THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM IN USA
Outline1. Introduction & study objectives.2.The Federal Courts (The US Supreme  Court , U.S. District Court And U.S.  Cour...
Introduction   The justice system in the United States is one    of the most unique in the world. It consists of    two s...
Dual Court SystemTwo court systems in America   Federal courts              State courts
The Federal Courts   Article III of the constitution invests the    judicial power of the United States in the    Federal...
Study objectives   The Federal Courts                 1 Supreme Court                         94 District Court    Inferi...
Supreme Court
U.S. Supreme Court (9)“Justices”
Kinds of Jurisdiction                The Us               Supreme                 Court  Original                Appellate...
Original Jurisdiction   the US Supreme Court has original    jurisdiction (heard there first). Cases    in which a state ...
Appellate jurisdiction   As a court of last resort in federal    matters (Cases arising under the    constitution or laws...
Inferior Federal Courts   Inferior Federal courts are created by    statute (Congress Or Law)                     Inferio...
U.S District Courts
U.S District Courts “Trial Courts”        The United States         has 94 Federal         district courts.
U.S. DistrictCourts a state with Oregon,  few people, has  only 1 Federal  District Court. California, a  populous state, ...
U.S. Court OfAppeals
U.S. Courts of Appeal “Circuit Courts” When cases are appealed from  district courts, they go to a federal  court of appe...
How Many Judgesparticipate ?   Between four and twenty six    judges sit on each court of    appeals, and each case is   ...
   The U.S Supreme Court is the final    appellate court.   The Court’s decision on application for    appeal or certior...
The Specialized Judicial tribunals   On the same level with the courts of    appeals there exist The Court of Claims    a...
The Court of     ClaimsIt has jurisdiction    over claims  against federal   government
The Court of Customs and     Patent Appeals   It is competent for the supervision of decisions oftwo adminstrative agencie...
The Federal Judges   The majority of federal judges are still    appointed from among leading    practitioners , politici...
Courts of the individual states   All of the states have a complete judicial    hierarchy which consists of Three Levels ...
   The Appellate Tribunal in the states in    which there is middle level court is The    State Court of Appeal.   Final...
selection of judges   In most states judges are elected or , if    appointed to a vacancy , confirmed in    their office ...
Group 5   1.Eslam Salah Ashry (Presenter)    2.Asmaa Mansour Ali (Presenter)    3.Eslam Mohammed Zaki    4.Eslam Gamaleld...
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Chapter three

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Chapter three

  1. 1. THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM IN USA
  2. 2. Outline1. Introduction & study objectives.2.The Federal Courts (The US Supreme Court , U.S. District Court And U.S. Court Of Appeals )3.Courts of the Individual States.
  3. 3. Introduction The justice system in the United States is one of the most unique in the world. It consists of two separate levels of courts, state and federal, that can peacefully co-exist under the concept of federalism .
  4. 4. Dual Court SystemTwo court systems in America Federal courts State courts
  5. 5. The Federal Courts Article III of the constitution invests the judicial power of the United States in the Federal Courts System. Article III Section 1 :- Specifically creates the U.S Supreme Court and gives congress the authority to create the lower federal courts
  6. 6. Study objectives The Federal Courts 1 Supreme Court 94 District Court Inferior 13 Courts Of Federal Appeals Courts
  7. 7. Supreme Court
  8. 8. U.S. Supreme Court (9)“Justices”
  9. 9. Kinds of Jurisdiction The Us Supreme Court Original AppellateJurisdiction Jurisdiction
  10. 10. Original Jurisdiction the US Supreme Court has original jurisdiction (heard there first). Cases in which a state is a party and cases dealing with diplomatic personnel, like ambassadors, are the two examples.
  11. 11. Appellate jurisdiction As a court of last resort in federal matters (Cases arising under the constitution or laws of the United states)
  12. 12. Inferior Federal Courts Inferior Federal courts are created by statute (Congress Or Law) Inferior Federal Courts U.S District U.S Court Courts Of Appeals
  13. 13. U.S District Courts
  14. 14. U.S District Courts “Trial Courts” The United States has 94 Federal district courts.
  15. 15. U.S. DistrictCourts a state with Oregon, few people, has only 1 Federal District Court. California, a populous state, has 4 Federal District Courts.
  16. 16. U.S. Court OfAppeals
  17. 17. U.S. Courts of Appeal “Circuit Courts” When cases are appealed from district courts, they go to a federal court of appeals. Courts of appeals do not use juries or witnesses. No new evidence is submitted in an appealed case. appellate courts base their decisions on a review of lower- court records.
  18. 18. How Many Judgesparticipate ? Between four and twenty six judges sit on each court of appeals, and each case is usually heard by a panel of three judges. Courts of appeals offer the best hope of reversal for many appellants, since the Supreme Court hears so few cases. Fewer than 1 percent of the cases heard by federal appeals courts are later reviewed by the Supreme Court.
  19. 19.  The U.S Supreme Court is the final appellate court. The Court’s decision on application for appeal or certiorari is usually rendered per curium.
  20. 20. The Specialized Judicial tribunals On the same level with the courts of appeals there exist The Court of Claims and The Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.
  21. 21. The Court of ClaimsIt has jurisdiction over claims against federal government
  22. 22. The Court of Customs and Patent Appeals It is competent for the supervision of decisions oftwo adminstrative agencies (the patent Office and the International Trade Commisiion)
  23. 23. The Federal Judges The majority of federal judges are still appointed from among leading practitioners , politicians , or law teachers Federal Judges are appointed for life by the president with the advice and consent of the senate.
  24. 24. Courts of the individual states All of the states have a complete judicial hierarchy which consists of Three Levels of courts in many states , in some states only of Two Levels. Designation of these courts in often confusing.
  25. 25.  The Appellate Tribunal in the states in which there is middle level court is The State Court of Appeal. Final Appellate Jurisdiction , both in systems with only Two Levels of courts and in those with Three is The Supreme Court of The State
  26. 26. selection of judges In most states judges are elected or , if appointed to a vacancy , confirmed in their office by election.
  27. 27. Group 5 1.Eslam Salah Ashry (Presenter) 2.Asmaa Mansour Ali (Presenter) 3.Eslam Mohammed Zaki 4.Eslam Gamaleldin Hussien 5.Eslam Nabil Badr 6.Ismail Bakry Selim 7.Eslam Ramadan Fathi 8.Eslam Mohammed Saeid

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