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13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
13.2 feudalism in europe
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13.2 feudalism in europe

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  • 1. 13.2 Feudalism in EuropeFeudalism, a political and economicsystem based on land-holding andprotective alliances, emerges inEurope.
  • 2. Invaders Attack Western Europe The Vikings Invade from the North Warlike Vikings raid Europe fromScandinavia—Denmark, Norway,Sweden Viking long ships sail in shallowwater, allowing raids inland Eventually, many Vikings adoptChristianity and become farmers
  • 3. A sketch of a Viking longboat
  • 4. Invaders Attack Western Europe Magyars and Muslims Attack from theEast and South Magyars (Hungarian nomads) invadewestern Europe in late 800s Muslims strike north from Africa, attackingthrough Italy and Spain Viking, Magyar, Muslim invasions causewidespread disorder, suffering
  • 5. A New Social Order:Feudalism Feudalism Structures Society 850 to 950, feudalism emerges—political system based on land control A lord (landowner) gives fiefs (landgrants) in exchange for services Vassals—people who receive fiefs—become powerful landholders
  • 6. A New Social Order:Feudalism The Feudal Pyramid Power in feudal system much like apyramid, with king at the top Kings served by nobles who are served byknights; peasants at bottom Knights—horsemen—defend their lord’sland in exchange for fiefs
  • 7. A New Social Order:Feudalism Social Classes Are Well Defined Medieval feudal system classifies people into three socialgroupsthose who fight: nobles and knightsthose who pray: monks, nuns, leaders of the Churchthose who work: peasants Social class is usually inherited; majority of people arepeasants Most peasants are serfs—people lawfully bound to place ofbirth Serfs aren’t slaves, but what they produce belongs to theirlord
  • 8. Manors: The Economic Side of Feudalism The Lord’s Estate The lord’s estate, a manor, has aneconomic system (manor system) Serfs and free peasants maintain the lord’sestate, give grain The lord provides housing, farmland,protection from bandits
  • 9. Manors: The Economic Side of Feudalism A Self-Contained World Medieval manors include lord’s house,church, workshops, village Manors cover a few square miles of land,are largely self-sufficient
  • 10. Manors: The Economic Side of Feudalism The Harshness of Manor Life Peasants pay taxes to use mill and bakery; pay a tithe topriest Tithe—a church tax—is equal to one-tenth of a peasant’sincome Serfs live in crowded cottages with dirt floors, straw for beds Daily grind of raising crops, livestock; feeding and clothingfamily Poor diet, illness, malnutrition make life expectancy 35 years Serfs generally accept their lives as part of God’s plan

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