcement and empo- dual may join more than one Task Force."werment in sustainable solid waste ma- SWM-TF Activities GTS is currently continues to seeknagement. Until date, SWM-TF has performed memberships. Unlike solid waste issue, various activities, such as Community the sanitation (waste water) issue is not Membership Based Solid Waste Management Work- yet touched by many organizations. Member of the Task Force is indivi- shop in mid January 2008. Accordingly Nevertheless, sanitation awareness hasduals or organizations such as DML, ESP, with togetherness spirit of the Watsan gained more attention from organiza-Mercy Corps, etc., which are also part of Network, the activity was held by syner- tions, either specifically, or together withWatsan Network. According to Kemal, gizing many parties, among others are other relevant issues, such as clean waterthe involved parties in SWM-TF are all JBIC and Mercy Corps. and environment, health and education.executors, observers, fans, commenta- Recently, SWM-TF held meeting attors, critics, decision makers, decision ESP office to discuss Solid Waste Ma- GTS Activitiesexecutors, decision proposer, people with nagement Law that has been legalized by In principle, Watsan Network is aconcern. "Everything is open for everyone the Legislative on early April 2008. The communication network. Thus, open andwho interested in community-based solid focus was not looking at every section of sustainable communication of all stake-waste management". the Law, but more at law and regulations holders is a necessity. SWM-TF initiated cooperation in the that were mandated, especially govern- Inter-organization cooperation ofform of information exchange through ment regulations. members or other organization outsidemailing list and site, and information that "In the future, aside than meetings, Watsan Network is customary for GTS tocan be exchanged between members, and which basically is inviting one another run its mission; one example is the sim-off course, opportunity to broaden part- for activities which was initiated by one plified sewerage workshop that was heldnership network and everything else that of the members, a general activity is recently in May 2008. The workshopmay came up from the Task Force. going to be held, and is currently wait- represents cooperation between National According to Kemal, the public activi- ing for the most appropriate form," Sanitation Technical Team, ISSDP, WSP-ty in the form of community-based solid Kemal said. EAP and Sanitation Task Force. Percik August 2008 7
  9. 9. MAIN REPORT Here, GTS has a role of executor of the with organization, program and individ- Department, a Workshop of Communityactivity with Sanitation Technical Team ual with commitment to the sanitation Based Total Sanitation was held in Bogor.and ISSDP as steering committee. GTS is development. "The work programs The opportunity was also used as thealso actively providing support to the among others are compiling data base of launching moment of Health andDitJen Cipta Karya of Public Work the Task Force members, conduct Hygiene Task Force, one of the TaskDepartment during International research, and held workshops." Forces under Watsan Network. The TaskSanitation Year 2008 and World Water Force is under coordination ofDay. Health and Hygiene Task Force Directorate Environmental Health, According to Eri, the focus of GTS is (GTKH) Health Department.learning exchange between stakeholders WSES development is not merely In the STBM workshop it was alsoon the approach and approach models of focus on the physical development, but presented the draft of STBM Nationalcurrently developing rural and urban sa- also behavior changes that presents an Strategy by Kasubdit Water Health, whonitation. "So far, there are many models inseparable part. Currently, WSES stake- is also coordinator of Health and Hygieneexisted, especially the developing on site holders are active on encouraging beha- Task Force, Zainal Nampira. There are 6model, however, it is still in a plot pro- vior changes through Community Based component of strategy, namely creatingject." Total Sanitation (STBM). To avoid over- conducive environment, increasing need, Learning between programs is impor- lapping programs, STBM activities need increasing supply, knowledge manage-tant to encourage new innovation. Fur- to be synergized. Through the Watsan ment, funding, monitoring and evalua-thermore, GTS encourages the developed Network, GTKH represents a forum to tion. The National Strategy is also com-model to be adapted by broader area and by increase synergy of WSES development pleted by work plan and indicator.other stakeholders and the government. through STBM. Synergized steps are GTS objective, said Eri, who is also expected to be more effective and effi- Activity Planappointed as the Assistant for Team cient. Activity of the Health and HygieneManager of the ISSDP, is establishment Therefore, on 26-27 May 2008, by Task Force is currently focused on theof the data center and good cooperation coordination of Bappenas and Health Community Based Total Sanitation. There are five main pillars of the STBM activities, which are Open Defecation Free (ODF), Washing Hands Using the Soap (CTPS), Household Clean Water Managament (PAM RT), Household Waste Water Management, and Household Solid Waste Management. For the year 2008, from April to December, series of related activities will be performed by the Health and Hygiene Task Force; starting from facilitating STBM activity, providing guidelines, to facilitating sanitation clinic on the local level. In the future, Health and Hygiene Task Force is expected to be able to pro- vide real contribution in the WSES deve- lopment in Indonesia, especially in the STBM activity. Active participation of the Health and Hygiene Task Force in the STBM activity is expected to decrease the mortality number by diarrhea and other sanitation-related diseases in Indonesia. "Simplified Sewerage" discussion, held by Sanitation Task Force-Watsan Network in the Public Work BW/DH. Department, Friday, April 25th 2008. Source: Bowo Leksono. 8 Percik August 2008
  10. 10. I N T E R N AT I O N A L S A N I TAT I O N Y E A R Around International Sanitation Year The declaration of International Sanitation Year on March 27th by Minister of Public Works, made quite an effect. Some districts had done follow ups by celebra- ting International Sanitation Year with various activities. THE DECLARATION OF PUBLIC WORK PROJECT IN BALI PROVINCEA s a part of the declaration of International Sanitation Year, in June 14th, the Department ofPublic Works held a series of activities in Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono didampingi Menteri Pekerjaan Umum Djoko Kirmanto meresmikanDenpasar, Bali. Starting with award given proyek-proyek infrastruktur pekerjaan umum dan penyerahan bantuan langsung Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Mandiri serta kredit usaha rakyat untuk Provinsi Bali di the Minister of Public Works to the Foto: Repro Kompas.winner of children speech and painting DECLARATION OF INTERNATIONALcompetition with save water and environ- Without proper SANITATION YEAR IN NANGROE ACEHment as theme. Then continued by decla- sanitation then DARUSSALAM (NAD)ration of Denpasar Sewerage tourism After 2004 tsunami, many things hadDevelopment Project (DSDP) and Trash- will never develop. changed in NAD, including WSES devel-Track Tukad Badung and Tukad Mati by opment. This condition is related with thethe President. abundant support from donors and NGOs DSDP has started soon after the acci- that provides basic needs such as waterdent that causes some Japanese Tourists The development of Trash-Track is meant to supply, sanitation, and waste manage-in Bali to suffer dysentery, therefore capture and extract the garbage found in the ment. Knowing this, the governor of NADreducing Japanese Tourists up to 50 per- river. Hopefully this effort will help reducing through Surat Keputusan Nocent. Hopefully, after DSDP is built then environment quality degradation caused 699/66/2008 establish Tim Koordinasithe quality of water environment will by throwing garbage to the river. Penyelenggara Program Nasional AMPLimprove. Therefore, the image of Bali The declaration of these two projects or known as WSES working group. Thetourism will be better. is meant to remind us that sanitation and presence of this working group hopefully Other fact that degrades the environ- tourism is closely related. This sentence is will give aid to synergize WSES develop-mental quality is the people still consider said by the President in his speech that ment in NAD.river as a garbage disposal place. This condi- tourism no longer consist only 4 Ss, sun, As a part of WSES working grouption causes shallow rivers and flood. sand, sea, smile, but also consist sanita- socialization in NAD, NAD government inCommunity health level is degrading and tion. Without proper sanitation then cooperation with UNICEF, BRR, and GTZenvironmental esthetics is also bothered. tourism will never develop. OM Percik August 2008 9
  11. 11. I N T E R N AT I O N A L S A N I TAT I O N Y E A Rheld the Launching of International laration of World Water Day andSanitation Year 2008 and Building WSES International Sanitation Year on May DiharapkanWorking Group Program in Banda Aceh 29th 2008, in Kabupaten Kendal. Tahun Sanitasion June 12th 2008. This meeting was The event consist series of activities Internasionalopened by the District Assistant of NAD such as Water and Sanitation Workshop, menjadi bagian dariProvince, attended by donors, NGOs, attended by over 300 participants from kepedulian masyarakatrelated department, and mass media. secara umum, Central Java, Water and SanitationBeside socializing Governors Decision on bukan hanya pemerintah Poster Competition, Coloring andWSES Working Group, a socialization of saja. Drawing themed "Healthy Environment"Community Based WSES Development participated by 60 children. And also isby WSES Working Group is also held in held an exhibition themed water and san-the same occasion. Further more, Hopefully International Sanitation Year is itation.Mardan from Solok WSES Working not only becomes the concern of the govern- The main event is signed by theGroup has the opportunity to explain his ment, but the people as well. (Sofyan) speech and declaration, followed withexperience in implementing WSES policy tree planting by the Governor of Centralin his region. The event is closed by the DECLARATION OF WORLD WATER DAY Java. The Governor emphasizes theexplanation of Sanitation System AND INTERNATIONAL SANITATION YEAR importance of water supply by conservingImplementation Guide by the GTZ. IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE. and environmental sanitation. (SBR) C The interesting part is, in the corner entral Java Government byof the main road is installed a big bally- Dinas Kimpraswil, PSDA, WSES WSES COORDINATION MEETING ANDhoo and advertisement about this event. Working group in cooperation DECLARATION OF INTERNATIONAL in UNICEF and WASPOLA held the dec- SANITATION YEAR IN NUSA TENGGARA BARAT PROVINCE I n Lombok Raya Hotel Mataram on May 22nd-23rd 2008, is held WSES Coordination Meeting and Declaration of Internal Sanitation Year in Nusa Tenggara Barat Province. This is probably the first coordination meeting in Indonesia that is held by Province Government through its WSES Working Group that invites related agencies from each district/city. In this event, an open- ing speech and declaration of Inter- national Sanitation Year is done by the head of NTB Bappeda, Lalu Faturrah- man. Several agendas of International Sanitation Year have been prepared. In this Coordination Meeting is done some main agendas such as district Strategic Plan Finalization, and establishment ofGubernur provinsi Jawa Tengah Ali Mufiz menanam pohon menandai Deklarasi Hari Air Dunia dan Tahun WES UNICEF work plan. (OM) Sanitasi Internasional. Foto: Sobari.10 Percik August 2008
  12. 12. I N T E RV I E W Networking to develop WSES In 8 October 2007, around 40 institutions consist of government, international institutions, NGOs, related project, universi- ties, PDAM, regulatory committee and profession association have reach mutual agreement in establishing Watsan Network. The network consists of nine Directive Team, namely WSES Working Group, WASPOLA, JAS/GTZ, Air Kita/Europromocap IWAT, IHE Indonesia, Plan Indonesia, ISSDP, Environmental Engineering of Trisakti University, and PDAM Tirta Pakuan. The following is review summary of each directive team on the necessity of Watsan Network and their expectancies. Why is it important to build the What is next for Watsan What is expected from Watsan Watsan Network? Network? Network? Establishment of the Watsan Currently, the Network is still in the Many hopes are set for the Network. Network is initiated by concern of several informal nature because it is not yet Several roles to be expected among oth- parties who realize that WSES issues are legally registered in the notary or in the ers are (i) improve coordination of WSES currently not the priority, thus receive only Law Department and Human Right. This development in Indonesia; (ii) become minor attention and commitment from was done in purpose to provide opportuni- the resource center including the supply the decision makers. ty to all members of the Network to per- forum of advocacy materials; (iii) focal form first in this forum. After two or three point of the WSES development in years we will discuss the formal form of Indonesia; (iv) become the front guard of the Network. Even though, we have pre- public campaign. All of the above pared the budget and code ethic of the expectancies are build to answer issuesOswar Mungkasa Network, including form of the organiza- of WSES development in Indonesia such (WSES Working tion. As we know, there are four Task as (i) WSES data that are not in correla- Group) Forces in the Network (solid waste man- tion with one another; (ii) difficulties in agement task force/SWM-TF, sanitation obtaining information regarding WSES task force/GTS, health and hygiene task learning and best practices; (iii) there are force, and clean water task force) under many executors of WSES development coordination of vice chief of the operator, with seemingly lack of coordination and four working fields (data and infor- among WSES stakeholders; (iv) public mation, capacity building, partnership campaign that have not got proper atten- development, communication and avoca- tion. tion) under coordination of the general secretary. These fields support the activi- ty of each task force. Supervision is con- ducted by the directive committee con- sists of nine institutions of whom are the founders of the Network. In near date, we will start to compile the work plan for the year 2009, while for the year 2008 still in urgent situation, thus the activities are still sporadic. It is important to develop WSES sec- WASPOLA is committed to encourage As a complete forum of stakehold- tors network in the framework of accele- the process of knowledge sharing ers, the Network is expected to be acce- rating policy reform of the WSES sectors between stakeholders, including facilita- leration media of adoption and imple- toward effective, accurate, and sustain- ting meetings and information swap; mentation of the National Policies, espe- able WSES services. Relation and com- especially on capacity building, institutio- cially the ones of community based, and munication between stakeholders in the nal reform, and rising awareness. also become the sharing media, as well Network will establish commitment on as pressure advocacy on commitment of WSES development acceleration, includ- various parties in the WSES develop- ing more obvious, transparent, and ment. accountable role division. Gary D. Swisher (WASPOLA) Percik August 2008 11
  13. 13. I N T E RV I E W Why is it important to build the What is next for Watsan What is expected from Watsan Watsan Network? Network? Network? WSES sectors in Indonesia are still Coordination of activities, data com- We, as the member of the Network, being ignored in term of investment, re- piling, developing training modules, hopes there will be a good coordination. gulation, policies, and public awareness. research, establishing legal issues, tech- We are looking forward to cooperate in In the Watsan Network, commitment is nical standards, etc. Furthermore, esta- the funding and establishing activities by required professionally. Therefore, our blishing cooperation with policy makers taking strategy into consideration. commitment is needed as the form of of various sectors such as politics and Cooperation is also established to assist our concern on clean water and sanita- economies. the ignored WSES sectors. tion. Manfred (JAS) For foreign institutions wanting to I want to try to change the way of I dont want anything. I just want to assist the environment sector in Indonesian people thinks, because their help, I dont expect anything. Indonesia is currently facing difficulties image abroad requires improvement. I and lack of coordination. We dont know want to try to motivate donors, syner- which partner to choose, is it the Health gized, and improve credibility. Department, Bappenas, Public Work Department, or PDAM? The Watsan Network is the most current and effective tool. Didier Perez (Air Kita Europromacap/IWAT) A step for the interest of the public Donate thoughts and ideas. Because I hope the Network will be able to can not be done individually or alone. We the Network has program of capacity build a new environment-oriented cul- have to think together and walk together building of the Watsan Network, in this ture. Full devotion and attention for the sustainably, although the awareness case focus on the capacity sharing among sustainability of the environment free of must come from each different indivi- members of the Network and other rela- pollution. In the future, the Watsan dual. ted parties outside the Network through Network is more integrated and sustain- seminar, workshop, dialogue, thematic able. discussion, and review; and distributing experience, review, strategy, and best Jan Yap practices of the WSES. (IHE) Due to the limited resources/fund in Strengthen partnership and sharing WSES implementation in Indonesia improving the quality and coverage of of lesson learned with other institutions in will be more integrated, and strengthen WSES activities in Plan Indonesia. the WSES sector in improving WSES pro- each other and avoid overlaps of imple- gram in the Plan area. mentation strategies.Tofik Rochman (Plan Indonesia)12 Percik August 2008
  14. 14. I N T E RV I E W Why is it important to build the What is next for Watsan What is expected from Watsan Watsan Network? Network? Network? To establish and develop effective There 3 focus activities: partnership Better understanding between all two-ways communication of all mem- development, capacity building, and stakeholders of WSES sector in bers and stakeholders to improve the communication improvement thro- order to realize more beneficial service of clean water and environmen- ugh advocacy and development and actions. tal improvement. Through communica- strengthening of WSES data bank. Support activities and programs tion raft in the form of Network will make There is also sectoral program focus between governments and non go- it very possible to establish synergy and in the sector of solid waste sanitation vernments in order to realize more commitment in uniting a more focus task force development and beha- consolidated social objectives. vision. vior changes in the effort of provi- Establish mapping of various activi- ding a more efficient and effective ties in the same field of different Syarif service. sector and area in order to under- Puradimadja stand the base line to be use as feed (ISSDP) back in compilation of policy and strategy reconsolidation of the WSES development in the national level. Support for the program strengthen- ing on the goverment side to have a workable program and political sup- port for funding . The establishment of harmoniza- tion, cooperation, and collaboration amoung stakeholder infocusing the propure target services. In order to provide clearer direction, Compile, execute, and evaluate Acquiring synergy and broader part- accurate, and vast coverage of all WSES WSES activities accordingly with the nership in conducting the WSES activi- activities executed by the member. capacity and work program of ties in the Environmental Engineering Furthermore, through the Network, the Environmental Engineering Dept. of Dept. of Trisakti Univ. WSES issues are expected to obtain Trisakti Univ. more attention in the National policies. Rositayanti (EnvironmentalEngineering Dept. of Trisakti Univ.) Watsan Network is really important Provide ideas, innovation, experience Latest training and information of as communication and socialization or best practices in the WSES sector to the WSES sector. media regarding activities of clean water improve WSES in the National level. and environmental improvement, for all WSES perpetrator, practitioner, academi- cian, and public. Henry Darwin(PDAM Tirta Pakuan Kota Bogor) BW Percik August 2008 13
  15. 15. R E G U L AT I O N Law No 18 Year 2008 On Solid Waste ManagementS ince 2003, community that long for clean and healthy environment is waiting for law on solid waste. The long wait is finally over. On April, 9th 2008, Draft Law(Rancangan Undang-undang- RUU) regarding Solid WasteManagement is approved by Plenary Meeting of DewanPerwakilan Rakyat (DPR) of Republic of Indonesia. The law that was academic paper of Environmental Ministryteam is Law No 18 Year 2008 on Solid Waste Management. TheLaw represents government effort in providing guarantee ofhealthy and clean life for the Indonesian.Background of Solid Waste Management Law Along with the growing population, solid waste is also con-tinues to increase. However, solid waste increment is not mere-ly on volume but also in type and quality. Meanwhile, currentsolid waste management method is still using the old final dis-posal (Tempat Pembuangan Akhir - TPA). Various problems present not just in matter of cleanlinessand environmental pollution, but also in social aspect of frictionamong community surrounding the TPA. Coarsely, almost allcities in Indonesia, no matter big or small, do not have goodsolid waste management. Most treatment is with the same management of collect-transport-dispose; a classic arrangement that should be endedbecause it was proven to have flaws and tends to have negativeeffect. Not just for the environment, but also for the people livingsurrounding TPA. Source: Bowo Leksono Surely we remember explosion disaster in TPA Leuwigajah,Cimahi, Jawa Barat that harmed hundreds of people. Not to ples of reduce, reuse, recycle, recover.mention conflict of community around the location of integrat-ed solid waste management (tempat pengolahan sampah ter- Solid Waste Management Revolutionpadu - TPST) Bojong, Bogor, Jawa Barat or TPA Bantar Gebang The term was initiated by Environmental Minister RachmatBekasi that often appear in mass media. There are also solid Witoelar who said that Solid Waste Management Law representswaste problems in other cities. This is not only impacted one solid waste management revolution, with which hopefully soon,city, but also interrelated between cities. community will have clean and healthy environment. Therefore, it is very important that solid waste law to be As in Section 4 saying that "Solid waste management isissued. By issuance of Solid Waste Management, it is expected aimed in improving communitys health and environmentalthat good, proper, healthy, safe, and environmentally-friendly quality while treating solid waste as resources."solid waste management will be realized. One important issue By application of the Solid Waste Management Law, sinceregulated in this Law is paradigm changes in the solid waste legalization in the lembaran Negara, solid waste managementmanagement, from currently just collecting, transporting, and in Indonesia is arranged in new paradigm. All parties aredisposing to TPA, into solid waste management with 4Rs princi- responsible, no matter community, government, or solid waste14 Percik August 2008
  16. 16. R E G U L AT I O Nrelated-stakeholders. As known, so far, in managing solid waste, most communityis still using the approach method of collect-transport-dispose.The new paradigm sees solid waste as resources with economi-cally value, for example to be used as energy, compos, fertilizer,or industrial raw material.Solid Waste Management Responsibility In this Law, government is not the only one who responsibleon the solid waste problems. Community (household) and pri-vate sector (solid waste producer) are also obliged to managesolid waste accordingly with the Law. This arrangement can be found in Section 12 verse (1) saying"Everyone in managing solid waste of household and household-alike are obliged to reduce and manage solid waste in environ-mental-oriented method." While Section 13 says "Managers of housing area, commer-cial area, industrial area, special area, public facility, social faci-lity, and other facility are obliged to provide solid waste separa-tion facility." In other words, the Law forces community to recycle in solidwaste management. Those who do not manage their solid wastewill be sanctioned accordingly with the regulation. Other interesting thing regarding the Law is regarding regu-lations for producers, such as Section 14 and 15. As obligation forthe community, producers also obliged to manage packing of theproduct that cannot or difficult to be disintegrated. Governmentwill apply punishment and reward mechanism to the companiesthat violated and do not manage their solid waste. No exceptionto the community, both as individual or as community. Source: Bowo LeksonoResponsibility of the Local Government manage solid waste within their area. Before Law No. 18 Year 2008, there are no firm regulatory In Section 5, "Government and local government are respon-standards regarding solid waste management in all sible to guarantee good and environmentally-oriented solidkabupaten/kota or province in Indonesia. Every kabupaten/kota waste management accordingly with the purpose as meant inholds their local regulations, which cause different solid waste this Law."management. Clean and healthy condition of an area from solid waste It is worsen by the fact that local governments are trapped in problems is solely depends on intention and interest of the lead-retribution and sanctions issues to increase local revenue, more ers. Monitoring of the solid waste management is arranged inthan the responsibility of managing solid waste for greater good. bertingkat as mentioned in Section 30 verse (1) and (2). Series of Through this Law, basic concept regarding solid waste ma- obligations for government and local governments regardingnagement improvement can be realized in quick manner, cer- solid waste management is included in the first law of solidtainly after the issuance of government regulation as guidance to waste management.execute the Law. It will then followed by local regulation with All parties hopes, off course, that by taking this law intothe framework of higher regulations. action, solid waste problems of this country will be able to be In writing, Solid Waste Management Law forces local go- reduced. In the future, hopefully, Indonesia will be a countryvernment to manage solid waste, unless they want to be perse- that is no longer worry about solid waste, but in contrary, able tocuted or sanctioned. The regulation obliged local government to provide job creation from the solid waste management. BW Percik August 2008 15
  17. 17. INSIGHT Solid Waste Management Technology in PLTSa Gede By Sandhi Eko Bramono, S.T., MEnvEngSc. *)S olid Waste Power Plant Gede Bage that will be built at Kabupaten Bandung apparently has caused pros and cons in the development plan. Part of the communityrejected while the other part accepted, despite the issuance ofvisibility study of the PLTSa operation by team from InstitutTeknologi Bandung (ITB). Community has a right to know which process will be appliedin PLTSa, considering that solid waste management may alsocause sensitivity of social friction. Inaccurate or even misleadinformation can be boomerang to the government in the appli-cation of the PLTSa. Despite the current pros and cons, community needs toknow that the treatment that will be applied in PLTSa Gede Bageis an integrated treatment. The treatment will not merely burn A banner contains support for PLTSa Gede Bage development in front ofthe solid waste, but will also generate products of electricity, Balubur Market, Bandung. Source: Exclusiveusable ash, and job creation. On the other hand, if the operationis not conducted properly, environmental damage may rise in Furthermore, IPS main purpose is to treat solid waste, not to gener-the local and regional level which will have to be paid with a high ate electricity. Electricity product or other usable product will onlysocial cost by the community. represent side products of the solid waste treatment itself. By using the term IPS, the function of solid waste treatment will be more gen-PLTSa Term eral, which is to treat/manage the solid waste. The term was created due to the energy generation processfrom the treated solid waste in the PLTSa. The term is actually Controlled Combustionquite risky, considering the high chance of incapability of solid The technology used by PLTSa Gede Bage is controlled com-waste treatment that will generate electricity economically. This bustion. PLTSa is designed to treat the capacity of 500 ton/dayis understandable, due to the high water content of solid waste or equal with the service of 850 thousand people of Kotain Indonesia (which approximately may reach 60-80 percent), Bandung. While the solid waste generated in Kota Bandung withthat will decrease caloric and energy value that can be generated 2.6 million people (in the year 2007) is around 1,600 ton/day.from the solid waste. In this case, PLTSa Gede Bage will treat approximately 30 For example, during the rainy season, where the water con- percent solid waste generated by Kota Bandung every day. Thetent of the solid waste is higher, the chance of PLTSa to generate Government of Kota Bandung is still have to find ways to treatelectricity will be decreased, and PLTSa may consume more the other 70 percent of the solid waste that are not managed byenergy in order to treat the solid waste. the PLTSa. In the infrastructure term in relation with the above, there Solid waste from the solid waste disposal locations, such asare Water Treatment Installation (Instalasi Pengolahan Air - settlements, commercial, offices, industrials, until tourismIPA) and Waste Water Treatment Installation (Instalasi areas, will be transported by garbage truck. Solid waste collect-Pengolahan Air Limbah - IPAL). ing which is normally done by garbage cart will be then trans- In order to maintain consistency, why not named it as Solid ported to the Temporary Disposal Point (Lokasi PenampunganWaste Treatment Instalation (Instalasi Pengolahan Sampah - IPS)? Sementara - LPS).16 Percik August 2008