Ch. 11, sec 2
 The constitution created the  Supreme Court, but Congress  created all the lower federal  courts. 2 types of lower fede...
 Constitutional Courts include:   1. Federal District Courts   2. Federal Courts of Appeal   3. The Court of    Intern...
 Trial Court- 94 Districts throughout the U.S. Two types of juries   Grand jury      16-23 people      Determines if...
 Over 80% of all cases go to district courts Most of the time they make the final decision-few  cases are appealed. App...
 Created to deal with all the people trying to appeal to  the Supreme Court 13 Courts of Appeal throughout the U.S.   1...
 Each cases usually has 3 judges who make the decision Court has 3 options:   1. uphold the original decision   2. rev...
 Used be called the U.S. Customs Court Located in NYC Deals with cases regarding tariffs – people who think the tariffs...
 Help congress exercise its powers   Power to tax- U.S. Tax Court   Power to regulate armed forces- Court of Military  ...
 Appointed by president- usually from same political party   It’s a way for the president to    have a lasting affect ev...
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Lower federal courts

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Lower federal courts

  1. 1. Ch. 11, sec 2
  2. 2.  The constitution created the Supreme Court, but Congress created all the lower federal courts. 2 types of lower federal courts:  Constitutional Courts  Legislative courts
  3. 3.  Constitutional Courts include:  1. Federal District Courts  2. Federal Courts of Appeal  3. The Court of International trade
  4. 4.  Trial Court- 94 Districts throughout the U.S. Two types of juries  Grand jury  16-23 people  Determines if there is enough evidence to send a person to trial  Petit Jury  6 or 12 people  Determines guilty or not guilty
  5. 5.  Over 80% of all cases go to district courts Most of the time they make the final decision-few cases are appealed. Appointed officials who work for the district court:  Attorney for each district court  - defends the govt. and prosecutes people charged with crimes  U.S. magistrate-  issues arrest warrants  Bankruptcy judge  U.S. marshal-  makes arrests , gets jurors, keeps order in court
  6. 6.  Created to deal with all the people trying to appeal to the Supreme Court 13 Courts of Appeal throughout the U.S.  12 circuits courts, 1 national appeals court (U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit)
  7. 7.  Each cases usually has 3 judges who make the decision Court has 3 options:  1. uphold the original decision  2. reverse the original decision  3. send it back to a lower court for a re-trial
  8. 8.  Used be called the U.S. Customs Court Located in NYC Deals with cases regarding tariffs – people who think the tariffs for bringing goods in/out of the country are too high
  9. 9.  Help congress exercise its powers  Power to tax- U.S. Tax Court  Power to regulate armed forces- Court of Military Appeals  Power to govern territories- Territorial Courts  Power to supervise D.C. – Courts of the District of Columbia  Other Courts-  Court of Federal Claims- $ damages  Court of Veteran’s Appeals  Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court- spies and terrororists
  10. 10.  Appointed by president- usually from same political party  It’s a way for the president to have a lasting affect even after their presidential term is over Life term Most have had LOTS of judicial experience  Former attorneys, law school professors, congress members, and judges
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