Information Media for Water Supply and          Environmental Sanitation                                                  ...
FROM EDITORE          very year, since 16 years ago, eve-          ry 22nd of March, we celebrate          World Water Day...
YOUR VOICE    Source of information                                                                   to send them to you ...
M A I N F E AT U R E       World Water Day 2008    PROMOTING SANITATION ISSUESW             orld Water Day is one of the  ...
MAIN FEATURE       World Water Day XVI 2008      Commemoration in IndonesiaE        very year, Indonesia has never been le...
MAIN FEATUREManagement Program of Central Java,           ter sources. "The success of water sources     particularly the ...
MAIN FEATURElandfill disposal facility by using steel pi-   of its partner.                               riverbank, speec...
MAIN FEATUREthe 26th March 2008, located in Adipura Monument Boulevard(Elephant Boulevard), Raden Intan Street, Bandar Lam...
MAIN FEATURE                               Sanitation Services Coverage*                         Based on Districts/Cities...
MAIN FEATURENO    NAME OF DISTRICT/CITY      SERVICE COVERAGE (%)   NO   NAME OF DISTRICT/CITY     SERVICE COVERAGE (%)   ...
TSI CORNER2008   Launching of International Year of Sanitation 2008 in Philiphine                     HUMBLE BUT MERRYW   ...
TSI CORNER2008on Sanitation and Hygiene (EASan) in                                                         The holding of ...
TSI CORNER2008encouraging hand washing with soap,proper toilet use, or simply by saying wel-come to the IYS 2008, and many...
INTERVIEW                                                      Ir Susmono                         INTEGRATED PROGRAM      ...
REGULATION         Ministerial Decree of Public Works     No. 21/PRT/M/2006 on The National Policy      and Strategy of So...
REGULATIONregional government to improve the solid          waste can be properly managed;           approach is not new, ...
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008
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World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008

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published by Indonesia Water and Sanitation Working Group. First edition on August 2003

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World Water Day 2008. Indonesia water and Sanitation Magazine. March 2008

  1. 1. Information Media for Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation From the Editor 1 Published by: Your Voice 2 Water Supply and Sanitation Working Group Main Feature World Water Day 2008, Putting Forward Sanitation Issues 3 Advisor: The Celebration of World Water Day in Indonesia 4 Director General for Human Settlement, Department of Public Works Sanitation Services Coverage per District/Municipal 2006 8 Sanitation Corner Board of Trustee: Director of Settlement and Housing, National International Year of Sanitation 2008 Launching in Philippine 10 Development Planning Agency Interview Director of Water and Sanitation, Ir. Susmono, Director of Settlement Environmental Sanitation Ministry of Health Director of Water Supply Development, Development, Department of Public Works: Integrated Program is Department of Public Works Needed to Handle Sanitation 13Director of Natural Resources and Appropriate Technology, Director General on Village and Regulation Community Empowerment, Ministerial Decree of Public Works No. 21/PRT/M/2006 on Department of Home Affairs The National Policy and Strategy of Solid Waste Management System Director for Facilitation of Special Planning Environment Management, Development 14 Department of Home Affairs Insight Chief Editor: Measuring Diarrhoea with Figures 16 Oswar Mungkasa Rote Ndao Prioritizes Water Source Protection 18 Overview Board of Editor: Zaenal Nampira, Banjarmasin, City of Thousand Rivers and Latrines 20 Indar Parawansa, Revolving Latrine and Well 21 Bambang Purwanto Reportage Editor: Green Office 22 Maraita Listyasari, Rheidda Pramudhy, Inspiration Raymond Marpaung, Fanny Wedahuditama Greening Bintaro 23 Design/Illustrator: Reflection Rudi Kosasih Cipto Pratomo: Changing Waste into Art 24 Production: Our Guest Machrudin Valerina Daniel (Environment Ambassador) 26 Distribution: Around WSLIC-2 28 Agus Syuhada Around ISSDP 30 Around WASPOLA 32 Address: Jl. Cianjur No. 4, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat Around WSES 37 Phone/Fax.: 62-21-31904113 Program http://www.ampl.or.id e-mail: redaksipercik@yahoo.com Toyota Echo Youth: Increasing Young Generations Awareness 45 redaksi@ampl.or.id IATPI Clinic 47 oswar@bappenas.go.id CD Info 48 Unsolicited article or opinion items Book Info 49 are welcome. Please send to our address Website Info 50 or e-mail. Dont forget to be brief and WSES Bibliography 51 accompanied by identity. Agenda 52 Cover: RudiKoz DESIGN Glossary idea by OM Percik magazine can be accessed through WSS website http://www.ampl.or.id
  2. 2. FROM EDITORE very year, since 16 years ago, eve- ry 22nd of March, we celebrate World Water Day (WWD). In linewith launching of International Year ofSanitation (IYS) 2008, World Water Daythis year also puts forward sanitationtheme. In Indonesia, it was agreed thatthe WWDs theme is "Sanitation Con-serves Water and Environment". TurningSanitation as the theme of WWD is theright decision regarding the condition ofsanitation in Indonesia, which is far fromadequate and feasible. Around 77 percentof the population in Indonesia still do nothave access to safe and proper sanitationfacility. This amount is more or less 9 ti-mes of Jakartas population. Do not ex-pect our water and environment conditi-on would be healthy if our sanitation isstill a problem; when many of the popu-lation still defecate openly; when most ofus have not fully understood the im-portance of hand washing with soap asthe prevention of water borne diseases;when solid waste is still disposed openly,which become the source of diseases andfloods; when households waste water islet to be untaken care of, which also be-come the source of diseases. Meanwhile, it has become a hard fact Water and Sanitation Networking booth during the exhibition of World Water Day 2008that the awareness of the importance of at JIEXPO Kemayoran, Jakarta. Source: Bowo Leksonosanitation is still far from adequate. Thefact of governments low priority in sani- ger the awareness of the decision-makers, holders within the Water and Sanitationtation sector can be seen from the invest- and the society, it has to be done through Networking booth during the exhibition.ment for the sector for the last 30 years, all necessary means and collectively. Wi- These stakeholders were universitieswhere the government only allocated Rp. thin this spirit, the national Water Supply such as Trisakti; NGO such as BORDA,7.7 trillion, which means only Rp. 200,- and Environmental Sanitation (WSES) PLAN Indonesia and Yayasan Air Kita;per capita per year. On the contrary, the working group with other stakeholders Association such as IATPI; Governmentminimum requirement for a proper under the umbrella of Water and Sani- in form of WSES Working Group; Projectsanitation access is Rp. 46.000,- per capi- tation Networking Group participated in such as WSLIC-2, TSSM, ISSDP,ta per year. the World Water Day Exhibition, which WASPOLA, JAS, ESP; activities such as We have learned from our experi- was held by the Department of Public hand washing with soap. The message toences that the awareness of the importan- Works. The fact that sanitation has not be conveyed is that it is the time to handlece of sanitation would not be achieved by become the main concern has become the sanitation together. The improvement ofonly sounding the fact that the economic trigger to motivate various stakeholders access to proper sanitation is not some-loss caused by poor sanitation has caused to collectively synergize to improve the thing that is unreachable.potential economic loss up to Rp. 60 tri- awareness of the importance of sanita- Congratulations on the World Waterllion, and the increase of the diarrhoea, tion. Day. May the celebration of it becomeswhich further causes the death of The message that sanitation has be- the moment for all of us to stand together100.000 children per year. come a collective matter is clearly conve- and synergize to improve the access of We are starting to realize that to trig- yed in the representativeness of all stake- sanitation in Indonesia. Why not? Percik March 2008 1
  3. 3. YOUR VOICE Source of information to send them to you periodically. Regarding your journalistic back- and Reference ground, recently a WSES related inter- media forum was established. If you This media has given lots of inspira- dont mind, could we have your emailtions and inputs for us in creating and address to be included in our mailing listimproving the quality of water supply and as our tools to exchange information andenvironmental sanitation sector. We to communicate. Thank you.hope its existence can be the source ofinformation and reference for all of stake- Thank you forholders to address the problems in water Percik Magazinesupply and environmental sector, whicheventually can support the achievement Dear Percik,of Healthy Indonesia 2010 program. Alhamdullilah, we have receive Per- cik magazine of August and December Head of Community and Family edition in fine condition. Thank you for Empowerment Agency of Depok City your attention and corporation. Ir. Hendra Fristoto, MM Wassalam. Inputs for Percik Deny Helard Regarding the substance of Percik, Jurusan Teknik Lingkungan Fakultas Teknik Universitas Andalashere are some suggestions: Kampus Limau Manis a. Present the local wisdom in conser- Padang 25163 ving the water source; Interested in Percik b. Present a profile and evaluation on the and WSES products Request for Percik management of sanitation which is Hi, Delivery implemented by the developer of Ru- I am a journalist working for one of mah Sangat Sederhana (RSS), Ru- newspaper in Banten (Radar Banten). I Thank you for the answers to my mah Sederhana (RS), and elite ho- am interested with the substance of questions (How to obtain Go Green using, or organization and community Percik and book published by WSES School and The Adventur of Green who care about sanitation issues; working group related to water supply books) in Percik December 2007. If we c. Portrait of cities that succeed or and environmental sanitation. can get the copies, can they be sent to this failed in managing sanitation. address: Accordingly, I request to have Percik Tauni Lidiawati periodically, including the books pub- Head of BAPEDALDA, Pusat Studi Lingkungan lished by WSES working group to support Province ofWest Sumatera Universitas Surabaya Ir. Hermansyah, Dipl, SE., MM myself in writing articles on environmen- Gedung TG Lt. IV tal issues. Thank you for your attention. Jl. Raya Kalirungkut Dear Mr. Hermansyah, Surabaya 60293 Agus Priwandono We are thankful for your constructi- Redaksi Radar Banten Thank you for your help.ve inputs. Of course it will be helpful if Jl. Letnan Jidun No. 7 Tuani Lidiawati Serang Banten PSL Ubayathere is information regarding this and Dear Mr. Priwandono,we will be gladly to publish the articles Thank you for appreciation on our Dear Ms. Tuani,for those three topics you have sugges- Percik and WSES products. We will try We will try to send you the copies.ted. Thank you. 2 Percik Maret 2008
  4. 4. M A I N F E AT U R E World Water Day 2008 PROMOTING SANITATION ISSUESW orld Water Day is one of the international days, which de- WORLD WATER DAY THEMES clared by United Nations Concern on water resources is everybodys(UN) and commemorated every 22nd of business (1994)March. The designation of World Water Water and Women (1995)Day is based on the Resolution A/RES/ Water for Dry Cities (1996)47/1993 during the 47th United Nations Worlds Water, Is it enough? (1997) Ground water - invisible sources (1998)Conference on 22nd of December 1992, Everybody lives in the Hilir (1999)which acted as the conformity of the re- Water for 21st century (2000)commendation of chapter 18 of Agenda Water and Health (2001)21 from the United Nations Conference Water for Development (2002) Water for the Future (2003)on Environment and Development Water and Disaster (2004)(UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro or popularly Water for life (2005)known as Earth Summit. The World Wa- Water and culture (2006), and;ter Day was to be observed starting from Addressing water scarcity (2007).1993 in every United Nations countrymember, including Indonesia. sanitation condition leads to economic cordingly, making sanitation as impor- Officially, World Water Day is orga- and financial cost, including direct health tant issues need to be done in a sustainnized by UN-Water, which every year de- cost, income loss as the result of decrea- manner by involving all stakeholders,termine its theme. World Water Days sing productivity, and governments bud- particularly the local government, com-theme for 2008 is to promote sanitation get allocation for health services. Other munity, households, and private sector.issues, which coincide with the declara- than causing time loss, the impact also The sanitation mainstreaming at thetion of 2008 as the International Year of causes decreasing income from the national level and the prioritization of sa-Sanitation (IYS). In Indonesia, the theme tourism sector. The point is that when we nitation in the national policy and strate-of World Water Day is "Sanitation Con- do not do anything, the cost that we have gy are the initial steps. The internationalserves Water and Environment". All of to pay is to high; (iii) Sanitation contri- partnership will improve and increase thethe worlds societies are encouraged to butes to social development. Sanitation investment and open-up opportunities ofcommemorate World Water Day with fo- has significant impact on the children de- new technological options available.cus on the sanitation issues, which is far velopment and their future; (iv) Sani- Nevertheless, this is the time to act.from adequate, both quantitatively and tation helps the environment. Proper sa- Lets together improve sanitation sector,qualitatively. nitation reduces the environmental bur- all of us without exception. den, improves the natural resources sus-Sanitation Messages tainability, and gives better opportunity For further information Related to World Water Day, There for healthier future; (v) Sanitation is on Worldare 5 sanitation messages that needs to be achievable. Its time to act. Households, http://www.unwater.org/worldwa-carefully observed, (i) Sanitation is vital communities, local and national govern- terday/flashindex.htmlfor health. Human faeces are the main ments, civil society, and private sector http://www.worldwaterday.orgsource of Diarrhoea pathogen. Without http://worldwaterday.net need to work together. http://www.pu.go.id/Publik/INDproper sanitation facility, the health con- Event/HariAir2008dition of every single person is thre- What needs to be done? http://www.ampl.or.idatened; (ii) Sanitation is a good economic Great efforts are needed for sanitationinvestment. Health impact of the poor issues to receive sufficient attention. Ac- OM (from various resources) Percik Maret 2008 3
  5. 5. MAIN FEATURE World Water Day XVI 2008 Commemoration in IndonesiaE very year, Indonesia has never been left behind in cele- brating World Water Day, which is observed every 22nd of March. This year, the national committee for WorldWater Day (WWD) 2008 had prepared a series of activities,which was triggered by the launching of WWD 2008 on the 5thof February 2008 at Department of Public Works. In general, the agenda which was held by the national com-mittee consist of awareness on water campaign and internation-al year of sanitation, conferences, community movement,encouragement of regional WWD, WWD exhibition, andpublication & documentation.Exhibition and Conferences One of the activities in celebrating WWD XVI 2008 at thenational level is exhibition and conference on water and sanita-tion (Indonesia exhibition and conferences for WWD 2008).The exhibition, which was held for three days from 27th-29thMarch 2008, at Jakarta International Expo (JIEXPO), was heldby department of Public Works. WWD this year brought forward the theme of "sanitation",which is in line with the launching of International year ofSanitation 2008. Accordingly, the theme of WWD at the nation-al level is Sanitation Conserves Water and Environment. The minister of Public Works, Djoko Kirmanto, in his open-ing remarks of the exhibition reminded the danger of wasteagainst water sources. "It will be relevant with the condition ofour sanitation, which is poor, not to mention our water condi-tion that is in critical condition" he said. According to Djoko, speaking about water and sanitation iseverybodys business. He explained that the investment in water Source: Bowo Leksonoand sanitation sector is still less than 10 percent of the total 36trillion of Public works budget. "Ideally it should be 30 percent, Conference on "Sanitation Conserves Water andas for the other physical projects the budget have reached more Environment"than 50 percent. For that reason, support from all the local go- The conference was specifically held by the Directorate ofvernments and the stakeholders are needed" he revealed. Water Source, Department of Public Works, in between the Ex- To mark the opening of the exhibition and conferences, the hibition with theme on Sanitation Conserve Water and En-minister cut the ribbon and visited every booth. One of the vironment, on the 27th March 2008 in the Rinjani Hall, JIEX-booths was the joint booth of Water and Sanitation Networking PO.Indonesia, which provide various product information related to The conference presented four key speakers, which dividedwater and environmental sanitation. It was planned that the into two main topics. The first two key speakers were Mu-peak of the WWD 2008 would be in the form of joint agreement hammad Khalid Arya of ISSDP, focusing on "the Role of Provin-to improve sub river basin, which was going to be held in Be- cial Government in Developing Sanitation Program", and Pringawan Solo, early April 2008. Joewono Guntoro, Chief of Sub Agency of Water Source 4 Percik March 2008
  6. 6. MAIN FEATUREManagement Program of Central Java, ter sources. "The success of water sources particularly the decision-makers in orderfocusing on "The Community Technical restoration depend on the success of cre- to give sanitation higher priority in theAssistance in Conserving Water Source ating community behavioural change to- development. "Beside, related to waterTowards Participatory Water Source wards the surrounding environment" he source management, concrete actions areManagement". Oswar Mungkasa of said. needed, including sanitation" heBappenas moderated the first session. The topic for the second session were explained. In his presentation, M. Khalid ques- on the "Bio Pore Holes to Reduce Thetioned the need of sanitation. According Surface Run-off and Solid Waste, and to Conference on Final Solid Wasteto him, sanitation gives great impact on Improve Soil Fertility" by Kamir Brata, Processing Facility (FSWPF)the water sources, economically, health, Department of Soil Sources, Bogor Ins- This conference was also meant to ob-and livelihood quality. "According to the titute of Agriculture; and "Utilization of serve the International Year of Sanitationdata, 50 out of 1000 people die because of Domestic Solid Waste Processing Tech- 2008, on 24th March 2008, in Jakarta,poor sanitation" he said. nology for Biogas on MCK++ (Techno- held by Department of Public Works, M. Khalid explained that Indonesias logy Buffled Reactor & Biogas Digester), through the Directorate of Envi-sanitation problems are the ineffective by Irwansyah Irdus, Chief of RW 08, Ke- ronmental Sanitation Settlement Deve-use of available sanitation facilities, bu- lurahan North Petojo, sub district of lopment. Through the conference, severalreaucracy gap between central and dis- Gambir, Central Jakarta. Dina Hendra- technologies and latest innovations intrict, which makes Provincial government wan of Trisakti University moderated this managing the FSWPF were introducedplays an important role, sectoral ap- session. and discussed.proach in sanitation development, low The conclusion of both sessions were Ayako Tanaka and Yasushi Matsufuji,priority for sanitation and minimal budg- was delivered by Agus Suprapto, who, in researchers of Graduate School ofet allocation for sanitation sector deve- general, stated that sanitation is not only Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Fu-lopment. related to the provision of physical facili- kuoka University, Japan, presented the Meanwhile, Pri, who is involved in ri- ty, but also related closely to the beha- studi on "Biodegradation Process of Mu-ver restoration and conservation sector, vioural change of the community and the nicipal Solid Waste by Semi-aerobiccontinuously raise the awareness on wa- change of perspective of the stakeholders, Landfill Type". In general, the study was aimed to obtain the difference between biodegradation processes on landfill anaerobic and semi-aerobic types. The result shows that the use of semi- aerobic type proves to be more useful in maintaining the environmental func- tions. On the other sessions, both rese- archers also presented "Concept of Safety Closure and Reuse of Completed Landfill sites", which in general explains the pro- cess, steps and indicators needed in uti- lizing landfill disposal facility safely. Another interesting discussion oc- curred in the session with focus on the case study of Clean Development Mecha- nism (CDM) project in Malaysia, presen- ted by the several researcher represen- tatives from several institution: Fukuoka University, Tokyu Construction Co. Ltd, National Institute for Environmental Stu- dies, New Energy and Industrial Techno- logy Development Organization (NEDO). Overall, the study is aimed to obtain the answers to the challenges of CDM project in term of the changing of anaero- bic condition towards semi-aerobic con- Source: Bowo Leksono dition or speed up the stabilization of Percik Maret 2008 5
  7. 7. MAIN FEATURElandfill disposal facility by using steel pi- of its partner. riverbank, speech competition on WWDpe casing method. Hamong, as the national coordinator at the High school level. The benefits in implementing this of KRuHA argue that the breaking of the The establishment of the subscribermethod are: (i) earlier achievement of contract should be directed towards the complaint centre is meant as the com-stable state for poorly managed landfill returning of the rights of water to the pu- mintment of WSCF and YKI of Northdisposal facility; (ii) reduction of environ- blic through PAM Jaya. "For this reason, Sumatera to protect the existence ofmental pollution; (iii) contribute to beside the management and financial as- water subscriber to receive their norma-improvement of environmental support pects, including the work force, prepa- tive rights as stated in the Law ofcapacity in anticipating the global warm- ration on the political side is needed" he Customer No. 8 1999.ing. said. Meanwhile, the Clean River Aware- Meanwhile, the issue on Rehabilita- ness campaign gives the knowledge andtion-Reclamation of final solid waste dis- The Commemoration of World understanding to all the community onposal facility was presented by Prof. Ir. Water Day XVI in the the importance of the cleanliness of theEnri Damanhuri of Bandung Institute of Regional Level river. The river is not meant as the gar-Technology. As for the head of Sanitation bage bin, and there is a great danger onagency of Pontianak,the presentation was Water Subscriber Communication health caused by a polluted river. As forfocusing on the management of final solid Forum (WSCF) Established Sub- the speech competition, 200 studentswaste disposal facility based on the CDM scriber Complaint Centre from high school in Medan city, withprinciples. In order to celebrate the WWD 2008, "save my river from pollution" as the the- All of the efforts cannot stand alone, WSCF together with YLKI of North Su- me, joined it. It aims to increase the awa-rather, they need to be implemented inte- matera established subscriber complaint reness and responsibility of young gene-gratedly by the community in form of 3R centre and would held a series of activi- ration, particularly the youth in conser-principles (reduce, reuse and recycle), ties in River Cleaning Movement (RCM) ving the river and to enable them to dareand the governments are required to im- package, which would be started on the to say "War on River Pollution".plement the eco-labelling principle 26th February - 26th March 2008.through the improvement of environ- Azri SMAK as the chief of WSCF sta- Commemoration of WWD 2008 inmental friendly material use by pro- ted that the activities are, among others, Lampungducers. Clean River Awareness campaign to all In the province of Lampung, the cele- the community in the Sunggal-Belawan bration of WWD 2008 was conducted onKRuHA In Action During WWD 2008 Not only with seminars and work-shops, the WWD 2008 also celebratedwith an action from one of NGOs whichare concerns with the condition of waterin Indonesia. The Peoples Coalition forThe Rights of Water (PCRW/KRuHA -Koalisi Rakyat untuk Hak Atas Air), anNGO, performed demonstration in frontof the Presidential Palace and RRIJakarta building on Saturday, 22ndMarch 2008. The Demonstration was begun with along march from the Horse statue of Mer-deka Street up to the Presidential Palace.The demonstrators refuse all kinds of pri-vatization of water sources. They felt thatthe government is selling water resourcesto the private sectors through waterprivatization. Based on that, KRuHA forced the pro-vincial government of DKI Jakarta tocancel or break the contract of water sup- One-day workshop on Sanitation Conserves Water and Environment at JIEXPO, Jakarta.ply services, which are controlled by both Source: Bowo Leksono 6 Percik March 2008
  8. 8. MAIN FEATUREthe 26th March 2008, located in Adipura Monument Boulevard(Elephant Boulevard), Raden Intan Street, Bandar Lampung.The activity was held by Lampung Post daily newspaper and Co-ca Cola, in collaboration with BPDAS Way Seputih Way Sekam-pung, Forest Agency of Lampung Province, Mapala of BandarLampung University, IAIN Raden Intan, and Water Boards ofBandar Lampung city. The celebration was filled with distribution of plant seeds tothe community of highway user, who were driving through theboulevard. The distribution of the seeds was based on the themeof the activity, which is "Water for Life. Save Water by PlantingTrees". With the commemoration of WWD, it is expected that all sta-keholders pay their attention on how to: maintain the quality ofenvironment; revitalize the forests functions as water reservoir,revitalization of ground water as the source of clean water formost of Indonesians population and so forth; ensure water avai-lability for community in term of quantity and quality. It can bestarted from each individuals by saving water in daily use.One-Day Workshop in Bandung Institute of Techno- Source: Fanny Wedahuditamalogy (ITB) In celebrating the WWD 2008, Bandung Institute of Techno- The lessons learned from the regional cooperation, whichlogy in collaboration with the Directorate of Settlement, Depart- has been accommodated in the 2004 joint agreement by the go-ment of Public Works, held a one-day workshop with theme of vernor of West Java, Head of District of Bandung, Sumedang"Water and Sanitation Appreciation in Kawasan budi Daya, Now and the mayor of Bandung and Cimahi, in ensuring the sustain-and The Future", on the 31st March 2008, West Hall, ITB. able development of cekungan (water catchment area) in Ban- The workshop was officially started by the Rector of ITB, dung shows the intended active participation. 12 key speakerswhich was followed by a short film on water and its condition in supported the workshop, which was divided in three sessions.2070. Director General of Cipta Karya, Ir. Budi Yuwono, explained At the end of the workshop, Prof. Djuli Soemirat deliveredon the importance of strategic policy for sustainable development the conclusion of all 12 topics, which was not a new thing in thein the Urban and Rural Area. He advises active participation from water and sanitation sector. "The development of water andall stakeholders to support sustainable development. environmental Sanitation sector needs to be accompanied by the change of behaviour towards clean and healthy living, and changing behaviour towards environment" he said. Beside that, LOCAL WATER SUPPLY AND ENVIRONMENTAL technological aspect alone will not be sufficient to produce sus- WORKING GROUPS ACHIEVEMENT tainable development. Several key words in this workshop in principal are coordi- Following the agreement of Policy Implementation Consolidation work- nation, integration and consistencies, hygiene and environmen- shop in Bali on 2nd - 6th March 2008, several local WSES working groups have participated in celebrating the WWD 2008 in their own districts. tal education from early stage, and community-based approach. The provincial WSES working group of West Sumatera in collaboration with WASPOLA held a workshop on communication strategy for the develop- Community Movement and WWD Appreciation ment of community-based water and environmental sanitation on 25-27 March 2008. Selected as the implementation of this activity was the dis- The provincial WSES working group of Central Java has held a talk show trict and city of Tangerang, on 12th April 2008. Related with the in Female radio 106,1 FM, with Agung Tejo Prabowo (Provincial WSES working Sanitation theme, several strategic places were visited, which are group of Central Java) and Unicefs representative. On the second week of April, a celebration of WWD in big events was planned, with agenda, among SANIMAS in Sepatan village, sub district of Kedaung Wetan, others, visits to community, media gathering and conferences. MCK ++ at Jatake, and community-based solid waste manage- In the district of Serang, the local government has held a ceremony of ment in Mustika Tigaraksa estate. WWD on the 31st March 2008. Beside that, banners were also posted in sev- eral strategic points in Serang city. Further, the publication of article by As for the other activities, there were several activities such Serangs WSES working group on WWD in Radar Banten newspaper also being as blood donor at Department of Public Works and community done. movement on Hand Washing with Soap, which was held toge- In Sumbawa, NTB, the WSES working group also celebrated WWD by post- ing a big ballyhoo on Water and Sanitation Campaign ther with activities in SANIMAS location, Sepatan village. BW/OM/FEW/berbagai sumber Percik March 2008 7
  9. 9. MAIN FEATURE Sanitation Services Coverage* Based on Districts/Cities in Indonesia 2006NO NAME OF DISTRICT/CITY SERVICE COVERAGE (%) NO NAME OF DISTRICT/CITY SERVICE COVERAGE (%) NO NAME OF DISTRICT/CITY SERVICE COVERAGE (%)1 City of Banda Aceh 93.33 71 City of Lhoksumawe 59.46 141 City of Banjar 41.402 City of Semarang 93.27 72 District of Sidenreng Rappang 59.30 142 District of Poso 41.393 City of Tegal 91.94 73 District of Pinrang 59.28 143 City of Sibolga 40.804 City of Madiun 90.31 74 District of Indramayu 58.89 144 District of S I A K 40.785 City of Yogyakarta 89.58 75 City of Langsa 58.83 145 District of Sumedang 40.716 City of Mojokerto 88.28 76 District of Toba Samosir 58.60 146 District of Bandung 40.637 City of Cimahi 87.38 77 District of Tangerang 57.78 147 District of Banyumas 40.568 City of Medan 86.88 78 City of Pematang Siantar 57.73 148 District of Pati 40.319 City of Pontianak 86.68 79 District of Gresik 56.84 149 District of Tapanuli Utara 40.2510 City of Cirebon 86.67 80 City of Manado 56.63 150 City of Bima 40.1011 City of Surakarta 86.56 81 District of Aceh Besar 56.58 151 District of Tegal 40.0212 City of Jakarta Selatan 86.50 82 District of Magetan 56.46 152 District of Demak 39.9513 City of Jakarta Utara 86.03 83 City of Bau-bau 55.68 153 District of Asahan 39.9014 City of Pekan Baru 85.14 84 City of Pekalongan 55.21 154 District of Labuhan Batu 39.6515 City of Depok 84.42 85 City of Samarinda 55.07 155 District of Kepulauan Sangi 39.2516 City of Jakarta Timur 83.31 86 City of Probolinggo 54.16 156 District ofTeluk Bintuni 39.0617 City of Balikpapan 82.74 87 City of Kendari 54.06 157 District of Serang 38.9718 City of Bekasi 82.26 88 District of Kulon Progo 53.67 158 District of Madiun 38.9019 City of Denpasar 81.25 89 District of Minahasa Selatan 53.12 159 District of Jayapura 38.6620 City of Jakarta Pusat 80.94 90 District of Barru 52.72 160 District of Cilacap 38.4921 City of Pare-pare 80.21 91 District of Bekasi 52.68 161 District of Subang 38.4622 City of Tebing Tinggi 80.10 92 City of Palopo 52.65 162 District of Langkat 38.0923 City of Jambi 79.96 93 District of Gowa 52.42 163 District of Kediri 37.9724 City of Palangka Raya 78.16 94 City of Tarakan 52.28 164 District of Jepara 37.5325 District of Badung 78.08 95 District of Majalengka 52.21 165 District of Grobogan 37.3326 City of Ambon 78.06 96 City of Lubuklinggau 52.14 166 District of Temanggung 37.2327 City of Blitar 77.97 97 City of Prabumulih 51.66 167 District of Sikka 37.0228 City of Bukittinggi 77.50 98 District of Hulu Sungai Utara 51.53 168 District of Karimun 36.9129 City of Bontang 77.00 99 District of Bangka 51.43 169 District of Malang 36.8530 City of Magelang 75.99 100 District of Cirebon 51.11 170 City of Sawah Lunto 36.8531 District of Gianyar 75.88 101 District of Biak Numfor 50.87 171 District of Bogor 36.8332 City of Makassar 75.65 102 District of Bangka Tengah 50.85 172 District of Bulukumba 36.7933 City of Jakarta Barat 75.61 103 City of Pasuruan 50.45 173 District of Boyolali 36.7334 City of Surabaya 74.11 104 District of Minahasa 50.37 174 District of Ciamis 36.7335 City of Palu 72.57 105 District of Purworejo 50.10 175 District of Pekalongan 36.7336 City of Padang 72.43 106 District ofSorong Selatan 49.74 176 District of Sragen 36.5637 District of Sidoarjo 72.26 107 City of Gorontalo 49.54 177 District of Brebes 36.5138 District of Sleman 71.90 108 City of Metro 49.48 178 District of Magelang 36.4039 City of Kediri 71.72 109 District of Serdang Bedagai 49.22 179 District of Bolaang Mongondow 36.3040 City of Ternate 71.22 110 City of Payakumbuh 49.17 180 District of Nganjuk 36.2641 District ofSorong 71.06 111 District of Mojokerto 48.65 181 District of Pangkajene Kepulauan 36.0742 City of Pangkal Pinang 70.72 112 District of Mimika 48.17 182 District of Sumbawa Barat 35.8443 City of Malang 69.68 113 District of Minahasa Utara 47.89 183 District of Kampar 35.7244 City of Bandar Lampung 69.32 114 District of Bangka Barat 47.34 184 District of Aceh Tamiang 35.7245 City of City of Jayapura 68.85 115 City of Bitung 47.19 185 District of Belitung 35.6346 District of Klungkung 68.27 116 District of Kebumen 47.16 186 City of Tomohon 35.6147 City of Salatiga 67.23 117 District of Semarang 47.12 187 District of Pidie 35.6048 City of Tidore Kepulauan 65.56 118 City of Mataram 46.88 188 District of Bengkayang 35.4049 District of Klaten 65.53 119 City of Bandung 46.77 189 District of Bangli 35.3650 District of Sukoharjo 65.44 120 Kepulauan Riau 46.43 190 District of Simalungun 34.6051 City of Binjai 65.11 121 District of Kolaka 46.32 191 District of Kerinci 34.4552 City of Palembang 64.81 122 District of Takalar 45.90 192 City of Singkawang 34.4253 City of Tangerang 63.82 123 District of Lamongan 45.88 193 District of Karawang 34.3154 City of Sabang 63.80 124 City of Tanjung Pinang 45.74 194 District of Belitung Timur 33.8155 District of Deli Serdang 63.64 125 District of Ogan Komering Ulu 45.73 195 District of Agam 33.8056 City of Padang Panjang 62.47 126 District of Jombang 45.61 196 District of Karang Asem 33.6857 City of Banjar Baru 62.28 127 District of Karo 45.44 197 District of Kepulauan Talau 33.3958 City of Bogor 61.84 128 City of Batu 44.44 198 District of Lampung Selatan 33.3859 City of B A T A M 61.69 129 District of Halmahera Tengah 44.11 199 District of Buton 33.2760 District of Karanganyar 61.68 130 City of Banjarmasin 44.07 200 District of Muara Enim 33.1961 District of Buleleng 61.26 131 District of Penajam Paser Utara 43.85 201 District of Sambas 32.9962 City of D U M A I 61.20 132 District of Tulungagung 43.83 202 District of Humbang Hasundu 32.7163 City of Solok 60.94 133 District of Maros 43.80 203 District of Banyuwangi 32.5864 City of Cilegon 60.93 134 District of Purwakarta 43.69 204 District of Samosir 32.2265 District of Kuningan 60.83 135 District of Ponorogo 43.28 205 District of Sumbawa 31.8966 District of. Jembrana 60.69 136 District of Berau 43.05 206 District of Mamuju Utara 31.7267 District of Tabanan 60.04 137 District of Bangka Selatan 43.01 207 District of Halmahera Timur 31.5668 City of Bengkulu 59.95 138 District of Bengkalis 42.17 208 District of Banyu Asin 31.4769 City of Tanjung Balai 59.87 139 District of Enrekang 41.89 209 District of Kendal 31.4670 District of Kudus 59.78 140 District of Halmahera Utara 41.49 210 District of Dairi 31.368 Percik March 2008
  10. 10. MAIN FEATURENO NAME OF DISTRICT/CITY SERVICE COVERAGE (%) NO NAME OF DISTRICT/CITY SERVICE COVERAGE (%) NO NAME OF DISTRICT/CITY SERVICE COVERAGE (%)211 District of Selayar 31.17 287 District of Bengkulu Utara 22.25 363 District of Alor 14.20212 District of Aceh Tengah 31.02 288 District of Pandeglang 22.10 364 District of Bone Bolango 14.19213 District of Aceh Utara 30.97 289 District of Luwu Timur 22.05 365 District of Barito Kuala 14.09214 District of Trenggalek 30.94 290 District of Wakatobi 21.86 366 District of Pasir 14.08215 District of Bulongan 30.91 291 District of Kepulauan Sula 21.75 367 District of Situbondo 13.98216 District of Padang Pariaman 30.87 292 District of Sawahlunto/sijunjung 21.67 368 District of Bima 13.91217 District of Pemalang 30.82 293 District of Pakpak Barat 21.63 369 District of Nunukan 13.86218 District of Toli-toli 30.76 294 District of Gunung Kidul 21.62 370 District of Lingga 13.78219 District of Rejang Lebong 30.75 295 District of Pohuwato 21.28 371 District of Sampang 13.59220 District of Barito Timur 30.72 296 District of Jember 21.25 372 District of Pacitan 13.56221 District of Purbalingga 30.63 297 District of Flores Timur 21.04 373 District of Aceh Tenggara 13.33222 District of Luwu Utara 30.59 298 District of Batang 20.85 374 District of Raja Ampat 13.20223 District ofSorong 30.56 299 District of Sarolangun 20.85 375 District of Bengkulu Selatan 13.07224 District of Aceh Barat 30.27 300 District of Nagan Raya 20.76 376 District of Lima Puluh Koto 13.02225 City of Kupang 30.26 301 District of Lumajang 20.55 377 District of Merauke 12.98226 District of Parigi Moutong 30.24 302 District of Maluku Tengah 20.51 378 District of Simeulue 12.24227 District of Kotawaringin Barat 29.87 303 District of Bangkalan 20.48 379 District of Indragiri Hilir 12.18228 District of Ogan Ilir 29.79 304 District of Sinjai 20.27 380 District of Kaur 11.84229 District of Barito Selatan 29.65 305 District of Ogan Komering Ilir 20.21 381 District of Barito Utara 11.68230 District of Blitar 29.43 306 District of Lebak 20.20 382 District of Tanah Laut 11.64231 District of Pasuruan 29.33 307 District of Kepulauan Riau 20.18 383 District of Keerom 10.94232 District of Bantaeng 29.21 308 District of Mukomuko 20.15 384 District of Kepulauan Aru 10.89233 District of Kutai 28.86 309 District of Lombok Barat 20.11 385 District of Paniai 10.80234 District of Bungo 28.59 310 District of Mamuju 20.10 386 District of Gunung Mas 10.58235 District of Banggai 28.29 311 District of Sukabumi 20.08 387 District of Maluku Tenggara 10.44236 City of Padang Sidempuan 28.26 312 District of Bombana 20.01 388 District of Belu 10.12237 District of Bone 28.18 313 District of Tapin 19.99 389 District of Bondowoso 10.08238 District of Lembata 27.94 314 District of Teluk Wondama 19.79 390 District of Melawi 10.03239 District of Wonosobo 27.40 315 District of Majene 19.77 391 District of Manokwari 9.96240 City of Tasikmalaya 27.10 316 District of Kendari 19.68 392 District of Natuna 9.92241 District of Tanggamus 27.02 317 District of Musi Banyu Asin 19.65 393 District of Kuantan Singing 9.71242 District of Seram Bagian Barat 26.79 318 District of Donggala 19.63 394 District of Sumenep 9.50243 District of Tebo 26.77 319 District of Ende 19.55 395 District of Tasikmalaya 9.39244 District of Halmahera Barat 26.74 320 District of Sanggau 19.42 396 District of Kapuas Hulu 9.13245 District of Banjar 26.50 321 District of Batang Hari 19.15 397 District of Probolinggo 9.00246 District of Aceh Singkil 26.47 322 District of Gorontalo 19.13 398 District of Jayawijaya 8.97247 District of Dompu 26.28 323 District of Pasaman Barat 18.81 399 District of Tanjung Jabung 8.41248 District of Pontianak 26.26 324 District of Dharmasraya 18.74 400 District of Manggarai Barat 8.37249 District of Bireuen 26.01 325 District of Nabire 18.69 401 District of Seruyan 8.10250 District of Rembang 25.71 326 District of Halmahera Selatan 18.26 402 District of Sukamara 7.79251 District of Tana Toraja 25.52 327 District of Muna 18.07 403 District of Sintang 7.36252 District of Seluma 25.41 328 District of Bener Meriah 17.86 404 District of Lampung Barat 7.26253 District of Polewali Mamasa 25.41 329 District of Lombok Timur 17.79 405 District of Mamasa 7.08254 District of Rokan Hulu 25.24 330 District of Ogan Komering Utara 17.61 406 District of Pamekasan 7.08255 District of Kutai Timur 25.02 331 District of Kepulauan Seribu 17.50 407 District of Landak 6.96256 District of Balangan 25.00 332 District of Lampung Tengah 17.48 408 District of Timor Tengah Utara 6.90257 District of Wonogiri 24.95 333 District of Kutai Barat 17.44 409 District of Kupang 6.41258 City of Pagar Alam 24.73 334 District of Solok 17.34 410 District of City of Baru 6.28259 District of Tojo Una-una 24.67 335 District of Tanah Datar 17.20 411 District of Asmat 6.25260 District of Blora 24.45 336 District of Kepahiang 17.18 412 District of Seram Bagian Timur 6.09261 District of Soppeng 24.39 337 District of Cianjur 17.15 413 District of Lamandau 6.06262 District of Lampung Utara 24.36 338 District of Musi Rawas 17.14 414 District of Tanah Bumbu 5.99263 District of Aceh Timur 24.25 339 District of Pasaman 17.08 415 District of Sarmi 5.73264 District ofKaimana 24.07 340 District of Muaro Jambi 16.97 416 District of Mandailing Natal 5.65265 District of Buol 23.89 341 District of Ogan Komering Utara 16.93 417 District of Nias 5.41266 District of Aceh Selatan 23.88 342 District of Konawe Selatan 16.85 418 District of Manggarai 5.32267 District of Jeneponto 23.85 343 District of Ngawi 16.83 419 District of Kepulauan Mentawai 4.31268 District of Hulu Sungai Selatan 23.83 344 District of Aceh Jaya 16.82 420 District of Way Kanan 4.28269 District of Tulangbawang 23.82 345 District of Malinau 16.59 421 District of Rote Ndao 3.65270 District of Fak-Fak 23.75 346 District of Tapanuli Selatan 16.40 422 District of Lebong 3.37271 District of Merangin 23.74 347 City of Pariaman 16.30 423 District of Katingan 3.31272 District of Lampung Timur 23.48 348 District of Aceh Barat Daya 15.81 424 District of Pulang Pisau 2.81273 District of Ketapang 23.43 349 City of Sukabumi 15.75 425 District of Ngada 2.64274 District of Buru 23.43 350 District of Indragiri Hulu 15.43 426 District of Kotawaringin Timur 2.51275 District of Lahat 23.22 351 District of Solok Selatan 15.34 427 District of Nias Selatan 2.49276 District of Morowali 23.16 352 District of Gayo Lues 15.32 428 District of Sumba Barat 2.13277 District of Tuban 23.04 353 District of Sumba Timur 15.12 429 District of Timor Tengah Selatan 1.82278 District of Wajo 22.96 354 District of Lombok Tengah 14.94 430 District of Puncak Jaya 1.79279 District of Tanjung Jabung 22.94 355 District of Tapanuli Tengah 14.94 431 District of Sekadau 0.86280 District of Kolaka Utara 22.71 356 District of Kapuas 14.81 432 District of Murung Raya 0.65281 District of Bojonegoro 22.66 357 District of Garut 14.72 433 District of Mappi 0.52282 District of Pesisir Selatan 22.63 358 District of Maluku Tenggara 14.55 434 District of Yahukimo 0.00283 District of Banggai Kepulauan 22.61 359 District of Pelalawan 14.49 435 District of Pegunungan Bintuni 0.00284 District of Tabalong 22.59 360 District of Rokan Hilir 14.49 INDONESIA 40.67285 District of Boalemo 22.41 361 District of Hulu Sungai Tengah 14.46286 District of Luwu 22.39 362 District of Banjarnegara 14.38*) Percentage of septic tank as the faeces final disposal Source: Statistic Bureau Percik March 2008 9
  11. 11. TSI CORNER2008 Launching of International Year of Sanitation 2008 in Philiphine HUMBLE BUT MERRYW hen receiving offer from Eco-Asia Program to parti- cipate the launching of International Year of Sanitation (IYS) 2008 in Philippines, what wasbeing imagined was a huge launching. On the contrary, the eventwas held in a humble manner in a small city of Mandaluyong, apart of Manilas Metropolitan, but it was held in a merry andinspirational mood. This article tries to describe the situation ofIYS launching.Launching in Three Sessions The launching of IYS 2008 was centred in Mandaluyong city,Metro Manila, in the sessions, which was started at the city level,and then national level and ended at the school level. The launching at the city level was held in a sport field thatwas turned into a stage. The selection of Monday as the day andthe sport field as the location for the launching was not decidedwithout a good reason. Mandaluyong city was chosen based onthe Mandaluyongs Mayor position as the chief of League ofCities of The Philippines/LCP. It was expected that other citymembers could also be inspired. Meanwhile, the selection ofMonday as the launching day was based on the routine activitiesof all cities, where all mayors and all of the staff conduct a meet- The stage was built in a simple but interesting manner. Source: OMing with the community. It was expected that during the launch-ing, many people would participate in the weekly meeting. On The main agenda is to promote hand washing with soapthat day, in line with the launching, commemoration of WASH (HWwS), which would conducted together by the mayor, minis-(water, sanitation and hygiene) Promotion day also would be ters, miss Earth of Philippines, miss pageant of Mandaluyong,held. and WASH captain, who was the icon of WASH campaign). The At the national level, the event was held in the city hall, and promotion on HWwS was conducted in front of the audienceattended by minister of Health, minister of Environment and who were mostly students and mass media. The launching wasNatural Resources of Philippine, Philippine congressional mem- officially closed by a press conference that was attended by 10ber; also act as the chairman of committee on Ecology, UNDP electronic and print mass media.representatives, and Mayor of Mandaluyong. On that occasion,the mayor emphasized the importance of the municipal and dis- Activities Momentumtrict government to adopt sanitation program to avoid the cost Different with Indonesia that came late in preparing theof poor sanitation. Meanwhile, the congress members empha- commemoration of IYS 2008, Philippine have prepared a seriessized their commitment to support sanitation program. Other of activities far before it is due. Holding the Philippinethan that, several important documents were launched, such as Sanitation Summit I 2006 soon after the United Nations (UN)book of Sanitation Condition of East Asia, Manual for Faeces declared year 2008 as the International Year of Sanitation beganand Domestic Wastewater treatment, Study on Sanitation the series of activities. The next several activities were meant toEconomic Impact in Philippines, and Sanitation Info Kit. maintain the momentum of the coming activities such as After the launching in the city hall, the participants moved to Regional Sanitation Summit 2007: Region XI and XII in Davaothe next launching location, which is in one the school nearby. city, 26-27 June 2007, and the East Asia Ministerial Conference10 Percik 2008 March
  12. 12. TSI CORNER2008on Sanitation and Hygiene (EASan) in The holding of IYS 2008 launchingBeppu, Japan, 30 November - 1 SANITATION was also supported by many stakehold-December 2007. FACTS IN PHILIPPINE ers, such as WSP - World Bank, USAID, During EASan, Philippines delega- SIDA, GTZ, WHO, PLAN International, Around 20 million people dotion planned the signing of Action and City Association, including several of not have safe access to sanita-Agenda by the Philippines President, its member. tionwhich mainly states the declaration of In Indonesia, the commemoration of In average, 31 under-five die2008 as the International Year of every day of diarrhoea IYS 2008 is coordinated by departmentSanitation, as well as declaring the fourth Cost of poor sanitation reaches of Public Works by involving all stake-week of June as the Sanitation Week. Rp. 19,5 Trillion or equal to holders from the government as well asHowever, until the last minute of the 1,5% of Philippines GNP 2005 the non-government components; how-launching event, there was no sign of (Economics of Sanitation Initi- ever, the involvement from the donors issigning activity as mentioned previously. ative/ESI) still need to be increased.The Launching Theme and Motto Another thing that is different with The main motto of IYS 2008 inIndonesia is that the planning and organ- Philippine have prepared Philippine is "Sanitation is the Solution".ization of the IYS 2008 launching in a series of activities far Concise, clear and firm. Several other keyPhilippine was implemented by The before it is due. Holding the messages that were already preparedPhilippine Ecological Sanitation Network Philippine Sanitation were (i) sanitation is vital for human(PEN), an informal network consists of Summit I 2006 soon after the health; (ii) sanitation generates economiccentral government, donors, benefits; (iii) sanitation contributes to United Nations (UN) declaredprogram/project, universities and NGOs. dignity and social development; (iv) sani- year 2008 as the InternationalThe network was considered to be suc- tation helps the environment; and (v) Year of Sanitation begancessful in holding the event of The improving sanitation is achievable.Philippine Sanitation Summit 2006 the series of activities.together with Health Department and Stakeholders Involvement UNICEF also contributed in term ofEnvironmental and Natural Resources During the launching, many stake- advocacy activities and the improvementDepartment of Philippine. Meanwhile, holders were involved in the process. of public awareness. Starting from the Pageant Queen, who was specifically prepared to light up the event; Captain WASH, who is the mascot of behaviour change campaign, school children, until the community themselves were parading. The queens involvement did not stop in the first day, but they also had received training on sanitation and other related aspects. It was clearly expressed when the queen was inter- viewed by the media. She could give inspirational answers not the normative ones, as the government officials usually answer. The involvement of community needs to be given appreciation. In the form of banners full with their handwriting, many of the communitys feelings and expectation towards sanitation were Source: OM being expressed. One of them is by Percik March 2008 11
  13. 13. TSI CORNER2008encouraging hand washing with soap,proper toilet use, or simply by saying wel-come to the IYS 2008, and many more. The most surprising thing was theinvolvement of Manila Water, a companywho receive water supply concession foreastern part of Manila, who was veryactive during the event. The company wasvery active, from preparing the convert-ible vehicles, water tank truck, and evenparticipated in the press conference.Parliament Support The participation of one of the parlia-ment member, who is also the chairmanof Committee of Ecology of Philippineand the chairman of Philippine delega-tion for EASan in Japan, showed a strong One of the demonstration tools of proper 3 dimension toilet. Source: OMsupport from the legislative. dling, Transport, Treatment and Disposal donors with other stakeholders. This was of Domestic Sludge and Septage" by reflected since the event of PhilippineSambil Menyelam Minum Air Health Department of Philippine; (iii) Sanitation Summit 2006. This condition The launching of IYS 2008 was also Sanitation study by WSP-EAO World was possible because of the establishmentrelated to other activities such as the Bank, and ECO-Asia Program USAID; of Philippine Ecological SanitationWASH campaign, Hand Washing with and (iv) Information Kit on Sanitation by Network (PEN), which is the place ofSoap Promotion, launching and dissemi- Local Initiatives for Affordable coordination between donors, govern-nation of several books and document of Wastewater Treatment (LINAW) USAID. ment, NGOs and other stakeholders.many stakeholders. At least, there were Different with what happen in Indonesia,several books and documents to be noted Close Corporation Among Donors which recently established donor group(i) publication of "Universal Sanitation in and between Donors with Stake- for sanitation, known as SanitationEast Asia: Mission Possible?" by WSP- holders Donor group, coordinated by WorldWHO-UNICEF; (ii) manual on "Opera- One of many interesting things from Bank. None of its activities are being con-tion Manual on The Rules and Regu- the success of IYS 2008 launching was ducted.lations Governing the Collection, han- the close corporation among and between Dreaming of Sanitation Coming back from the launching event, many expectations come up, or should they be called sanitation dreams. How Indonesia can hold an event, inter- national and national event, in a humble manner, but merry, rather than huge and extravagance but does not has any mean- ing? How Indonesia will have a forum to facilitate donors, and between donors and other stakeholder? How the legisla- tive can give support and attention to Sanitation, which is the basic needs of every human being. And still many more The Community is very enthusiastic in waiting for the convoy of IYS 2008 dreams...... (OM) while holding a banner. Source: OM12 Percik March 2008
  14. 14. INTERVIEW Ir Susmono INTEGRATED PROGRAM TO ADDRESS SANITATION ficient budget allocation by the central, It seems Indonesias complex sanitation problems will not provincial and district/municipal govern- be solved in the near future. This sector is not considered as ment, and of course the community. On priority of the development by the decision-maker. Not to mention the difficulties in trying to obtain higher allocation to the implementation, the planning, imple- address sanitation issues. mentation and post-construction stages Increasing awareness and commitment for the decision- have to be integrated. makers and all other stakeholders is very much needed, beside keep on hammering all of the stakeholders with the clean and What are the constraints? healthy living behaviour campaign. How is the condition and Some of the crucial constraints are: the role of stakeholders in addressing sanitation issues in a. Limited capacity of budget, where Indonesia? Below is the interview between Percik and Director of environmental Sanitation Settlement Development, Directorate of Settlement, sanitation still receives low priority. Department of Public Works, Ir. Susmono. b. Weak coordination, particularly in the district level, where everythingH ow is the condition of sanita- process of water supply and environ- in general is still partial-oriented. tion in Indonesia nowadays? mental sanitation sector; There are several progress, particular- b. The limited capacity of the govern- What have your departmently on the increasing rate of access to water ment in providing the proportional done about this?supply and environmental sanitation, budget allocation for water supply As the substantial role of the depart-which is indirectly has impact on the and environmental sanitation; ment, our department is oriented moreimprovement of communitys health c. The lack of policy and regulation on towards the community empowermentlevel. This performance is supported by the management of hidden potential aspects within the development of sanita-the data of Statistical bureau 2002, where within the community; tion. These are being done through facili-the proportion of household using toilets d. Low priority on the environmental ty activities, trainings of stakeholders inand septic tank is up to 63,5 percent sanitation sector. the district with a hope that they will be(urban 78 percent, rural 52 percent) and the main stakeholders in their region inthe Indonesias water supply condition is Who is actually responsible for socializing and facilitating sanitation pro-only at + 45 percent. However, if we com- the poor sanitation in Indonesia? gram.pare with other countries in South East All of us are responsible for this. TheAsia, particularly Malaysia, Singapore government of Indonesia, right from the How ready is Indonesia inand Thailand, we are still way behind. central government to the provincial, dis- reaching MDGs targets 2015 for trict, municipal government, and also the sanitation sector? What are the factors that influ- community as the users are being held The government of Indonesia hasence the poor sanitation condition responsible for the poor performance on estimated of 77 percent of the target. Itin Indonesia? sanitation. can only be achieved if the government In general, the factors that influence put sanitation as the priority and backedour poor sanitation condition are: How to address it? up by sufficient funding - which is now a. Inefficiency and ineffectiveness of One of the solution is by developing only 2 percent of the total national budg- investment in the development an integrated program supported by suf- et - to achieve the target. Bowo Leksono Percik March 2008 13
  15. 15. REGULATION Ministerial Decree of Public Works No. 21/PRT/M/2006 on The National Policy and Strategy of Solid Waste Management Development (NPS-SWMD)T he decrease of solid waste management performance in these recent years has been influenced by the restruc- ture of Indonesian government during reformation era,regional autonomy, and economic crises that had happened inall Indonesia. The change of policy focus in urban infrastructuredevelopment, the strengthening of autonomy ego, the decreaseof regional funding, the decrease of communitys income leveland awareness have become the trigger of the urban environ-mental degradation, including the urban solid waste issue. The degradation of the performance is shown by thedecrease of human resources capacity caused by the personnelreplacement that have never received any training in solid wastesector; unclear status of solid waste management organizationcaused by the maximum and minimum pattern policy change ofevery agency; less budget allocation for solid waste manage-ment, less income retribution; less services; less quality of wastefacilities, which most of them have become open dumping facil-ities causing the increase of social friction; irresponsible solidwaste processing, which cause deaths, as the land slide case hap-pened in Leuwigajah and Bantar Gebang solid waste facilities;the absent of sanction for littering, and so forth. Until now all process of solid waste processing ends in thefinal waste facility, causing more burdens to the waste facility.Beside the need of a large space, the cost of maintaining and theenvironment also becoming more expensive. It all happensbecause the initiative to reduce waste from the source itself hasnot been done, including the separation of dangerous waste Source: Bowo Leksono(toxic waste) at the domestic/household level. Dublin principles, Rio Agreement, Kyoto Protocol on the Clean Based on the regulations in Indonesia, government has to Development Mechanism.provide a solid waste management system services that followsthe technical, economic, and environmental principles. In order to achieve these goals, and as the follow up of the The government of Indonesia has also been involved in rati- Government Regulation No. 16/2005 on the development offying many international commitments, which have to be ful- water supply system; therefore, a strong and realistic nationalfilled by every dignified country. The commitments cover, policy and strategy on solid waste management system develop-among others, Agenda 21 on the decrease of solid waste ment was formulated and used as the guidance for central andprocessed in the waste facilities (3R/reduce-reuse-recycle),14 Percik March 2008
  16. 16. REGULATIONregional government to improve the solid waste can be properly managed; approach is not new, because it has beenwaste management system in a sustain- c. The community will have the ability applied in developed country and suc-able and environmental friendly manner. to maintain its health level since ceeded in improving the efficiency of there is no potential solid waste to solid waste management significantly.Objectives turn into contagious diseases, such By reducing solid waste right from its The national policy and strategy is as diarrhoea, typhus, dysentery and source, the burden of a city can bemeant as the guideline in formulating the so forth; and also other environmen- reduced and the budget and facilities cantechnical policy, planning, programming tal pollution such as water, air and be utilized more efficiently. The burdenand other activities related to solid waste soil pollution; caused by pollution can be reduced andmanagement, whether it is at the depart- d. The community and private sector helps to maintain the environment.ment level, non-department level, region- have the chance to participate in The global targets of the national pol-al government, or the community and the managing the solid waste, therefore, icy and strategy of solid waste manage-private sector. As for the objective, the receive the benefits. ment refer to the measured targets of thenational policy and strategy is aimed to national mid-term development planningachieve the solid waste development tar- In order to fulfil the vision of Solid 2004-2009 (RPJMN 2004-2009), andgets through planning, programming and waste management Development, Several MDGs targets, as well as other targetother integrated, effective and efficient missions have been formulated: measured targets. In addition to that, itactivities. 1. Reducing the volume of solid waste also refers to other normative targets The policy is used as the guideline for for sustainable solid waste manage- such as the government regulation No. 16controlling, holding and developing envi- ment Year 2005 on the development of system.ronmental friendly solid waste manage- 2. Increase the coverage and quality ofment system at the central and regional service of the solid waste manage- More Elaborationlevel, according to the local context. ment system The national policy and strategy ofMeanwhile, for the technical arrange- 3. Empowers the community and solid waste management system is stillment and more detail guideline, the rele- increase participation of private sec- need to be elaborated into detail actionvant agencies need to develop further. tor plan by many stakeholders in solid waste 4. Improves the management capabili- management sector, so that the vision canVision and Mission ty and institutionalization in the be achieved. To achieve a healthy and prosperous solid waste management system in The technical elaboration or interpre-society in the coming future, a healthy line with the good and corporate tation through the preparation of regula-environment is needed. From the health governance principle tions, planning, programming, imple-aspect, the word health means a condi- 5. Mobilizes funding from various mentation and monitoring and develop-tion that can only be achieved if waste can recourses for the solid waste man- ment management will be conducted atbe managed properly from within the agement system development every level of government, centrally andhuman settlement. 6. Enforcing the law and consolidates locally. In general, urban an rural area that the regulation to improve solid Further, there is the need to have anreceive proper solid waste management waste management system agreement between central and localhave condition as the following: action plan in implementing the national a. All the community will have access New Approach policy and strategy of solid waste man- to solid waste management services A new approach has to be understood agement development, as well as its coor- for the daily activities at the house- and followed by knowing that solid waste dination mechanism. The pattern of com- hold level, up to the public level; can be reduced, reused, and recycled. munity and private sector participation is b. The community will have clean envi- This approach is known as the 3R still need to be elaborated based on the ronment settlement since the solid (reduce, reuse, recycle). Actually, this needs at the central and local level. BW Percik March 2008 15

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