Water and Sanitation in the hands of SBY-JK.Indonesia Water and Sanitation Magazine. December 2006

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Published by Indonesia Water and Sanitation Working Group. First Edition in August 2003

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Water and Sanitation in the hands of SBY-JK.Indonesia Water and Sanitation Magazine. December 2006

  1. 1. Information Media for Water Supply and From the Editor 1 Environmental Sanitation Your Voice 2 Published by: Working Group for Water Supply and Main Feature Sanitation WSS in the Hands of SBY-JK 3 Advisor: Portrait of WSS Working in 2006 8 Director General for Urban and Interview Rural Development, Department of Public Works Assistant to the Deputy for Domestic and Small Industry Pollution Control, Misitry of Environment 9 Board of Trustee:Director of Human Settlement and Housing, Study National Development Planning Agency Republic of Indonesia Study on Public Funding for WSS Development in Indonesia 12 Director of Environmental Sanitation, Reportase Ministry of Health Director of Water Supply Development, Guarding Sustainability by Imposing Strict Regulation 15 Department of Public Works Regulation Director of Natural Resources andAppropriate Technology, Director General on Settlement of State Loan by PDAM 17 Village and Community Empowerment, Department of Home Affairs Insight Director for Facilitation of Special Planning Review of Waste Management Indonesia in 2006 19 Environment Management, Department of Home Affairs Teropong ProAir wates Strarts Flowing 23 Chief Editor: Oswar Mungkasa Chairman of Bappeda of W. Sumba 25 Our Guest Board of Editor: Supriyanto, Johan Susmono, Lula Kamal: Social Responsibility 26 Indar Parawansa, Poedjastanto Innovation Editor: Bio-Toilet, Environmentally Friendly Dry Toilet 28 Maraita Listyasari, Rewang Budiyana, Rheidda Pramudhy, Joko Wartono, StoryEssy Asiah, Mujiyanto, Andre Kuncoroyekti Waste Brings Blessing 30 Design/Illustrator: Around Plan Rudi Kosasih Towards Child Friendly School 32 Production: ISSDP Corner Machrudin Study on Sanitation Condition in Indonesia 35 Distribution: Around WASPOLA 37 Agus Syuhada Around WSS 40 Address: IATPI Clinic 47 Jl. Cianjur No. 4, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat Phone/Fax.: 62-21-31904113 CD Info 48 http://www.ampl.or.id e-mail: redaksipercik@yahoo.com BOOK Info 49 redaksi@ampl.or.id WEBSITE Info 50 oswar@bappenas.go.id Agenda 51 Unsolicited article or opinion items WSS Bibliography 52 are welcome. Please send to our address or e-mail. Dont forget to be brief and accompanied by identity. Percik magazine can be accessed through WSS website http://www.ampl.or.id This magazine can be accessed at Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Percik Magazine in December Edition is published on partnership activity between WSS Working Group and Plan Indonesia Website at www.apml.or.id
  2. 2. F R O M T H E E D I TO RW ithout fully aware of it we are inspite of limitations. WSS projects are coming into the end of 2006. beginning to get on the move though Several notable events have they are rated slow. Take a look athappened during the year. Some were ProAir in NTT that is beginning tosome successes, some failures and wriggle, WSLIC-2 is nearing itssemi failures. Have we provided completion, CWSH is clearingthe best service to the communi- its way into several otherty? It might be that we have regions, SANIMAS areforgotten our task for being being replicated to seve-too busy thinking about our ral kabupatens/cities,own rights. We are only and CLTS. Sociali-thinking of our own fate, zation of the natio-position, status, interest nal policy for com-and do not have the munity based WSSslightest care to the development iscommunity who has for going on in variousnearly 8 years depressed regions though itin a valley of prolonged still does vover thecrisis. Maybe we have whole country. Ob-forgotten that we are only viously, one cannotpublic servants being paid deny all this just thatby the community and way.instead we have the heart to Dear readers, in thisbecome indifferent to them end of the year editionthough our incompetence? Lets Percik in cooperation withcontemplate and do self introspection. Plan Indonesia presents Per- Dear readers, time is rolling contin- cik Junior. It is planned thatuously. It never moves back. For us WSS Working Group Secretariat Staff this supplement will become regular.moving forward into the future is the buraucracies and the community And in terms of column, we present tounavoidable. Will we greet the dawn of either. If any, the quantity does not rep- new columns namely Our Guest. We2007 with glory? Or, are we going to resent the larger entity. It comes locally have never presented it to you be-repeat the mistake of the past and and partially. The cases that have been fore.Our guest this time is Lula Kamal, aunable to take lessons from it? Lets happening time after after time seem to physician cum celebrity. We hope thathope for a bright future. repeat again this year. Last year with the appearance of certain public In this end of the year, Percik wish to Lewigajah slid down carrying with it fugure, Perciks human interest value isreview several subjects related to WSS. scores of human lives, this year it was increasing. However, Percik should notWe hope what has happened in this sec- Bantar Gebang to take the turn. The be too "heavy" and maintains its con-tor will become valuable lessons for us waste hilltop tumbled down burying a nection with WSS.to learn. Isnt that we can learn from number of scavengers then in operation. Lastly, we hope that the presentboth successes and failures? Our suc- Water shortage hit vast areas in the Percik in this year end will serve as trig-cesses may be replicated in 2007, if pos- country. The same is flood water, pollu- ger -- borrowing the term used by CLTS-sible at a higher level. While if we failed, tion, etc. everything seems to be annual for us to do better especially in enhanc-we can move into success by studying routine ing WSS development. We are antici-the causes of the failure and avoid them. In the midst of this gloomy situa- pating your comment and suggestion Speaking in general, the path led by tion, believe or not, a dot of hopeful ray for improvement of this magazine inWSS sector has not made any significant is visible in the horizon. Several WSS 2007. Have a nice reading.leap. It is natural because the level of related activities are continuing in Best regards.care has not yet improved, in all levels of Percik December 2006 1
  3. 3. Y O U R VO I C E Pokmair Experience in use, improvement of village income and have failed to meet PAM DKI target in East Lombok community welfare. bringing down water leakage level. The Lalu Maksum, S.Sos average leakage is still standing around Head of Environmental Management 50 percent. Imagine how much is the burden In general, WSS management in Ka- Health Agency Kabupaten ofbupaten E.Lombok is run a community E. Lombok, NTB that must be borne by the consumers.management team. In this way the Its heavy and objectionable of course.community is responsible for the safety Poor Performance, Tariff Is Apparently, privatization does not Increased. How Come? bring an improvement as expected.of the facility. In E.Lombok such a team Especially one that relates to vital publicis called Water Users Group (Pokmair). In the coming January the Provicial sector. The consumers remain helpless,The Pokmair concept was introduced in Government of Jakarta (DKI) will should the tariff be increased. The com-1980s and was organized under several increase water tariff. According to the munity no has choice. Drinking waterdifferent names: Management, Supervi- Regulatory Body the tariff is adjusted in directly from the Ciliwung is unlikely.sory, Clean Water Maintenance Team accordance with the contract. The rate This is the lessons learned from the(P3SAB). At the moment only 25 per- will be up by 13-25 percent. fact that private sector does not consi-cent of the initial number is really func- From the busines side, i.e to the for- der the social factor, everything is fortioning (some 200 plus teams out of an the sake of business. Consequently, the eign companies PT Palyja and PT TPJ,initial number of 830). The teams were people can not do much. This is a mis- this is obviously a good news. Theirgiven a training by the regional govern- take that must be corrected. Privatiza- income will jump upwards. But fromment (Pemda) agency to build their tion of public property causes damages the community side, this plan iscapacity in organization, administra- to the people. Are we aware of this? extremely objectionable. To cite a fact,tion, technical aspects and how to In the future, public property must up to now the companies are unable toexplore financial source from the com- be managed by the state. It does not improve their service. Complains aremunity. heard out from everywhere. How could mean the property cannot be sold. It Several Pokmairs have installed wa- the tariff be increased? may be all right. If it is profitable, theter meter to measure water use by the con- From the news in the media, one can profit will go back to the public. Whatsumers.They are Pokmairs of Ledang barely say that the companies have really happen now is the state is stupe-Nangka of Kecamatan Masbagik, Wana- made any acceptable performance. fied, the people being squeezed, whilesaba of Kec. Wanasaba, Montong of Kec. Since the contract was signed in 1998, the private sector harvests the juice.Montong Gading, Layar Berkembang of the two world class water providers PuputPijot Village in the Kecamatan Keruak. Bekasi To motivate Pokmair performancethe Pemda developed a competitive Cartoon Percik created by RUDIKOZapproach through prizes and awards tothe best performing teams. The win-ning Pokmair is recommended to followsimilar competition at provincial level.Pokmair of E. Lombok have won firstplace 4 times, second place 3 times andthird place once. Some of the advantages of Pokmairis in building sense of belongingness ofthe community members so that thefacility is well maintained, good waterquality, prevention of wasteful water 2 Percik December 2006
  4. 4. M A I N F E AT U R E Last October the SBY-JK administration marked its two years in office. What role the administration has played in water supply and enviromental sanitation (WSS) sector? Has it met the expectation And what will be done next?A blue book is in press for publi- statement that for the rest of his tenure Action Planning) Project. In this year cation by the end of the year. in office he will be more concretely con- the National Policy for Community This book that is entitled cerned in development implementation Based WSS Develepment is implement-"Struggle to rebuild Indonesia" will than he was in the earlier period. This ed in nine provinces, namely W.serve as a report of SBY-JK administra- means, during the first two years he was Sumatra, Bangka Belitung, Banten, C.tion performance for the two years. As concentrating more on laying the foun- Java, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB), S.for the contents, you must have been dation, in other words less concrete. Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and E. Nusaaware of. There is nothing spectacular Tenggara (NTT). The last two are newduring this time frame. The reason is, National Policy provinces in joining the project. Therethe complexity of problems and chal- The year 2006 is the third year of are in total 49 kabupatens/kotas cur-lenges. WASPOLA-II (Indonesia Water Supply rently taking part in the project imple- This fact is admitted from SBYs and Sanitation Policy Formulation and mentation. Compare it with only 28 Percik December 2006 3
  5. 5. M A I N F E AT U R Ekabupatens/kotas the previous year. SOURCE: MAWARDI This year has been a success year forWASPOLA intervention. This is eviden-ced from all the participating kabu-patens/kotas each has had the workinggroup established. Some even have for-mulated the strategy plan for theirrespective communities. While attend-ing WASPOLA facilitated training theKabupatens showed an excellent parti-cipation. All of the kabupatens triedtheir best to get involved. Approval forbudget commitment for FY 2007 isnoted in one region after theother. This is perhaps because ofthe better involvement of the re-gional leaders, whether the bupati,head of Bappeda, or DPRD. Someof the regions, particularly theKabupatens of Pekalongan, Ke-bumen and Lebak have evenimplemented the policy further Drinking waterdown to physical construction. The In general, the increase of drinkingprovince of Banten is committed to In general, the increase water service is too very un-significant.put the policy into implementation of drinking water service Regional Water Supply Companyin FY 2007. All of those indicate (PDAM) as the responsible company forthat WASPOLA intervention has is very un-significant. regional provider fails to perform asbeen successful in changing the local Regional Water Supply expected. The level of water quality asgoverment’s paradigm to develop Company (PDAM) as the mandated by the Letter of Decision oftheir region using their own responsible company for Health Minister No. 907/Men-resources and capability. Unfortu- regional provider fails to kes/SK/VII/2002 has not beennately this policy implementation does perform as expected. achieved.not spread to the majority of provinces Insufficient water service is eviden-in Indonesia. What has been reached is ced from low service coverage area (onlyin less than the third of them. If we 53,4 percent in 2004), high rate of watercount in terms of kabupatens, the pro- PDAM credit restructuring is being placed. loss from leakage (37 percent), andportion will certainly be much smaller. Apart from the above fact, this management inefficiency. This ineffi- In the meantime, the formulation of national policy has been treading on ciency is indicated from expansion ofInstitutionally Based WSS Development bumpy roads. This is because the policy management unit at the kabupa-Policy is stuck somewhere all this year. It has not been fully disseminated to the ten/kota level. In addition, increase ofseems that the draft that was prepared in line ministries nor even the president production cost due to lowering raw2005 has been kept entirely untouched. and legislative members. The highest water quality from environmental de-There is no news of its official approval. recognition it could get is from the eche- gradation.We must admit that it is not easy to issue a lon 1 officials. Even then, not all of them. In such a condition in seral areas,policy on institutionally based policy after If it were the overall commitment from especially of C. Java PDAM is sufferingeverything is already in place. all levels of the government the WSS from long dry season. Almost 70 per- According to one source, it is said that development may be able to run much cent of areas on Java are suffering fromthe institutionally based policy will be offi- faster. This is the challenge that has not similar condition. To overcome lack ofcially put into effect after the regulation for been resolved. 4 Percik December 2006
  6. 6. M A I N F E AT U R Ewater because of this dry season taking account of the PDAM. This regulation is construction in 2007. Three others willinto consideration the service to the revision to the earlier DG Treasury follow in 2008. Up to the end of 2006community, the government took the Regulation No. 43/PB/2006. It is the project has reached 2,5 users in 35following steps: hoped that with this new regulation it kabupatens. In 2008 when the project 1. Construction of 17 underground could effectively enhance an optimum is completed the coverage will be 3,5 water extraction installations. state loan settlement by PDAM. This in users. At this moment the project is 2. Consolidation of raw water con- essence is a step towards PDAM loan doing various other activities including veyance system connecting Klambu restructuring. completion of undone activities from Kudu to Semarang and Service In this condition the government the previous phases, pushing harder Conveyance of the city of Surabaya. launched Pansimas (Community Based hygiene behaviour program, expansion 3. Construction of 7 dams for raw Water Supply Provision) Program in of CLTS approaches beyond 10 kabu- water supply in the provinces of approximately 100 kabupatens/kotas. patens of the WSLIC-2 projects sites, Banten, W. Java, and Aceh. Through this program it is hoped the and improving the performance of the 4. Construction of 18 reservoirs for service coverage will increase signifi- constructed facilities. In terms of num- raw water supply in the provinces of cantly and at the same time building ber the expansion of service coverage is W. Java, C. Java, E. Java, C. community contribution and active par- insignificant. However, all the efforts Kalimantan, E. Kalimantan, S. ticipation. The program puts it as are accountable. Sulawesi, and Aceh. Digging wells requirement that the regional govern- to extract groundwater is effected in ment provides a counterpart budget. At Solid waste consideration of the principles of a glance the program looks like WSLIC- This year is marked with waste hill conjuntive use for isolated areas 2 or we may call it WSLIC-3 with an tragedy. Last year TPA Leuwigajah of and isolated islands of the province addition of income generating compo- Bandung slid downhill, this year it was of Riau Islands and the Sangihe nent and division of responsibility TPA Bantar Gebang that toppled down Talaud Islands. among involved sectors and Dept. causing several death tolls. Although The government also provides Public Works instead of Dept. Health is the number of death was less than thePDAM a nice present. Last October the named the leading sector. Leuwigajah case, this again is the reflec-government issued a new regulation on In the meantime WSLIC-2 Project tion how poor is waste management inthe guidelines for settlement by PDAM implementation activities are nearing Indonesia. In general the waste isof state loan originating from transfer- completion. Four other provinces dumped just that way day after dayence of foreign loan, investment fund namely NTB, E.Java, S.Sumatra, and without any further treatment. Theaccount, and regional development W.Sumatra will finish with the physical requirement for sanitary landfill is dis- regarded. Almost all TPAs in Indonesia SOURCE: MUJIYANTO are of open dumping type. As a TPA gets into trouble, the respective Pemda (Regional Govern- ment) dithers. This was evident in Ban- dung. Waste hills were developing all over the place in the city because there were no alternative TPAs to keep bussines going on. As we all know fin- ding a new TPA is never easy. Finally, after the national government officials lent their hands, the problem was momentarily resolved because up to now a place that meets the requirements is not found yet. The effort to reduce waste from its very origin has not been successful. The community has not adopted 3R (reduce, reuse, recycle) principle into daily prac- Percik December 2006 5
  7. 7. M A I N F E AT U R Etice. This is probably because the com- SOURCE: MUJIYANTOmunity is still ignorant or because of thelong time habit of collect, transport anddump practice without any necessity forthe community to get involved. Thecampaign towards this direction isnever heard of. During the tenure of SBY-JK admi-nistration the tangible result in this areahas been the procurement of 131 dumptrucks, 111 arm rolls, 8 bulldozers, 267containers, 4 excavators, 20 garbagetransport trucks. As for disposal sites,the government builds 15 new TPAs,and expansion of 2 existing ones. Inaddition, an improvement has been most notorious causes of deaths of chil- ture for waste water management formade to 3 old TPAs so that they are now dren under 5 years old, 46 per 1.000 710.931 people. Similar facilities are bu-capable of providing service to 3,61 mil- childbirths, and is ranked first for cau- ilt in post disaster/conflict areas servinglion people. ses of infant mortality, 32 per 1.000 904.260 people. In addition the go- The community is now waiting for childbirths. This indicates that govern- vernment is providing technical assis-Waste Management Law to become ment care in this sector in wanting, let tance and socialization/disseminationeffective. The Draft been forwarded to alone the level of investment. Whereas, of wastewater management related pro-DPR for deliberation and official investment in this sector can bring eco- gramsapproval. Yet up to now there is no indi- nomic benefit, indirectly. Economiccation that the draft is being discussed. loss from water pollution is estimated at DrainageThe existence of the law is very impor- US$4,6 billion a year or approximately An attention to this sector is perhapstant for national level waste manage- 2 percent of Indonesian GDP. Therefore the least of all. Statistical data onment so that waste is clearly positioned last year the government launched drainage is difficult to find. Let aloneand an there is umbrella for legal action Indonesia Sanitation Sector Develop- what a comprehesive drainage systemaccordingly. ment Program. This program is funded looks like. Drainage system develop- from grant fund provided by the Dutch ment is a partial undertaking and isWastewater Government and administratively ma- meant to serve local or casuistical Liquid waste problem is no less naged by Water and Sanitation Program demand. It is far from being integrated.complicated than solid waste. This con- (WSP) of the World Bank. At this time Up to this time it is not clear whether acern is not limited only to industrial the program is in preparation stage. drainage system in Indonesia iswastewater but also to human waste. Before that the government has designed to do away with rainwaterThe existing regulations are futile in implemented SANIMAS (Sanitation by inundation or it also includes drainingbringing down environmental pollution the community) program. This was wastewater. In reality a drainage canalcaused by wastewater. With regard sa- tried directly in 86 sites involving the is used for everything.nitation, most of Indonesian popula- community participation from plan- It is of no surprise that speaking oftion, 67,1 percent, has had access to ning, development, up to maintenance. drainage development one can only ex-basic sanitation. However, there are Through this program which was speci- plain in terms of bigger ditches such asonly 11 cities in Indonesia that have sa- fically directed to thickly populated primary canals. During SBY-JK admi-nitation network (conventional sewe- areas, the program has provided service nistration the government has laidrage and shallow sewer system) that to 48 thousand people. Considering the 347.879 m long primary canals to easeprovide service to a small fraction of success made by the program the go- inundation of several urban and strate-urban population, i.e 14,8 percent. vernment is now replicating it in 100 gically located areas at a total 2.690 ha It is not surprising, that the preva- kabupatens/kotas. and inhabited by 595.996 people. Inlence of diarrhoel diseases in Indonesia Simultaneously, the government is addition the government also builtis very high. Diarrhoe is the second also developing facilities and infrastruc- 34.161 m long primary drainage net- 6 Percik December 2006
  8. 8. M A I N F E AT U R Eworks for flat houses inhabited by effort for the target achievement is a spearhead in achieving MDGs target.59.837 people consisting of government compelling demand. Besides, pursuant to PP No. 16 of 2005 onemployess and armed forces servicemen The basic philosophy underlying the Development of Drinking Waterin 22 kabupatens/kotas. The govern- MDG is cooperation between the deve- Supply System it is clearly stipulated thatment will take a serious attention only if loped and developing nations in fighting by 2008 PDAM has to supply drinkablea major consequence is to be avoided. poverty and one of the means is through water beyond clean water as it stands expansion of improved water supply today. Therefore the presence of a definiteChallenges and Agenda for the Fu- and basic sanitation service coverage. action plan for producing potable waterture As time progresses, MDGs are then quality is absolutely a must. Indonesia is one of the countries translated into mere target figures to The National Policy for Communitythat signs MDG’s agreement. In the achieve. The expansion of service cover- Based WSS Development has beenagreement, particularly with age is no more connected to poverty translated into implementation in 49regard to water supply and sanitation, reduction idea. Actually, the expansion kabupatens/kotas of 9 provinces. Anall nations must reduce by half, in 2015, of service coverage particularly for the active involvement of regional govern-the proportion of population currently poor is the soul of MDGs. How MDGs ments has produced positive results.without access to water supply and basic could be achieved that at the same time Some of the results can be seen from thesanitation facility. For this purpose, all leads to a gate towards reduction of increase in number and amount of fundinvolved parties, and not only limited to poor families is our own agenda. allocated for community based WSSthe government, must contribute in the The cooperation of developed and development. Itd take a long time, pro-target achievement. developing nations is the main key to bably up to 50 years before all kabupa- The responsibility for water supply MDGs target achievement. If we fully tens/kotas adopt this policy. It wouldand sanitation provision has been trans- realize this then the road map towards take new breakthrough and commit-ferred to the regional government. On achieving MDG targets could serve as a ment from the national government tothe contrary, the action plan for MDGs binding cooperation between the deve- make the national policy a regional pri-target achievement is echoing more loped and developing nations. The ab- ority. At the time when we admit thatloudly at the national level. As of now sence of such a road map makes us water and sanitation is humans basicthere is no indication, of significance, on seemingly working alone without assis- need, it is but natural if the Presidentthe part of the Pemdas (regional govern- tance from the developed nations. were to announce it the top priority.ments) to take any movement in Instead of a trigger it becomes a new Waste management is still engagedresponse to MDGs targets. MDGs target weight in addition to the numerous to the idea of building more TPAs.achievement is considered as the na- other heavy burdens already existing. Apart from the success made in thetional task. If this happens then the tar- PDAM is one of water supply application of 3R principle in severalgets will never be achieved. A common providers, and at the same time the locations, in reality the principle is still SOURCE: MUJIYANTO more of a discourse than a practice. The mindset in the realm of waste manage- ment should have changed from end pipe approach to reducing production. Reducing production must be placed as the main agenda when we speak of waste management. The government and the community working together in reducing waste is prerequsite in waste problem resolution. It is a gigantic challenge and a tight agenda. Probably an advice from a wel- known figure should be taken in order to prevent us from frustration, i.e 3R formula, start from small, start from oneself, and right now. Lets move. Why not? OM and MJ Percik December 2006 7
  9. 9. M A I N F E AT U R E The Portrait of WSS Working Group in 2006I n 2006, WSS Working Group has translated into various activities in- focused its activities on the opera- Public campaign is intended to cluding Coordination of Development tionalization of national policy for build the stakeholders under- Strategy of Community Led Total Sani-community based WSS development standing, care and involvement tation (CLTS), Socialization of Law andincluding coordinating the national Regulation related to WSS development to performance improvementlevel implementation, public campaign and so on.and capacity improvement of WSS of WSS development related As it is in 2006 public campaigndevelopment activists. efforts plays an important part in achieving In the series of activities that were WSS development target. This cam-intended to improve multistakeholder improvement, such as Health Promo- paign is the translation of the communi-cooperation, several WSS development tion Training, CLTS Training, MPA/- cation stategy developed by WSSefforts have been successfully brought PHAST Orientation, WSS Technical Working Group in order to make theinto close coordination, such as Training, etc. stakeholders pay a bigger attention toCWSHP, WSLIC-2, ProAir, and CLTS, Along with the increase in its capaci- WSS development. Because of itsin order to avoid overlapping of activi- ty and capability the WSS Working importance the public campaign will beties and that each follows the same Group is now expanding its activity intensified in 2007. Besides, continua-development paradigm, i.e developing through building cooperation with other tion of all the activities and communica-community based WSS facility. party, i.e Plan Indonesia. Several coo- tion results obtained in 2006, several The other focus is on public cam- peration programs were developed innovations to be implemented inpaign. This activity is intended to build including publication of Percik Junior 2007 that will consist of development ofthe stakeholders understanding, care magazine, preparation of Approprite communication network with WSS sec-and involvement to performance im- Technology Module for Community tor journalist community, organizationprovement of WSS development related Based Water Supply Provision, Prepa- of Media Gathering, Lunch Media, in-efforts. For this purpose WSS Working ration of Module for Health Promotion viting various journalist communitiesGroup launch a series of campaign for Schoolchildren Hygiene and Sani- and WSS stakeholders and also con-though Environmental Exhibition at the tation, Facilitator Training for Commu- ducting press tour.Jakarta Convention Centre, Talk Show nity Based Sanitation, Resource Centre, In 2007 the WSS Working Groupat TPI Station, FM Radio 68 MHz, Publication of a book on "Water Supply will develop cooperation with otherWebsite www.ampl.or.id, and other pu- and Sanitation Development in In- donor institutions so that the activitiesblication media such as poster, leaflet, donesia: Lessons Learned from Succes- will be more varied. The activities con-and e-newsletter. ses and Failures," Regional Level MDGs sist of water supply and environmental Through various contraints WSS Implementation Communication Media sanitation related multistakeholder net-Working Group, national as well as and Water Quality Monitoring. work development, which representsregional, considers it necessary to im- cooperation between WSS Workingprove its capacity through various trai- Plan for 2007 Group with Water Supply and Sanita-ning, technical as well as managerial, in In broad line the plan for 2007 con- tion Network (JAS). Then water supplyorder to be able to face the challenges. sists of Coordination in the Implemen- and sanitation baseline data manage-Several training activities were held in tation of National Policy for Community ment which is the cooperation of WSSorder to meet the demand for such an Based WSS Development, which is Working Group with Unicef. (RSD) 8 Percik December 2006
  10. 10. I N T E RV I E W Mohammad Hilmi, Assistant to Deputy for Domestic and Small Business Waste Pollution Control, Ministry of Environment There must be a change in paradigm SOURCE: MUJIYANTO practice. The awareness towards this is Waste problem has not been fully resolved. already growing. Next year we will la- Since our independence, this problem hasnt been unch pilot projects in several cities who- given sufficient attention. Whereas waste mana- se mayors are interested in 3R applicati- gement performance is closely related to environ- on. Each city will exercise more than mental quality. one method. Take for instance Ban- Perfuntory waste management can lead to dis- dung, it practices collect, transport and aster. The Bandung case and Leuwigajah is the dump only. Once the TPA is in trouble, most notorious example for careless waste mana- gement in Indonesia. How the government sees the whole community gets angry. Thats the waste management Percik held an interview why there must be composting. If only with the Assistant to Deputy for Domestic and Small Industry Waste 20-30 percent of the whole turns into Pollution Control, Ministry of Environment (KLH), who since the end of compost, the result is excellent. The December was transfered to a new position as the Assistant to the Deputy rest is converted to energy. The experi- for Waste Pollution Cotrol from Manfacturing Industry. The following are ence in Indonesia seems to be too far the excerpt of the interview: away from it. Too many influencing fac- tors. The cheapest is composting, and atW hat is the domestic waste contribution to enviromen-tal pollution? quent impact is uncontrolled leachate flow, unpleasnt smell, swarming flies and the worst of all is toppling down of the same time it reduces methane gas emission. We are still campaigning for it. And that is quite in conformance Domestic waste is divided into two the hill that may cause death tolls. In with the Waste Management Law cur-categories: wastewater and solid waste. short, it is not well managed. Whereas rently being deliberated in DPR.In Indonesia both categories are not suf- introduction to good waste manage-ficiently managed. The community still ment has been given long time ago. The The campaign you just men-consider waste material as something to easiest method is controled landfill. But tioned, where is it directed? Tobe thrown away, the treatment consists all the same, it is not practised either. the source or something else?of collect, transport and dump. There is Specially with solid waste, we should It is aimed simultaneously to two di-no further treatment. Very little, if any. learn from the disasters that we need rections. The Pemda that is currentlyMost of the waste causes environmental change our way of thinking. Lets do practicing collect, transport, dump sho-pollution. The regional government away with collect, transport and dump, uld learn that it is strongly inrecommen-(Pemda) has only limited capacity to at least there must be separation from dable and they should apply other ap-transport all the waste. BPS record its very origin, then followed by the next proaches instead. Say for instance 3R.mentions that Pemda can only remove process. The green is processed into It is expected that the Pemda will issue40 percent of all the waste to TPA. This compost. Metal/glass for recycling. All whatever regulation or ruling to changemeans more than half goes any possible this time the materials are not so valu- the operation scheme in addition to col-way. Statistic of 2001 records that more able because they look dirty. If it is cle- lect, transport, and dump. At any rate,than 30 percent is burned. From envi- aned the value will increase. This it is the Pemda that is accountable to theronmental aspect this is an obvious so- process has been working in other coun- public. Therefore a change in mindseturce of pollution. And the amount is tries. For instance in Mexico that by and paradigm is extremely important.quite significant. The transported porti- 2008 three fourths of her urban com- The second aim is directed to the com-on and is mostly dumped in an open munity will have to separate their was- munity as the source of waste. They arearea. Dumped from a truck then shovel- tes. As for us, we have no target yet. We stimulated to also participate. All thisled to position, thats all. The most fre- are pushing the Pemdas to put 3R into time there is the NIMBY (not in my Percik December 2006 9
  11. 11. I N T E RV I E Wbackyard) syndrome. The mind is set munity awareness. So the campaign is of ways such as the packaging techno-that way. A luxury car belonging to the two-pronged: one directed to Pemda logy or being responsible for the packag-educated passes by, suddenly throws and the other to the community. ing in circulation. They take the respo-away a waste into the street. sibility to reuse or recycle the packaging. What about the companies? Do That is stipulated in the Draft of Waste What is the model of the cam- you not think they have their sha- Management Law. In practice of coursepaign? re in producing waste? we cannot directly uphold in the form of It can be done through social cam- Very good question. In the Draft of instruction. In ecolabeling for example,paign. It is accomodated in the Draft of Waste Management Law there is a sti- there were only 5 products in the initialWaste Management Law. In the imple- pulation called extended procedure res- design. Once the draft has passed thismentation the campaign is done as part ponsibility (EPR). In other countries we can push harder because the require-of a pilot project. For domestic scale we the corporations set targets and claim ment becomes mandatory.will combine it with a corporation with that waste produced from their compa-CSR program. This program has start- ny will decrease by 10 percent, for At this time the Waste Ma-ed in Surabaya and Jakarta. It works example. This is the waste produced nagement Law hasnt taken effect.nicely. A few hundreds of kelurahans from its business unit. But there is also What effort could be taken to(village level) are doing this. Thus, cam- waste produced from its packaging. For endorse it?paign in this case is not just preparing instance a company producing bottled Hopefully the voluntary approachmaterials for information, but it is real water together with its packaging. through ecolabeling work continuously.action. This is going to be pushed fur- Things like that are done voluntarily The second, through CSR we ask the in-ther and we will take notes of the pluses such as ecolabeling on 4 June 2004. dustries to take a real action. Several in-and minuses. The community should The essence is to have the corporations dustries have started with their pro-not only be provided with information, compete with each other in producing gram. And also the Pemda. The Pemdabut also the garbage bins. The software environmentally friendly products. could persuade the community to re-and hardware at the same time. The That is voluntary approach. Admittedly duce the use of plastic bags, for instan-three apsects must be available at the this is a more time consuming process. ce. Several activites we can do whilesame time. The role of motivator and Secondly, imposing a requirement that waiting for the Law. We push thecadre is very important because in the a corporation manufacturing Product X Pemda to take action from the verylast two years it has been proven that in packaging it must be environmentally beginning. Once again, it is not easy tothey could significantly increase com- friendly. This can be done in a number change communitys mindset, habit, life SOURCE: MUJIYANTO style. I think in the Adipura program there is the evaluation for reducing waste. Speaking of changing the com- munitys mindset, it is a process that takes time. While waste growth acceleration goes beyond awareness development. How can garbage handling be accelerated? From the experience gathered with- in the last 6 months, the regional heads have responded favourably. Some even have taken the real action. What is nec- essary is to provide them with technical assistance. There are already 91 mayors making contact with us. From that po- int we are quite optimistic. Through Pemdas positive movement, we hope the regional policy is beginning to get10 Percik December 2006
  12. 12. I N T E RV I E W SOURCE: MUJIYANTOtinted with corrective measures at There is the upper respiratorytheir own initiatives. The com- tract, diarrhoea, cholera, and oth-munity through NGOs and schools ers all are related to waste wateralso resposd favourably. Maneu- pollution. We have had an exten-vers are taking place in campuses sive campaign on this matter inand schools. Some call it Clean order to draw the Pemdas atten-Development Mechanism (CDM). tion. It is now that Adipura isMany NGOs successfully provide beginning to take a look at solidassistance to Pemda in managing waste. Wastewater and waste fromwaste. This at the same time is the small industries are still over-spelling out of Kyoto Protocol i.e looked. I am earnestly enhancingreducing greenhouse effect by environmentally sustainable city.managing waste properly. If the It is a long way to go. Lets lookBupati/mayor is in short of money, forward. In the beginning it isfinancial assistance can be obtained It is something around 300 - 500 mil- solid waste. Time will come when wefrom CDM mechanism. I think in less lion in rupiah. This represents an actu- speak of wastewater and air pollution.than 5 years the community awareness al touch for the regions to change their Finally wastes from small industries.will be widely spread within the com- paradigm.munity. Speaking of waste from small Lets shift to liquid waste. It industries, how dangerous is it? What development program looks as if there were no manage- Waste produced by small industriesaimed at Pemda regarding TPA ma- ment pattern, doesnt it? activities, not all of it is dangerous. Thenagement? Actually wastewater problem is current- most dangerous ones are from leather We suggested regional TPA, in addition ly being dealt with by our colleagues in Cipta industry, electroplating. In generalto the right sanitary landfill practice. This is Karya. But we must admit that in terms of small industries are wasteful in water, inmore efficient so that in the future the num- priority and how Pemdas or legislative body energy. This is the most important. Ifber of TPA is getting less but the manage- at the central as well as regional see it is they can save up to 20 percent thement improves. Take Bandung for instance, another problem. At the moment our col- national impact will be quite significant.it will involve the city of Bandung, leagues from Bappenas and from Public Secondly, wastewater and solid wasteKabupaten Bandung and the city of Cimahi. Works each have it in their own concept, we are thrown away. Whereas actually theyThe same is for Yogyakarta. have none yet. We are focusing more on set- can be reused and recycled to produce ting up the standards. The operational is something of economic value. The total What could be done to enhance with Public Works while the general idea is impact, frankly speaking, we are unableTPA management from open with Basppenas. The three of us are coo- to inform you, because there is no studydumping to sanitary landfill? perating nicely. In general wastewater ma- conducted along that line. Weve introduced them with CDM nagement is still very little, the more so inmechanism. If the Pemda has financial dif- Jakarta. Some regions are already good, for What is the fate of Wasteficulties, there is the compensation. We example Solo. Simulataneously with solid Management draft bill?can help them. Also in Waste Management waste, we enhance wastewater management From the technical aspect, we areLaw there is a stipulation about what but at a lower intensity. I think it is not already through. The draft is now with theresposibility each level has to assume, entirely true to say that nothing has been DPR (Peoples Representatives). An en-national, provincial, and kabupaten/kota. done, because we already have a legal frame- dorsement letter from the State SecretaryAnd there is the Special Allocation Fund work to protect environment from pollution. has also been sent to DPR. Lets pray and(DAK) which used to be for environment, together enhance the DPR to take a goodnow it is for waste management. How dangerous is it the liquid look to the draft. At the same time we are waste pollution? also conducting maneuvers towards that How much is it in terms of There is a study that summarizes the end. In no way that we neglect our role inmoney? real the burden carried on the commu- enhancing, and the values contained in the The amount is reatively small. But nitys shoulder is quite significant. Per draft bill have been brought to implemen-to the regions it could mean a great deal. year it is more than Rp 40 trillion. tation. mujiyanto Percik December 2006 11
  13. 13. STUDY Study on Public Financing for Water Supply and Sanitation Development in IndonesiaT his public financing study con- ces have relatively higher income per ca- (see Chart 1). ducted in post decentralization pita, it seems they do not feel responsi- Approximately 50 percent of provin- (2003-2005) WSS sector opera- ble in the provision of WSS service. The cial and kabupaten WSS budget istion and investment is intended to get a munipalities that participate in WAS- intended for water supply, while forbetter and clearer picture of the deve- POLA provide the highest per capita kota water supply is given less in pro-lopment of funding strategy for this sec- investment, while the province invest portion, the bigger share goes totor. This study analyses fund allocation the least amount compared to kabupat- drainange development. Budget forby Dept. Health and Dept. Public Works en and kota. solid waste gets a small proportion in allat the national level, and to seven pro- Most regional WSS allocation is levels of the government, the highestvinces, two kotas (municipalities), and intended for physical construction. A being 5 percent of the total municipal19 kabupatens that participated in the small amount is for technical assistance, budget. Sanitation gets one fifth of theWater Supply and Sanitation Policy For- socialization, and capacity improvement total budget for water supply, but themulation and Action Planning (WAS- Table 1POLA) Project. Average WSS Budget Allocation and Average Regional Revenue within WASPOLA Project Sites This study focuses only on budget Average WSS Budget Average Regional Revenueallocation, and not on expenditure be-cause there are not enough data to do In Million Rp Rp per capita In Million Rp Rp per capitaso. The composition of sector allocationis analysed through verification of budg- Kabupaten 1.689 6.162 748.804 475.790et items with the support documents inorder to determine the validity of activi- Province 3.071 661 2,669.782 1.619.314ty/expenditure. The allocations arethen classified based on sub-sector acti- Kota (Municipality) 4.611 30.251 469.379 3.825.743vity/expenditure: i) Physical; ii) Techni-cal Assistance; iii) Project Support andMaintenance; and iv) Socialization ofpolicy or capacity improvement and Chart 1correlation of budget allocation within Regional Budgetand at the different levels of the govern- 8% 0% Allocation for WSSment and types of activity. 2% 1. Budget Trend for WSS Service Capital CapitalProvision 2003-2005 1.1 Regional Investment for WSS Technical Assistance Technical Assistance On average the regional investmentfor WSS in Indonesia (water supply, Project Support and Maintenance andsanitation, solid waste, and drainage Project Support Maintenancesystem) in WASPOLA project sites ishighest in the urban sector and lowest at Socialization and Socialization andthe provincial level, all in terms of the Capacity Improvement Capacity Buildingamount of fund. In spite of the provin- 90%12 Percik December 2006
  14. 14. STUDY Table 2.proportion varies n each level of the Sub-Sector Allocation in WASPOLA Location for Year 2003-2004 (in rupiah)government. In the meantime, the correlation of Ministry of Public Local Local asgross regional domestic product with Works Government Percentage of TotalWSS budget allocation indicates a weakcorrelation (0,14). Almost no correla- Water Provision 49.292.425.000 91.008.643.356 65 persention (0,05) between WSS and gross Sanitation 925.000.000 20.697.563.605 96 persenregional domestic product. Solid Waste 4.379.282.000 3.660.089.006 46 persen Water Channel 1.861.903.000 73.102.575.664 98 persen 1.2 National Investment Total 56.458.610.000 188.468.871.631 77 persen 1.2.1 WSS Allocation by Dept.Public Works The budget allocation by Dept Public far smaller than that of Dept. Public Conclusion and RecommendationWorks for the regional governments, at Works. During the last three years 1. Investment is at the moment be-national level as well as for WASPOLA Dept. Health budget allocation for water low the level required for the govern-project sites, is mainly for water supply. supply and sanitation is less than 1 per- ment to reach the target. On average,At the national level, sanitation is only cent from the total allocated by Dept. the regional allocation for WSS devlop-provided with approximately 15 percent Public Works, and Dept. Health is con- ment is less than 1 percent of the totalof the total Dept. Public Works alloca- tinuously decreasing during the period regional revenue and the annual alloca-tion for water supply and for WASPOLA of the study. On the other hand, Dept. tion for this sector is approximatelysites combined. Two thirds of Dept Health allocation for sanitation exceeds US$0.40 or approximately US$0.03 ofPublic Works allocation is for physical that of Dept. Public Works. However per capita GNP.construction and almost all of the rest is the larger portion of Dept. Health con- 2. The allocation composition andfor technical assistance, consisting of tribution for water supply and sanita- trend indicates an increase by the regio-sector development for optimum per- tion is provided by Water Supply for nal government, but there is potentialformance, detailed technical design, and Low Income Communities (WSLIC) for central government allocation. Theconstruction related feasibility study. Project. In general the Dept. Health shift of investmen sector from central to This study also examines the corre- allocation related to WSLIC "dimi- regional government has been visiblelation between allocation by Dept. of nishes" their other allocations, because within the study area, in which thePublic Works with allocation by the re- the size of WSLIC related allocation is regional governments provide 46 to 90gional government. The relationship is 95 percent of the total Dept. Health sup- percent of the total subsector activities.found positive though insignificant port to WSS sector. This indicates the Pemdas willingness(0,21). Compared to national allocation to invest in WSS development. Howe-for WASPOLA sites, most of the fund for 1.3 Central and Regional Go- ver, this study also reveals insignificantthis sector, with exception for solid vernment Support to PDAM correlation between regional revenuewaste, has been provided by the the Of all the Pemdas that participate in and gross regional domestic productregional government. The combination WASPOLA only the province of N. with WSS budget allocation.of the two observations indicates that Sumatra and kabupaten Gorontalo that 3. The Pemdas are playing an incre-there is an opportunity for national level allocate fund for supporting and super- asingly important role in sector finan-institutions to take more benefit from vising PDAM. On the other hand, cen- cing, but they have a limited fund andusing fund provided by the regional go- tral government support through Dept. capacity. Although the pemdas mayvernment. Public Works reaches on average 30 assume a bigger responsibiliy in the sec- percent during the last three years. tor, there are only very few resources in- 1.2.2 WSS Allocation by Dept. Most of the support is in technical assis- vested for WSS development and theHealth tance for optimum performance and in sector funding will continue to be Dept. Health provides the second design preparation. restricted in favour of various other in-biggest allocation for water supply, but terests. Percik December 2006 13
  15. 15. STUDY 4. The capacity of sector related who give strong indication of their pre-institutions to develop realistic invest- paredness and responsibility.ment plans can be improved by various It is deemedsimple methods. Based on this study, as necessary to have a Steps in Financial Strategywell as from regional governments clear division of The steps discussed below are de-feedback it becomes apparent that the responsibility in the signed to get the financial strategy pro-basic parameter for financial planning various levels of the cess into motion. The key activity mustfor the sector is not available, the pa- be discussed and agreed by GOI and the government,rameter is unknown to them. schedule and time frame be decided in 5. At the national level GOI must fi- particularly between the discussion.nalise the process for development stra- the province andtegy through a wider scope agreement kabupaten/kota. Phase 1(inter-department) on the basic service Consultation with Basppenas,and priority reform package for the pur- Dept Finace, Dept Public Works andpose of increasing the overall sector Dept Health on the findings of this may potentially decrease local capacitybudget and to improve effectiveness. study. in maintaining and supporting program 6. It is deemed necessary to have a Discussion on formulation of MoU during implementation.clear division of responsibility in the va- on minimum sector service and reform 9. It is necessary to allocate morerious levels of the government, particu- package to be provided under Bappenas national resources for institutional andlarly between the province and kabupa- coordination. regional capacity building in sectorten/kota. In spite of a relatively bigger Sharing the study findings with, and planning and programming.revenue yet in terms of budget allocati- collecting inputs from, the Pemdas 10. Regional expenditure for ma-on the province is lagging behind. This (regional governments) on their opinion intenance and software must be incre-pattern of funding reflects the confusion and type of support they expect from the ased proportionally to guarantee securi-in what role the province is actually national government; sharing good prac- ty and effectiveness of the invested ca-playing in WSS development. tices from the Pemdas in sector investment pital. 7. The involved institutions must be and sector strategy development. 11. Various long term funding me-given more responsibility to regularly Development of situation self as- chanisms must be made available tosubmit, accumulate and analyse sector sessment and strategy direction notes Pemdas and regional public companiesfinancing and performance report and a and processes for Pemdas to be used asneed for resources to SOURCE: MUJIYANTO input for national WSSsupport this activity program development.including random audit. Development of sec- 8. Provision of na- tor investment plan withtional fund for WSS financing unit of each pol-development at this time icy package.involves a short term(yearly) implementation Phase 2period and there is no Simultaneouslyassurance if it is avail- with the above matters,able year after year. Mo- implementation of pha-reover, except for Spe- se 2 to start with sectorcial Fund Allocation financing review thro-(DAK) and grant fund, ugh regional publicin Pemdas opinion as companies and level ofoff budget deconcentra- tariff charged to cum-tion fund. These factors sumers. MJ14 Percik December 2006
  16. 16. R E P O RTA G E ProAir Project at Praibakul - Taramanu NTT Guarding Sustainability Through Upholding Strict Regulation SOURCE: MUJIYANTOA t last the forty year long dream turns into reality. The commu- nity of the villages of Praibakuland Taramanu of the KecamatanWanokaka, W. Sumba, NTT can nowsmile with satisfaction. The hardshipthey have undergone all this time,climbing up and down hill to take a pailof water from a river or water spring, isnow repaid. The aura of happiness isreflected in their faces. "We are very happy," said KalediDimo of Taramanu. Before this he andhis family used to take water from theriver for their family need. With a pillarand water taps right in front of hishouse, the middle aged man plans tobuild a bathroom and toilet. The development of the gravitation-al water supply system has not been an and to make them also consider how munity was willing to participate in theeasy thing. "It took time and patience," they can maintain the sustainability project. It took more than one year tosaid Soleman Djowa Rega, the after the project is completed. The do that.Chairman of Water Supply socialization was also intended to build By the end of 2004 the communityManagement Team Bebong Maradang. the sense of belongingness so that the began depositing their money after for-You can imagine, it took 2,5 years for facility could last forever in their own mation of a management team chairedcommunity preparation. It was so diffi- hands. by Soleman Djowa Rega, an evangelistcult to convince the community to par- Martalanda, village motivator who of the village of Praibakul. It was com-ticipate through providing in cash and lives with the community, revealed that monly agreed that the communityin kind contribution. This is because the most difficult part of his job was in would pay the amount in installmentsthere were in the past certain villages convincing the community. "The most for one year an amount of Rp 70.000were supplied with water supply facility difficult is to convince the community per household. Collection is conductedwithout any community participation. that the 4 percent contribution will be by team accompanied by village officersAccording to Petrus Kanaf, the commu- saved for O&M costs later on," said the did not work as expected. Once therenity still maintains the old way of think- woman of Sumba origin. The reason is was almost a bloodshed simply becauseing that without any contribution the that the community has had never of misunderstanding when a man mem-commnity can improve itself. before and no similar experience has ber of the community produced his For almost 2,5 years the time was ever been met. "The community machete to threathen a deputy RT chief.spent for socialization of ProAir project thought the saving was for the officerss For 11 months from 12 monthsto make the community ready. The pur- pocket," said Soleman. Through planned the fund amounted to Rp 18,3pose was to change the way of thinking patience and modesty finally the com- million from 264 families was collected. Percik December 2006 15
  17. 17. R E P O RTA G EIn compliance with the requirement denied the service. "Any non member lity. They have formulated a regulationfrom ProAir, namely development may caught taking water from the tap will be for guarding the sustainability of thestart as soon as the contribution has fined Rp 500 thousand," said Martinus. facility that was developed at a cost inbeen fully paid, in early 2006 the devel- For this purpose the members living excess of Rp 1,6 billion. A socializationopment started to take place, phase by near the tap are given the responsibility programme was launched in the com-phase. Material procurement was con- to guard it. munity both to members and non mem-ducted through tendering, while sup- For minor damage each household is bers of the group. The regulation in-port materials and labour were provided to contribute Rp 6.000/month. Pay- volves imposition of fine. Whoever ta-by the community. ment shall be made latest on the third kes a bath in the pillar shall be fined Rp Unpaid labours were provided in vil- day of each month. Any delay will be 100 thousand. Whoever inflicts any da-lage, hamlet and zone levels. "Everyone fined Rp 1.000. Monthly contribution mage to pipe shall be fined Rp 250 thou-above 17 years old, man and woman, will start in January 2007. The month- sand and shall face tribunal according tomust work together. Except those who ly contribution will be used to pay for adat law. The individual who inflict da-are going to school and are being minor damage and salary of the mana- mage to pipe shall additionally be sub-employed elsewhere," said Martinus gement team. While the cash saving ac- ject to adat law, i.e by presenting a offer-Gali (45) of Praibakul. They gather and count will be used for major breakdown. ing consisting of a pig, 8 baskets ofcarry rocks, digging soil, constructing The fact that the water is flowing steadi- cooked rice, 5 kgs coffee, 10 kgs sugar,reservoir and water source catchment ly many who used to refuse to participate betel leaves and betel nuts each onestructure. Soleman told his story, that are getting interested. "There are many sack. "In terms of money everythingfor the sake of self reliance, ProAir pro- who wish to join," said Martinus. But the will cost Rp 10 million," said Martinus.hibited rock transport beinng done requirements are heavier. The manage- This of course is an extremely big amo-using motor vehicle. "Finally we carried ment has made it a requirement that for a unt of money for villagers who are smallall the rocks," he said. Aboive all, new member the initial contribution is Rp farmers during the rainy season and col-because such highspiritedness, the 250 thousand and maintenance contribu- lecting rocks during the dry season.number of workers were more than the tion Rp 70 thousand and monthly contribu- The community hopes that through therequested. "If the project asked for 10 tion Rp 6.000 a month. According to Edi, strict regulation the constructed facility canlabourers, 40 people came to volun- there are 16 families are already requesting be used effectively continuously. They doteer," said Edy Bili, the secretary of for membership. not want to see the facility break down inBebong Maradang, added the state- the same way as the previous facilities builtment. Guarding sustainability in the past. "The community has under- Through hard work, the community It seems that the community prepa- stood that the facility must be maintainedwas able to complete the laying of 11,5 ration process has been successful. because it belongs to them and for theirkm. long main conveyance pipe. The They feel they have a water supply faci- own good," said Edi. mujiyantowater is supplied to 1 m high water tap SOURCE: MUJIYANTOpillars. There are 28 pillars distributedin 5 zones. Each pillar holds 2 watertaps. The community also protect theWay Bakul water spring with barbedwire fence and plant trees around it.The official dedication of this water sup-ply facility was made by Vice Bupati ofW. Sumba, Cofrnelis Kodimeta, on 25November. Water has been flowing since lastNovember. The community has madeuse of it, not only for drinking and MCKbut also for watering garden plants.Even the livestock can drink from theservice. In the meantime, the villagerswho used to refuse to participate are16 Percik December 2006

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